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Week 11  day 3-unit 2- russian revolution guided notes with highlights
Week 11  day 3-unit 2- russian revolution guided notes with highlights
Week 11  day 3-unit 2- russian revolution guided notes with highlights
Week 11  day 3-unit 2- russian revolution guided notes with highlights
Week 11  day 3-unit 2- russian revolution guided notes with highlights
Week 11  day 3-unit 2- russian revolution guided notes with highlights
Week 11  day 3-unit 2- russian revolution guided notes with highlights
Week 11  day 3-unit 2- russian revolution guided notes with highlights
Week 11  day 3-unit 2- russian revolution guided notes with highlights
Week 11  day 3-unit 2- russian revolution guided notes with highlights
Week 11  day 3-unit 2- russian revolution guided notes with highlights
Week 11  day 3-unit 2- russian revolution guided notes with highlights
Week 11  day 3-unit 2- russian revolution guided notes with highlights
Week 11  day 3-unit 2- russian revolution guided notes with highlights
Week 11  day 3-unit 2- russian revolution guided notes with highlights
Week 11  day 3-unit 2- russian revolution guided notes with highlights
Week 11  day 3-unit 2- russian revolution guided notes with highlights
Week 11  day 3-unit 2- russian revolution guided notes with highlights
Week 11  day 3-unit 2- russian revolution guided notes with highlights
Week 11  day 3-unit 2- russian revolution guided notes with highlights
Week 11  day 3-unit 2- russian revolution guided notes with highlights
Week 11  day 3-unit 2- russian revolution guided notes with highlights
Week 11  day 3-unit 2- russian revolution guided notes with highlights
Week 11  day 3-unit 2- russian revolution guided notes with highlights
Week 11  day 3-unit 2- russian revolution guided notes with highlights
Week 11  day 3-unit 2- russian revolution guided notes with highlights
Week 11  day 3-unit 2- russian revolution guided notes with highlights
Week 11  day 3-unit 2- russian revolution guided notes with highlights
Week 11  day 3-unit 2- russian revolution guided notes with highlights
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Week 11 day 3-unit 2- russian revolution guided notes with highlights

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  • 1. REVOLUTIONS IN RUSSIA Chapter 1 The Fall & Rise
  • 2. • Russia had a tradition of oppressive rulers • Organized violence against Jews • Strict censorship (including on private letters) • Absolute authority • Only Russian language was to be spoken, except by the nobility who also spoke French • Only worship the Russian Orthodox Church • Secret Police
  • 3. CONTINUING AUTOCRATIC RULE… • CENSORSHIP- to examine material in order to suppress or delete anything considered objectionable on moral, political, military, or other grounds • Total censorshipschools, papers, letters • Secret Police watched high schools and college students
  • 4. • In 1894, the last Russian Czar, Nicholas II came to power. • He was committed to keeping total control over Russia.
