CHRISTIAN D. EVANGELISTA
MARIANNE T. EVANGELISTA, MSHRM
DIVINE MERCY COLLEGE
OUTLINE OF PRESENTATION
• Definition of Curriculum Planning
• Needs and Importance
• The Need for Curriculum Framework
• The Bases for Curriculum Planning
• Factors in Curriculum Planning
• 2 Major Issues as to Who Plans the Curriculum
• Characteristics of Curriculum Planners
• The Use of Research in Curriculum Planning
• Is the process whereby
for a particular
population of learners
NEEDS AND IMPORTANCE OF
The need for Exactness and Particularity in making
decisions about ends and means demands scientific
Curriculum planning develop well-coordinated,
quality teaching, learning and assessment programs,
which build students’ knowledge, skills and behaviors in
the disciplines, as well as their interdisciplinary and/or
physical, personal and social capacities.
The full range of learning needs of students are
THE BASES OF CURRICULUM
• Social forces
• Contemporary Issues
LACK OF CURRICULUM PLANNING
AND FRAMEWORK WILL RESULT TO:
• Sari-sari (hodgepodge)
• Pira-piraso (piemal)
• Tagpi-tagpi (patchwork)
• Sabog (lack of focus)
• Malabo (vague)
• Lakas ng kutob (gutfeel)
• Hula-hula (hunches)
• Gaya-gaya (patterned from an existing model)
• Bahala na (by chance)
• Patama-tama (non-deliberate)
2 MAJOR ISSUES AS TO WHO
PLANS THE CURRICULUM
1. National or State and Local curriculum
2. Relationship of laymen, academic
scholars, and elementary school and
secondary school and collegiate educators
in curriculum planning, parents and etc.
NATIONAL OR STATE AND LOCAL
• The existing uniformity and the national
influences in the curriculum are frequently cited
as an argument for stronger national
• However, many curriculum leaders have
observed that the real progress in curriculum
development is on a broken front.
• Schools do not achieve minimum or other
standards at the same time. Neither do they
develop with equal interest and success new
ventures in the curriculum . Due to recognition
to the role of local and regional
experimentation in curriculum development
must be granted.
• Stakeholders are individuals or
institutions that are interested in school
• These stakeholders shape the school
ROLE OF STAKEHOLDERS IN
AS THE CENTER OF THE CURRICULUM
• For a particular curriculum design
mentioned earlier, the learner is placed at the
• The learners are the very reason a
curriculum is developed. They are the ones who
are directly influenced by it. Learners in all
levels make or unmake the curriculum by
their active and direct involvement.
As curriculum developers and implementers
Planning and writing the curriculum are the
primary roles of the teacher.
• A teacher is a curriculum maker. He/she
writes a curriculum daily through a lesson plan , a
unit plan or a yearly plan.
• The teacher addresses the goals, needs,
interests of the learners by creating experiences
from where the students can learn.
• The teacher designs, enriches and modifies
the curriculum to suit the learner’s
• As a curriculum developer, teachers are
part of textbooks committees, faculty
selection boards, school evaluation committee
or textbook writers themselves.
From a designer or technician to a decision
• At this point, teachers’ role shift from a developer to
• Which of the plans should be put in to action and
how should it be done are decisions which the teachers
• Curriculum implementation is now giving life to the
written material. To do this, there is the need of another
actor, the learners. No curriculum will succeed without
Some of the considerations teachers should
have in curricular implementation
A Student’s view about the teacher as a
curriculum maker and implementer
• Teachers shape the school curriculum by
sharing the experiences that they have and the
resources they are capable of giving or
imparting to the learners.
• But as the old saying goes , ”What can you
give if you have nothing to give? Applies to this
demand of teaches in curriculum
• In a school organization, there is always a
curriculum manager or school administrator. In fact,
for school principals, one of their functions is being a
• They supervise curriculum implementation,
select and recruit new teachers, admit students,
procure equipment and materials needed for
effective learning. They also plan for the
improvement of school facilities and physical plants.
Why are school administrators and
curriculum managers important to
• The school administrators play an important role in
shaping the school curriculum because they are the
people who are responsible in the formulation of the
schools’ vision, philosophy, mission and objectives.
• They provide necessary leadership in evaluating
teaching personnel and school program. Keeping records
of curriculum and reporting learning outcomes are also
the manger’s responsibilities.- Ceres
How do parents shape the curriculum and why are they
considered stakeholders? Here are some observations:
1.Effective parental involvement in school affairs may be
linked to parent educational programs which is central to
high quality educational experiences of the children .
2.The parents involvement extends from the confine of
the school to the homes. The parents become part of the
environment of learning at home.
3.In most schools the Parent Association is organized. This
organization is provided by law.
AS PART OF THE CURRICULUM PLANNING
2 FACTORS IN
1. Identifying relevant substantive decisions at
increasing levels of specificity and precision
2. Checking for consistency between and among
the ends—and—means decisions by a two—
way process of derivation and evaluation at
each stage and by referring to data sources for
CHARACTERISTICS OF A
• Willing to listen
• Ready to Adapt
• Is an indispensable characteristics in those
who plan the curriculum
• Understanding of the values of the past
practices and of school community and
traditions is important.
• Must analyze and evaluate all aspects of
the program of schools to make certain in
providing the best program. And to avoid
hindering the acceptance of new ideas.
WILLING TO LISTEN
• Well-founded criticisms on the curriculum
and education must be listened to by the
• Remediation of the curriculum ills strengthen
the school program.
READY TO ADAPT
• There is a wisdom adopting relevant foreign
educational practices and must not resist
change and experimentation.
• Curriculum leaders should critically and
thoroughly educational practices in other
countries seeking new plans, methods, and
programs that will be useful in improving
the curriculum of our country.
THE USE OF RESEARCH IN
• Research affects many curriculum in many ways like
1. Sound proposals presented for considerations,
(Hypotheses to be tested by actual tryout in school
2. People who are engaged in curriculum planning
can do their jobs effectively because they are aware
of the latest or least review, related studies about
curriculum change and etc.
End of Presentation
DEAN L. NIEVES
Prof. Ed Students (Batch 2013)
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