Tourism Development Kk

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  • 1. Tourism in Kaikoura and Bali
  • 2.
    • What is a process?
    • A series of related events/activities which modify or maintain an environment.
    • Tourism is a cultural process because it has to do with how the activities of people modify/maintain environments.
  • 3.
    • What are the elements and interactions involved in tourism?
    • How does the process of tourism operate ?
    • What factors have brought about change in tourism development?
    • How has tourism development affected the distribution of phenomena in each setting?
    • How does tourism encourage concentration or dispersal?
    • Why are spatial variations found in the process?
  • 4.
    • Tourist?
    • Tourism?
    • Tourism development?
  • 5.
    • Tourist:
    • A temporary visitor to a place outside their normal place of residence for at least 24 hours
  • 6.
    • Tourism:
    • The relationships and phenomena arising out of the journeys and temporary stays of people travelling to destinations outside the places they normally live and work mainly for recreational and leisure purposes.
  • 7.
    • Tourism Development:
    • Focuses on the changes to tourism over time such as the provision or enhancement of facilities for tourists and the impact of these.
  • 8.
    • What is an element?
    • What does interaction mean?
    • Think back to 3.1 Natural Processes…
  • 9.
    • What “things” make up tourism?
    • Tourists and Markets ( Source )
    • Attractions ( Destination )
    • Facilities and Infrastructure
    • Tourism Industry
    • Regulators
  • 10. Tourists and Markets Attractions Facilities and Infrastructure Tourism Industry Regulators
  • 11.
    • Tourists are the “who” of tourism
    • Market – the buyers of products
    • Tourists form markets which use or demand tourism products
  • 12.
    • Tourists can be categorised by the reason for their travel
    • Leisure
    • Visiting Friends or Relatives (VFR)
    • Business
    • FIT’s
  • 13.
    • Tourists can also be categorised by their “psychological type”
    • Psychocentric travellers prefer to go to familiar, unadventurous low risk environments
    • Allocentric travellers prefer adventurous, explorative, higher risk destinations
  • 14.
    • Draw a continuum into your notes – label one side allocentric and the other psychocentric
    • Locate each of these on the continuum:
      • Family travelling from Hamilton to Auckland
      • British backpacker travelling to Tibet
      • A kiwi on her OE meets up with her parents in London and they travel around Europe
  • 15.
    • Attractions are the “why” of tourism
    • They are the phenomena that attract tourists
  • 16.
    • Natural or cultural?
    • How many attractions? How many different types of activities (range)?
    • How important is the attraction (primary reason / secondary reason for travel?) Can you see it anywhere else?
    • Accessibility?
    • What type of tourist is attracted?
  • 17.
    • Facilities and infrastructure are the “how” of tourism
    • They provide the means for tourists to do the things they want to do
  • 18.
    • Facilities are…
      • Services and products which support the well-being of the tourist
      • EGs: Accommodation, hospitality, retail, tourist information services, banking, photography, travel agents
  • 19.
    • Infrastructure is…
      • Structures that support economic activity
    • Egs: Transport and communication networks, water, power
  • 20.
    • The suppliers of the goods and services used by tourists – businesses or enterprises
    • Tourism industry can be divided up into sectors
    • Different types of enterprises within each sector:
      • Size, scale, ownership, links with other enterprises, range and types of products
  • 21.
    • Groups who are able to control tourism in one way or another
    • Usually government or overseeing industry organisations
    • Able to make and enforce rules that apply to tourist enterprises
  • 22.
    • Regulators can be described by
    • the size of an operation,
    • amount of control/influence they have on tourism operation, membership,
    • aims/functions
  • 23.
    • The five tourism elements interact with one another and change over time
    • It is the way in which the elements operate together which determines the kind of tourism at a particular place and time.
  • 24.
    • Example:
    • As a tourist market grows or changes it promotes changes to the attractions and facilities. As attractions change, they may bring different types of tourists. As facilities and infrastructure change, they might encourage new types of businesses to develop, which in turn may attract a different type of tourist.
  • 25.
    • Name the element and the possible effects on two other elements for each of the following events:
    • A 5 star hotel is built in on a beautiful isolated beach.
    • A new Disney theme park opens in Paris.
  • 26.
    • Tourists  ------  Facilities and infrastructure
    • How do you think tourists have impacted on the facilities and infrastructure in Kaikoura?
  • 27.
    • An increase in tourist numbers from 3400 in 1988 to 873,000 in 1998 has meant that the town of KK has had to change to accommodate these tourists.
    • Services such as the KK info centre and facilities such as the public toilets are situated around the centre of KK due to the fact that in 1998, 44% of visitors stayed less than 2 hours.
  • 28.
    • The Kaikoura district is located on the east coast of the South Island of NZ. It is 196km from Christchurch and 158km from Picton by road.
  • 29.
    • The total land area of the KK district is 2048km2.
    • The district stretches from south of the Haumuri Bluffs to a point just north of Kekerengu.
  • 30.
    • On a map of NZ, locate the town of Kaikoura and show the extent of the Kaikoura region.
    • Practice drawing your own map of Kaikoura.
    • Correctly label the map.
  • 31. Tourists and Markets Attractions Facilities and Infrastructure Tourism Industry Regulators
  • 32.
    • Read page 12-16 of your green Kaikoura book.
    • Complete the activities on page 16
    • Complete the activity on page 18.
    • Finish off work on page 10-11 from Wednesday.
  • 33.
    • In your McPherson textbook, read pages 6-9
    • Complete the activities on these pages.
    • Finish filling out your elements and interactions table.
    • Spend the rest of the period working on your field trip booklet.
  • 34. Focussing Question 2
  • 35.
    • The growth of the tourism industry in Kaikoura has reflected the growth in tourism worldwide.
    • This has occurred because of various factors including travel facilitators (more holiday time, more income, better travel) and travel motivators
    • ( wanting to travel)
  • 36.
    • Read and complete pages 29 and 30 of your Kaikoura booklet.
  • 37.
    • Stagnation : Pre 1980s
    • Kaikoura was known as a ‘ tank, tummy and toilet stop’.
    • In 1984 the KK information and Tourism incorporated was set up to promote tourism development.
  • 38.
    • During the 1980’s restructuring of the railways and other state owned organisations led to unemployment, which lead to locals starting their own businesses.
    • During this phase, WWKK, Dolphin Encounter and Mt Lyford Ski Field started.
    • So did the Visitor centre.
    • By 1996 there were 32 attractions.
  • 39.  
  • 40.  
  • 41.
    • Plans to build a major hotel and convention centre.
    • WWKK are planning a development on the peninsula – interactive marine displays.
    • Read through pages 30-34.
    • Draw Butlers model in your notes and annotate with dates for KK . Page 24
  • 42.  
  • 43.
  • 44.
    • Page 38-39 – Kaikoura booklet.
    • Read both pages and all the activities on page 38. I have map outlines for you.
  • 45.