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Policy aspects of the Marine Strategy        Framework Directive (MSFD)                           Martin PastoorsHKZ17, 12...
Marine Strategy Framework Directive is going to come
MSFD is a complex policy
Understanding policy aspects  & institutional ambiguity
Three topics  Marine Policy in Europe  Context of the Marine  Strategy Framework Directive  Regional approaches and  coord...
Marine Policy in Europa
European Institutions Council of                           European  Ministers                           Parliament  Europ...
Council of Ministers:(co-) decides on legislation
European parliament (EP):co-legislator, control function  736 members from 27 countries (2014: 751 members)               ...
Court of Justice:Legal ruling over EU laws
European Commission (EC)• Proposals for legal acts• Implementing EU policy and laws• Representing EU
EC directorates related to the sea
Complex decisionmaking
Regional      Global               Conventions   treaties           DGs            DGs             DGsEuropean         Eur...
Marine policy domains  Integrated                            CommonMaritime Policy                      Fisheries Policy  ...
Integrated Maritime Policy (IMP)• DG MARE „Communication‟• Vision, not law• “policy framework that will allow  for the opt...
Common Fisheries Policy (CFP)• DG MARE „Regulation‟• EU competentence• GVB 1982, 1992, 2002, 2012 (?)• Aim: sustainable fi...
„Regional approach‟:Regional Advisory Councils (RACs)
Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD)   Kaderrichtlijn Mariene Strategie (KRM) • DG ENV „Directive‟ • Aim for 2020:  ...
MSFD Marine regions
Natura2000• DG ENV „Directives‟   – Bird Directive (1979)   – Habitat Directive (1992)• Aim: maintain biodiversity• Member...
Overview policy domainsName                         Acronym   Type            DGIntegrated Maritime Policy   IMP       Com...
Marine Governance:Game, players and rules
Playing on multiple boards... Integrated                         Common   Maritime                         Fisheries     P...
Institutional ambiguity
MSFD and institutional ambiguity1. Establishment of marine regions (who   has competence and authority)2. A framework dire...
Context of the Marine Strategy    Framework Directive
Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD)   Kaderrichtlijn Mariene Strategie (KRM) • DG ENV „Directive‟ • Aim for 2020:  ...
Status of the directives• MSFD  – Commitment for actions• WFD (Water Framework Directive)  – Commitment for results
MSFD Initial Planning Cycle
MSFD „speak‟Good Environmental Status   Environmental status of marine waters where                            these provi...
MSFD: what came before?                           2008   2008                   Request for scientificMSFD agreed         ...
NL Initial Assessment                                       Ministerie van Infrastructuur en Milieu. 2012.  Ontwerp Marien...
Stakeholder involvement • Varying involvement • Shipping, Oil&gas, Wind energy, NGOs   actively involved • Fisheries and T...
Policy involvement• Common Implementation Strategy (CIS)  – Marine Environmental Policy Makers from    Member States.
MSFD = management by indicator• Science:  – Defining good environmental status  – Defining indicators• Policy  – Selecting...
Governance aspects of MSFD•   Command-and-control policy•   Regional coordination (new!)•   Emphasis on ecological targets...
Regional approaches and coordination of MSFD
Baltic Sea: HELCOM• Helsinki Convention• 8 EU Member States  + Russia• Baltic Sea Action Plan  (2007)  –   Eutrophication ...
HELCOM coordination of MSFD• Strong link between Baltic Sea Action Plan  and MSFD• Low institutional ambiguity
North Sea: OSPAR• 1992 Oslo Paris  convention• 2010 Northeast Atlantic  Environmental Strategy  –   Biodiversity  –   Eutr...
OSPAR coordination of MSFD?• OSPAR adapted to MSFD requirements• Different implementation phases in  Member States• Instit...
Mediterranean Sea:         Barcelona convention• Many non-EU countries• 2008 Mediterranean  Action Plan (MAP)  – Ecosystem...
Barcelona Convention and MSFD? •   Substantial Institutional Ambiguity •   Many non-EU countries •   Will MAP be adapted t...
Black Sea: Bucharest Convention• 1992 Convention• 1996 Strategic Action  Plan• 2009 new Strategic  Action Plan  – Ecosyste...
Bucharest Convention and MSFD? • Many non-EU countries • Will the Convention be coordinating? • Role still needs to be dec...
Comparing Regional                      Conventions                         EU countries              Mismatch with       ...
