Empires Idhs Red Cell White Paper


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Empires Idhs Red Cell White Paper

  1. 1. WHITE PAPER IDHS Red Cell CONOPS Title: Emergency Mobile Phone Incident Reporting System “EMPIRES” Period of Performance: 2/2006 – 7/2006 (6 months) Estimated Cost of Task: $90,000 In Response to Solicitation: [RC2005] [December 22, 2005] Technical Point of Contact Contracting Contact Name Mr. Joe Ordia Mrs. Dannie Marko Mail Address Global InfoTek Inc. Global InfoTek Inc. 1920 Association Drive 1920 Association Drive Suite 200 Suite 200 Reston, VA 20191 Reston, VA 20191 Phone Number (703) 652-1600 x229 (703) 652-1600 x233 Fax Number (703) 652-1697 (703) 652-1697 E-mail Address jordia@globalinfotek.com dmarko@globalinfotek.comCAGE Code: 07AE7 Proprietary Information 1
  2. 2. IDHSRed CellA. CONOPS Task Objectives and Relevant Mission AreasImmediately after a crisis event occurs, be it a natural disaster, terrorist attack, or infrastructurefailure, decision-makers from several organizations must be able to quickly accumulateinformation from several sources and gain an immediate understanding of the current situation inorder to plan and execute an effective coordinated response. At this critical moment in thedisaster response effort, the rapid dissemination of information is of paramount importance.However, current tactics, techniques, and procedures (TTPs) do not take advantage of our mostbasic- and most valuable- first-responder resources: the citizens in the affected area. Mr. SteveCooper, Senior Vice President and CIO for the American Red Cross described the situation mostsuccinctly: “When we talk about first-responders we always start with fire, rescue, and policeofficers, but the true first-responders are every-day citizens with flashlights and cell phones.”Global InfoTek will develop new concepts of operations (CONOPS) for an Emergency MobilePhone Incident Reporting System (EMPIRES) that leverage the existing domestic mobile phoneinfrastructure to allow detailed real-time information sharing and reporting directly betweencitizens in crisis-affected areas and emergency response decision-makers. Leveraging on therecent advances in telecommunications, GPS and sensor technology, Global InfoTek willconceptualize a system that uses the mobile phone platform and infrastructure to collect andshare pertinent situational data including: incident reports (damage to buildings andinfrastructure, human casualties, etc.), environmental effects (e.g. CBRNE fallout), and real-timeaudio and video. All this data must be collected and disseminated through an integratedinformation system that produces a composite display of the situation made accessible to multi-agency crisis teams and managers.We will base our approach upon prior architectural and technical projects directly pertaining tosuch an EMPIRES network. Red Cell aims to integrate programs such as SensorNet, BioWatch,and a suite of mobile wireless warning and response systems into an effective resource forresponders and public alerts. Our work in distributed command and control networks, forcecoordination, data fusion and very large scale integration, plus our experience in supporting therequired computing infrastructures enables us to successfully define CONOPS and ademonstration/transition plan for an EMPIRES system.Global InfoTek has exemplary past performance in designing, developing, and fielding hightechnology systems within the DOD and Intelligence Community. Our work on the developmentand rapid fielding of the US Army’s Command Post of the Future (CPOF) system to Iraqresulted in our receipt of DARPA’s 2004 Significant Technical Achievement Award and 2005Sustained Excellence by a Performer Award. We are now excited to utilize our talents, real-world experience, and award-winning technology to meet the needs of the emergency responsecommunity.B. Technical Summary of Objectives and Operational DemonstrationGITI will develop a CONOPS that addresses the key issues for integration, evaluation anddeployment of an EMPIRES system, with a special focus upon the critical communication and Proprietary Information 2
  3. 3. IDHSRed Cellcoordination challenges faced by multi-agency crisis teams. We must recognize that when anEMPIRES system is needed most, conventional services and infrastructure may be completelyunavailable. Consequently, we are left to address these critic issues: • The most valuable incident reporting and environmental information will come from citizens in disaster-affected areas. • How do we communication potentially life-saving emergency warnings to citizens in areas lacking electrical and telecommunications infrastructure? • How can we leverage mobile communications platforms in a way that is user- friendly and allows quick transmission of information when the operator is panicked and/or physically injured?By integrating existing technologies, we can deliver a CONOPS and then rapidly a fielddeployable prototype solution that addresses each of the issues and problems identified above.Of particular importance is the advancement and miniaturization of GPS technology. When wemarry GPS with the existing text and data communications facilities of mobile phones, we canconceptualize