Spring presentecion isil
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Spring presentecion isil

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Spring presentecion isil Spring presentecion isil Presentation Transcript

  • Spring Framework Lic. Jorge Guerra Guerra Docente ISIL UNMSM OSUM Leader
  • The Spring Framework: Overview Topics: What is Spring? Spring modules Why use Spring Dependency injection / IOC in detail Lab Work Get to know Spring Framework 2
  • What is Spring? The Spring Framework is an open source application framework for the Java platform and .NET Framework (Spring.NET) It is based on code published in Expert One-on-One J2EE Design and Development by Rod Johnson (Wrox, 2002). “ Spring is an open source framework created to address the complexity of enterprise application development. One of the chief advantages of the Spring framework is its layered architecture, which allows you to be selective about which of its components you use while also providing a cohesive framework for J2EE application development. Get to know Spring Framework 3
  • Evolución de Spring 2002: Expert One-on-One J2EE Design and Development 2003: Nace como proyecto Open Source 2004: Spring 1.0 2006: Spring 2.0 2007: Spring 2.5 2008: SpringSource 2009: lo compra VMWare Get to know OneNote 4
  • Principios de Spring Programación basada en POJOs Ligero Facilita las buenas prácticas de programación Modelo de programación consistente Facilita las pruebas No invasivo No reinventa la rueda Get to know OneNote 5
  • How does the Spring Framework looks like? Get to know Spring Framework 6
  • How does the Spring Framework looks like? Each of the modules (or components) that comprise the Spring framework can stand on its own or be implemented jointly with one or more of the others. The functionality of each component is as follows: The core container: The core container provides the essential functionality of the Spring framework. A primary component of the core container is the BeanFactory, an implementation of the Factory pattern. The BeanFactory applies the Inversion of Control (IOC) pattern to separate an application's configuration and dependency specification from the actual application code. Spring context: The Spring context is a configuration file that provides context information to the Spring framework. The Spring context includes enterprise services such as JNDI, EJB, e-mail, internalization, validation, and scheduling functionality. Spring AOP: The Spring AOP module integrates aspect-oriented programming functionality directly into the Spring framework, through its configuration management feature. As a result you can easily AOP-enable any object managed by the Spring framework. The Spring AOP module provides transaction management services for objects in any Spring-based application. With Spring AOP you can incorporate declarative transaction management into your applications without relying on EJB components. Get to know Spring Framework 7
  • How does the Spring Framework looks like? Spring DAO: The Spring JDBC DAO abstraction layer offers a meaningful exception hierarchy for managing the exception handling and error messages thrown by different database vendors. The exception hierarchy simplifies error handling and greatly reduces the amount of exception code you need to write, such as opening and closing connections. Spring DAO's JDBC-oriented exceptions comply to its generic DAO exception hierarchy. Spring ORM: The Spring framework plugs into several ORM frameworks to provide its Object Relational tool, including JDO, Hibernate, and iBatis SQL Maps. All of these comply to Spring's generic transaction and DAO exception hierarchies. Spring Web module: The Web context module builds on top of the application context module, providing contexts for Web-based applications. As a result, the Spring framework supports integration with Jakarta Struts. The Web module also eases the tasks of handling multi-part requests and binding request parameters to domain objects. Spring MVC framework: The MVC framework is a full-featured MVC implementation for building Web applications. The MVC framework is highly configurable via strategy interfaces and accommodates numerous view technologies including JSP, Velocity, Tiles, iText, and POI. Get to know Spring Framework 8
  • What does Spring Framework Offers: Summary Inversion of Control container: configuration of application components and lifecycle management of Java objects Aspect-oriented programming: enables implementation of cross-cutting routines Data access: working with relational database management systems on the Java platform using JDBC and object-relational mapping tools Transaction management: unifies several transaction management APIs and coordinates transactions for Java objects Model-view-controller: a HTTP and Servlet-based framework providing hooks for extension and customization Remote Access framework: configurative RPC-style export and import of Java objects over networks supporting RMI, CORBA and HTTP-based protocols including web services (SOAP) Convention-over-configuration: a rapid application development solution for Spring-based enterprise applications is offered in the Spring Roo module Batch processing: a framework for high-volume processing featuring reusable functions including logging/tracing, transaction management, job processing statistics, job restart, skip, and resource management Authentication and authorization: configurable security processes that support a range of standards, protocols, tools and practices via the Spring Security sub-project (formerly Acegi). Remote Management: configurative exposure and management of Java objects for local or remote configuration via JMX Messaging: configurative registration of message listener objects for transparent message consumption from message queues via JMS, improvement of message sending over standard JMS APIs Testing: support classes for writing unit tests and integration tests Get to know Spring Framework 9
