Transcript of "2013 communication disorders assignment 1 a"
271.150 ASSIGNMENT 1A WRITING WORKSHOPDue Date: Wednesday March 27th 4 pmUse the Librarys ARTICLE DATABASES to identify and search relevant journalarticle databases to find three journal articles on one communication disordercovered in your textbook.The articles should have been published in the last 10 years, be from peerreviewed journals and be relevant to your level of knowledge (i.e. you canunderstand/explain the purpose/results of the article). These articles will formthe basis for the 2nd portion of the written assignment (i.e. part B).Choose one article to upload into the glossary in the 271.150 Stream page. Give abrief synopsis of the one chosen article in your own words and the key points youlearnt.
Your brief synopsis may include but is not limited to: • an introduction to the overall goal of the article • a review of what methodology did the researchers use to gain results • what the results indicated • your conclusion based on your review of the article.The essay should be 500 words or less. Not included in the page limit is areference list containing the three articles in correct APA 6th edition format.Although you did not use all three articles for the summary, you are to referenceall three for this portion of the assignment.For this portion of the assignment only (i.e. do not provide a flow chart for futureassignments), use a flow chart to document the process of finding these articlesvia the library database. Your flow chart should be user friendly so that I am ableto follow your steps and find the same article you have provided.
ASSIGNMENT 1B Due Date: Wednesday May 22nd 4 pm (Workshop Tues May 7th 1.30 – 2.30 pm LIB) You will write a paper focusing on a particular disorder that affects communication e.g. Parkinson’s disease, Stuttering, etc. Epidemiological information (e.g. gender effects, prevalence, incidence etc.) Aetiology (i.e. cause of the disorder). If the cause is unknown, what are the key theories about the cause? Communication profile: How do people with the disorder typically function in the communication areas listed below? (The following headings are examples) Content (semantics) Form (phonology, morphology, syntax) Use (pragmatics) How is the disorder likely to impact the person’s functioning (activities and participation)? Prognosis (expected outcome) for the communication disorder if known. Speech-language therapy intervention – may be best describe one or two common therapy types. The word limit is 2000 words.
ASSIGNMENT 1A - STRATEGIES • Use your textbook and quality online sources to get an overview of the condition • Use keywords from your overview and from the parts of Assignment B to search databases – e.g. MedLine, EBSCO Host Health Database search etc • Be patient – there are 100s of articles on each condition • Use the titles and abstracts to decide if the article is worth reading • If you find a good recent article, look in the reference list and search within the same journal for others • Select articles which are easier to understand and more relevant to parts of this assignment • Aim for a balance between review articles and research reports
APA REFERENCE CHECK How many errors can you find in this reference list? Works Cited Kahnemann, D. (2003). Maps of Bounded Rationality. The American economic review 93(5), 1449-1475. Kahnemann, D., Fredrickson, B. I., Schreiber, C.A., Redelmeier, D.A. (1993). When more pain is preferred to less: Adding a better end. Psychological Science 4(6), pp. 401-405. Krause, TR. (2008) The role of cognitive bias in safety decisions. Occupational Hazards, 28
APA REFERENCE CHECK Correct version References Kahnemann, D. (2003). Maps of bounded rationality. The American Economic Review, 93(5), 1449-1475. Kahnemann, D., Fredrickson, B. I., Schreiber, C. A., & Redelmeier, D. A. (1993). When more pain is preferred to less: Adding a better end. Psychological Science, 4(6), 401-405. Krause, T. R. (2008). The role of cognitive bias in safety decisions. Occupational Hazards, 28.
What’s the correct citation and end-of-textreference for this article? Article Title: Rethinking aphasia therapy: A neuroscience perspective Author: Rosemary Varley Journal: International Journal of Speech-Language Pathology (Vol. 13, Issue 1) DOI: 10.3109/17549507.2010.497561 Page numbers: 11-20 Year: 2011Varley (2011) argues for a more holistic and concrete approach to therapy foraphasia, focusing on the use of sensory-perceptual tasks to reconnectfunctional and non-functional components of processing systems.Varley, R. (2011). Rethinking aphasia therapy: A neuroscience perspective. International Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, 13(1), 11-20. doi: 10.3109/17549507.2010.497561
PLANNING YOUR SYNOPSIS Suggestions for how to distribute your 500 words among the different sections: • overall goal of the article (60 – 80 words / 3 – 5 sentences) • methodology (120 – 160 / 5 – 8 sentences) • what the results indicated (120 - 160 / 5 – 8 sentences) • your conclusion (100 – 150 / 4 – 7 sentences) • Every article is different, so the balance will vary, but aim to make sure you do cover all the bases.