Summary
Multi-level decision-making
Marine policy domains  Integrated                            CommonMaritime Policy                      Fisheries Policy  ...
Regional coordination
Complex?
Contactphone +31 317 487 849mobile +31 610 939 549Email    martin.pastoors@wur.nlInternet www.cmp.wur.nlBlog     www.marti...
Lecture on policy aspects of MSFD 20120912
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Lecture on policy aspects of MSFD 20120912

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Lecture for 2nd year students on the policy aspects of the Marine Strategy Framework Directive.

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Transcript of "Lecture on policy aspects of MSFD 20120912"

  1. 1. Policy aspects of the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) Martin PastoorsHKZ17, 12 September 2012
  2. 2. Marine Strategy Framework Directive is going to come
  3. 3. MSFD is a complex policy
  4. 4. Understanding policy aspects & institutional ambiguity
  5. 5. Three topics Marine Policy in Europe Context of the Marine Strategy Framework Directive Regional approaches and coordination
  6. 6. Marine Policy in Europa
  7. 7. European Institutions Council of European Ministers Parliament European Court ofCommission Justice
  8. 8. Council of Ministers:(co-) decides on legislation
  9. 9. European parliament (EP):co-legislator, control function 736 members from 27 countries (2014: 751 members) 8 political delegations
  10. 10. Court of Justice:Legal ruling over EU laws
  11. 11. European Commission (EC)• Proposals for legal acts• Implementing EU policy and laws• Representing EU
  12. 12. EC directorates related to the sea
  13. 13. Complex decisionmaking
  14. 14. Regional Global Conventions treaties DGs DGs DGsEuropean European European Court of Council Commission Parliament Justice Committees NGOs Member StatesResearch Sectors (industry) Regions
  15. 15. Marine policy domains Integrated CommonMaritime Policy Fisheries Policy (IMP) (CFP)Marine Strategy Framework Natura2000 Directive (MSFD) Water Labour Spatial Framework Transport Energy Regions conditions planning Directive
  16. 16. Integrated Maritime Policy (IMP)• DG MARE „Communication‟• Vision, not law• “policy framework that will allow for the optimal development of all sea-related activities in a sustainable manner”• Action: marine spatial planning, coordinating research, ...• No direct effects on Member States
  17. 17. Common Fisheries Policy (CFP)• DG MARE „Regulation‟• EU competentence• GVB 1982, 1992, 2002, 2012 (?)• Aim: sustainable fisheries• Member States implement EU policy• Pillars – Conservation – Structure – Market – International
  18. 18. „Regional approach‟:Regional Advisory Councils (RACs)
  19. 19. Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) Kaderrichtlijn Mariene Strategie (KRM) • DG ENV „Directive‟ • Aim for 2020: – Good Environmental Status (GES) • Member States need to develop regulations • Regional coordiantion • 11 descriptors (themes) with indicators • Measures via other policy domains (e.g. CFP)
  20. 20. MSFD Marine regions
  21. 21. Natura2000• DG ENV „Directives‟ – Bird Directive (1979) – Habitat Directive (1992)• Aim: maintain biodiversity• Member States need to develop regulations• Regional coordination ?• Method: Marine Protected Areas• Measures via other policy domains (e.g. CFP)
  22. 22. Overview policy domainsName Acronym Type DGIntegrated Maritime Policy IMP Communication MARECommon Fisheries Policy CFP Regulation MAREMarine Strategy MSFD Directive ENVFramework DirectiveNatura2000 N2000 Directive ENV
  23. 23. Marine Governance:Game, players and rules
  24. 24. Playing on multiple boards... Integrated Common Maritime Fisheries Policy Policy Marine StrategyFramework Natura2000 Directive
  25. 25. Institutional ambiguity
  26. 26. MSFD and institutional ambiguity1. Establishment of marine regions (who has competence and authority)2. A framework directive vis-a-vis other (common) marine policies and directives (Member States in charge?)
