Argumentative Research Paper PPT. about the Spratly Islands Dispute between China and the PhilippinesPresentation Transcript
Spratly Islands Dispute Between China
and the Philippines
What is Spratly Islands
Why is the Spratly issue so
important and what is the
basis of the Philippine
claim to the islands?
How it started?
APEC - Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation
ARF - ASEAN Regional Forum
ASEAN - Association of Southeast Asian Nations
EEZ - Exclusive Economic Zone
UNCLOS – United Nation Convention Laws of the Seas
Spratly Islands, based upon proximity, usage, and
discovery are part of the Philippines sea territory which are
covered by United Nations Convention on the Laws of the Seas.
1. Spratly Islands were first discovered by the
Chinese in the 2nd century AD.
2. The Spratly Islands is within the China
3. The EEZ does not categorically state that
those islands within the marine parameters
automatically belong to such country.
4. China is more equipped and more qualified
to sustain the development of the islands ‘
resources and protect their diverse marine
ecosystem than the Philippines.
1. The Philippines has legal basis and underwent
the right processes and procedures in claiming
2. Philippines has the rightful sovereignty and
the historical rights as the ancestral and
territorial domain over the Spratly Islands
3. All the islands claimed by the Philippines
lie within its 200-nautical mile EEZ.
4. The agreement between China, Philippines
and Vietnam in the United Nation’s 1982
Convention elaborates that states have a right
to an exclusive economic zone and continental
shelf within 200 miles of their coast.
Oil, gas and hydrocarbon potential
Increasing energy demand
Maritime control/freedom of navigation.
The development of the future economic and security
arrangements in Southeast Asia.
Philippines has two options:
a. become a weaker tributary state of China’s
b. to fight.