Writing 2 na

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Writing 2 na

  1. 1. Writing skills
  2. 2. <ul><li>Guidelines for writing success </li></ul><ul><li>Types of composition </li></ul><ul><li>Rubrics / instructions </li></ul><ul><li>Brainstorming for ideas </li></ul><ul><li>Planning the layout </li></ul><ul><li>Topic sentences & supporting sentences </li></ul><ul><li>Linking words & phrases </li></ul><ul><li>Techniques </li></ul><ul><li>Style </li></ul><ul><li>Editing </li></ul>
  3. 3. Types of writing for 2NA 1st Term : Opinion Essay , Narrative , Report 2nd Term : For /Against article, Formal letter , Book Review 3rd Term : Report , Opinion Essay
  4. 4. <ul><li>Rubrics & instructions </li></ul><ul><li>Key words/phrases </li></ul><ul><li>Imaginary situation </li></ul><ul><li>Reader > style </li></ul><ul><li>Type of writing </li></ul><ul><li>Specific topics/ issues/ events… </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Brainstorming for ideas </li></ul><ul><li>Write down anything related </li></ul><ul><li>Group ideas & cross out any irrelevant </li></ul><ul><li>Organise in logical order </li></ul><ul><li>check </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Planning the layout </li></ul><ul><li>Organise ideas COHERENTLY </li></ul><ul><li>One idea per paragraph </li></ul><ul><li>Introduction : short, purpose, general idea, catchy! </li></ul><ul><li>Main body : 2+, develop each point separately </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion : short, summarise main idea, restate opinion in different words, general comments, express feelings… </li></ul>
  7. 7. Topic sentences Introduces / summarises the main topic of the paragraph, gives an idea of what the paragraph will be about. Supporting sentences Provides examples, details, reasons, justifications, evidence to support the topic sentence.
  8. 8. <ul><li>Linking words and phrases </li></ul><ul><li>More interesting </li></ul><ul><li>Easier to understand </li></ul><ul><li>Join short sentences into longer ones </li></ul><ul><li>Show how ideas are related: contrast, sequence, cause, time… </li></ul><ul><li>Provides COHESION </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Writing techniques </li></ul><ul><li>Address the reader directly </li></ul><ul><li>Use indirect speech </li></ul><ul><li>A quotation </li></ul><ul><li>A proverb/ saying </li></ul><ul><li>Use a rhetorical question </li></ul><ul><li>Setting the scene </li></ul><ul><li>Variety of adjectives, adverbs, verbs… </li></ul>
  10. 10. Writing style Formal Advanced vocabulary, longer sentences, no short forms, impersonal tone (passive, factual presentation of the info), formal links Informal Everyday/ colloquial expressions, vocab , short forms, simple links, personal tone (1st p., vivid description)
  11. 11. <ul><li>Editing </li></ul><ul><li>Word order </li></ul><ul><li>Basic grammar </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid repetition </li></ul><ul><li>Spelling </li></ul><ul><li>Punctuation </li></ul><ul><li>Margins, overall presentation </li></ul>

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