AP Art History Test Test 4
<ul><li>Henry IV Receiving the Portrait of Marie de’ Medici </li></ul><ul><li>C. 1621 </li></ul><ul><li>Peter Paul Rubens ...
<ul><li>Garden of Love </li></ul><ul><li>1630 </li></ul><ul><li>Rubens </li></ul><ul><li>Continues fete tradition </li></u...
<ul><li>Portrait of Charles I Hunting </li></ul><ul><li>1635 </li></ul><ul><li>Anthony Van Dyck </li></ul><ul><li>Collabor...
<ul><li>Mary Magdalen </li></ul><ul><li>1640 </li></ul><ul><li>Georges De La Tour </li></ul><ul><li>Follower of Carravaggi...
<ul><li>The Rape of the Sabine Women </li></ul><ul><li>1636 </li></ul><ul><li>Nicholas Poussin </li></ul><ul><li>Romulus s...
<ul><li>Et in Arcadia Ego </li></ul><ul><li>1637 </li></ul><ul><li>Poussin </li></ul><ul><li>Classical landscape </li></ul...
<ul><li>Embarkation of the Queen of Sheba </li></ul><ul><li>1648 </li></ul><ul><li>Claude Lorrain </li></ul><ul><li>She pe...
<ul><li>Louis XIV </li></ul><ul><li>C. 1701 </li></ul><ul><li>Hyacinthe Rigaud </li></ul><ul><li>He was a favorite of the ...
<ul><li>East Front of the Louvre </li></ul><ul><li>1670 </li></ul><ul><li>Claude Perrault </li></ul><ul><li>Long and horiz...
<ul><li>Palais of Versailles </li></ul><ul><li>1668-85 </li></ul><ul><li>Louis Le Vau and Jules Hardouin-Mansart </li></ul...
<ul><li>Hall of Mirrors </li></ul><ul><li>1678 </li></ul><ul><li>Mansart and Charles Le Brun </li></ul><ul><li>Enclosed ga...
<ul><li>Versailles Gardens </li></ul><ul><li>1661-1785 </li></ul><ul><li>Andre Le Norte </li></ul><ul><li>Imposed order us...
<ul><li>Church of the Invalides </li></ul><ul><li>1680-91 </li></ul><ul><li>Jules Hardouin Mansart </li></ul><ul><li>Built...
<ul><li>Officers of the Haarlem Militia Company of St. Adrian </li></ul><ul><li>1627 </li></ul><ul><li>Frans Hals </li></u...
<ul><li>Catharina Hooft and Her Nurse </li></ul><ul><li>1620 </li></ul><ul><li>Frans Hals </li></ul><ul><li>Captured vital...
<ul><li>Self Portrait </li></ul><ul><li>1635 </li></ul><ul><li>Judith Leyster </li></ul><ul><li>Competitor of Hals </li></...
<ul><li>The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Nicolaes Tulp </li></ul><ul><li>1632 </li></ul><ul><li>Rembrandt </li></ul><ul><li>Worke...
<ul><li>The Night Watch </li></ul><ul><li>1642 </li></ul><ul><li>Rembrandt </li></ul><ul><li>This work was for the meeting...
