Ap art history test 4 term 3

670 views
576 views

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
670
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
10
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Ap art history test 4 term 3

  1. 1. AP Art History Test 4 Term 3
  2. 2. <ul><li>Woman with the Hat </li></ul><ul><li>1905, Henri Matisse </li></ul><ul><li>Liberates color </li></ul><ul><li>Joyful arrangement of color </li></ul><ul><li>Considered outrageous (fauv = wild animal) </li></ul><ul><li>Turned to Van Gogh </li></ul><ul><li>Tried to advance colorist tradition in modern French painting, which they dated from Delacroix </li></ul><ul><li>Work sparked controversy because of way subject was depicted </li></ul><ul><li>Later reacted against his early Fauve work </li></ul><ul><li>Originally owned by Gertrude Stein </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Street, Berlin </li></ul><ul><li>1913, Ernst Ludwig Kirchner </li></ul><ul><li>City = lonely place </li></ul><ul><li>Mask-like faces </li></ul><ul><li>Harsh angles </li></ul><ul><li>Die B rücke named for a passage in a book that spoke to humanity’s potential to be the “bridge” to a more perfect “superman” </li></ul><ul><li>It was formed in Dresden </li></ul><ul><li>Art suggested yearning to return to imaginary origins </li></ul><ul><li>Liked to show women in nature </li></ul><ul><li>Simple style = modernist primitivism, which drew inspiration from Africa, Pre-Columbian America, children and folk art </li></ul><ul><li>2 prostitutes walk past potential clients </li></ul><ul><li>Appear as dehumanized figures </li></ul><ul><li>Physically close, but psychologically distant </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>The Large Blue Horses </li></ul><ul><li>1911, Franz Marc </li></ul><ul><li>Emphasizes spiritual power of world </li></ul><ul><li>Thunderous, big volume, expressed through lines </li></ul><ul><li>Der Blaue Reiter named for a popular image of St. George on the emblem of Moscow </li></ul><ul><li>It formed in Munich around Kandinsky and Marc (<-- considered blue a color of spirituality) </li></ul><ul><li>Influenced by the Fauves in his colorful expressionism </li></ul><ul><li>Animals merge into a homogenous unit </li></ul><ul><li>The fluid contours reflect the harmony of their collective existence & echo the hill lines </li></ul><ul><li>Pure, strong colors reflect their uncomplicated experience of the world </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Concerning the Spiritual in Art </li></ul><ul><li>1912, Wassily Kandinsky </li></ul><ul><li>He wanted to awaken people’s spirituality through a sheer force of color </li></ul><ul><li>“ Color directly influences the soul..” </li></ul><ul><li>Assigns an instrument to each color </li></ul><ul><li>Each color = a chord in your soul </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Les Demoiselles d’ Avignon </li></ul><ul><li>1907, Pablo Picasso </li></ul><ul><li>Blue Period: painted outcasts of Paris and Barcelona </li></ul><ul><li>Rose Period: inspired by African Art, faces = mask-like </li></ul><ul><li>Great Iberian influence seen specifically in the faces of the 3 most left figures </li></ul><ul><li>The faces on the right were inspired by African masks </li></ul><ul><li>Euphemism for “prostitutes” </li></ul><ul><li>Had men in his original sketch </li></ul><ul><li>Viewer is a participant </li></ul><ul><li>Women inhabit fractured space </li></ul><ul><li>Inspired by Cezanne </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Glass and Bottle of Suze </li></ul><ul><li>1912, Picasso </li></ul><ul><li>Synthetic cubism </li></ul><ul><li>Collage </li></ul><ul><li>Built out of found pieces in world </li></ul><ul><li>Created a motif by combining simpler elements </li></ul><ul><li>The elements evoke a place (a bar) and an activity: the viewer alone with a newspaper, enjoying a quiet drink </li></ul><ul><li>Theme that art and quiet bars can provide refuge from the daily bustle </li></ul><ul><li>Newspaper clippings deal with the First Balkan War which contributed to