  27. 27. Context of the Marine Strategy Framework Directive
  28. 28. Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) Kaderrichtlijn Mariene Strategie (KRM) • DG ENV „Directive‟ • Aim for 2020: – Good Environmental Status (GES) • Regional coordination • 11 descriptors (themes) with indicators • Member States need to develop regulations • Measures via other policy domains (e.g. CFP)
  29. 29. Status of the directives• MSFD – Commitment for actions• WFD (Water Framework Directive) – Commitment for results
  30. 30. MSFD Initial Planning Cycle
  31. 31. MSFD „speak‟Good Environmental Status Environmental status of marine waters where these provide ecologically diverse and dynamic oceans and seas which are clean, healthy and productive ....Descriptor Qualitative descriptors for determining good environmental status; i.e. themesIndicator Operationalizing descriptors; things you can „measure‟Target Target value for an indicatorMeasure Means to change the system and achieve targets
  32. 32. MSFD: what came before? 2008 2008 Request for scientificMSFD agreed advice to ICES/JRC 2010 ICES/JRC specify indicators and potential targets 2012 July 2010National Initial EC: criteria andAssessments standards
  33. 33. NL Initial Assessment Ministerie van Infrastructuur en Milieu. 2012. Ontwerp Mariene Strategie voor het Nederlandse deel van de Noordzee 2012-2020.
  34. 34. Stakeholder involvement • Varying involvement • Shipping, Oil&gas, Wind energy, NGOs actively involved • Fisheries and Tourism limited involvement Ounanian, K., Delaney, A., Raakjær, J., and Ramirez-Monsalve, P. 2012. On unequal footing: Stakeholderperspectives on the marine strategy framework directive as a mechanism of the ecosystem-based approach to marine management. Marine Policy, 36: 658-666.
  35. 35. Policy involvement• Common Implementation Strategy (CIS) – Marine Environmental Policy Makers from Member States.
  36. 36. MSFD = management by indicator• Science: – Defining good environmental status – Defining indicators• Policy – Selecting indicators – Getting the indicator at the right level• Stakeholders – Comment on proposals
  37. 37. Governance aspects of MSFD• Command-and-control policy• Regional coordination (new!)• Emphasis on ecological targets• Integration limited• Instrumental participation process (reflecting not shaping)
  38. 38. Regional approaches and coordination of MSFD
  39. 39. Baltic Sea: HELCOM• Helsinki Convention• 8 EU Member States + Russia• Baltic Sea Action Plan (2007) – Eutrophication – Biodiversity – Maritime activities – Hazardous substances
  40. 40. HELCOM coordination of MSFD• Strong link between Baltic Sea Action Plan and MSFD• Low institutional ambiguity
  41. 41. North Sea: OSPAR• 1992 Oslo Paris convention• 2010 Northeast Atlantic Environmental Strategy – Biodiversity – Eutrophication – Oil and Gas – Radiation – Integrated management
  42. 42. OSPAR coordination of MSFD?• OSPAR adapted to MSFD requirements• Different implementation phases in Member States• Institutional ambiguity – OSPAR vs. Member States – Who deals with what topics?
  43. 43. Mediterranean Sea: Barcelona convention• Many non-EU countries• 2008 Mediterranean Action Plan (MAP) – Ecosystem approach – 7 steps• No formal link to MSFD
  44. 44. Barcelona Convention and MSFD? • Substantial Institutional Ambiguity • Many non-EU countries • Will MAP be adapted to MSFD? • Will EU-regional coordination develop?
  45. 45. Black Sea: Bucharest Convention• 1992 Convention• 1996 Strategic Action Plan• 2009 new Strategic Action Plan – Ecosystem approach• No references to MSFD
  46. 46. Bucharest Convention and MSFD? • Many non-EU countries • Will the Convention be coordinating? • Role still needs to be decided / developed
  47. 47. Comparing Regional Conventions EU countries Mismatch with Institutional GES objectives AmbiguityHELCOM Majority Low LowOSPAR Majority Low Low-moderateBarcelona Minority Moderate HighBucharest minority High ModerateVan Leeuwen, J., Van Hoof, L. J. W., and Van Tatenhove, J. 2012. Institutional ambiguity in implementing the European Union Marine Strategy Framework Directive. Marine Policy, 36: 636-643.
  48. 48. Summary
  49. 49. Multi-level decision-making
  50. 50. Marine policy domains Integrated CommonMaritime Policy Fisheries Policy (IMP) (CFP)Marine Strategy Framework Natura2000 Directive (MSFD) Water Labour Spatial Framework Transport Energy Regions conditions planning Directive
  51. 51. Regional coordination
  52. 52. Complex?
  53. 53. Contactphone +31 317 487 849mobile +31 610 939 549Email martin.pastoors@wur.nlInternet www.cmp.wur.nlBlog www.martinpastoors.nlTwitter @martinpastoorsLinkedIn nl.linkedin.com/in/martinpastoors
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