Ap art history term 3 test 3

1,087 views
916 views

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,087
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
4
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
19
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Ap art history term 3 test 3

  1. 1. AP Art History Term 3 Test 3
  2. 2. <ul><li>Gare St-Lazare </li></ul><ul><li>1877; Claude Monet </li></ul><ul><li>Off moment </li></ul><ul><li>Smoke, familiar buildings </li></ul><ul><li>One of 7 paintings made of the famous Paris train station that served the suburbs </li></ul><ul><li>The work was an example of modern iron-frame-and-glass architecture </li></ul><ul><li>It was an enormous vault filled with steam and bustling with movement </li></ul><ul><li>Used rapid, sketchlike brush strokes </li></ul><ul><li>Captured light as it poured through the glass roof and mixed with the whirling clouds of steam </li></ul><ul><li>Impressionist focus on city life </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Rouen Cathedral: The Portal </li></ul><ul><li>1894, Monet </li></ul><ul><li>Monet desired to place Impressionism within the great traditions of French art </li></ul><ul><li>Seen in his series of works devoted to the play of light over the Rouen Cathedral </li></ul><ul><li>Chose the subject for its iconographic associations </li></ul><ul><li>The building symbolizes the continuity of human institutions such as the Church and the presence of the divine </li></ul><ul><li>The work argues that beneath the veneer of shifting appearances is a complex web of durable and expanding connections </li></ul><ul><li>He tried to place Impressionism in a more enduring context </li></ul><ul><li>Pattern of rejection and reform </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Le Moulin de la Galette </li></ul><ul><li>1876; Pierre-Auguste Renoir </li></ul><ul><li>Liked to paint the upper-middle classes </li></ul><ul><li>Encouraged by Monet to create pleasant, light-filled landscapes </li></ul><ul><li>Shows dancers dappled in bright afternoon sun </li></ul><ul><li>The place was an old-fashioned dance hall </li></ul><ul><li>He glamorized its working class clientele by replacing them with his friends and their models </li></ul><ul><li>Figures exude innocence and congeniality </li></ul><ul><li>Painting knit together by the mood </li></ul><ul><li>Idyllic image of a carefree age of innocence, a kind of paradise </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Young Dancer Fourteen Years Old </li></ul><ul><li>1880, Edgar Degas </li></ul><ul><li>He was the only American invited to exhibit with the Impressionists </li></ul><ul><li>Between realism and impressionism </li></ul><ul><li>Bronze, but not for such a grand subject </li></ul><ul><li>Many criticized his work for that </li></ul><ul><li>Light flickers on the subject </li></ul><ul><li>Works with Mary Cassatt </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Maternal Caress </li></ul><ul><li>1891; Mary Cassatt </li></ul><ul><li>After 1800 she moved toward a firmer handling of form and more classic subjects </li></ul><ul><li>Shift in focus on mother and child </li></ul><ul><li>One of the many colored prints she produced </li></ul><ul><li>Shows her sensitive response to the tradition of the Madonna and Child </li></ul><ul><li>The infant shares a tender moment with its adoring mother </li></ul><ul><li>Their intimacy is underscored y the subtle harmony of apricots and browns </li></ul><ul><li>The patterns, simple contours, and sharply sloping floor derive from Japanese prints </li></ul><ul><li>Aiming for timeless and universal </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Paris Street, Rainy Day </li></ul><ul><li>1877, Gustave Caillebotte </li></ul><ul><li>This work shows the city’s rebuilding </li></ul><ul><li>Caillebotte selected a complex intersection near the St. Lazare train station </li></ul><ul><li>He distorted the size of the buildings and the distance between them to create a wide-angle view </li></ul><ul><li>Reflects the sweeping modernity of the city </li></ul><ul><li>His family owned property in the busy neighborhood shown here </li></ul><ul><li>Highly crafted surface, monumental size, geometric order, elaborate perspective </li></ul><ul><li>Gaslight used to separate foreground from middle and distant </li></ul><ul><li>Meant to