Internet has changed Web 2.0: read-write Web Social media Quickly evolving and integrated services Business ecosystems in digital world: Apple, Google
The role of language in socialconstruction of reality Heidegger: language is a house of being Gadamer: language speaks us Implicit structures and values within a language (vocabulary) affect the social reality constructed with this language Example: the concept of „e-learning‟ Proposed by Jay Cross (a business consultant) as a metaphor (cf. e-mail) Picked up by EU policymakers in 2000 Forsaken by policy discourse by 2007
Languages of education Languages of „theorists“ and „practitioners“ in education Examples: instructional design vs. Didactics, competencies, learning goals and effectiveness, strategies & tactics, andragogy, learning as curing from stupidity, teacher as project manager, psychologist, service provider „Civil war“ between educational paradigms
R.Rorty: researchers asheroes-poets Heroes (turn-makers) in the domain of research are the poets who are able to re- describe the field in a new way, with new “powerful” words Evolution of a vocabulary: from metaphors to strict terminology (encyclopedias and handbooks as graveyards of metaphors) Contingency and incommesurability of vocabularies Survival of vocabularies is partly dependent on fruitfulness of research programmes based on them
How about vocabulary shift:Digital Learning Ecosystems Digital Learning Ecosystem: an adaptive socio-technical system consisting of mutually interacting digital species (tools, services, content used in learning process) and communities of users (learners, facilitators, experts) together with their social, economical and cultural environment.
Questions to discuss What are advantages and disadvantages of Digital Learning Ecosystems approach in contrast with traditional views on virtual learning environments? To what extent the DLE researchers can borrow the concepts and research methods from ecosystems ecology? Which are the main research problems, the big research questions and appropriate methods for DLE-focused research programme?
Key concepts in ecosystemsecology Ecosystem: a community of living organisms (plants, animals and microbes) in conjunction with the nonliving components of their environment (things like air, water and mineral soil), interacting as a system. Nutrient cycle, energy flow Self-regulation Biota, niche, habitat Biodiversity, disturbance, succession
Concept mapping task Ecosystem Digital Ecosystem Digital Learning Ecosystem Species Services Users Communities What are the advantages and disadvantages of DLE approach? How much concepts and relations can we project from biological to digital world?