Competency management with e-portfolio


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Competency management with e-portfolio

  1. 1. ePortfolio for competency management Mart Laanpere Head of the Centre for Educational Technology, Tallinn University Mart. [email_address] .ee
  2. 2. Competency <ul><li>Defined as “ the behaviours that employees must have, or must acquire, to input into a situation in order to achieve high levels of performance ” </li></ul><ul><li>Highly context-bound </li></ul><ul><li>Should not be broken down to “atomic level” knowledge and skills </li></ul><ul><li>Uses: outcome-based education, quality assurance of training programmes, accreditation of prior learning and experience </li></ul>
  3. 3. Case: ICT in national curriculum <ul><li>Until 1996 informatics was a compulsory subject in Estonian schools </li></ul><ul><li>2002 national curriculum introduced ICT as a compulsory cross-curricular theme, defined by 11 competencies </li></ul><ul><li>National sample-based testing of ICT competencies in grade 9 in 2002-2005 </li></ul>
  4. 4. ICT competencies in grade 9 <ul><li>Operates hard- and software </li></ul><ul><li>Manages files </li></ul><ul><li>Uses correct ICT terminology </li></ul><ul><li>Follows legal & ethical aspects of ICT use </li></ul><ul><li>Creates effective and aesthetical presentations </li></ul><ul><li>Uses ICT tools to find information and communicate with others </li></ul><ul><li>Understands the needs for critical evaluation of Internet information </li></ul><ul><li>Collects and analyses data with ICT tools </li></ul>
  5. 5. National test on ICT competencies <ul><li>Written test, 13 multiple-choice questions (30 min) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Keyboard, computer misuse </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Op.system: user interface, file types </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Word processing and WWW mistakes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Computer viruses, error messages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What is not allowed (copyrights, personal) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Practical task (60 min) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Find, rename, edit and save text file </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Find additional information on WWW </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Design a booklet </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Discussion <ul><li>No more testing </li></ul><ul><li>Study: few schools are concerned with teaching and assessing cross--curricular themes </li></ul><ul><li>Portfolio-based assessment of new ICT competencies - needs legitimisation in new national curriculum 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>The same model for all cross-curricular themes </li></ul>
  7. 7. Case: competencies <ul><li>Educational technology competency standard for teachers in Estonia (similar to OPEFI): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Three levels: basic user, advanced user, expert </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Six domains: the use of ICT, designing the learning environment, e-learning in curriculum development, assessment in e-learning, ICT in professional development, social and technical aspects of technology use at school </li></ul></ul><ul><li>No audience, no legitimisation, are used only for developing/assessing training programmes </li></ul>
  8. 8. Case: teacher education <ul><li>Until 2006: the teacher education framework and teachers’ accreditation requirements </li></ul><ul><li>2006: professional qualification standard for teachers: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>8 domains: planning and leadership, designing the learning environment, facilitating learning, motivating the learners, collaboration, communication, analysing and assessing the learning, self-directed professional development </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Not fully compatible with de facto standards: curricula and accreditation rquirements </li></ul>
  9. 9. Technical standards <ul><li>IMS: Instructional Managent Systems (see, a global consortium of major players in e-learning development </li></ul><ul><li>Three entry points for standardising competency descriptions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>IEEE LOM, curriculum mapping for learning objects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learner information: IMS LIP vs. IEEE PAPI </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>IMS RDCEO (Re-usable Description of Competencies and Educational Outcomes) </li></ul></ul>
  10. 11. E-portfolio DiPo <ul><li>Competency Manager: a self-developed add-in module for Plone CMS </li></ul><ul><li>Two views to competency model: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Global view: publicly accessible, can be edited by admin and commented by registered member of the portal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Personal view: used for organising learning goals, reflections and other evidences </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Several parallel competency models: teachers’ PQS, competencies, mentor etc </li></ul>
  11. 14. Discussion and conclusions <ul><li>E-portfolio seems to be a suitable tool/approach for competency-based education and assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Legitimisation is needed (both for competency standards and tool) </li></ul><ul><li>Future: e-portfolio as a state-provided free service in citizen’s portal? </li></ul>
  12. 15. Thank You! <ul><li>Please visit: </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>