Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Week 27  day 2- unit 7- fall of aztec and incas
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Week 27 day 2- unit 7- fall of aztec and incas


Published on

  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total Views
On Slideshare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

No notes for slide


  • 1. Good Morning 2/20/13 Good Morning! 1/10/12 Good Morning! 1/10/12EQ: How did the empires of the Aztec andIncas fall?HW: study vocab. Sponge#1. Take out your homework (venndiagram)#2. Name two impacts of Europeancolonization of South America
  • 2. Take out a sheet of paper
  • 3. Aztec IncasLocation Mexico and Central America Colombia, Peru, Chile (western South America) Andes MntsDates 1250- 1521 AD 1438-1532 AD 1428-1521 ADFact #1 Had human sacrifice- saw Large empire and organized death as honorable society/Sapa Inca- leader of the Montezuma II- Leader IncasFact #2 Capital city- Tenochtitlan Cuzco- Capital City Nahuatl- Language Quecha languageReligion Quetzalocoat- sky god Blamed earthquakes on god Had human sacrifice Pachacamac Polytheistic - Sacrificed childrenAccomplishment #1 roads, bridges, taxes Quipu- a rope with knotted cords of different lengths and colors- kept recordsAccomplishment #2 Farmers- Chinampas Thousands of miles of roads and bridges- master craftsman
  • 4. Fall of the Aztec & Incan Empires Unit Eight Notes
  • 5. The race is on…Spain Vs. Portugal Christopher Columbus asks both countries to sponsor his voyage--Spain agrees. Portugal saw the wealth that Spain was gaining, and wanted to be part of the action. Countries became rivals and tried to stop each other from claiming land in the Americas.
  • 6. Spanish Conquistadors soldier-explorerswho settled in the Americas in hopes of finding treasure inspired by Columbus to seek fortune in the New World Many came from the part of Spain called Extremadura. – poor soil, icy winters, & blistering hot summers held little chance for wealth – Hernan Cortes was born in this province
  • 7. Why did Conquistadorswant to explore?
  • 8. Spanish Conquistadors
  • 9. Hernan Cortes - Aztec Conqueror  Spanish conquistador who reached Mexico in 1519 in search of treasure  arrivedin Mexico with 550 soldiers, 16 horses, 14 canons, & a few dogs  groupwas met by Aztec emperor, Montezuma II
  • 10. Who was Cortes?
  • 11. How could such a small force conquer a huge empire?
  • 12. Cortes invades MexicoHow could such a small force conquer ahuge empire?1. Cortes knew how to use Spanish horse andguns to shock Aztecs.2. Cortes had invisible help--diseases that killedmore Aztecs than Spanish swords.3. Montezuma believed Cortes to beQuetzalcoatl--an important Aztec god.
  • 13. Cortes Meeting Montezuma
  • 14. Cortes Defeats the Aztec Cortes traveled 400 miles to reach Tenochitlan. Montezuma did not attack right away because he first thought Cortes was Quetzalcoatl. The Spanish were able to take control of the city & took Montezuma hostage. hostage Cortes ordered the Aztec to stop sacrificing people.
  • 15. Cortes Defeats Aztec Cortes’ orders angered Aztec; planned a rebellion. Fighting broke out & Montezuma was killed. killed The Spanish were outnumbered, so they fled the city. Before they could prepare a 2nd attack, smallpox broke out in Tenochitlan & greatly weakened the large Aztec empire. 1521--Spanish destroyed the Aztec capital.
  • 16. What happenedto Montezuma II?
  • 17. Francisco Pizarro Pizarro was also from the Extremadura. – He was not of noble birth; could not even write his name. – At age 16, Pizarro fled a job herding pigs in Italy. 1502--He arrived in the Americas and became very wealthy by exploring Panama. – heard a rumor that there was a great empire filled with gold in the mountains of South America
  • 18. Who wasPizarro?
  • 19. Why were theIncas conquered?
  • 20. The Inca 1530s--Inca thought they ruled most of the world; two threats from the north proved they did not.1.They couldn’t stop the spread of smallpox. smallpox2. They couldn’t scare away Pizarro. Pizarro
  • 21. Pizarro Conquers the Inca Pizarro led 160 soldiers to the Incan homeland. – raided Incan storehouses & fired guns at villagers Incan emperor, Atahualpa, Atahualpa thought Pizarro was crazy--how could he stand up to an army of 80,000 Incan warriors? 1532--Pizarro came up with a plan to defeat the Inca.
  • 22. Atahualpa
  • 23. Pizarro Defeats the Inca Spanish messengers invited Atahualpa to a meeting. He agreed & left most of his army behind-- brought only 5,000 bodyguards. Pizarro’s 160 soldiers attacked the Inca & kidnapped Atahualpa. Atahualpa Pizarro offered to free Atahualpa if he filled one room with gold & one with silver. Atahualpa kept his end of the bargain, but Pizarro killed him in 1533. 1533
  • 24. What happenedto Atahualpa?
  • 25. After Conquering the Inca… Spanish king made Pizarro the governor of Peru. Pizarro’s conquest of Peru opened most of South America to Spanish rule. Spain controlled a vast territory covering 375,000 miles with almost seven million inhabitants.