UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MARA (UiTM) ENGLISH FOR ACADEMIC PURPOSES (BEL 311) ORGAN DONATION AS A SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITYMARYAM ARIFFIN (2009827058), DS3G1AIN NORIN (2009825528), DS3G1Prepared forSIR AHMAD NAWIR BIN ABU AMRINSUBMIT DATE : 08/10/2010
Organ Donation as a Social Responsibility Everyone in this earth have the ability to do something good to the world even afterencountered death. The answer is by organ donation. By donating a part of the body, it cangive a life to an ailing person. Virtually, anyone who died normally or by accident is eligibleto donate. However, there are very few who are actually willing to give part of their organ. Alot of deaths happened those days are the consequence of failing to find an organ donor.Talking about organ donation, it is actually the abstraction of body organs that can be usedfor transplantation, to aid seriously ill patients. A few of the tissues from the body of aperson, who had taken a pledge during his existence that after death organs can be donatedwhile the person is alive as well. For donation, organs and tissues are taken out in the sameway as in surgery, and all incisions are clogged at the end. People, regardless of their age,race or gender, can be a tissue and organ donors. However, if the person is below 18 years ofage, consent from the parents or any legal guardian is inevitable. The heart, lungs, liver,pancreas, kidneys, eyes, heart valves, skin, bones, bone marrow, connective tissues, middleear, and blood vessels are the major organs and tissues that can be donated by a person. Theconsciousness among Malaysian about organ donation is still poor although it brings manyadvantages compare to its disadvantages especially to both donor and receiver. Therefore,there are measures that can be taken to improve this kind of problem and gain the awarenessamong Malaysian. One of the reasons that organ donation is taken as an unproblematic because of thelack of knowledge about organ transplant among Malaysian. They do not take this matterseriously as they are not exposed widely about organ donation according to “Akta TisuNegara” that existed since 1979. Government plays an important role to bring awareness toMalaysian. However, government in these issues gives a half-hearted to encourage organdonation (Noraini and Azlinariah, n.d.). Zaki (n.d.) states that, there are only 10 till 11 peoplethat donate organ donation with opened heart based on year 2005. By comparing amongseveral races in Malaysia, only 8% of Malays donate their organ compare to other race whichare 22% are Indians and 64% for Chinese. Moreover, they do not know well about organdonation which is allowed based on Islam perspective. According to The Fiqh Academy ofthe Muslim World League (n.d.) stated that organ donation and transplantation is allowed in
Makah in its 8th session held between 28 Rabiul Thani- 7 Jumadal Ula, 1405. The organ thathad been taken must have permission from the body of a living person. In this case, the livingperson who intended to donate their organ should have confirmed that the transplant will notgive a negative effect to their normal life. While, for a body of the dead person to donate theirorgan, it must have the approval from the family. The religion of Islam allowed the donationof organ but they do not allow selling human organs. This is an important point to beconsidered as some missionary said that people have become too materialistic and it may bepossible to find a free organ, under a necessity one can purchase the organs. However,Muslim should not sell their organ because it violates the rules of the dignity and honor ofhuman being, and also in the point of view of Islam, it would be illicit in that case.Therefore, government must play their role to overcome this problem and give consciousnessamong Malaysians. Not only Islam but other religions also allow their embracer to donate.Malaysians should consider on donating part of the body to save a life. There are numerous benefits on organ donation to donor and recipient. Being a donorcan help other people on continuing their life as a normal person. Research in the USDepartment of Health and Human Services stated that over 50 lives can be saved or improvedby finding organ or tissue donor (Renee, 2010). According to Oprah (2008), one of thedonors told Jason’s brother that it is a great and valuable thing to give someone a secondchance to live. Although the donor had already dead but their family member can still feeltheir existence as part of their body is still alive in the receiver body (Renee, 2009). Thedonor can aid the recipient by increasing their quality of life to save them. Every religionagrees that organ donation is a positive, life-giving gift. About 18 people die every day due tothe failing to find suitable organ to replace their organ. Organ donation gives those people anew chance of life (Katie, n.d.). A person who becomes an organ donor will encourage andinspired other people to do an organ donation which will give a massive impact to both donorand recipient and especially their family and the donor will be respected for saving life(Renee, 2010). Hence, being a donor is a dignified decision that can make other people happyby giving the most valuable chances to them to experience the life full of happiness. There are several ways to encourage organ donation among the society. Governmentshould do more campaigns that can develop better knowledge to other people and raise their
awareness. Katie (n.d.) said that many individuals misunderstood about organ donation whichmade them trepidation having a doubt to donate their organ because they hesitate about theirquality of medical care after the transplant process. However, doctor will ensure that the bodywill be treated with the utmost care and that it is under serious observation. Many peoplebelieve that medical conditions prevent them from donating, but organ donation is stillpossible in most cases. Furthermore, the donor also can be taken as a role model to the otherperson in the transfer of organ. A role model is a person who inspired the others. Not only acelebrity can be taken as a role models but also someone who being known for its kindness(Katie, n.d.). In addition, the technology used must be up to date that can guarantee theperson who is still alive who wants to donate their precious things and become a donor.Scientists had transplantation created a transplant between different species calledxenotransplantation. This experiment is still in the early stage but has had promising results(Carolyn, n.d.). According to Nephrol (2002), in 1989 an official agency, the NationalTransplant Organization (ONT), and a national network of specially trained, dedicated andstrongly motivated hospital physicians in charge of the whole process of organ donation,were created. This action will encourage people to donate their organ. As a result, the numberof organ donor will increases as they believe that organ transplantation is to be performed.This is because the person in charge in this process is expert in handling the donation process.Therefore, Malaysia needs to support organ donation by doing more research and help theiryoung child who is important to prolong the legacy in the future. In conclusion, everyone can do good deeds after death by becoming an organ donor.There are no reasons to evade on being an organ donor. Not only has the receiver got thepositive feedback as also the donor itself. However, due to the lack of sensitivity, most peoplestill did not want to donate their organ. The reason is misconception about organ donationitself that this process cans lead them to illness or affect their health. However, thoseconcepts are wrong. In fact, being a donor has absolutely no effect on medical care.Therefore, the awareness about organ donation among the citizens is essential which canincrease the number of organ donor. Thus, the whole world should give a full-hearted supportto an organ donation issues and work this issue out because this issue has being hanging forquite a long time and still cannot be solve. What everyone have today, actually not fullybelong to them but they are lend from the Creator. Thus, everyone should help each other bydonating organ and give a prospect to the receiver to enjoy their life.
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