Good Morning/Afternoon! 4/9/13 Good Morning! 1/10/12EQ: Who are the Aborigines and whatEQ: Who are the Aborigines and whatdid they do?HW: None SpongeBased on what you have learned so far,make a prediction on how Europeansimpacted the indigenous population ofAustralia.
Directions#1. With your partner, use the handoutand Coachbook pages: 203-206 tocomplete your graphic organizer#2. On the back, answer #516-526 in thecoachbook#3. Finish Paper Plate/Ga OAS#4. Pick up a Practice CRCT test slip out ofthe purple tray
Aborigineso Indigenous people of Australiao Have occupied Australia for at least 40,000 years!o Arrived from Southeast Asiao The word aborigines means “people who were here from the beginning”
Aborigineso Developed efficient ways to adapt to the harsh Australian environment o Built containers for storing water and built wells to collect water undergroundo They were hunters and gatherers: ate animals, wild nuts, fruits, and berries.o They were nomadic--moved from place to place in search of food
Aborigineso Archaeologists have found early Aboriginal inventions: o Rock art, boomerangs, ground axes, and grindstoneso There is no written record of prehistoric Aborigineso Kept their history by telling stories that were passed down from generation to generation…
Social Structureo Consisted of a tribe or “language group” of as many as 500 peopleo A tribe included bands called “hordes” of 10 to 20 peopleo Hordes joined for daily food gathering and hunting
Where?o Settled in the same places as present-day Australians o Climate was mild and water was availableo Before Europeans arrived in 1788, around 500,000 Aborigines lived in Australia
Arrival of Europeanso Aborigines lived on Australia’s coast, which is where the Europeans wanted to settleo Europeans waged war against the Aborigines in order to take their land
Advantage of Europeans1. Guns2. Soldiers3. Diseases oMore than half of the Aborigines in Australia died oEntire population died in Tasmania.
What happened to remaining Aborigines?1. Forced to live on reservations in the Outback2. Forced to work for Europeans on sheep and cattle rancheso Laws were made to limit where Aborigines could live and work. o The British hoped to end all Aboriginal culture with their policies.
Aborigines Today…300,000 live in Australia todayIn the 1960s, policies were changed to be in favor of Aborigines Can hold a seat in Parliament Can have their own schools which teach their culture, language, and art Live modern lives, some are teachers, lawyers, mechanics, nurses and politicians
Religion -- Dreamtimeo Aboriginal religion is called “Dreamtime”o “The Dreaming” is what Aborigines call the beginning of life on Eartho During the Dreaming, spirits created the land, people, and animals o Most of the spirits disappeared, but some live on in objectso Believe the earth is a link to the spiritual worldo The land itself is sacred to Aborigineso Aborigines have Dreamtime legends that describe how the earth was created…
Stories of the Dreamingo Let’s watch a few Dreamtime legends:o http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Sle62XV0BO
Your Task:o Create your own Aboriginal Dreamtime legendo You may choose to write about: o why certain Australian animals look/act the way they do… o how one of Australia’s physical features was created… o why certain events in nature happen…o There is no length limit, but your story must AT LEAST pass the “three hand rule”. Be creative!