An Experiment to Test the Ability of Digitally-Stored Mindfiles to Regenerate the Consciousness from Which It Came Martine...
Hypothesis <ul><li>Digitally-stored reflections of consciousness will regenerate such consciousness once properly processe...
Definition of Terms <ul><li>Consciousness </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A pattern of thinking and feeling, including perceptions a...
Quantitative + Qualitative <ul><li>Qualitative </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Two psychologists separately interview flesh subject ...
Testably Defining Consciousness <ul><li>Revised Self Consciousness Scale (Scheier & Carver, 1985) </li></ul><ul><li>Privat...
Self-Consciousness Scale (SCS) Scores Are Testable Measures <ul><li>The SCS consists of 17 items.  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>P...
SCS Scores Are Repeatable <ul><li>SCS is an highly reliable instrument. </li></ul><ul><li>Fenigstein et al. (1975) obtaine...
Testably Stated Hypothesis Dependent Variable <ul><li>> 80% Confidence that consciousness is typical of person, based upon...
Testably Stated  Independent Variable <ul><li>Operating code whose </li></ul><ul><ul><li>initial,  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul>...
Testable Mindware  Creation Process Start Candidate Mindware Unique Mindfiles Extract Consciousness Settings Merge Unique ...
Sources of Mindfiles
Each Mindfile Contains Informed Consent  Consent to be revived as cyber-consciousness Consent to be downloaded  into   bio...
Consciousness Immanent Within Mindfile Psychometrics
Additional Issues & Questions <ul><li>Why psychologists? </li></ul><ul><li>Why 25 hours x 2? </li></ul><ul><li>Automation ...
Why Psychologists? <ul><li>Courts Use Shrinks As Experts to Determine States of Mind </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Aware of right ...
Official  [Needed]  Psychological Specializations <ul><li>Clinical </li></ul><ul><li>Counseling </li></ul><ul><li>Developm...
Why 25 Hours x 2 <ul><li>Precedent Set by Transgender Medicine Standards </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prerequisite for SRS </li><...
Automation & Consistency <ul><li>One or both sets of shrinks could be automated </li></ul><ul><li>Most of the talking is d...
Medical Ethics of the Experiment <ul><li>First, do no harm </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Flesh pt is not harmed; </li></ul></ul><u...
Avoiding Harm to the Revived Cyberconscious Patient <ul><li>Start with incomplete mindware </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ensure fu...
Are Neurons a Necessary Basis for Consciousness? Neuron growing on carbon nanotube substrate
Were Feathers A Necessary Basis for Flight?
On Neurons, Check Back in a  Few Decades!
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How to Test Whether Consciousness Can Be Revived From Digital Reflections of Consciousness

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An Experiment to Test Whether Consciousness Can Be Revived from Its Digital Reflections

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How to Test Whether Consciousness Can Be Revived From Digital Reflections of Consciousness

