Source Differentiation And Plagiarism


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A funny 80's-themed show on how to choose good sources for research. Also, information about plagiarism's evils.

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Source Differentiation And Plagiarism

  1. 1. KimberLee <ul><li>KimberLee went on dates with 25 guys in the ward this year. After each date, she recorded relevant data: punctuality of guy ’ s arrival, price and quality of food at dinner, interestingness of conversation, and chivalry of guy ’ s behavior. After all 25 dates, she compiled this data into an informative Power Point presentation complete with charts and graphs. She also included information from several other girls in the ward about their experiences dating the same guys. She showed this presentation to her roommates to inform them about what to expect when dating guys in the ward. </li></ul>
  2. 2. LaVonda <ul><li>LaVonda, one of the roommates, wrote an email to her mom in which she summarized a few of KimberLee’s findings. She specifically mentioned that guys in the ward on average preferred fast food dinners costing less than $10 and talked a lot about their missions. She speculated a little as to how this information might affect her future dating choices. </li></ul>
  3. 3. JaNae <ul><li>JaNae, a third roommate, watched the presentation and felt that KimberLee was not being fair. After all, she had only dated 25 guys out of the 75 in the ward. She had also left out several important factors, including the attractiveness of the guys and whether or not they owned cars. JaNae decided to do some of her own research and prepare a new presentation that, she felt, would more accurately portray the dating situation in the ward. </li></ul>
  4. 4. ChastiDee <ul><li>ChastiDee, the fourth roommate, watched KimberLee ’ s presentation and got mad. She couldn ’ t believe how lame the guys in the ward were! Clearly their parents hadn ’ t taught them anything about dating. She wrote an anonymous note and posted it on the door of all the guys ’ apartments in the ward. She didn ’ t specifically reference KimberLee ’ s study, but she said it was clear that the guys in the ward were becoming cheaper and more boring with each passing semester. She also gave them some tips for how they could become better dates. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Which is it? KimberLee? LaVonda? JaNae? ChastiDee?
  6. 6. Plagiarism in Journalism Bloomberg News (July 15, 2005): A U.S. appellate court yesterday ruled in favor of the government, which argued Canadian cattle under 30 months of age don't pose a risk of mad-cow disease. New York Times (July 16, 2005): A United States appeals court ruled on Thursday in favor of the government, which had argued that Canadian cows under 30 months of age did not pose a risk of bovine spongiform encephalopathy, or mad cow disease. Shafer, Jack. “ More Plagiarism, Same Times Reporter. ” Slate 5 Mar. 2008. 11 Mar. 2008. <>
  7. 7. Avoiding Plagiarism <ul><li>You do not need to document a source if: </li></ul><ul><li>-a fact is common knowledge, such as: </li></ul><ul><li>The capital of France is Paris. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>-the information can be found in many reference works, such as: </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ronald Reagan died on June 5, 2004. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Avoiding Plagiarism <ul><li>You do need to document a source if: </li></ul><ul><li>a fact is not easily found in general reference works </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- According to Kiaer, the two artists started working at the First State Cotton-Printing Factory toward the end of 1923 (252). </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>you are stating the opinion of a particular person or an arguable claim: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- Andelin argues that a woman can offer her husband advice, as long as she does not threaten his role as leader (95). </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Avoiding Plagiarism <ul><ul><ul><li>you are using statistics, research findings, examples, graphs, charts, or illustrations </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- One study of college writing found that spelling errors occurred three times as often as any other formal or mechanical error (Connors and Lunsford 294). </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>you are directly quoting or paraphrasing from a text: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- According to Greg Clark, “rhetoric is at work when language does the work of influence, when it influences ideas, attitudes, and actions” (5). </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- Clark argues that since we are surrounded by rhetoric every day, it is just as important that we become critical and thoughtful readers as it is that we learn how to persuade others (8). </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Avoiding Plagiarism <ul><li>If your paper has any of the following problems, it could be considered plagiarism: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> Missing attribution (no identification of the author of a quote) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> Missing quotation marks </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> Inadequate citation (no page number, or other citation info missing) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> Paraphrase relies too heavily on the source (wording or structure is too similar) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> Distortion of meaning (inaccurately representing the author ’ s point) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> Missing Works Cited entry (source doesn ’ t appear) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> Inadequate citation of images (photo or graph with no source information) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Quoting Definition: The word for word transcription of what someone has said or written. Use it when: -you want to capture the writer ’ s language as well as his or her meaning -the writer writes with unusual authority and you want to include that authority in your own writing -you want to analyze a writer ’ s exact words -you want to distance yourself from what a writer has said and make it clear to your audience that this is the writer ’ s view and not yours -the writer ’ s words are famous or particularly memorable
  12. 12. Summarizing Definition: Extracting the main ideas from a larger piece of writing and reporting them in a much briefer form. You should use your own words, although it is acceptable to include some keywords or phrases or to quote a memorable phrase. You may summarize an entire work or just part of it. Use it when: -you need only the main idea from a long passage How to do it: -After you read an article, write out the main points in your own words. -See if you can get the main idea of an article or section across in one, two, or three sentences.
  13. 13. Paraphrasing Definition: Rewriting a passage in your own words, preserving as much of the original meaning as you can. You are “ translating ” from the “ language ” of one community to that of another (for example, taking very technical language and making it understandable to a layperson). The paraphrase should be about the same length as the original. Make sure you are not using the exact words and structure of the original — if you are, you need to quote instead. Use it when: -you want to include as much meaning as you can but the language is not particularly significant How to do it: -Read a passage carefully, then cover it up and try to rewrite it in your own words. Consult the original passage again, making sure you have preserved the meaning but not the original wording. -Substitute synonyms for keywords in the original. Use a dictionary to make sure the words you substitute convey the same meaning of the original. Then revise the sentence and phrasing structure so that it does not resemble the original too closely.