Good Morning 1/15/13EQ: How do Canadians participate intheir government?HW: Study Guide #1-5. Test on Friday Sponge#1. Turn in Canadian historical marker#2. Answer the question. How have theactions of Canadians changed the naturalenvironment of Canada?
DirectionsUsing pg 64 in the Something Definition/ to help you Why isCoachbook to remember: important tocomplete your foldable - Picture Canada? - RhymeRight side- something - acronymto help you remember - in your own wordsLeft side- definition/how it apply toCanadaIf you finish early,work on study guide inpurple tray
Government Systems -- Who’s Got the Power?Unitary--power is held by one central authorityConfederation--association of independentstates that agree to certain limitations on theirfreedoms by joining togetherFederal--power is divided between centralauthority & several regional authorities Which system does Canada have?
Government Types --How Do Citizens Participate?Autocratic-- 1 person possesses unlimited power &citizens have limited role in governmentOligarchic-- small group exercises control & citizenshave limited role in governmentDemocratic--supreme power is vested in the people& exercised by them directly or indirectly though asystem of representation involving free elections Which type does Canada have?
Canada’s Branches of Government• Canada has 3 Branches of Government just like any other Democratic Country.• Executive Branch – this is the Prime Minister.• In America, it is the President• Legislative Branch – this is Parliament.• Parliament is made up of two groups: The House of Commons and the Senate• Judicial Branch – made up of all the courts in Canada
Canada’s Federal SystemPower is divided (shared) betweencentral authority and 10 provinces
Two Types of Democratic GovernmentsParliamentary-- a system of government having thereal executive power vested in a cabinet composed ofmembers of the legislature who elect the leader Leader works with or through the legislaturePresidential--system of government in which theleader is constitutionally independent of the legislature Leader works separate from legislature *Which type of democracy does Canada have?
Canada’s ParliamentaryCitizens elect Members of Parliament(MP’s)MP’s elect Prime Minister (PM)
Constitutional MonarchyConstitution limits powers ofking/queenMonarch has little power
Leadership1. Head of State: Monarch of the United Kingdom (presently, Queen Elizabeth II); little political power2. Prime Minister: holds the most political power; works closely with the legislature3. Premier- elected to each province government
His ExcellencyThe Right Honorable David Johnston (Governor General)
The Right Honorable Stephen Harper (Prime Minister)
Legislature• Legislature- the central authority of a government.• Canada’s Legislature is Parliament
Canada’s ParliamentThe Citizens of Canada vote for membersof Parliament.Members of Parliament belong to manydifferent Political Parties.
Canada’s Parliament Whatever political party has the most members in the legislature (or Parliament) select the Prime Minister: This is the major difference between a Presidential Democracy and a Parliamentary Democracy!! Presidential Democracy – citizens choose the Head of Government (Executive Leader) Parliamentary Democracy – legislature (Parliament) chooses Head of Government (Executive Leader) Citizens vote for members of Parliament, members choose the Prime Minister
Canada’s Citizens Canada is a democracy. As a democracy, its citizens must participate in voting and elections. They elect members of Parliament. They elect regional government officials.(provincial governor) They also vote on issues like whether or not Quebec should be an independent country. Separatists are people who want Quebec to be its own country
Class Activity!!!We will split the class up into two PoliticalParties The “Boy” Party The “Girl” PartyWhichever group has the majority gets tovote on a Prime MinisterThe Prime Minister (Executive) gets tomake a rule for tomorrow.