Government Systems --Whose Got the Power?Unitary--power is held by one centralauthorityConfederation--association of independentstates that agree to certain limitations on theirfreedoms by joining togetherFederal--power is divided between centralauthority & several regional authoritiesWhich system does Australia have?
Government Types --How Do CitizensParticipate?Autocratic-- 1 person possesses unlimited power& citizens have limited role in governmentOligarchic-- small group exercises control &citizens have limited role in governmentDemocratic--supreme power is vested in thepeople & exercised by them directly or indirectlythough a system of representation involving freeelectionsWhich type does Australia have?
Two Types of DemocraticGovernmentsParliamentary-- a system of government havingthe real executive power vested in a cabinetcomposed of members of the legislature who electthe leaderLeader works with or through the legislaturePresidential--system of government in which theleader is constitutionally independent of thelegislatureLeader works separate from legislature*Which type of democracy does Australia have?
Leadership1. Head of State: Monarch of theUnited Kingdom (presently, QueenElizabeth II); little political power2. Governor General: stands in for themonarch3. Prime Minister: holds the mostpolitical power; works closely with thelegislature
Her MajestyQueen Elizabeth II
Her ExcellencyThe Right HonorableQuentin Bryce(Governor General)
The Right HonorableJulia Gillard(Prime Minister)
How the Leader isChosen…Governor General: appointed by themonarch on the advice of the PrimeMinister; serves a 5 year termPrime Minister: is the leader of themajority party in the House ofCommons; indirectly elected by thepeople
Legislature: Parliament1. Senate (76 seats): there are 12 membersfrom each state and 2 from each territory.• State senators are elected every 6 years andterritory senators every 3 years.2. House of Representatives (152seats): members are directly elected bythe people• largest political party in the House elects thePrime Minister
Role of Citizen inGovernmentCitizens must be 18 to voteIf you do not vote you must pay a fine
DirectionsWith a partner, do Coach book Page191-193#489-495