AP Art History
Test 5
Term 3
Fallingwater
• 1937, Frank Lloyd Wright
• Horizontal massing (prairie school)
• Cantilever
• Cast concrete
• Ribbon fenest...
Bauhaus Building
• 1925-26, Walter Gropius, Dessau,
Germany
• “workhouse” = modern engineering,
curtain walls (no load bea...
German Pavilion
• 1929, Mies Van der Rohe
• International Exposition, Spain
• He was director of the Bauhaus
• “Less is mo...
Villa Savoye
• 1930, Le Corbusier, France
• Big in purism, emphasizing purity of geometric form
• Hated the crowded, noisy...
Schroeder House
• 1925, Gerrit Rietveld, Utrecht, The
Netherlands
• Two kinds of beauty: a sensual or
subjective one and a...
Man, Controller of the Universe
• 1934, Diego Rivera
• Commissioned by Rockefeller Family
• In the lobby of the RCA Buildi...
Guernica
• 1937, Picasso, Paris Universal Exposition
• = synthetic cubism
• Surrealism: horror
• Victims of war throughout...
Vanna Venturi House
• 1961-64, Robert Venturi, Chestnut
Hill, PA
• Designed for his mother
• Plays with complexity and con...
Guggenheim Museum
• 1993-97, Frank Gehry, Bilbao, Spain
• Used vernacular forms and cheap
materials
• Developed a organic,...
Portrait of a German Officer
• 1914, Marsden Hartley
• Exhibited at the Armory Show
• Pioneer of American modernism
• Merg...
Migrant Mother, Nipomo, CA
• 1936, Dorothea Lange
• She was a leading RA/FSA
photographer
• Pictures Florence Thompson
• C...
Aspects of Negro Life
• 1934, Aaron Douglas
• Developed an abstracted style influenced by African art as well as Art Deco
...
Migration of the Negro
• 1940-41, Jacob Lawrence
• Influenced by Locke and Douglass
• Devoted early work to depiction of
b...
Autumn Rhythm
• 1950, Jackson Pollock
• Interested in vast American west and
Indian art
• Taught by Benton
• American sear...
Mountains and Sea
• 1952, Helen Frankenthaler
• Among the second generation of
Abstract Expressionism
• Used thin oil pain...
Canyon
• 1959, Robert Rauschenberg
• Combine painting
• Featured in the “Art of Assemblage”
exhibition
• Desired to work i...
Just What Is It That Makes Today So
Different, So Appealing?
• 1955, Hamilton, collage
• Prominent member of the
Independe...
Marilyn Diptych
• 1962, Andy Warhol
• Was a successful commercial
illustrator
• Turned from conventional painting to
the a...
Lipstick on Caterpillar Tracks
• 1969, Claes Oldenburg
• Proposed city monuments
• Criticizes war
• Cynical attack on Viet...
Ap art history term 3 test 5
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Ap art history term 3 test 5

  1. 1. AP Art History Test 5 Term 3
  2. 2. Fallingwater • 1937, Frank Lloyd Wright • Horizontal massing (prairie school) • Cantilever • Cast concrete • Ribbon fenestration • Site specific • Organicism • Hearth • Influences: Japanese, Arts and Crafts, modern technology • Commissioned by Edgar Kaufmann, a department store owner, to replace a summer cottage • Declares war on the modern industrial city QuickTime™ and a decompressor are needed to see this picture.
  3. 3. Bauhaus Building • 1925-26, Walter Gropius, Dessau, Germany • “workhouse” = modern engineering, curtain walls (no load bearing features) • Functionality, craftsmanship • Counterpart to the total and rational planning envisioned by the de Stijl group • He admired the spirit of medieval building guilds • Sought to revive and commit that spirit to the reconciliation of modern art and industry • Frankly acknowledges the reinforced concrete, steel, and glass of which it is built • Used asymmetrical balancing to convey dynamic quality of life QuickTime™ and a decompressor are needed to see this picture.
  4. 4. German Pavilion • 1929, Mies Van der Rohe • International Exposition, Spain • He was director of the Bauhaus • “Less is more.” • Great passion = subtle perfection of structure, proportion, and detail • Relied on domino construction system developed by Le Corbusier • Very simple • No references to the past QuickTime™ and a decompressor are needed to see this picture.
  5. 5. Villa Savoye • 1930, Le Corbusier, France • Big in purism, emphasizing purity of geometric form • Hated the crowded, noisy, chaotic cities • Envisioned a city of uniform style, laid out on a grid • Building strictly functional • Nature wouldn’t be neglected • Icon of international style • Culminated the domino construction system • Curtain walls on the exterior to provide freedom of design • Ribbon windows • Designed as a weekend retreat • “machine for living” • Brutalism: raw process by which it was made is shown QuickTime™ and a decompressor are needed to see this picture.
  6. 6. Schroeder House • 1925, Gerrit Rietveld, Utrecht, The Netherlands • Two kinds of beauty: a sensual or subjective one and a higher rational, objective kind • Example of International style • Applied Mondrian’s principle of a dynamic equilibrium • Radically asymmetrical exterior composed of interlocking gray an white planes • Commissioned by wealthy widow • House = ascetic experience • Walls slide QuickTime™ and a decompressor are needed to see this picture.
