Cognitive Psychology


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Cognitive Psychology

  1. 1. Cognitive Psychology<br />Judgment<br />Mary Browning<br />PSY 200 – 08 Cognitive Psychology<br />Kaplan University<br />Professor Katherine Hitchcock<br />October 6, 2009<br />
  2. 2. What are some of the reasons to chose judgment as a cognitive process<br />the cognitive process that humans use to construe, estimate and predict the character of unknown events. <br />making a hypothesis with limited information along with prior knowledge is an interesting topic. <br />judgment is an association related to cognitive processes in social psychology. <br />
  3. 3. Information on the Cognitive Process of Judgment<br />“Studies mostly involve social psychologists and the interest in understanding ways we perceive and our thoughts about other people” (Robinson-Reigler, G., Robinson-Reigler, B., 2008). <br />People make judgment without having complete and accurate information to conclude the judgment one makes. <br />Heuristic availability tends to cause bias in one’s ability to make judgments. <br />The availability heuristic gives us information indicating the likelihood or probability of a judgment. <br />One reason that heuristic availability causes bias in one’s ability to make judgment is that it is a way one retrieves memory easily. <br />Having the ability to retrieve memory easily is good; however, there are times that memory retrieval being difficult may provide one with more accuracy in his or her judgment. <br />
  4. 4. Specifically Apply The Components Of Judgment As A Cognitive Process To One’s Own Life<br />One can apply the components of judgment as a cognitive process to his or her own life through making a decision about a particular person. <br />Judgments are necessary to one’s well being and if domestic violence occurs due to a lack in good judgment of a person’s character then that person makes a bad judgment. <br />The components of judgment as a cognitive process will help provide one with the skills necessary to make clear and good judgments using things such as probability that the person he or she meets is good in nature.<br />
  5. 5. Everyday Experiences with Judgment<br />The cognitive process of judgment happens to be a process that most people use in their everyday lives and experiences. <br />One always meets new people throughout life. <br />As one meets people, judgment of that person will provide them with necessary information to work and play with that person. <br />Of course, although people use judgment daily that does not mean that their judgment is always correct. <br />Judgment has uses in other areas of our lives as well. <br />One has to make judgments when it comes to money, travel, moving from one place to another, among many other things one may require to judge within their lives. <br />
  6. 6. Uses of Judgment<br />Judgment is important in helping resolve issues in legal situations such as police lineups, and the use of Judges in our legal system. <br />Judgment is a definition of how many religious beliefs base their belief systems. <br />One uses judgment often to help provide necessary help in determining who, what, where, and when to do a diversity of things in life. <br />All people use the cognitive process of judgment to help provide the ability to construe, estimate and predict the character of unknown events that ultimately affect his or her lifestyle. <br />
  7. 7. Psychology Profession: Use of Judgment<br />Psychologist’s use judgment to work with clients when making a diagnosis of any number of diverse mental health issues that affect the lives of his or her clients.<br />As one embarks toward the field of psychology, he or she will use judgment in almost all areas of his or her career.<br />The choices, decisions, and diagnosis of clients’ are a way psychologists’ use judgment each day. <br />All psychologists’ must have a good sense of judgment of other people without bias, prejudice, or stereotypes. <br />As the psychologist works with his or her clients the diagnosis, he or she makes come from his or her sense of good judgment and training. <br />
  8. 8. Applying the Cognitive Process of Judgment in Daily Life<br />Decision-making<br />Choosing friends<br />Choosing Careers<br />Choosing Colleges<br />Choosing Where to Live<br />Choosing a Spouse<br />Choosing How to Live Life<br />Applying judgment in daily life is found in numerous choices and decisions about what to do, where to go, and when to do anything in life.<br />
  9. 9. Review<br />Judgment is a cognitive process everyone uses daily<br />Judgment occurs in numerous aspects of daily life on a personal level as well as part of social responsibilities<br />Judgment occurs with or without the use of all the information needed to make a decision <br />Judgment occurs in relation to religious practices<br />
  10. 10. References<br />Robinson-Reigler, G., & Robinson-Reigler, B., (2008). Cognitive psychology: applying the science of the mind, 2nd ed. Pearson Education Incorporated, Boston, MA, 2008.<br />