WWI </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Unique forms of Continuity in Space </li></ul><ul><li>1913, Umberto Boccioni </li></ul><ul><li>Space displaced by figure </li></ul><ul><li>Aerodynamic, gliding </li></ul><ul><li>Futurism: attack against everything old, dull, feminine, and safe </li></ul><ul><li>Aimed both to free Italy from its past and to promote a new taste for the sped of modern technology and urban life </li></ul><ul><li>He called for a “sculpture environment” </li></ul><ul><li>Presents an armless nude figure in full, powerful stride </li></ul><ul><li>Contours flutter and flow into surrounding space </li></ul><ul><li>Expresses figures great velocity and vitality as it rushes forward = a symbol of the brave new Futurist world </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>The Newborn </li></ul><ul><li>1915, Constantin Brancusi </li></ul><ul><li>Most elemental form of life, also looks like baby crying </li></ul><ul><li>Abstract sculpture began with Rodin </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Fountain </li></ul><ul><li>1917, Marcel Duchamp </li></ul><ul><li>Photograph by Alfred Stieglitz </li></ul><ul><li>Moved to New York to escape war in Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Believed art should appeal to the intellect rather than the senses </li></ul><ul><li>Cerebral approach shown in his readymades = ordinary manufactured objects transformed into art works through the decision of the artist </li></ul><ul><li>Submitted anonymously to the first annual exhibition of the American Society of Independent Artists </li></ul><ul><li>He was a founding member of the society </li></ul><ul><li>Many thought it was indecent and the piece was refused </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>L.H.O.O.Q. </li></ul><ul><li>1919, Duchamp </li></ul><ul><li>Challenges notion of a masterpiece </li></ul><ul><li>Text alters image </li></ul><ul><li>Makes fun of image </li></ul><ul><li>Things change with context </li></ul><ul><li>Challenge established structure </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Shooting Star </li></ul><ul><li>1938, Joan Miro </li></ul><ul><li>Surrealism opposed rationalist tide of postwar art </li></ul><ul><li>Founded by Breton when he became dissatisfied w/ playful nonsense activities </li></ul><ul><li>His idea: free individuals to let them express personal desires </li></ul><ul><li>= dream analysis, hypnotic trances </li></ul><ul><li>Playful, whimsical, childlike </li></ul><ul><li>Without filter of the conscious mind </li></ul><ul><li>“ bio-morphs” </li></ul><ul><li>Miro never officially joined Surrealist group </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>The Treachery of Images </li></ul><ul><li>1928-29, Rene Magritte </li></ul><ul><li>Looks at dreams differently </li></ul><ul><li>Reality = landscape of the mind </li></ul><ul><li>It is not a pipe, it is a picture of a pipe </li></ul><ul><li>Exploration between distance between images and language </li></ul><ul><li>Challenged the idea of interpretation </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>The Persistence of Memory </li></ul><ul><li>1931, Salvador Dali </li></ul><ul><li>Questions how time works </li></ul><ul><li>Trained in methods of illusionist representation in Madrid </li></ul><ul><li>Met Miro and introduced to Surrealists </li></ul><ul><li>Contributed “paranoiac critical method” </li></ul><ul><li>Set in a landscape recalling a bay near Dali’s birthplace </li></ul><ul><li>The head = a self portrait </li></ul><ul><li>Appeared in an earlier painting </li></ul><ul><li>Limp watches and ants on watchcase = images of anxiety </li></ul><ul><li>Ants on case = memento mori </li></ul><ul><li>Ants typifies Surrealist interest in unexpected juxtapositions of disparate realities </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>The Horde </li></ul><ul><li>1927, Max Ernst </li></ul><ul><li>Most experimental </li></ul><ul><li>He helped organize Dada movement in K öln </li></ul><ul><li>Discovered fantastic creatures, plants, and landscapes in his use