  1. 1. An Experiment to Test the Ability of Digitally-Stored Mindfiles to Regenerate the Consciousness from Which It Came Martine Rothblatt, Ph.D. [email_address]
  2. 2. Hypothesis <ul><li>Digitally-stored reflections of consciousness will regenerate such consciousness once properly processed with mindware </li></ul>
  3. 3. Definition of Terms <ul><li>Consciousness </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A pattern of thinking and feeling, including perceptions and memories, that is typical of a particular person </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mindware </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Software capable of tuning its information processing and external interaction patterns to mimic those of an entity that contributed an associated database </li></ul></ul>Hypothesis needs to be formulated precisely and variables need to be clearly defined.
  4. 4. Quantitative + Qualitative <ul><li>Qualitative </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Two psychologists separately interview flesh subject for 25 hours over one year </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Two psychologists separately interview cybersubject for 25 hours over one year </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Compare session notes </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Agree consciousness is same with prob.> 80% </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Quantitative </li></ul>
  5. 5. Testably Defining Consciousness <ul><li>Revised Self Consciousness Scale (Scheier & Carver, 1985) </li></ul><ul><li>Private Self-Consciousness Scale (Fenigstein, Scheier & Buss, 1975) </li></ul><ul><li>Others? </li></ul>
  6. 6. Self-Consciousness Scale (SCS) Scores Are Testable Measures <ul><li>The SCS consists of 17 items. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Private & Public subscale </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>10 Private Items, E.g. &quot;I'm generally attentive to my inner feelings&quot;. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>7 Public Items, e.g, &quot;I'm usually aware of my appearance&quot;. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Likert-type scales from </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>extremely uncharacteristic of myself (0) to </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>extremely characteristic of myself (4) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Add up for total score. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. SCS Scores Are Repeatable <ul><li>SCS is an highly reliable instrument. </li></ul><ul><li>Fenigstein et al. (1975) obtained high reliability coefficients </li></ul><ul><ul><li>private self-consciousness (.79) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>public self-consciousness (.84). </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Testably Stated Hypothesis Dependent Variable <ul><li>> 80% Confidence that consciousness is typical of person, based upon: </li></ul><ul><li>Dual, independent qualitative comparisons of 25+25 hours of psychological interviews </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple SCS test results </li></ul>
  9. 9. Testably Stated Independent Variable <ul><li>Operating code whose </li></ul><ul><ul><li>initial, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>application-specific database </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Is all mindfiles created by an individual </li></ul><ul><ul><li>pursuant to specific informed consent </li></ul></ul><ul><li>And that creates a mindfile-adjusted version of itself </li></ul><ul><ul><li>That runs autonomously </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>with those mindfiles </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Testable Mindware Creation Process Start Candidate Mindware Unique Mindfiles Extract Consciousness Settings Merge Unique Mindware & Mindfiles Autonomy? Attend to its Needs & Prepare for Hypothesis Testing Revise Mindware Y N
  11. 11. Sources of Mindfiles
  12. 12. Each Mindfile Contains Informed Consent Consent to be revived as cyber-consciousness Consent to be downloaded into bio-nano or cellular regenerated substrate Consent to be spacecast
  13. 13. Consciousness Immanent Within Mindfile Psychometrics
  14. 14. Additional Issues & Questions <ul><li>Why psychologists? </li></ul><ul><li>Why 25 hours x 2? </li></ul><ul><li>Automation & Consistency? </li></ul><ul><li>Medical Ethics of the Experiments? </li></ul>
  15. 15. Why Psychologists? <ul><li>Courts Use Shrinks As Experts to Determine States of Mind </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Aware of right & wrong? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Doctors Use Shrinks To Determine Mental States </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Competent to give informed consent? </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Official [Needed] Psychological Specializations <ul><li>Clinical </li></ul><ul><li>Counseling </li></ul><ul><li>Developmental </li></ul><ul><li>Educational </li></ul><ul><li>Experimental </li></ul><ul><li>Forensic </li></ul><ul><li>Health </li></ul><ul><li>Human Factors </li></ul><ul><li>Industrial </li></ul><ul><li>Neurochemical </li></ul><ul><li>Organizational </li></ul><ul><li>Physiological </li></ul><ul><li>School </li></ul><ul><li>Social </li></ul><ul><li>[Consciousness] </li></ul><ul><li>[Cyber] </li></ul>
  17. 17. Why 25 Hours x 2 <ul><li>Precedent Set by Transgender Medicine Standards </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prerequisite for SRS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Supports Legalization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Similar to Cyber-Issues </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ensures Persistence of Conscious State </li></ul><ul><li>Kind of a Turing Test on Steroids </li></ul>
  18. 18. Automation & Consistency <ul><li>One or both sets of shrinks could be automated </li></ul><ul><li>Most of the talking is done by the patient </li></ul><ul><li>Documentation of sessions digitized </li></ul><ul><li>Final analyses standardized </li></ul><ul><li>Psychology is excellent AI application </li></ul>
  19. 19. Medical Ethics of the Experiment <ul><li>First, do no harm </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Flesh pt is not harmed; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How about the cyber pt? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Intend benefit to pt </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Longer life is good </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Respect autonomy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Informed consent </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Act fairly to all pts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>First come, first served; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lottery amongst co-equals for revival </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Avoiding Harm to the Revived Cyberconscious Patient <ul><li>Start with incomplete mindware </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ensure full interactivity & connectiveness before complete mindware </li></ul></ul><ul><li>First test mindware with made-up mindfiles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ensure expert psychological review of each mindware/mindfile merge for consciousness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide QoL Support for cyberconsciousness </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Are Neurons a Necessary Basis for Consciousness? Neuron growing on carbon nanotube substrate
  22. 22. Were Feathers A Necessary Basis for Flight?
  23. 23. On Neurons, Check Back in a Few Decades!
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