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  • 1. TOPIC WOMEN IN NEOLITHIC TIMES Subject Gender Group presentation Leader  Maryam Mustafa Members  Aaminah nadeem  Mahnoor sheikh  Aqsa rubab  Abdul wahab chawla
  • 2. CONTENT  Neolithic  Neolithic times  Poleolithic era Vs Neolithic era  Neolithic Culture  Roles of women in Neolithic times  Neolithic Revolution  Agricultural Revolution  Neolithic Civilization  Conclusion
  • 3. NEOLITHIC  The period of human culture that began around 10,000 years ago in the Middle East and later in other parts of the world. It is characterized by the beginning of farming, the domestication of animals, the development of crafts such as pottery and weaving, and the making of polished stone tools. The Neolithic Period is generally considered to end for any particular region with the introduction of metalworking, writing, or other developments of urban civilization. Also called New Stone Age.
  • 4. NEOLITHIC TIMES  The Neolithic Era(New Stone Age) began when humans invented agriculture and started making tools out of matel instead of stone.  Neolithic people learned how to farm and domestocate animals.  Domesticate means train a wild animal to be useful to humans.  Sheep were among the first animals to be domesticated by humans.  A lot of neolithic people began living in the Fertile Crescent also known as “Cradle of Civilization”.it was the place where the land was fertile (good for growing plants).  They began to form villages around the fields they formed and they learned how to make many new things like:jewelry,pottery,bigger houses,better clothing,and stronger tools.  They divided up the work;some people farmed,some took care
  • 5.  After starting agriculture Neolithic people began to focus on making their lives comfortable and beautiful.  They began decorating their clothing,pottery,and jewelry;some women even began wearing makeup.  Trade began during the Neolithic Era.  Trade is buying and selling/exchanging goods.  Neolithic people began to trade for things they wanted,some people became traders.  They wanted resources they did not have.  Ife improved greatly during the Neolithic Era when people began farming,settling down in permanent homes,and trading.
  • 6. NEOLITHIC CULTURE  Development  personal property and distinct culture  Language  Clothing  Homes  Trade  Jewellery  Pottery and painting
  • 7. ROLE OF WOMEN IN NEOLITHIC ERA  Women were thought equal to men.  The women stayed at the home-front and tended the farm.  There was great emergence of female deities.
  • 8. ACTIVITIES WOMEN DID:  Farming  Grinding corn  Spinning and weaving  Cloth production  Made pottery
  • 9. HOW SYSTEM CHANGED?  With the discovery of agriculture, people began to have food surpluses that led to population growth.  Women started staying at homes rather than fields.  Men took over the charge.  Matriarchal system changed to patriarchal.
  • 10. THE NEOLITHIC REVOLUTION  The Neolithic Revolution is the transformation of human societies from being hunter-gatherer based to agriculture based.  The period, which occurred between 12,000 and 8,000 years ago, brought along many profound changes to human society and culture.
  • 11. RESULT OF NEOLITHIC REVOLUTION  Permanent settlements were established.  Neolithic villages continued to divide work between men and women.  Women's status declined as men took the lead in most areas of these early societies.
  • 12. AGRICULTURAL REVOLUTION  During the Neolithic Agricultural Revolution(9000 B.C.E),people learned to FARM! They began to grow their own crops and settle in farmer villages.
  • 13. AND THEN THERE WAS AGRICULTURE(FARMING)..  This was a HUGE breakthrough!  People learned to FARM  How did they learn?  No one knows for sure  Food-gathering women may have noticed that seeds grew into plants each year  Differences in soil,may have stayed near good soil and found they could harvest crops
  • 14. EFFECTS OF AGRICULTURE  Domesticating animals  Better health for humans  More free time  Growth in population  Permanent settlement  Interaction among settlement(trade,warfare,technological exchange) No more gathers and hunters  In this period,caven stop hunting and gathering and instead they start to cultivate and do livestock  The ceramics was an important part of this period.
  • 15. NEOLITHIC ERA CIVILIZATION  The main characteristics of Neolithic era are :  Farming  Stock-breeding  Permanent installation and the extensive use of stone
  • 16. THINGS GOT CIVILIZED  The things which got civilized during Neolithic era are:  Advanced cities  Specialized workers  Complex institutions  Record keeping  Art and architecture  Advance technology
  • 17. CONCLUSION  The Neolithic Revolution affected gender roles because before, during the Hunting and Gathering days, men and women were equal in that they both shared work. After the transition from H&G to Neolithic, women stayed indoors more to take care of the increasing number of children they have since they now live in one stable place, instead of wandering around all the time during the H&G. So women are lower than men because they don't work; men do, and they control the food amount coming into the villages. The woman's live changed from matriarchy to patriarchy, because the farmwork required more muscle which males tend to have more.