  • Why use Spring? Have you ever encountered these question? • Cant’ I have a simpler solution? • How can I handle my every changing requirements? • How can be the architecture flexible? • Can’t I have everything in components which can be verified independently? • Can I make a plug and play software? • How can the software components reusable and changeable? • Should we use EJB? As it makes the product complex, unpredictable and un- maintainable, non-portable and everything is framework committed. • …………….. And many more like these SPRING IS THE ANSWER! Get to know Spring Framework 10
  • Spring Framework’s Mission Statement We believe that: • J2EE should be easier to use • It is best to program to interfaces, rather than classes. Spring reduces the complexity cost of using interfaces to zero. • JavaBeans offer a great way of configuring applications. • OO design is more important than any implementation technology, such as J2EE. • Checked exceptions are overused in Java. A platform shouldn't force you to catch exceptions you're unlikely to be able to recover from. • Testability is essential, and a platform such as Spring should help make your code easier to test. We aim that: • Spring should be a pleasure to use • Your application code should not depend on Spring APIs • Spring should not compete with good existing solutions, but should foster integration. (For example, JDO, Toplink, and Hibernate are great O/R mapping solutions. We don't need to develop another one.) Get to know Spring Framework 11
  • Are there any benefits of using spring? Pure Java Founded on POJO-based development Ordinary Java classes that follow no special APIs Non-invasive for pre-existing POJOs Rewards framework-independent business logic Encourages new software to be written as POJOs Results in highly portable, reusable, and verifiable software Less Custom Code Expand capabilities with less code Extensive and tested service abstractions Email, JMS, JMX, JSF, JDBC, etc… Replaces generic corporate libraries Mitigates custom integration activities Consistency eases integration because spring platform is easy to use Turn-key solution Spring components can be integrated quickly, with minimal effort and predictable results Get to know Spring Framework 12
  • Are there any benefits of using spring? Helps only where needed Modularity allows only relevant components to be introduced into the application. For instance choose one: Spring BeanFactory Spring JMX Spring JDBC Framework can be interfaced in deep or shallow layers. Interfaces are consistent at each layer Widely Available Spring is integrated into numerous frameworks Broad adoption possible because the container is portable and lightweight The container itself is designed as a POJO Integration without third-party support Performance overhead is rarely a consideration as it is not EJB ;) Get to know Spring Framework 13
  • What does Spring provide? Lightweight container and framework Most of your code will be unaware of the Spring framework Use only the parts you of Spring you want Manages dependencies between your objects Encourages use of interfaces Lessens “coupling” between objects Cleaner separation of responsibilities Put logic that applies to many objects in one single place Separate the class’s core responsibility from other duties Simplifies database integration Spring JDBC Hibernate iBATIS Java Persistence Get to know OneNote 14
  • Inversión de control The IoC component of the Spring Framework addresses the enterprise concern of taking the classes, objects, and services that are to compose an application, by providing a formalized means of composing these various disparate components into a fully working application ready for use. Inyección de dependencias Ventajas Inyección por setter, por constructor, por método BeanFactory, ApplicationContext Get to know Spring Framework 15
  • The Core Spring Module: Defining Beans and Dependency Injection Topics: Setting bean properties Supplying constructor arguments Using factory methods Dependency injection Supplying other beans as properties or constructor args Get to know Spring Framework 16
  • Spring Web Application Get to know OneNote 17
  • Spring Hello World: What will we do? •Code a plain Java class model. – Use the interface pattern by coding a HelloWorld interface and a HelloWorldImpl implementation • Configure the Spring IoC container. • Instantiate the Spring IoC container. • Acquire the object from the Spring IoC container. – The client must only have knowledge of the interface, HelloWorld Get to know Spring Framework 18
  • Spring Hello World: Create POJO • Create a interface HelloWorld • public interface HelloWorld { public void execute(); } • Create an implementing class HelloWorldImpl public class HelloWorldImpl implements HelloWorld { public void execute() { System.out.println("Hello World!"); } } Get to know Spring Framework 19
  • Spring Hello World: Spring IOC Configuration <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-2.5.xsd"> <bean id="helloWorld" class="HelloWorldImpl" /> </beans> Get to know Spring Framework 20
  • Spring Hello World: Execute import org.springframework.beans.factory.*; import org.springframework.context.support.*; public class Main{ public static void main(String[] args) { BeanFactory beanFactory = new ClassPathXmlApplicationContext( "applicationContext.xml"); HelloWorld helloWorld = (HelloWorld) beanFactory.getBean("helloWorld"); helloWorld.execute(); } } Get to know Spring Framework 21
  • Spring Hello World: Output Run the main class and you shall see “Hello World” printed. Get to know Spring Framework 22
  • Spring Reference http://www.springsource.org/ Top-level documentation page http://www.springframework.org/documentation • Wiki http://opensource.atlassian.com/confluence/spring • Forum http://forum.springframework.org • Books Spring Recipes. APress 2008 Spring in Action. Manning 2007 Agile Java Development with Spring, Hibernate and Get to know Spring Framework 23