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  • 1. An  ecological  approach  to   collabora0ve  narra0ve  crea0on  using  loca0ve  social  media  in  urban   contexts   ECER  2011  Session:  Didac0cs  and  technologies  for   outdoor  learning  in  urban  contexts   Kai  Pata   Tallinn  University,  Center  for  Educa0onal   Technology    
  • 2. Ecological  approach  to  learning  is…   learner  and  system  •  …the  process  in  which   (community,  culture)  detects  and  corrects   errors  in  order  to  fit  and  be  responsive  •  Adap0ng  to…  •  the  dynamically  changing  environment  •  the  behaviors  of  the  community/culture  
  • 3. Swarming    •  Swarming  in  biology  is  based  on   species-­‐specific  signals  that:     –  a)  are  accumulated  to  the   environment,  but  dissipate  in  <me  if   no  new  signals  are  added  (foraging   Analogy  to  popular  topics  and    tags   ants  detec0ng  pheromone  signals)     –  b)  can  be  observed  in  real-­‐<me  as  a   signal  flow  in  the  surrounding   environment  (awareness  of  others   when  moving  in  the  flock)  •  Swarm  members  interpret  and  use   the  signals  which  triggers  the  self-­‐ organized  collabora<ve  phenomena   Analogy  to  “Facebook  etc.  wall”  
  • 4. Swarming  for  foraging  food  
  • 5. Narra0ve  swarming  in  hybrid  urban   environments  
  • 6. Swarming  in  hybrid  (virtual  and  real)   urban  environments  
  • 7. From  graffiV   emo0on  to  real   urban  ac0on  We  store  eco-­‐cogni0ve  chances  for  ac0on  and   emo0onal  involvement  to  the  hybrid  ecosystem,   and  use  community  chances  for  naviga<on    
  • 8. Swarm  can  determine  the  meaning-­‐  and  ac0on  poten0ality  of  urban  environment   Embedding  bronze  soldier  memory  from  conceptual   space  into  the  real  space  
  • 9. Using  PLEs  for  ecological  approach  of   urban  learning  
  • 10. Ecological  learning  design  principles   Self-­‐organized  community   Teacher  Learner   Personal  learning  environment   Rules  for  connec0ng  community  networks   Community  creates  the  environment  for  knowledge   accumula0on   Autonomous  crea0on  and  sharing   Designing  learning  tasks  based  on  swarming   Community  as  the  ini0ator  of  accumulated  swarming  topics   Monitoring  the  community,  adap0ng  to  the  environment   Monitoring  the  community  to  detect  evalua0on  criteria  Community  gives  feedback  and  determines  effec0veness  
  • 11. Open  ques0ons   How  can  we  find  and  use  accumulated  signals  as   swarm  triggers  in  hybrid  urban  environment?     Virtual  presence  in  the  communi0es  Dissipa0ng  signals   enables  naviga0on  for  ac0on  and   emo0on  in  real  world   Mutual  awareness   “Hot  spots”  are  changing  in  0me  (Geo)tags  as  hot  spots  in  virtual  realm  enable  naviga0on  for  ac0on  and  emo0on  in  real  world