  7. 7. Man, Controller of the Universe • 1934, Diego Rivera • Commissioned by Rockefeller Family • In the lobby of the RCA Building • He was a communist and included Lenin’s face • The Rockefellers canceled his commission and had the mural destroyed • Recreated in Mexico city • Man controls the universe through manipulation of technology • Lenin on the right, capitalists on the left • Capitalist world cursed by militarism and labor unrest QuickTime™ and a decompressor are needed to see this picture.
  8. 8. Guernica • 1937, Picasso, Paris Universal Exposition • = synthetic cubism • Surrealism: horror • Victims of war throughout time • Timeless look at war • Made during the Spanish Civil War • Painted in Paris • = a stark, hallucinatory nightmare that became a powerful symbol of the brutality of war • Focused on the victims • Screaming horse = Spanish Republic • Bull = Franco or Spain QuickTime™ and a decompressor are needed to see this picture.
  9. 9. Vanna Venturi House • 1961-64, Robert Venturi, Chestnut Hill, PA • Designed for his mother • Plays with complexity and confusion • Refers to past: Wright and classical • Beginnings in Mannerism • Ambiguity, paradox • Rejected the abstract purity of International Style • Incorporated elements drawn fro vernacular sources • “Less is a bore.” • Complexity and Contradiction in Architecture • Building = simple and complex • Circles, triangles, rectangles QuickTime™ and a decompressor are needed to see this picture.
  10. 10. Guggenheim Museum • 1993-97, Frank Gehry, Bilbao, Spain • Used vernacular forms and cheap materials • Developed a organic, sculptural style • Resembles a living organism • Pays homage to Wright’s famous one in New York and attempts to outdo it in size and effect QuickTime™ and a decompressor are needed to see this picture.
  11. 11. Portrait of a German Officer • 1914, Marsden Hartley • Exhibited at the Armory Show • Pioneer of American modernism • Merged cubism from Paris with expressionism of Kandinsky in Berlin • Tightly arranged composition of boldly colored shapes and patterns, interspersed with numbers, letters, military imagery • Speaks symbolically of Karl von Freyburg • Black creates a funeral undertone QuickTime™ and a decompressor are needed to see this picture.
  12. 12. Migrant Mother, Nipomo, CA • 1936, Dorothea Lange • She was a leading RA/FSA photographer • Pictures Florence Thompson • Captures fears of an entire population of disenfranchised people • Image of a generation • Using photography as a moral, reform sense to raise awareness QuickTime™ and a decompressor are needed to see this picture.
  13. 13. Aspects of Negro Life • 1934, Aaron Douglas • Developed an abstracted style influenced by African art as well as Art Deco • Used schematic figures, silhouetted in profile with eyes rendered frontally like Egyptian art • Limited palette • Concentric bands suggesting musical rhythms or spiritual emanations • Painted for the 135th Street branch of the New York Public library under the sponsorship of the Public Works of Art Project • Intended to awaken in African Americans, a sense of their place in history • At the right, blacks celebrate the Emancipation Proclamation QuickTime™ and a decompressor are needed to see this picture.
  14. 14. Migration of the Negro • 1940-41, Jacob Lawrence • Influenced by Locke and Douglass • Devoted early work to depiction of black history • Recounted through narrative painting in dozens of small panels, each with a text • Made of 60 panels • Chronicled the great 20th century exodus of blacks from the rural south the urban North • Boldly abstracted style suggests influence of both cubism and black folk art QuickTime™ and a decompressor are needed to see this picture.
  15. 15. Autumn Rhythm • 1950, Jackson Pollock • Interested in vast American west and Indian art • Taught by Benton • American search for self • Pulsing foreground, middle ground, and background • Giving vent to primal, natural forces • Took pleasure in the sense of being fully absorbed in action, eliminating the sense of self-consciousness • Shows harmony with oneself and the world QuickTime™ and a decompressor are needed to see this picture.
  16. 16. Mountains and Sea • 1952, Helen Frankenthaler • Among the second generation of Abstract Expressionism • Used thin oil paints and applied them in washes • Pollock saw her work as avant-garde QuickTime™ and a decompressor are needed to see this picture.
  17. 17. Canyon • 1959, Robert Rauschenberg • Combine painting • Featured in the “Art of Assemblage” exhibition • Desired to work in the gap between art and life • Chaotically mixes conventional artistic materials with a wide variety of ingredients from the urban environment • Challenges viewer to make sense of it QuickTime™ and a decompressor are needed to see this picture.
  18. 18. Just What Is It That Makes Today So Different, So Appealing? • 1955, Hamilton, collage • Prominent member of the Independent Group • He resisted the Institute of Contemporary Art’s commitment to modernist art, design, and architect QuickTime™ and a decompressor are needed to see this picture.
  19. 19. Marilyn Diptych • 1962, Andy Warhol • Was a successful commercial illustrator • Turned from conventional painting to the assembly-line technique of silk- screening photo-images • Borrowed the diptych format from the icons of Christian saints • Symbolically treated her as a saint • He was fascinated with fame • Fame confers, as holiness, a kind of immortality QuickTime™ and a decompressor are needed to see this picture.
  20. 20. Lipstick on Caterpillar Tracks • 1969, Claes Oldenburg • Proposed city monuments • Criticizes war • Cynical attack on Vietnam • Created at the invitation of a group of graduate students in Yale’s school of Architecture • Requested a monument to the “Second American Revolution” of the late 60’s (student demonstrations against Vietnam) • Erotic overtones “make love, not war” • Addressed issue of “potency” both sexual and military QuickTime™ and a decompressor are needed to see this picture.
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