of frottage </li></ul><ul><li>This work is a nightmarish scene of a group of monsters, seemingly made out of wood </li></ul><ul><li>They advance against some unseen opponent </li></ul><ul><li>Frightening image seems to resonate w/ the violence of WWI </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>Luncheon in Fur </li></ul><ul><li>1936, Meret Oppenheim </li></ul><ul><li>Typifies Surrealist interest in unexpected juxtapositions of disparate realities </li></ul><ul><li>Inspired by a café conversation with Picasso about her designs for jewelry </li></ul><ul><li>“ one could cover just about anything with fur…” -Picasso </li></ul><ul><li>Work attracts and repels the viewer </li></ul><ul><li>Psychological complexity </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>The Two Fridas </li></ul><ul><li>1939, Frida Kahlo, Mexico City </li></ul><ul><li>Mother on right, she’s on left </li></ul><ul><li>Different cultural/ethnic traditions </li></ul><ul><li>Pumping blood = Aztec, Mexican heritage </li></ul><ul><li>Elements of western and nonwestern </li></ul><ul><li>Catholic painting influence </li></ul><ul><li>Surrealists admire her search of self, identity, and psychological </li></ul><ul><li>Painted during her divorce </li></ul><ul><li>Dealt with her personal pain </li></ul><ul><li>She shows 2 ethnic selves: European (Victorian dress) & Mexican (traditional Mexican skirt + blouse) </li></ul><ul><li>Artery begins at miniature of Diego as a boy </li></ul><ul><li>She participated in some Surrealist shows after being encouraged by Breton </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>Lady Xok’s Vision of a Giant Snake </li></ul><ul><li>726 CE, Maya, Mexico, limestone </li></ul><ul><li>From lintel over a doorway </li></ul><ul><li>Principle figure = a woman (queen) </li></ul><ul><li>Seemingly opposites: beauty and blood </li></ul><ul><li>This is her vision - erupts out of altar: a great warrior </li></ul><ul><li>Surrealism: visionary world </li></ul><ul><li>Preparing for war </li></ul><ul><li>Ritual is not only a fertility rite of death and rebirth but also a way of warding off evil and to ensure immortality </li></ul><ul><li>Involves psychosis: an altered state of consciousness with vivid hallucinations </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>The Goddess Coatlicue </li></ul><ul><li>C. 1500, Aztec, basalt </li></ul><ul><li>Fierce and beautiful </li></ul><ul><li>Found covered with blood </li></ul><ul><li>Earth goddess = huge and fierce </li></ul><ul><li>Creative and nurturing potential + destructive self </li></ul><ul><li>Found during an excavation near a Spanish Cathedral </li></ul><ul><li>One described as being inside the Temple of Huitzilopochtli </li></ul><ul><li>Coatlicue means “she of the serpent skirt” </li></ul><ul><li>A pair of serpents, symbols of gushing blood, rise from her neck to form her head </li></ul><ul><li>She wears a necklace of sacrificial offerings </li></ul><ul><li>Great surface intricacy </li></ul><ul><li>Colors that it had would’ve heightened dramatic impact </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>Whirling Log Ceremony </li></ul><ul><li>C. 1925, Hosteen Klah, sand painting, Phoenix, Arizona </li></ul><ul><li>Healing art </li></ul><ul><li>Inspired Jackson Pollock </li></ul><ul><li>Certain songs would be chanted </li></ul><ul><li>Genesis creation story </li></ul><ul><li>Gods = bigger = hierarchic scale </li></ul><ul><li>Sand paintings usually only done by men </li></ul><ul><li>Often show mythic heroes and events </li></ul><ul><li>They follow prescribed rules and patterns that ensure their power </li></ul><ul><li>Rituals intended to restore harmony to the world and to achieve cures </li></ul><ul><li>Not meant for public display </li></ul><ul><li>Many took offense to this weaving, done by a man </li></ul><ul><li>Strict gender roles </li></ul><ul><li>Depicts a part of the Navajo creation myth in which the Holy People divide the world into 4 parts </li></ul><ul><li>Holy People surround the image </li></ul><ul><li>Male and female pair on each side </li></ul>

×