Teaching Adults: Is it Different?

Presented by:
Maryam Eskandarjouy
29/11/13
 What


is adult learning theory?

How is pedagogy different from androgogy?

 What

are the four principles of adult l...
An adult learner is a socially accepted person
who is involved in any learning process.

Who is an Adult Learner?
Learning process can be any
of formal education,
informal education or
corporate-sponsored
education.

Learning Process
We Learn…

Why Adults Learn?
Malcolm Knowles (1978, 1990) is the theorist who
brought the concept of adult learning to the fore. He
determined the prin...
Pedagogy V/s Androgogy
Pedagogy

Andragogy

It is the method of teaching children.

It is the method of teaching adults

Learners are dependent.
...


Adults need to know why they need to learn
something.



Adults need to learn experientially.



Adults approach lear...
Learning should be:


Motivational



Experiential



Problem-solving



Of immediate value

Principles of Adult Learn...
Learning should be motivational:



Learning should be meaningful.
The learner should be able to see the
end-result of a...
Scenario
You are working in ABC company. A
training program has been scheduled,
where you will be trained on MS-Word
Appli...
They should
provide training
on Robo Help,
that’s what I
need to know to
be an efficient
technical writer.

Technical Writ...
Learning should be experiential:


Learners should be asked to learn by exploring



It is highly effective in corporate...
Learning should be:


Solving any problem drives learning



A problem is posed so that the students discover that
they ...
Problem Solving
Learning should be of immediate value:


The training program should have direct bearing

upon their job


The training ...
Scenario
Assume that you and your colleagues are part of a

training program, which involves receiving training on
typing ...
I think I
seriously need to
attend this
training session.
Quick typing will
make my work
much easier!

Typing lesson,
well...


Lay down clear objectives of the course (need and
motivation)



Inform how they can make the most of training
(motiva...


Include assessment and provide immediate feedback



Offer reward or certificates after the successful
completion of t...


Learning is a continuous process



Learning is motivation driven



We learn to keep up with the growing need of the...
http://www.ncrel.org/sdrs/areas/issues/methods/techn
lgy/te10lk12.htm
 http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Learning_Theories/Adu...
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Andragogy (Adult Education)

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it is a lecture for Andragogy. andragogy vs. pedagogy including the principles, methods,etc.

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Andragogy (Adult Education)

  1. 1. Teaching Adults: Is it Different? Presented by: Maryam Eskandarjouy 29/11/13
  2. 2.  What  is adult learning theory? How is pedagogy different from androgogy?  What are the four principles of adult learning?  How to put these theories into practice? Objectives
  3. 3. An adult learner is a socially accepted person who is involved in any learning process. Who is an Adult Learner?
  4. 4. Learning process can be any of formal education, informal education or corporate-sponsored education. Learning Process
  5. 5. We Learn… Why Adults Learn?
  6. 6. Malcolm Knowles (1978, 1990) is the theorist who brought the concept of adult learning to the fore. He determined the principles of androgogy. What is Adult Learning Theory?
  7. 7. Pedagogy V/s Androgogy
  8. 8. Pedagogy Andragogy It is the method of teaching children. It is the method of teaching adults Learners are dependent. Learners are independent. Learners have less or no experience to share, hence teaching becomes didactic. Learners are experienced, hence teaching involves, discussion, problem solving etc. Learners learn whatever the curriculum offers. The content has to be modified according to the learners’ need. Teachers are required to direct the learner. The learners are self-motivated. Learners need teachers to guide them. Learning is curriculum oriented. Learning is goal oriented. Pedagogy V/s Androgogy
  9. 9.  Adults need to know why they need to learn something.  Adults need to learn experientially.  Adults approach learning as problem-solving.  Adults learn best when the topic is of immediate value. Principles of Adult Learning
  10. 10. Learning should be:  Motivational  Experiential  Problem-solving  Of immediate value Principles of Adult Learning
  11. 11. Learning should be motivational:   Learning should be meaningful. The learner should be able to see the end-result of any training program. Example: If I attend at this training and perform better I’ll get a hike in my salary Motivational Learning
  12. 12. Scenario You are working in ABC company. A training program has been scheduled, where you will be trained on MS-Word Application. Let us see the reaction of different employees who are short listed to attend the training program. Motivation Learning
  13. 13. They should provide training on Robo Help, that’s what I need to know to be an efficient technical writer. Technical Writer Looks like another boring training session! Gosh, I don’t need training in MS-Word, any how I use notepad to scribble notes. Programmer This training program won’t help me much, I’m quite competent in MSOffice already! Content Writer Oh great! I can brush up my MSWord knowledge in this training program. Instructional Designer
  14. 14. Learning should be experiential:  Learners should be asked to learn by exploring  It is highly effective in corporate training  Learners learn by doing Example: A new application has been launched. You need to familiarize with it. You learn by exploring. Experiential Learning
  15. 15. Learning should be:  Solving any problem drives learning  A problem is posed so that the students discover that they need to learn something new before they can solve the problem Problem Solving
  16. 16. Problem Solving
  17. 17. Learning should be of immediate value:  The training program should have direct bearing upon their job  The training program should be able to step-up the job search process Immediate Value
  18. 18. Scenario Assume that you and your colleagues are part of a training program, which involves receiving training on typing lesson. Look at what some of the people in that organization had to say. Immediate Value
  19. 19. I think I seriously need to attend this training session. Quick typing will make my work much easier! Typing lesson, well sounds great, anyway I type like a tortoise. I guess this training will help me hone my typing skills. Typing lesson, well I don’t need it, cause I don’t have to type huge articles or write anything at all! This is a complete waste for me.
  20. 20.  Lay down clear objectives of the course (need and motivation)  Inform how they can make the most of training (motivation/immediate value)  Just do not present learning materials but pose problems so as to induce learning (problem-solving) Utility of these Principles
  21. 21.  Include assessment and provide immediate feedback  Offer reward or certificates after the successful completion of the course (immediate value)  Give real life examples, simulation (experiential)  Use diagrams wherever needed Utility of these Principles
  22. 22.  Learning is a continuous process  Learning is motivation driven  We learn to keep up with the growing need of the industry  We learn to compete  We learn better where we are asked to express our experiences and prior knowledge Warm-up
  23. 23. http://www.ncrel.org/sdrs/areas/issues/methods/techn lgy/te10lk12.htm  http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Learning_Theories/Adu lt_Learning_Theories  http://www.fsu.edu/~adult-ed/jenny/learning.html  http://www.edarticle.com/article.php?id=203  References
  24. 24. Thank You
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