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African Culture


African Culture prepared by Class 3 Liedna as part of Let Us Open Our Hearts on Africa project.

African Culture prepared by Class 3 Liedna as part of Let Us Open Our Hearts on Africa project.

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  • 1. Anna Grech – Rebecca Attard, Marta Curmi – Tanisha Vella
  • 2. Introduction
    • Africa is very big and is the second largest continent and makes up little over a fifth of the world's land, and is surrounded by large areas of water. It is made up of 61 countries, and 14% of the world's population live there. It is thought to be the continent where the first humans lived.
    • It is separated:
    • from Europe , to the north , by the Mediterranean Sea ;
    • from Asia , to the east , by the Suez Canal and Red Sea ;
    • from Australia , to the east, by the Indian Ocean ; and
    • from the Americas , to the west , by the Atlantic Ocean .
  • 3.  
  • 4. Music and Dance
    • Common African music is samba , blues , jazz , reggae , rap , and rock and roll . Later the introduction of Afrobeat and Highlife music was introduced. Recently African hip hop has become popular.
    • A variety of musical instruments are used, including drums (most widely used), bells , musical bow , lute , flute , and trumpet .
    • African dances are important mode of communication and dancers use gestures, masks , costumes , body painting and a number of visual devices. With urbanisation and modernisation , modern African dance and music exhibit influences assimilated from several other cultures.
  • 5.  
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  • 7. Legends of Africa
    • Shaka was a Zulu leader.
    • He is widely known for transforming the Zulu tribe from a small clan into the beginnings of a nation that held sway over the large portion of Southern Africa. One Encyclopædia Britannica article confirms that he was something of a military genius for his reforms and innovations. Other writers take a more limited view of his achievements.
  • 8. Religion
    • Africans profess a wide variety of religious beliefs.The World Book Encyclopedia claims that there are 150 million African Muslims and 130 million African Christians, while Encyclopedia Britannica estimates that approximately 46.5% of all Africans are Christians and another 40.5% are Muslims. A small number of Africans are Hindu , Baha'i , or have beliefs from the Judaic tradition . Examples of African Jews are the Beta Israel , Lemba peoples and the Abayudaya of Eastern Uganda.
  • 9.  
  • 10. Art
    • Africa has a rich tradition of arts and crafts . African arts and crafts find expression in a variety of woodcarvings , brass and leather art works. African arts and crafts also include sculpture , paintings , pottery , ceremonial and religious headgear and dress .
    • African culture has always placed importance on personal appearance and jewellery . M asks are made with elaborate designs and are important part of African culture. Masks are used in various ceremonies.
  • 11.  
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  • 13. Languages
    • By most estimates, Africa contains well over a thousand languages ,most of African origin and a few of European origin. Africa is the most continent in the world where different languages are spoken.
    • There are four major language families native to Africa.
    • The Afro-Asiatic language
    • The Nilo-Saharan language
    • The Niger-Congo language
    • The Khoisan languages.
  • 14. Cuisine
    • Africa is a huge continent and the food and drink of Africa reflect local influences, including use of food products like peppers , peanuts and maize . The African cuisine is a combination of traditional fruits and vegetables , milk and meat products. The African village diet is often milk, curds and whey .
    • Traditional African cuisine is characterized by use of starch accompanied by stew containing meat or vegetables. Cassava and yams are the main root vegetables . Africans also use steamed greens with hot spices . Dishes of steamed or boiled green vegetables, peas , beans and cereals , starchy cassava, yams and sweet potatoes are widely eaten. Watermelon , banana and plantain are some of the more familiar fruits.
  • 15.  
  • 16. African People
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