Digital Competences: Trends & Issues in Estonia

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  • 1. Digital Competences: Trends & Issues in Estonia Mart LaanpereHead of the Centre for Educational Technology Tallinn University (TLU)
  • 2. Estonia: an Internet country• 79% of Estonians use Internet (in EU: 75%) EuroStat, Dec 2012
  • 3. ICT in national curriculum in Estonia• 1987: unified Soviet curriculum, programming as “the second literacy”• 1996: pragmatic turn, informatics as an elective subject, ICT as cross-curricular theme• 2002: ICT & Media as cross-curricular theme, 11 competences, national test in 9th grade• 2011: key competence; elective informatics courses in 5th, 8th, 10th, 11th grade; cross- curricular themes ‘Technology & Innovation’, ‘Information environment’, ‘Safety and security’
  • 4. Digital competences of pupils• The aims of informatics as elective subject in grades 5 and 8: “is aware of and knows how to avoid potential threats caused by ICT to his/her health, privacy, and personal data”• Cross-curricular theme ‘Technology & Innovation’: understands and evaluates critically positive and negative influence of ICT
  • 5. Comparing e-safety strategies of adults and childrenLorenz, B., Laanpere, M., Kikkas, K. (2012) Comparing Children’s E-safety Strategieswith Guidelines Offered by Adults, European Journal of E-Learning 10(3)
  • 6. Teachers’ digital competences• The new Professional Qualification Standard for teachers is in public negotiation phase• ECDL vs. ISTE NETS for Teachers as definition of teachers’ digital competences• Who needs it and for what?• DigiMina: online tool for self- and peer- assessment of teachers digital competences• E-safety in NETS: Promote and Model Digital Citizenship and Responsibility – Advocate, model, and teach safe, legal, and ethical use of digital information and technology ISTE NETS for Teachers 2008: http://www.iste.org/standards/nets-for-teachers
  • 7. E-safety research lab in TLU• Will be established in 2013, 3 researchers• Cyber security vs. behavioral e-safety: focus on the weakest link in the e-safety chain (one between the computer and the chair)• Our research topics: – bottom-up e-safety policy development in schools, – analysing the real-life e-safety incidents, – changes in schools e-safety policies in the context of 1-1 computing and BYOD – e-safety awareness in digital competences