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Australia government

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    Australia government Australia government Presentation Transcript

    • Australia’s GovernmentUnit 10 Notes
    • Government Systems &TypesA Brief Review…
    • Government Systems --Whose Got the Power?Unitary--power is held by one centralauthorityConfederation--association of independentstates that agree to certain limitations on theirfreedoms by joining togetherFederal--power is divided between centralauthority & several regional authoritiesWhich system does Australia have?
    • Government Types --How Do CitizensParticipate?Autocratic-- 1 person possesses unlimited power& citizens have limited role in governmentOligarchic-- small group exercises control &citizens have limited role in governmentDemocratic--supreme power is vested in thepeople & exercised by them directly or indirectlythough a system of representation involving freeelectionsWhich type does Australia have?
    • Two Types of DemocraticGovernmentsParliamentary-- a system of government havingthe real executive power vested in a cabinetcomposed of members of the legislature who electthe leaderLeader works with or through the legislaturePresidential--system of government in which theleader is constitutionally independent of thelegislatureLeader works separate from legislature*Which type of democracy does Australia have?
    • Australia’s GovernmentFederation (federal system)Parliamentary DemocracyConstitutional Monarchy
    • Leadership1. Head of State: Monarch of theUnited Kingdom (presently, QueenElizabeth II); little political power2. Governor General: stands in for themonarch3. Prime Minister: holds the mostpolitical power; works closely with thelegislature
    • Her MajestyQueen Elizabeth II
    • Her ExcellencyThe Right HonorableQuentin Bryce(Governor General)
    • The Right HonorableJulia Gillard(Prime Minister)
    • How the Leader isChosen…Governor General: appointed by themonarch on the advice of the PrimeMinister; serves a 5 year termPrime Minister: is the leader of themajority party in the House ofCommons; indirectly elected by thepeople
    • Legislature: Parliament1. Senate (76 seats): there are 12 membersfrom each state and 2 from each territory.• State senators are elected every 6 years andterritory senators every 3 years.2. House of Representatives (152seats): members are directly elected bythe people• largest political party in the House elects thePrime Minister
    • Role of Citizen inGovernmentCitizens must be 18 to voteIf you do not vote you must pay a fine
    • DirectionsWith a partner, do Coach book Page191-193#489-495