Design principles for_online_instruction

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Design principles for_online_instruction

  1. 1. Design Principles for Online Instruction: A New Kind of Classroom Strategies for Learning Foley, T., & Toporski, N. (2004). Design principles for online instruction. TOJDE. (Vol 5. No. 1)
  2. 2. A New Kind of Classroom <ul><li>Teacher Facilitated </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Center learning around the student </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Focus on the needs and strengths of the students </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide just-in-time and anywhere-anytime learning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Foster collaborative learning environments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Emphasize authentic learning experiences </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Strategies for Learning <ul><li>Make it interactive </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Active rather than passive participant </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Encourage discovery and experimentation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Activity based instruction promoting multiple representations of knowledge </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Strategies for Learning <ul><li>Keep it engaging and motivating </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Incorporate novel events </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pose questions or problems to solve </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vary the elements of instruction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use examples related to learners prior experiences </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Strategies for Learning <ul><li>Put things in context </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Meaningfully connect new information with prior knowledge </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Strategies for Learning <ul><li>Maintain Diversity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Incorporate various forms of media </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Text </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Illustrations </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Animations </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Video </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Audio </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Simulations </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Strategies for Learning <ul><li>Use Collaborative Strategies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mutual engagement of participants in an effort to solve problems together </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shared learning opportunities </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Strategies for Learning <ul><li>Reduce cognitive load </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chunk information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Focus attention to coincide with explanations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduce information “overload” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide appropriate support </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Strategies for Learning <ul><li>Provide adequate scaffolding </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Teacher models the desired learning strategy or task, then gradually shifts responsibility to the students </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conscious attempt to foster independent and higher-order thinking skills </li></ul></ul>

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