a system by which witnesses and victims of a crisis event can instantly report theirstatus and location to decision-makers. Even when line-of-sight or physical injuries prevent thevictim from accurately reporting his location, GPS-enabled mobile phones can produce accurateposition and location information (PLI).In addition to active incident reporting, future CONOPS must incorporate emerging sensortechnologies. With recent advances in micro- and nano-sensor technologies, it is now possible tointegrate miniature sensor devices inside mobile devises and connected to the wireless datanetwork. These devices could collect and detect a plethora of environmental metrics- chemicalor biological contaminants, radiological fallout, etc-- and provide that data to emergencyresponse decision-makers in real-time. Such an EMPIRES component may be integrated infuture commercial and/or government-issued cellular phones. Figure 1 – Notional Real-Time Display of a Radiological EventThe successful design of such an EMPIRES component must place large emphasis on thehuman-computer interaction (HCI) challenges inherent in such a problem. Therefore, we will Proprietary Information 3
  4. 4. IDHSRed Cellcollaborate with HCI experts from the commercial and academic domains when necessary inorder to validate that a solution can be designed that facilitates the necessary informationexchange through a mobile phone interface. Finally, we must design an integrated display thatallows crisis mangers to visualize thousands of near-simultaneous incident reports and crisismanagement assets across a geographically distributed area of operations.We have been working on transitioning concepts and solution from the CPOF system to create aCrisis Management and Disaster Recovery System (CMDRS), the results of which we plan toemploy on our work defining a set of operations and functions that are required for an EMPIRESimplementation. The figure below illustrates how an integrated set of coordination tools may beassembled: Figure 2 – Notational Architecture underlying a well-coordinated Red Cell systemDuring the first phase of our execution, we will advance the key concept areas mentioned earlier.As such, we will continue to refine CONOPS that extend the current Red Cell system model,also bringing into the field of vision additional capabilities and requirements including morefrom programs such as SensorNet and programs at ORNL, NCS, and within other national labs,Homeland Security Centers of Excellence, and agencies such as DARPA and DTRA.Parts of this effort have already been underway in a limited form and include the entire R&D,performed through a close partner organization, on the Nomad Eyes distributed cellular and WiFisensor fusion, analysis and notification system. Nomad Eyes research and architecturalprototyping focused on the issues of how to use diversified, plug-n-play, low-cost, COTS sensingand collection and integrated forms of analytical techniques to serve both active interdiction andresponse plus notification for civilians and general users in a “two-way” service. The parallelsbetween Nomad Eyes and Red Cell are quite significant and as a result the level of prior work onthe CONOPS as well as for technical evaluation and assessment has been quite high. Thisadvance work includes field testing and studies of human factors and user acceptance.The second part of our Red Cell Phase I task is the refinement of a specific set of plans forimplementation of a deployable demonstration network, incorporating both dedicated and Proprietary Information 4
  5. 5. IDHSRed Cellconventional (public) cellular devices, communication services and existing emergencymanagement portals. Again, the prior work in this topic provides Global InfoTek with a veryadvanced understanding of the issues, problems, and hurdles on not only the technical but theoperational, political, financial and logistic levels, with a strong head start on providingCONOPS. Having the appropriate coordination and agent-based technologies and theunderstanding of the broad field of knowledge discovery and dissemination for defense,homeland security and counterterrorism applications, plus a proven track record in deliveringsuch systems to users in the military and intelligence communities, puts Global InfoTek in astrong position to design a very practical and efficient solution for emergency alerts andresponses.C. Past Experience (Why Global InfoTek?)A successful Red Cell system requires integrated command and control design plus knowledgediscovery and situational awareness concepts that have matured through programs sponsored byDARPA and DTO (ARDA) and ultimately proven in fielded DOD systems. Global InfoTek hasbeen pre-eminent for providing successful, deployable solutions – architecture, components,evaluation, testing, training and installation. GITI possesses the specific expertise – technical,logistic, operational, and cultural – necessary to deliver a comprehensive design and CONOPSfor a versatile emergency warning and response network. GITI also brings to the table severalpotentially applicable technologies developed and tested for past and current DoD andintelligence community programs. Of particular direct relevance to Red Cell are