  • 5. • Personality • Uncharismatic, quiet, disliked large crowds • Lives the life of a private wealthy monarch • Politics • The Czar’s usual nickname: the people’s “little father” – Nicholas doesn’t act the part • Left most state affairs to his ministers
  • 6. • Religion • Strong Eastern (Russian) Orthodox faith • Family • Alexandra (czarina): wife • Alexi: son; heir to the throne, weak and sickly • Anastasia: famous “missing” daughter
  • 7. RUSSIA INDUSTRIALIZES • Rapid industrialization changed the economy • Factories doubled between 1863-1900 • Fourth leading steel leader due to higher taxes on citizens and foreign investors • Trans-Siberian Railway links western and eastern Russia (longest in the world)
  • 8. CONDITIONS LEAD TO REVOLUTION • Rapid industrialization stirs up discontent (dissatisfaction) • Bad working conditions, low wages, child labor, and no labor unions led to strikes
  • 9. CONDITIONS LEAD TO REVOLUTION • Marxism- radical form of socialism where all aspects of industry are owned by the government • Ideas of Karl Marx establish Revolt • Proletariat- working class • Marxist believed proletariat would overthrow czar • …this meant the working class would rule the country
  • 10. The Two Ideas… • Socialism: Everyone owns/shares and is equal VOLUNTARILY • Communism: The government owns everything and decides level of equality
  • 11. CONDITIONS LEAD TO REVOLUTION • Marxists split into two groups over revolutionary tactics • Mensheviks= moderates wanting popular support of revolution QuickTime™ and a decompressor are needed to see this picture. • Bolsheviks=radical revolutionaries willing to sacrifice everything for change
  • 12. • Leader of the Bolsheviks • Very organized • Ruthless • Fled to western Europe to avoid arrest by the czarist regime • Maintained contact with the Bolsheviks Father of the revolution VLADIMIR LENIN
  • 13. REVOLUTIONS IN RUSSIA Chapter 2 Troubles a Brewin’
  • 14. • Bolsheviks led by Vladimir Lenin pushed for revolution • Lenin continued to build his influence until it was safe to return to Russia • …meanwhile…
  • 15. • Russo-Japanese defeat looked very bad. •Jan 1905, 200,000 workers and their families protested the czars winter palace • Wanted job reforms •Nicholas ordered soldiers to fire in the crowd •1,000+ wounded several hundred killed •Event provoked riots
  • 16. • Suffering caused by WWI was the final blow against the czar’s rule • 4 million Russian soldiers were killed, wounded, or captured • Czar lost control of Russia • Soldiers refused to fight • People were starving • Russia had withdrawn from the war…
  • 17. • 1915 Nicholas moved his headquarters to the war fronthoped to rally troops • His wife, Alexandra was left in charge of the country • Put all her trust and power in Rasputin- a self proclaimed “holy man” • 1916 a group of nobles murdered Rasputin • Neither Nicholas or Alexandra proved capable of tackling these enormous problems.
  • 18. REVOLUTIONS IN RUSSIA Chapter 3 Losing Control
  • 19. • Nicholas soon lost control. • Strikes, revolts and protests led to the March Revolution of 1917. • Czar Nicholas stepped down.
  • 20. • Women who worked in factories in Petrograd(St. Petersburg) stood in line after a 12 hour shift to purchase insanely priced bread. • 10,000 women marched with the slogan “Peace and Bread” • The women were joined by other workers creating a general strike. Czar’s solution was to fire upon the crowds but the soldiers joined the movement instead!
  • 21. • 1917- Czar Nicholas is forced to abdicate his throne • The three century czarist rule of the Romanov’s finally collapsed • Year later revolutionaries executed Nicholas and his family • March Revolution succeeded in bringing down the Czar yet it failed to set up a strong government to replace it
  • 22. • Demanded land • City workers grew more radical • Soviets were formed local city councils consisting of workers, peasants, and soldiers • A political challenge erupted from local “Soviets” • Later, this group became stronger and were labeled as “Bolsheviks.”
  • 23. REVOLUTIONS IN RUSSIA Chapter 4 Bolshevik Revolution
  • 24. German military leaders shipped Lenin to Russia from Switzerland by rail to “create disorder” within Russia. Germany arranged Lenin’s return to Russia after many years in exile • April 1917: Traveled in a sealed railroad boxcar
  • 25. • Lenin revitalized slogans from the mad mother’s march to influence Russians • "Peace, Bread and Land“ • Nov. 1917- armed workers took control of government offices. • Kerensky’s reign had ended
  • 26. • A COUP WITHOUT BLOODSHED - Lenin takes over the provisional government at the Winter Palace in St. Petersburg on November 6, 1917. • Bolsheviks renamed themselves the Communists after Marxist ideas. • Lenin had promised peace so he signed the Treaty of BrestLitovsk which took Russia out of WWI
  • 27. EXECUTION OF THE ROMANOV’S
  • 28. Activity
  • 29. TOTD

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