Brains are to Minds as
Birds are to Flight:
Can Software Achieve Consciousness As
Readily As Aircraft Have Achieved Flight...
martine4@gmail.com 2
martine4@gmail.com 3
Greater Shearwater, N Mayer
martine4@gmail.com 4
When a famous scientist states something
is possible, he is almost certainly right.
When he states th...
Why Don’t Famous Scientists Like
Cyberconsciousness?
martine4@gmail.com 5
martine4@gmail.com 6
Brains Are Very, Very Complex
martine4@gmail.com 7
COMPUTERS ARE VERY, VERY SIMPLE
ERGO…
martine4@gmail.com 8
≠
BUT…
martine4@gmail.com 9
≠
AND STILL WE FLY!
martine4@gmail.com 10
So What Gives?
martine4@gmail.com 11
Over-Reaction Against Spooky Cartesian
Dualism Led to Erroneous Thinking That
the Min...
For Sure the Mind Must Be Embodied
martine4@gmail.com 12
But Software and
Hardware Will Do
As Well as
Wetware and
Fleshware
martine4@gmail.com 13
But the Brain Is Vastly
More Complex!
And Birds Are Way More Complex
Than Airplanes, Jets & Other Aircraft
martine4@gmail.com 14
Shearwater Gesture, Mayer
martine4@gmail.com 15
Top Planes Have ≈ 6 Million Parts
martine4@gmail.com 16
Top Birds Have Over
100 Billion Parts
(Eukaryotic Cells)
martine4@gmail.com 17
Yet We Fly Pretty
Darn High, Far &
Well
Don’t Have to Replicate a Bird to Fly;
Don’t Have to Copy a Brain to Be Conscious
martine4@gmail.com 18
Shearwater Sketchb...
martine4@gmail.com 19
As Birds and Jets Differ,
So Will Brains &
Cyberconscious Minds
NO EGGS,
WORMS
OR DOG
PROBLEMS
martine4@gmail.com 20
FasterMindsMean
FreerThoughts
CAN IT BE DONE?
martine4@gmail.com 21
martine4@gmail.com
It’s Clear That Mindfiles Need Not
Even Approach 100%
• Normal People Remember Only a Small Percent of
...
martine4@gmail.com
Fascinating Mindfile Facts:
Estimated Number of…
An adult’s short term
memory
Up to 7 items for 3 - 20
...
martine4@gmail.com
One Hour a Day of Mindfile Deposits
Is Enough
• 5 Years to Complete
100,000 Bainbridges
• 5 Years to Up...
The Lifenaut & CyBeRev Projects
:
Download
PersonalityMD from
Google Marketplace
martine4@gmail.com
Revival Via Mindware
• Software that enables
equivalent
functionality to a mind
from which mindfiles
we...
martine4@gmail.com
So What Makes Us Unique?
• The formula for the number
of unique personality
frameworks available to
min...
martine4@gmail.com
Antecedents of Mindware
• Gameware Avatars
• Autonomous Cars
• Social Chatbots
• AI Engines
– E.g. Nova...
FROM MINDFILES TO MINDWARE TO
MINDCLONES
Bina48
•The First MindClone Begins
•Located in Bristol, VT USA
•As Seen in
www.lifenaut.com
BUT IS CYBERCONSCIOUSNESS ALIVE?
• The expression of a code that enables self-
replication and maintenance against disorde...
martine4@gmail.com
“Downloading is Pretty Fucking Far
From Suicide”
32
martine4@gmail.com
Mindloading Trusts That Our Bodies
Are But a Canvas
“The naked fear of
sleeving [is just]
paranoid esse...
IMPLICATIONS – 4TH DOMAIN OF LIFE
N Mayer at mayer@gmavt.net
IMPLICATIONS: Techno-Immortality
martine4@gmail.com 35
IMPLICATIONS – EVOLVED IDENTITIES
martine4@gmail.com 36
THE OBJECTIVE CONSCIOUSNESS
martine4@gmail.com 37
CONSCIOUSNESS,
> Continuum of abilities
> When healthy
> To be autonomou...
Biological Essentialists v. Functionalists
Gerald Edelman
• “One illusion I hope to
dispel is the notion that our
brains a...
Conclusion
• The Terasem Hypothesis says that
consciousness will arise from sufficiently
advanced mindware applied to suff...
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Brains are to consciousness like birds are to flight

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Computers can achieve consciousness, despite their simplicity compared to brains, just as aircraft can achieve flight, despite their simplicity compared to birds.

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Transcript of "Brains are to consciousness like birds are to flight"