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Ap art history test 4 term 2

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Ap art history test 4 term 2

  1. 1. AP Art History Test Test 4
  2. 2. <ul><li>Henry IV Receiving the Portrait of Marie de’ Medici </li></ul><ul><li>C. 1621 </li></ul><ul><li>Peter Paul Rubens </li></ul><ul><li>Part of Antwep painters’ guild </li></ul><ul><li>Worked in the court of the duke of Mantua </li></ul><ul><li>He studied Caravaggio and Carracci </li></ul><ul><li>He returned to Antwerp and was employed by Habsburgs </li></ul><ul><li>Had powerful, expressive visual language appropriate for secular rulers and for Catholic Church </li></ul><ul><li>Royal patrons: Philip IV, Marie de’ Medici, Charles I </li></ul><ul><li>Depicts royal engagement </li></ul><ul><li>Henri IV falls in love immediately with her portrait </li></ul><ul><li>Cupid and Hymen, and Jupiter and Juno shown </li></ul><ul><li>Personification: abandon war for love </li></ul><ul><li>Great energy, highpoint of drama </li></ul><ul><li>Shows power of french monarchy </li></ul><ul><li>Took Titian’s color and form to new level </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Garden of Love </li></ul><ul><li>1630 </li></ul><ul><li>Rubens </li></ul><ul><li>Continues fete tradition </li></ul><ul><li>Fantasy level of love and reality </li></ul><ul><li>Venus shown </li></ul><ul><li>Subtle playfulness </li></ul><ul><li>He paints lots of religious scenes and fleshy nudes </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Portrait of Charles I Hunting </li></ul><ul><li>1635 </li></ul><ul><li>Anthony Van Dyck </li></ul><ul><li>Collaborated with Rubens </li></ul><ul><li>Worked as portraitist </li></ul><ul><li>Had his own studio and students </li></ul><ul><li>Member of Antwerp’s Guild of St. Luke </li></ul><ul><li>Elegant and artistic refinement </li></ul><ul><li>Became court painter to Charles I </li></ul><ul><li>He became a knight </li></ul><ul><li>Provides sympathetic record of royal family’s features </li></ul><ul><li>He portrayed the king truthfully yet as an imposing figure </li></ul><ul><li>Charles is shown as the tallest figure </li></ul><ul><li>The horse and branches bow toward him </li></ul><ul><li>Great foreshortening </li></ul><ul><li>Diagonal composition </li></ul><ul><li>Embodies informal royal portraiture </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Mary Magdalen </li></ul><ul><li>1640 </li></ul><ul><li>Georges De La Tour </li></ul><ul><li>Follower of Carravaggio </li></ul><ul><li>Court painter to Louis XIII </li></ul><ul><li>Used simplified settings and a light source w/ in picture - so intense that it seems to be his real subject </li></ul><ul><li>The hand and skull establish the foreground plane </li></ul><ul><li>Sense of intimacy </li></ul><ul><li>Light is the unifying element </li></ul><ul><li>Mary meditates on the frailty and vanity of human life </li></ul><ul><li>Skull = reminds her of passing life </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>The Rape of the Sabine Women </li></ul><ul><li>1636 </li></ul><ul><li>Nicholas Poussin </li></ul><ul><li>Romulus shown standing to the left </li></ul><ul><li>Not so much emphasizing drama </li></ul><ul><li>Based on the Abduction of the Sabine Women by Bernini </li></ul><ul><li>Cool philosophical art - requires higher knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>More literary rather than real </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Et in Arcadia Ego </li></ul><ul><li>1637 </li></ul><ul><li>Poussin </li></ul><ul><li>Classical landscape </li></ul><ul><li>Arcadia = ideal world </li></ul><ul><li>Woman = not real but time consoling figures </li></ul><ul><li>We will all eventually die </li></ul><ul><li>Geometric and crisp landscape </li></ul><ul><li>Classical narrative </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Embarkation of the Queen of Sheba </li></ul><ul><li>1648 </li></ul><ul><li>Claude Lorrain </li></ul><ul><li>She perfected the idea of “classical” landscape </li></ul><ul><li>Organized natural elements and figures into idealized compositions </li></ul><ul><li>He was intrigued by light </li></ul><ul><li>Great visual interest </li></ul><ul><li>Meticulous one-point perspective on the sun </li></ul><ul><li>Painted in a zig-zag fashion </li></ul><ul><li>Explores lost golden age </li></ul><ul><li>Queen of Sheba leads court in Ethiopia </li></ul><ul><li>Unusual subject </li></ul><ul><li>Classical drama </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Louis XIV </li></ul><ul><li>C. 1701 </li></ul><ul><li>Hyacinthe Rigaud </li></ul><ul><li>He was a favorite of the king </li></ul><ul><li>Represents the height of royal propaganda </li></ul><ul><li>= sun King </li></ul><ul><li>Far removed from the classical and