CHAIN(Compose-able Heterogeneous Agents for Intelligent Notification) and CPOF (Command Post ofthe Future, developed under DARPA and now deployed in Iraq and CONUS for the US Army) -as well as our experience developing the Army’s tactical Voice-over-Internet Protocol (VoIP)subsystem for CPOF (handling over 200 simultaneous users in high-speed multi-channelnetworks).Drawing upon aforementioned projects and experience in system integration and evaluationespecially, we will provide an evaluation and assessment of how different components for aEMPIRES implementation and deployment can be combined systematically and how these willoperate under extreme stress, from the perspective of hardware, software, networks, power,media quality (audio, video) and especially human-computer interaction. We will notconcentrate upon the technology primarily, but rather will draw upon prior program workespecially CPOF, Nomad Eyes (distributed cellular and WiFi CBRNE early warning andresponse, conceived and designed exactly for Red Cell applications) and CMDRS as thefoundation for future CONOPS using mobile phone infrastructure for information sharing at thelevel of first-responders, the general public, and up the chain-of-command in the emergencyresponse organization.D. Deliverables• High-level architecture of EMPIRES service and communication components• Comprehensive strategy for transitioning EMPIRES capabilities into the mobile phone industry• Detailed evaluation of “Civilian Response Network” models and protocols for involvement of cellular provider services and participation by the general population Proprietary Information 5
  6. 6. IDHSRed Cell• HCI design of operator interface components and applications• Preliminary requirements for an EMPIRES prototype and hands-on demonstration• Plan for regional and service extension in staged progressionsE. Key PersonnelDr. Martin Dudziak, PhD has conducted research in complex nonlinear systems including patternrecognition and probabilistic reasoning for over two decades. He has been employed in scientificand engineering management for Battelle, Martin Marietta, ST Microelectronics, Intel, MedicalCollege of Virginia, Silicon Dominion and TETRAD Technologies, having received his doctorate intheoretical and computational physics from Union Institute and University. Within the past 6 yearsMartin has focused upon the modeling of CBRN emergencies, both terrorist and natural in origin,counterterrorism with a focus upon biological and nuclear attacks, and early warning networks.Recent work includes the Nomad Eyes™ amorphously distributed sensor network for analysis(using massively parallel inverse and probabilistic methods) of multi-modal data with inverserelational mapping and mutual information based registration/discrimination of objects.Mr. Joe Ordia: Before joining GITI, Mr. Ordia served as the lead engineer for the Army’sCommand Post of the Future CoMotion software from 2001-2003. Most recently, Mr. Ordia servedas GITI’s program manager for the CPOF Pattern Discovery program. In this capacity, Mr. Ordialed a team of machine learning experts in developing solutions to automate the flow of intelligenceinformation between operators in the Army’s CPOF environment. He is also leading efforts totransition CPOF concepts to applications in crisis management and disaster response. In additionto developing technology, Mr. Ordia spent six months in Iraq with the US Army providing tacticalsystem support during the first fielding of CPOF. His technical, management, and operationalexperience make Mr. Ordia a valuable contributor to the proposed Red Cell research. Mr. Ordia didhis undergraduate studies in Electrical and Computer Engineering at Carnegie Mellon University.Special Advisory Consultants to the Project include:Dr. Dorothy Small, PhD is a senior scientist with Shaw Environmental Group and Ms. Small has20 years experience in a broad array of onsite specific environmental requirements, biohazardemergency response, laboratory analysis, sampling procedures, bioremediation, and construction.She was manager of sampling and remediation for the US Post Office Anthrax Cleanup in bothTrenton, NJ and Washington, DC.Dr. Kristin Omberg, PhD is a Group Leader for the Systems Engineering & Integration Group,Decision Applications Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory and has led a coordination ofmilitary methods and measures for application to public health use with target projects in the SanDiego metropolitan community. She has an background in biosensor integration and the use ofmobile wireless sensor networks in conjunction with alert systems.Mr. Michael Chandler is a member of the International Advisory Boards of two prestigiouscenters focusing on terrorism - ICT, Herzliya and IDSS, Singapore. In February 2004 he wasawarded the Risk Management Solutions Visiting Fellowship to the International Centre for PoliticalViolence and Terrorism Research at IDSS. Michael was the Chairman of the Monitoring Group,established by the UN Security Council in 2001 to monitor sanctions against the Taliban and, fromJanuary 2002 until January 2004, the al-Qaida network. He is a co-author of seven subject reports tothe UN Security Council. Proprietary Information 6