WRITING YOUR SYNOPSIS - 1 Overall goal of the article (60 – 80 words / 3 – 5 sentences) Could cover: • Which aspect of the disorder the study focuses on • Which gap or problem in existing research it aims to fill • Which research question(s) are stated • Which hypothesis / hypotheses is / are tested
Example:This article describes a small-scale exploratory study of culturally-appropriate interventions for elderly adults with dysarthria whowere members of an indigenous Inuit community in Canada. Theauthors note that conventional interventions appear to have hadlimited success in addressing the needs of the growing numbers ofpeople with dysarthria from indigenous communities. Theyhypothesised that a culturally-appropriate intervention, developedand ‘owned’ by the communities themselves, would have greaterrates of uptake, completion and perceived impact on the quality oflife of indigenous people with dysarthria than conventionalinterventions. (88 words)
WRITING YOUR SYNOPSIS 2 Methodology (120 – 160 / 5 – 8 sentences) Could cover: • General approach (e.g. Quantitative / Qualitative / Mixed Methods / Exploratory etc) • Research Design (e.g. Comparing treatment and control groups / Comparing situation before and after treatment etc) • Sampling Method and Size (e.g. Random etc) • Procedure (e.g. Three or four steps or stages in the treatment) • Data collection (e.g. observation, measurement, interviews, focus groups etc) • Data analysis (e.g. correlation, regression, coding etc)
ExampleThe researchers followed a case-study methodology, measuring theeffects of the LSVT program on a single participant – a 48-year-old Israeliwoman who had been diagnosed with Ataxic Dysarthria. The participantcompleted a standard LSVT program consisting of 16 sessions over a four-week period. Treatment sessions focused exclusively on loud phonation,without attention to speaking rate or articulation. Data, consisting ofboth acoustic and perceptual measures, were collected pre- , post- anddelayed post- treatment. Additional data on the social andcommunicative impact of the condition were collected pre- and post-treatment from the participant’s employer (using the MinnesotaSatisfactoriness Scale) and the participant herself (using a semi-structured interview). Because of the small sample size, gains on theacoustic measures were analysed through a simple comparison ofmeans, while gains on the perceptual measures were analysed through achi-square test. (139 words)
WRITING YOUR SYNOPSIS 3 What the results indicated (120 - 160 / 5 – 8 sentences) Could cover: • Was there any gain post-treatment or any significant differences between the control and treatment groups? • Was the hypothesis (Were the hypotheses) supported or not? • How do the authors explain the findings? • Did they acknowledge any limitations (which might reduce the validity / generalizability of the findings?
ExampleThe findings support the hypothesis that participation in an intensivetreatment programme, combining phonation, respiratory and physicaltherapy can improve the functional speech abilities of an individual withhypokinetic-spastic dysarthria and cognitive deficits following traumaticbrain injury. Gains were made in speech breathing during oral readingand monologues, though not in spontaneous speech. Improvements inlung volume levels were maintained three months post-treatment. Theresearchers attributed these gains to increased abdominal strength andlower ribcage hypertonicity. The validity and generalisability of the studywere limited, however, by its focus on a single participant and lack ofcontrol of extraneous variables. For instance, the participant continuedto practice his own exercises post-treatment, which undermined thevalidity of the delayed post-treatment measure. However, in the contextof this case-study, the results indicate that the treatment was successful.(135 words)
WRITING YOUR SYNOPSIS 4 Your conclusion (100 – 150 / 4 – 7 sentences) Could cover: • Overall value of the study • Key contributions to knowledge and practice • Ideas for further research to build on the study • What the study highlights about research in SLT • Important limitations
ExampleThis study highlights the potential for mobile SLT applications tosupplement clinic and home-based services, particularly for assessmentand guidance for the growing numbers of people with dysarthria as aresult of strokes, traumatic brain injury or neurological disorders. TheAction-Research methodology showed how a practising SLT couldincorporate research into her practice, making improvements in both. As asmall-scale pilot study, its results have limited generalisability, but suggestthat well-designed mobile applications can provide trained users withassessment and treatment information of acceptable reliability. Potentialbenefits of the technology include its relatively low cost, its user-friendliness and, in particular, its impact on the perceived self-esteem andindependence of users (110 words).