Computer Literacy For TeacherPresentation Transcript
COMPUTER LITERACY FOR TEACHER Marta Oños Irma Aspe
The programming issue
LITERACY: involves reading and writing.
Some writers equate computer programming with literacy, others see reading and writing programs as only one part of the concept.
The Association of Computing Machinery (ACM) in an aim to underline the need of computing in schools, developed a set of competencies for teachers
ACM’s SET OF COMPETENCIES
Read and write simple computer programs
Use educational computer programs and documentation
Use hardware terminology
Recognize the limits of solving educational problems using the computer.
Locate information on computing in education
Discuss the historical development of computer technology for education
Discuss the moral and human impact issues relating to societal and educational use of computers.
Competencies for computer-literate teachers
Individuals and groups have proposed various computer literacy goals for teachers.
Rawitsch oulined six major goals:
Using computer application
Integrating applications into curricula
Designing new applications
Concern over defining and teaching computer literacy has led North Carolina (1983) to develop a State Plan for Computer Utilization in North Carolina Public Schools. Despite the lack of consensus on the nature of teacher computer literacy, educators have produced definitions through program development. Computer literacy is included in the programs of teacher training institutions such as: - Arizona State University - Columbia University Teacher’s College - Stanford University - Others
Differing teacher needs
Individual teacher requires specific computer
Teachers who teach computing or computer literacy
Teacher who only use a computer in their teaching.
Teachers who neither use nor teach about computer
Computer literacy confounds two ideas:
The computer has a classroom tool
The computer as a subject of instruction: is becoming increasingly important
In the classroom a computer may serve a teacher as:
A medium of instruction: CAI (computer Assisted Instruction), the use of computer to present drill, practice exercises, tutorial and simulation to the student.
For managing instruction : gradebook, diagnostic testing, lesson prescription and CMI. (Computer managed instruction). The CMI is an instructional strategy whereby the computer is used to provide learning objectives, learning resources, and assessment of learner performance.
In various other ways: Producing worksheets, printing home reports, managing data files, producing tests, and word processing.
Specific skills and knowledge
The specific skills and knowledge required to make teachers computer literate remain undefined .
According to Davis “responsible curriculum choice must always attend to what knowledge for whom and for what possible uses
teachers need specific competencies to deal with specific classroom situations
Teachers should specify their own computer literacy needs and create their own individual computer literacy education plans(ICLEPs).