  1. 1. Brains are to Minds as Birds are to Flight: Can Software Achieve Consciousness As Readily As Aircraft Have Achieved Flight? Transvision 2010 2010 October 22 Martine Rothblatt martine4@gmail.com 1
  2. 2. martine4@gmail.com 2
  3. 3. martine4@gmail.com 3 Greater Shearwater, N Mayer
  4. 4. martine4@gmail.com 4 When a famous scientist states something is possible, he is almost certainly right. When he states that something is impossible, he is probably wrong. Arthur C. Clarke
  5. 5. Why Don’t Famous Scientists Like Cyberconsciousness? martine4@gmail.com 5
  6. 6. martine4@gmail.com 6 Brains Are Very, Very Complex
  7. 7. martine4@gmail.com 7 COMPUTERS ARE VERY, VERY SIMPLE
  8. 8. ERGO… martine4@gmail.com 8 ≠
  9. 9. BUT… martine4@gmail.com 9 ≠
  10. 10. AND STILL WE FLY! martine4@gmail.com 10
  11. 11. So What Gives? martine4@gmail.com 11 Over-Reaction Against Spooky Cartesian Dualism Led to Erroneous Thinking That the Mind MUST Be Embodied in Biology
  12. 12. For Sure the Mind Must Be Embodied martine4@gmail.com 12 But Software and Hardware Will Do As Well as Wetware and Fleshware
  13. 13. martine4@gmail.com 13 But the Brain Is Vastly More Complex!
  14. 14. And Birds Are Way More Complex Than Airplanes, Jets & Other Aircraft martine4@gmail.com 14 Shearwater Gesture, Mayer
  15. 15. martine4@gmail.com 15 Top Planes Have ≈ 6 Million Parts
  16. 16. martine4@gmail.com 16 Top Birds Have Over 100 Billion Parts (Eukaryotic Cells)
  17. 17. martine4@gmail.com 17 Yet We Fly Pretty Darn High, Far & Well
  18. 18. Don’t Have to Replicate a Bird to Fly; Don’t Have to Copy a Brain to Be Conscious martine4@gmail.com 18 Shearwater Sketchbook, N Mayer
  19. 19. martine4@gmail.com 19 As Birds and Jets Differ, So Will Brains & Cyberconscious Minds NO EGGS, WORMS OR DOG PROBLEMS
  20. 20. martine4@gmail.com 20 FasterMindsMean FreerThoughts
  21. 21. CAN IT BE DONE? martine4@gmail.com 21
  22. 22. martine4@gmail.com It’s Clear That Mindfiles Need Not Even Approach 100% • Normal People Remember Only a Small Percent of What They Experience • Mannerisms, Personality, Feelings, Beliefs, Attitudes & Values Are – Not infinitely variable and unique – Finite sets that repeat across people – Minor variations not material – Recollections & combinations create uniqueness 22
  23. 23. martine4@gmail.com Fascinating Mindfile Facts: Estimated Number of… An adult’s short term memory Up to 7 items for 3 - 20 seconds Recognizable faces Several hundred Personality sub-types Few dozen Universal facial expressions 6 Adult’s thoughts retained per day 7% - 13% Emotions Few dozen 23
  24. 24. martine4@gmail.com One Hour a Day of Mindfile Deposits Is Enough • 5 Years to Complete 100,000 Bainbridges • 5 Years to Upload, Label & Emotion-Code 100K Photos • 2000 Hours of You on Video! (In 5 Yrs) 24
  25. 25. The Lifenaut & CyBeRev Projects : Download PersonalityMD from Google Marketplace
  26. 26. martine4@gmail.com Revival Via Mindware • Software that enables equivalent functionality to a mind from which mindfiles were abstracted • “Auto-tunes” based on processing of mindfiles 26
  27. 27. martine4@gmail.com So What Makes Us Unique? • The formula for the number of unique personality frameworks available to mindware, known as a “repeating combination”, would be ST, where S = the number of possible personality trait scores and T = the number of possible personality traits. For our example, ST = 2015 = 328,080,401,001. 27
  28. 28. martine4@gmail.com Antecedents of Mindware • Gameware Avatars • Autonomous Cars • Social Chatbots • AI Engines – E.g. Novamente • Neuro-Electronic Mapping 28
  29. 29. FROM MINDFILES TO MINDWARE TO MINDCLONES
  30. 30. Bina48 •The First MindClone Begins •Located in Bristol, VT USA •As Seen in www.lifenaut.com
  31. 31. BUT IS CYBERCONSCIOUSNESS ALIVE? • The expression of a code that enables self- replication and maintenance against disorder – SCHRODINGER • Something that savors reality, contributes to better enjoyment of reality, a fresh lens on the wonder of creation -- GALILEO martine4@gmail.com 31
  32. 32. martine4@gmail.com “Downloading is Pretty Fucking Far From Suicide” 32
  33. 33. martine4@gmail.com Mindloading Trusts That Our Bodies Are But a Canvas “The naked fear of sleeving [is just] paranoid essentialism with its back to the wall.” Morgan, Richard. Altered Carbon. Victor Gollancz Ltd., 2002, p.164. 33
  34. 34. IMPLICATIONS – 4TH DOMAIN OF LIFE N Mayer at mayer@gmavt.net
  35. 35. IMPLICATIONS: Techno-Immortality martine4@gmail.com 35
  36. 36. IMPLICATIONS – EVOLVED IDENTITIES martine4@gmail.com 36
  37. 37. THE OBJECTIVE CONSCIOUSNESS martine4@gmail.com 37 CONSCIOUSNESS, > Continuum of abilities > When healthy > To be autonomous > & empathetic > As determined by othersJuries do this for brain intent; Psychologists can do this for mindclone consciousness A Turing
  38. 38. Biological Essentialists v. Functionalists Gerald Edelman • “One illusion I hope to dispel is the notion that our brains are computers and that consciousness could emerge from computation.” Second Nature, Yale University Press, 2006, p. 9 Today’s Presentation • Whether brains are computers is not determinative of whether consciousness can emerge from computation • Birds are not planes but airflight emerges from jets • Autonomy and empathy, semantics and subjectivity, arise from value-weighted pattern associations, regardless of substrate • Consciousness is what consciousness does martine4@gmail.com 38
  39. 39. Conclusion • The Terasem Hypothesis says that consciousness will arise from sufficiently advanced mindware applied to sufficiently detailed mindfiles. • It is a falsifiable hypothesis as per Popper • Let the testing proceed • I think the odds are in its favor martine4@gmail.com 39
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