capture the momentary quality of everyday life </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Barmaid at the Folies-Bergere </li></ul><ul><li>1881; Edouard Manet </li></ul><ul><li>Contradicts the happy aura of works such as Moulin de la Galette </li></ul><ul><li>The elegant crowd is reflected in the background </li></ul><ul><li>He painted a glorious still life of the many pleasures for which the Folies Bergere was famous </li></ul><ul><li>The liquor bottles also associate with the barmaid herself, with her wide hips, strong neck, and hair </li></ul><ul><li>Her demeanor, however, refutes these associations </li></ul><ul><li>She appears to be self-absorbed and depressed </li></ul><ul><li>Her reflection tells a different story </li></ul><ul><li>There appears now to be no pyschological or physical distance between them </li></ul><ul><li>Wanted 2 contrast longing 4 happiness with reality of existence? </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Nocturne in Black and Gold </li></ul><ul><li>1875; James Abbott McNeill Whistler </li></ul><ul><li>He emphatically rejected the precise depiction of objects in earlier drawings </li></ul><ul><li>Sued a critic on behalf of this piece and won </li></ul><ul><li>Depicts a fireworks show over the Battersea Bridge in London </li></ul><ul><li>He was more interested in atmospheric effects than providing details of the actual scene </li></ul><ul><li>Spatial ambiguity set against structure of line and form </li></ul><ul><li>Qualities of energy and stillness </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Harmony in Blue and Gold </li></ul><ul><li>1876-77; Whistler </li></ul><ul><li>The Peacock Room from a house owned by Frederick Leyland </li></ul><ul><li>Inspired by the Japanese theme of his own painting ( The Princess from the Land of Porcelain) painted the shutters with peacocks </li></ul><ul><li>He eventually painted the entire room, covering the walls with gilded peacock feathers </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>At the Moulin Rouge </li></ul><ul><li>1892-95; Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec </li></ul><ul><li>Darker version of Galette </li></ul><ul><li>Edgy nightclubs </li></ul><ul><li>Comes from a wealthy family </li></ul><ul><li>Self portrait included </li></ul><ul><li>Makes $ print making </li></ul><ul><li>No longer leisure world </li></ul><ul><li>Darkness - end of century </li></ul><ul><li>He included many famous people of his day </li></ul><ul><li>The eerie green light of the interior evokes an unhealthy atmosphere </li></ul><ul><li>He added to the visual drama by utilizing different lines </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Japonaiserie: Flowering Plum Tree </li></ul><ul><li>1887; Vincent Van Gogh </li></ul><ul><li>Oil copy of Hiroshige’s </li></ul><ul><li>Learns flattened color world </li></ul><ul><li>Wants to start an art colony </li></ul><ul><li>Wanted to go to Japan but actually goes to Arle, France </li></ul><ul><li>Here, his color comes alive </li></ul><ul><li>Direct Japanese influence </li></ul><ul><li>One of 3 that he painted </li></ul><ul><li>Steep transitions from red to yellow to green create a banding effect that vertically balances out the painting </li></ul><ul><li>Bolder in color </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Plum Orchard Kameido </li></ul><ul><li>1857; Hiroshige; from 100 Views of Edo </li></ul><ul><li>Foreground dominated by a branch of plum blossom </li></ul><ul><li>Depicts scene from everyday life </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Starry Night </li></ul><ul><li>1889; Van Gogh </li></ul><ul><li>He adopted Seurat’s divisionism but he didn’t apply paint in dots </li></ul><ul><li>He used thick applications of pigment </li></ul><ul><li>Gave his works a greater sense of physical energy and a palpable surface texture </li></ul><ul><li>Great example of expressionism </li></ul><ul><li>Painted from his window in the asylum at Saint-Remy </li></ul><ul><li>Above the quiet town, the sky pulsates with celestial rhythms and blazes with exploding stars </li></ul><ul><li>Theory that after death, people journey to a star where they continue their lives </li></ul><ul><li>Cypress tree = symbol of death and eternal life </li></ul><ul><li>Brightest star = Venus </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>Mahana No Atua (Day