A little something about library arrangement


Published on

Published in: Education, Business
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

A little something about library arrangement

  1. 1. A Little Something about Library Arrangement Or Why Things Are the Way They Are
  2. 2. In the beginning ●There were not many books, because there was no efficient way to make books. ●Monks would copy books by hand. ●Few people could read or write. ●Only rich people, political or religious leaders could read and had books.
  3. 3. Therefore… ●How books were arranged wasn’t a big concern.
  4. 4. However, once movable type was invented ●More books were published. ●After the Industrial Revolution, more common people learned to read. ●Libraries sprang up across the United States and made books available to everyone.
  5. 5. Soon It Became Important to Have a Good Way to Organize Library Materials
  6. 6. Many ideas were tried… ●Some tried to arrange book by color; ●Some tried arranging books by size; ●Some arranged the books in the order in which they were received; ●Some tried arranging the books by author; ●Some tried arranging the books by title.
  7. 7. None of these ideas worked well. Then came Melvil Dewey.
  8. 8. Melvil Who-ey? ●Melvil Dewey was a librarian who was frustrated by the lack of standardization or consistency in the way library materials were arranged. ●He solved the problem of arrangement by inventing the Dewey Decimal System in 1876. We still use this system more than 137 years later.
  9. 9. The Dewey Decimal System ●Dewey’s System uses 1000 numbers to categorize materials. ●Here are the 10 main categories:
  10. 10. History and Geography900-999 Literature800-899 Arts and Recreation700-799 Applied Sciences and Technology 600-699 Natural Sciences500-599 Languages400-499 Social Sciences300-399 Religion200-299 Philosophy and Psychology 100-199 General Knowledge000-099
  11. 11. Dewey Took the 10 Main Categories ●And subdivided them into 10s ○000 General Knowledge ■ 010 Bibliography ■ 020 Library and information sciences ■ 030 General encyclopedia works ■ 040 ■ 050 General serial publications ■ 060 General organizations and museology ■ 070 News media, journalism, and publishing ■ 080 General collections ■ 090 Manuscripts and rare books
  12. 12. He subdivided each of the main categories into sets of 10, and then he subdivided each set of 10 into sets of 10. ●This meant he had a total of 1000 numbers that meant different things. ●Each number meant a different subject.
  13. 13. But because information grows every day ●Dewey allowed the use of Decimals to expand the system as needed. ●Therefore, there is room for subjects that did not exist when Dewey made this system. ●Examples: computers, airplanes, Kobe Bryant, motorcycles.
  14. 14. Here are some decimal numbers ●629.227 Motorcycles ●004.692 E-mail ●973.93 The administration of George W. Bush ●796.332 Football ●599.75 Cat family (in nature) ●636.8 Domestic cats (our pets)
  15. 15. Here’s a lie ●Dewey numbers can only categorize nonfiction materials Here’s the truth ●Dewey numbers can be used to arrange all materials, including fiction, BUT
  16. 16. More on that next time! The end!