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Study skills


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How to read and how to make a notes

How to read and how to make a notes

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  • 2. INTRODUCTION SUBJECT SKILLS + SMART STUDY = SCHOOL SUCCESS  In this chapter you will be able to…  Make the most of your time by getting organized  Read more effectively  Prepare for a test without last – minute panic  Take the tests with confidence and skill  Study smarter to get the grades you want
  • 3. SECTION ONE Study Smart!  shows you how to set realistic goals and make the most of your study time. You’ll learn how to improve your memory and take great notes, too.
  • 4. SECTION TWO Read For Success  Teaches you how to take charge of your reading by previewing, predicting, and setting a purpose. You’ll also discover easy ways to get the most from a text.
  • 5. SECTION THREE Preparing for A Test  Shows you how to make the most of your pre – test study time. Should you study alone or in a group? Should you cram? The answers are in this section, along with ways to calm test jitters.
  • 6. SECTION FOUR Test – Taking Skills  Takes you step-by-step through the actual testing situation. Before, during, and after the test: It’s all here! There’s even a section on evaluating your performance to help you do better next time.
  • 7. SECTION FIVE Mastering Specific Tests  Provides short – answer test hints and essay test hints, so you’ll be prepared for any test you take.
  • 9. YOU CAN SUCCEED!  Start by…  Being enthusiastic about learning.  Having discipline.  Deciding that you can do well on tests.  Having self-respect.  Making friends with people who support your hopes and dreams.  Not be a quitter.  Preparing for the future.  Using your time wisely.
  • 10. BE A CLASS ACT  Be prepared. Bring books, notebooks, homework, pencils, pens, and erasers.  Sit in front of the room. This reduces distractions and shows the teacher that you are serious about learning.  Pay close attention in class.  Take good notes.  Raise your hand when you know the answer.  Ask intelligent questions when you’re confused.  Treat your teachers with respect.  Come to every class.
  • 11. GOAL ORIENTED Jan. Feb. Mar. Week 1 Write down all assignments. Attend extra help. Check my progress. Week 2 No TV until homework is finished. Cut computer cyber surfing. No music while studying. Week 3 Take better notes. Get a study buddy. Visit the library weekly. Week 4 Reread notes every night before bed. Read one extra book a week. Reward myself.
  • 12. SEIZE THE DAY  Study Schedules help you…  Break down the tasks into manageable parts.  Keep up with assignments.  Get into a study routine.  Make the most of your time.  Make a schedule like the one on the next page.
  • 13. SCHEDULE TIME Mon. Tues. Wed. Thurs. Fri. Weekend 3:00 PM Snack/ play Music lesson Snack/ play Religious edu. Snack/ play Snack/ play 4:00 PM Home wk Home wk Home wk Home wk Home wk Study 5:00 PM Dinner Dinner Dinner Dinner Dinner Dinner 6:00 PM Soccer practice Chores Chores Soccer practice Chores Chores 7:00 PM Reading Reading Reading Reading Reading Reading 8:00 PM Study Study Study Study Study Study 9:00 PM Prepare for the next day (pack backpack and lunch, set out clothes)
  • 14. ASSIGNMENT  Make a Goal Oriented Schedule.  Must include: three occurring months, 4 weeks, and all boxes filled in.  Make a Study Schedule.  Must include: time from home to bed, days of the week, and all boxes filled in.
  • 15. GET ORGANIZED  Make a List like the following. Home Supplies School Supplies Assignment pad Assignment pad Binders/ Notebooks Binders/ Notebooks Calculator Calculator Dictionary Dictionary Paper Gym Clothes Pens/ Pencils Homework (COMPLETE) Pencil Sharpener Paper Ruler Pens/ Pencils School Books School Books Phone #’s/ Emails of buddies Watch/ Clock Watch/ Clock
  • 16. SET UP A STUDY CENTER Good Study Areas  In your room at desk.  In a calm corner of house.  In a library. Poor Study Areas  In front of TV.  In your room on bed.  On the School Bus,  Study in a calm, quiet place.  Turn off television, radio, and other distractions.  Study at the same time each day so people know to leave you alone.
  • 17. GET A STUDY BUDDY  Look for classmates who…  Take school seriously.  Earn higher grades than you do right now.  Keep up with all the work.  Are trustworthy.  Are well-organized.  Are rarely – if ever – absent.
  • 18. IMPROVE YOUR MEMORY  1. Link It  Connect new ideas to what you already know.  2. Repeat It  Repetition helps fix info. In your mind, so recite the facts aloud or write them down.  3. Play With It  Use memory tricks, little sayings that jog your mind.
  • 19. IMPROVE YOUR MEMORY  4. Write It Down  Write important information on index cards.  5. Sing It  Songs stick in our mind because of the rhythm.  6. Visualize It  As you study, form a mental picture.
  • 20. TAKE GREAT NOTES  1. Write only the important information.  Main idea  Important names, dates, numbers  Key details  2. Outline and Highlight  main idea / heading  people/ events/ categories  important information under the upper outline  additional information about the upper outline