of the God) </li></ul><ul><li>1894; Paul Gauguin </li></ul><ul><li>Inspired by nonacademic sources like medieval stained glass, folk art </li></ul><ul><li>Rejected Impressionism because it neglected subjective feelings </li></ul><ul><li>Called his style synthetism </li></ul><ul><li>= it synthesized observation of the subject in nature with the artist’s feelings about that subject </li></ul><ul><li>It was expressed through abstracted line, shpae, space, and color </li></ul><ul><li>Tahitian subject, but painted in France during Gauguin’s return after 2 years in the South Pacific </li></ul><ul><li>Wanted to find paradise in Tahiti but found a colonized country whose native culture was disappearing under the pressures of Westernization </li></ul><ul><li>Ignored this reality & showed the Edenic ideal in his imagination </li></ul><ul><li>3 horizontal zones in increasing abstraction </li></ul><ul><li>Upper centers around a statue of a god </li></ul><ul><li>3rd zone = pool evokes “the mysterious centers of thought” </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>The Cry (Scream) </li></ul><ul><li>1893; Edvard Munch </li></ul><ul><li>Image of modern alienation </li></ul><ul><li>merges Symbolist suggestiveness with expressionist intensity </li></ul><ul><li>The scream fills the landscape with clouds of “actual blood.” </li></ul><ul><li>Chiefly a dread of death </li></ul><ul><li>Fear of open spaces </li></ul><ul><li>Reflects influence of Gauguin </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>A Sunday Afternoon on La Grand Jatte </li></ul><ul><li>1884-86; Georges Seurat </li></ul><ul><li>Exhibited at the 8th and final Impressionist exhibition </li></ul><ul><li>Theme of weekend leisure </li></ul><ul><li>Rigorous divisionist technique </li></ul><ul><li>Stiff formality of figures </li></ul><ul><li>Highly calculated geometry </li></ul><ul><li>All produce a solemn , abstract effect quite at odds with the causal naturalism of earlier Impressionism </li></ul><ul><li>Depicts a contemporary subject in a highly formal style </li></ul><ul><li>Recalls much older art, such as that of ancient Egyptians </li></ul><ul><li>Meant to criticize the Parisian middle class? </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>Mont Sainte-Victoire </li></ul><ul><li>1885-87; Paul Cezanne </li></ul><ul><li>Sought to create art with a greater degree of formal order and structure </li></ul><ul><li>Had little professional success </li></ul><ul><li>Studied art in Aix then in Paris </li></ul><ul><li>Participated in the circle of realist artists around Manet </li></ul><ul><li>Sought to create a sense of order in nature through a methodical application of color </li></ul><ul><li>Shows a prominent mountain near his home in Aix </li></ul><ul><li>The tree echoes the mountain’s contours </li></ul><ul><li>Creates visual harmony between the two principal elements of the composition </li></ul><ul><li>Sense of timeless endurance </li></ul><ul><li>Handles painting more deliberately and constructively </li></ul><ul><li>Breaks contours </li></ul><ul><li>Forms interpenetrate </li></ul><ul><li>Over multiple vantage points </li></ul><ul><li>Concept of time </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>Still Life with Basket of Apples </li></ul><ul><li>1890; Cezanne </li></ul><ul><li>Spatial ambiguities </li></ul><ul><li>Many objects seem incorrectly drawn </li></ul><ul><li>Right side is higher than the left </li></ul><ul><li>Shows his willful disregard to the rules of traditional scientific perspective </li></ul><ul><li>He studied different objects from different positions </li></ul><ul><li>Composition is complex and dynamic and seems on the verge of collapse </li></ul><ul><li>“ a construction after nature” </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>Burghers of Calais </li></ul><ul><li>1884-1889; Auguste Rodin </li></ul><ul><li>Trained as decorative craftsperson </li></ul><ul><li>Failed 3x to gain entrance to the Ecole des Beaux-Arts </li></ul><ul><li>Created vigorously modeled figures in unconventional poses, which were scorned by academic critics and admired by the public </li></ul><ul><li>He won the competition to create this work </li></ul><ul><li>Commissioned to commemorate an event from the 100 Years War </li></ul><ul><li>Edward III had offered to spare the city of Calais </li></ul><ul><li>Shows the 6 volunteers