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Crct  day 2 australia government
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Crct day 2 australia government

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  • 1. Good Mafternoon! 4/23/14 EQ: What is the gov't and economy of Australia like? HW: None :) *Reminder: GA OAS by 4-28 SPONGE Pick up a Australia gov't and econ handout from the BLUE tray and begin working on it SILENTLY. DateDate ## TitleTitle 4-23 81 Australia Gov't and Econ
  • 2. Australia’s Government Unit 10 Notes
  • 3. Government Systems & Types A Brief Review…
  • 4. Government Systems -- Whose Got the Power? Unitary--power is held by one central authority Confederation--association of independent states that agree to certain limitations on their freedoms by joining together Federal--power is divided between central authority & several regional authorities Which system does Australia have?
  • 5. Government Types -- How Do Citizens Participate? Autocratic-- 1 person possesses unlimited power & citizens have limited role in government Oligarchic-- small group exercises control & citizens have limited role in government Democratic--supreme power is vested in the people & exercised by them directly or indirectly though a system of representation involving free elections Which type does Australia have?
  • 6. Two Types of Democratic Governments Parliamentary-- a system of government having the real executive power vested in a cabinet composed of members of the legislature who elect the leader Leader works with or through the legislature Presidential--system of government in which the leader is constitutionally independent of the legislature Leader works separate from legislature *Which type of democracy does Australia have?
  • 7. Australia’s Government Federation (federal system) Parliamentary Democracy Constitutional Monarchy
  • 8. Leadership 1. Head of State: Monarch of the United Kingdom (presently, Queen Elizabeth II); little political power 2. Governor General: stands in for the monarch 3. Prime Minister: holds the most political power; works closely with the legislature
  • 9. Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II
  • 10. Her Excellency The Right Honorable Quentin Bryce (Governor General)
  • 11. The Right Honorable Tony Abbott (Prime Minister)
  • 12. How the Leader is Chosen… Governor General: appointed by the monarch on the advice of the Prime Minister; serves a 5 year term Prime Minister: is the leader of the majority party in the House of Commons; indirectly elected by the people
  • 13. Legislature: Parliament 1. Senate (76 seats): there are 12 members from each state and 2 from each territory. • State senators are elected every 6 years and territory senators every 3 years. 2. House of Representatives (152 seats): members are directly elected by the people • largest political party in the House elects the Prime Minister
  • 14. Role of Citizen in Government Citizens must be 18 to vote If you do not vote you must pay a fine
  • 15. Directions With a partner, do Coach book Pages 187-193 Problems #479-495