  • 21. TAKE GREAT NOTES  3. Keep It Brief!  Come up with an abbreviation system.  4. Organize Your Notes  Keep notes in binder, organized by topic with handouts.  5. Write Clearly  Your notes will be useless if you can’t read them.
  • 23. BE AN EXPLORER  Try each reading method several times with different types of texts such as stories, textbooks, web pages, newspaper articles.  You will probably find one or two reading methods that you like a lot. Stick with them, but try new ones, too. Don’t get stuck in a reading rut.
  • 24. PRACTICE MAKES PERFECT  Practice these reading techniques 15 to 20 minutes a day. Follow the schedule and you’ll see progress fast.  Try reading at the same time every day, in the same place, so you get into a reading routine.
  • 25. STICK WITH IT  Keep a “reading diary” by listing all the different things you have read. You’ll feel good looking back at all the fun you had reading.  Don’t give up! Learning any skill takes time and effort. But its really worth it.
  • 26. BE AN ACTIVE READER  Preview the Text  Cover  Title  Table of contents and subtitles  Pictures, illustrations, photos, charts, and maps  Captions
  • 27. PREVIEW THE COVER  What clues about the story do I get from the title? Based on the title what do I think will happen in the story?  What clues about the story do I get from the pictures? Front and Back covers? What will the mood be?  Who wrote the book? Have you read books by this author before?  Were there any comments by famous people?  How is the story describes in the jacket flaps?
  • 28. PREVIEWING THE TITLE  What does the title mean? Does it have more than one meaning?  Why did the author pick this title?  By the title, what do you think will happen in the story?
  • 29. PREVIEW THE TABLE OF CONTENTS AND SUBTITLES  What will this book teach me?  What main topics does the book cover?  How are the topics arranged?
  • 30. PREVIEWING PICS, ILLUSTRATIONS, PHOT OS, CHARTS, OR MAPS  What different types of pictures, photographs, and maps are included?  What do the visuals show?  What mood do they show? (MOOD)  Why were these illustrations included? What purpose do they serve?  By the Pictures, what do you think the book will be about?
  • 31. PREVIEW THE CAPTIONS  What facts do I get from the captions?  By the captions, what does the book describe?
  • 32. MAKING PREDICTIONS  WHAT I KNOW + STORY CLUES = PREDICITONS  Based on what I know and the clues in the story, what do I think will happen next?  How accurate are my predictions?  What new predictions can I make using the facts I just read?  Practice Predicting by the book you have choosen.
  • 33. SET A PURPOSE FOR READING  Purposes for Reading…  Confirm a belief  Discover options  Get facts  Get instructions  Have fun  Learn new information  Learn new vocabulary  Review notes
  • 34. PURPOSE FOR READING  Saves time  Improves understanding  Use What you know  Use a KWL chart to help understand and organize what you are reading.
  • 35. SKIM THE TEXT  Preview text  Predict  Skim, Read really fast  Focus on key words  Look for facts (often in first and last sentences)  Restate information at end of the page
  • 36. FIND THE MAIN IDEA  Find topic, main sentence  Find sentences containing information on the main topic  See what the paragraph is about
  • 37. UNSTATED MAIN IDEAS  Find Topic, Main Sentence  Look for details about the Topic  Make an hypothesis
  • 38. FIND KEY DETAILS  Examples  Information on main topic  Facts  Statements that can be proven  Statistics  Numbers for additional information
  • 39. FIND KEY DETAILS  Reasons  Explanations for why something happened.  Definitions  Statements that explain what something means  Descriptions  Words or phrases to give more depth into detail
  • 40. STEPS FOR OUTLINING  Identify the Topic  Subject of paragraph  Identify the Main Idea  Stated or unstated information  Find Details that back up the Main Idea  Extra and important information under headings
  • 41. 5 W’S & H  Who? Person, people  What? Subject, topic, main idea  When? Time, date  Where? Place, location  Why? Reasons, explanations  How? Process, explanations
  • 42. KEY DETAILS Who? • Levi Stauss What? • Blue Jeans When? • 1850
  • 43. KEY DETAILS Where? • San Francisco Why? • To make money How? • By accident
  • 44. SUMMARIZE  Preview passage, predict, read the passage  Find main idea and important details  Explain main idea in your words  Skim passage- make sure you’ve got everything  Begin summary with main idea then key details
  • 45. SQ3R  S – Survey  Q – Question  R – Read  R – Recite  R - Review
  • 46. SMRR  S – Skim  M – Mark  R – Read  R – Reread
  • 47. CONTEXT CLUES  Definition Clues – stating def. in the passage.  Contrast Clues – telling what it is NOT.  Commonsense Clues – your knowledge.
  • 48. STRATEGY CHECKLIST  Read slowly  Reread confusing parts  Look at pictures, maps, etc.  Visualize the details  Restate reading in your words  Ask yourself questions  Help, use a reference
  • 49. ASSIGNMENT  Use steps of reading with the passages given.  Make a KWL chart with the passage given.  Make an outline of the passage given.  Make a question web for the passage given.  Try SQ3R or SMRR. Write on test what was easier for you or what wasn’t easy for you.