preparing to give themselves up </li></ul><ul><li>The commissioners weren’t pleased with his conception of the event </li></ul><ul><li>He showed ordinary-looking men in various attitudes of resignation and despair </li></ul><ul><li>Stylized the human body for expressive purposes </li></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>The Waltz </li></ul><ul><li>1892-1905; Camille Claudel </li></ul><ul><li>Assistant to Rodin </li></ul><ul><li>Became his mistress </li></ul><ul><li>Suffered from psychosocial problems and went to an asylum </li></ul><ul><li>Depicts a dancing couple </li></ul><ul><li>She had to add drapery to the female nude when the Ministry of the Beaux-Arts found it indecent </li></ul><ul><li>The commission was never carried out </li></ul><ul><li>Conveyed an illusion of fluent motion </li></ul><ul><li>Encourages viewer to see the piece from all sides </li></ul><ul><li>Little actual physical contact between figures </li></ul><ul><li>Physical closeness reveals no passion </li></ul><ul><li>Sought to portray love as a union more spiritual than physical </li></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>Stairway to Tassel House </li></ul><ul><li>1892-93; Victor Horta </li></ul><ul><li>Largely responsible for introducing the Art Nouveau style in architecture </li></ul><ul><li>Worked in the office of a Neoclassical architect in Brussels </li></ul><ul><li>Private commission by Professor Tassel </li></ul><ul><li>Intricate series of long, graceful curves </li></ul><ul><li>Impressed with the stylized linear graphic of the English Arts and Crafts movement </li></ul><ul><li>Concern for integrating the various arts into a more unified whole </li></ul>
  23. 23. <ul><li>Casa Mila </li></ul><ul><li>1906-10; Antonio Gaudi </li></ul><ul><li>Alive, bending, curving </li></ul><ul><li>Hand cut stone </li></ul><ul><li>Emphasizes craftsmanship </li></ul><ul><li>Roof filled with clay pots </li></ul>
  24. 24. <ul><li>Jane Avril </li></ul><ul><li>1893; Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec </li></ul><ul><li>Lithograph </li></ul><ul><li>Dedicated himself to depicting the social life of the Parisian cafes, theaters, dance halls, and brothels </li></ul><ul><li>Designed advertisements for popular night spots and entertainers </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstrates remarkable oringianlity </li></ul><ul><li>Juxtaposes the dynamica figure of Avril dancing onstage at the upper left with the cropped image of a bass player </li></ul><ul><li>Influence of Degas </li></ul><ul><li>But he departs from Degas naturalism </li></ul><ul><li>Radical simplification of form </li></ul><ul><li>Flattening of space </li></ul><ul><li>Integration of blank paper into the composition </li></ul><ul><li>All suggest influence of Japanese woodblock prints </li></ul>
  25. 25. <ul><li>The Kiss </li></ul><ul><li>1907-08; Gustav Klimt </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristically Art Nouveau in their intricate ornamental quality </li></ul><ul><li>Tension in the couple’s physical relationship </li></ul><ul><li>They kneel close to the edge of a precipice </li></ul><ul><li>Unsettles the initial impression of a beautiful surface </li></ul><ul><li>Flat, looks like glass </li></ul><ul><li>Made $ as portrait painter </li></ul>
  26. 26. <ul><li>World’s Columbian Exposition </li></ul><ul><li>1893 </li></ul><ul><li>Landscape design by Frederick Law Olmstead </li></ul><ul><li>Head architect: Richard Hunt </li></ul><ul><li>Abandoned metal and glass architecture in favor of “permanent buildings” </li></ul><ul><li>Single style associated with birth of democracy in ancient Greece and the imperial power of ancient Rome </li></ul><ul><li>Reflects US pride in its democratic institutions </li></ul><ul><li>Provided a model for the American city of the future </li></ul>
  27. 27. <ul><li>Wainwright Building </li></ul><ul><li>1890; Louis Sullivan </li></ul><ul><li>Studied at MIT </li></ul><ul><li>His first major skyscraper </li></ul><ul><li>Has a U-shaped plan </li></ul><ul><li>Provides an interior light well for illumination </li></ul><ul><li>Seven floors </li></ul><ul><li>Attic wrapped in a foliate frieze of high-relief terra-cotta </li></ul><ul><li>Philosophy of functionalism </li></ul><ul><li>Corner piers not needed for support </li></ul><ul><li>They emphasize upward thrust </li></ul>

×