Caravaggesque influences at work during his time </li></ul><ul><li>This work was ordered by Louis XIV as a gift for his grandson, Philip V </li></ul><ul><li>Idealizes less attractive characteristics </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>East Front of the Louvre </li></ul><ul><li>1670 </li></ul><ul><li>Claude Perrault </li></ul><ul><li>Long and horizontally massed </li></ul><ul><li>Thundering power </li></ul><ul><li>Was a medieval castle in Paris </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Palais of Versailles </li></ul><ul><li>1668-85 </li></ul><ul><li>Louis Le Vau and Jules Hardouin-Mansart </li></ul><ul><li>Louis XIV began the enlarging project </li></ul><ul><li>The new building was built around the pre-existing </li></ul><ul><li>Consisted of 2 phases </li></ul><ul><li>What Le Vau did, and what his predecessor, Mansart did </li></ul><ul><li>Mansart added long lateral wings </li></ul><ul><li>3 story elevation </li></ul><ul><li>Enormous arched windows separated by Ionic pilasters </li></ul><ul><li>Sensitive balance of horizontals and verticals </li></ul><ul><li>Great symmetry </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Hall of Mirrors </li></ul><ul><li>1678 </li></ul><ul><li>Mansart and Charles Le Brun </li></ul><ul><li>Enclosed gallery on main level </li></ul><ul><li>Architectural symmetry achieved by Venetian glass mirrors </li></ul><ul><li>The mirrors reflect the natural light and give the impression of an even larger space </li></ul><ul><li>The vaulted ceiling recalls Carracci’s work </li></ul><ul><li>Le Brun painted the ceiling - decorated with Louis XIV’s military triumphs </li></ul><ul><li>Ultimate design and theme of palace: the glorification of the king as Apollo the Sun God with whom Louis identified </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Versailles Gardens </li></ul><ul><li>1661-1785 </li></ul><ul><li>Andre Le Norte </li></ul><ul><li>Imposed order using broad straight avenues radiating from focal points </li></ul><ul><li>Baroque in their vast size and extension </li></ul><ul><li>Classically harmonious </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Church of the Invalides </li></ul><ul><li>1680-91 </li></ul><ul><li>Jules Hardouin Mansart </li></ul><ul><li>Built by Louis XIV as a hospital for VA’s </li></ul><ul><li>Completely baroque </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>Officers of the Haarlem Militia Company of St. Adrian </li></ul><ul><li>1627 </li></ul><ul><li>Frans Hals </li></ul><ul><li>Doesn’t line people up statically </li></ul><ul><li>Creates new lively narrative </li></ul><ul><li>Militia who fights against Spanish troops </li></ul><ul><li>Social organization </li></ul><ul><li>Lively, engaging </li></ul><ul><li>Love of realism </li></ul><ul><li>Inspired by Caravaggio </li></ul><ul><li>Tried to recreate optical effects of light </li></ul><ul><li>Bold painter </li></ul><ul><li>Strong underlying geometry </li></ul><ul><li>Perpendicular lines </li></ul><ul><li>Fast strokes </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>Catharina Hooft and Her Nurse </li></ul><ul><li>1620 </li></ul><ul><li>Frans Hals </li></ul><ul><li>Captured vitality of a gesture and fleeting moment of time </li></ul><ul><li>Intimate individual portrait </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>Self Portrait </li></ul><ul><li>1635 </li></ul><ul><li>Judith Leyster </li></ul><ul><li>Competitor of Hals </li></ul><ul><li>Influenced by Caravaggio </li></ul><ul><li>Adopted Italian naturalism </li></ul><ul><li>Theatrically presented everyday themes </li></ul><ul><li>Entered Haarlem’s Guild of St. Luke </li></ul><ul><li>Known for genre scenes </li></ul><ul><li>Painted symbols of her success as an artist </li></ul><ul><li>Her subject may be a visual pun </li></ul><ul><li>Narrow range of colors </li></ul><ul><li>Display piece </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Nicolaes Tulp </li></ul><ul><li>1632 </li></ul><ul><li>Rembrandt </li></ul><ul><li>Worked in Amsterdam </li></ul><ul><li>His work reflected his study of science and nature and Italian Ren. Art </li></ul><ul><li>Combination of scientific and humanistic interests </li></ul><ul><li>Group portrait takes on dramatic interest </li></ul><ul><li>Dr. Tulp = head of surgeon’s guild </li></ul><ul><li>Composition built on diagonals </li></ul><ul><li>Makes use of Caravaggio’s tenebrist effect </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>The Night Watch </li></ul><ul><li>1642 </li></ul><ul><li>Rembrandt </li></ul><ul><li>This work was for the meeting hall of a wealthy civic-guard company </li></ul><ul><li>Carries idea of group portrait drama even further </li></ul><ul><li>Company forms a parade in Amsterdam’s streets </li></ul>
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