Outdoor education science and geography lesson pla1Document Transcript
Vasquez 1 OUTDOOR EDUCATION SCIENCE AND GEOGRAPHY LESSON PLAN (4th -5th)Date:Camp: Mount San Jacinto State park/ PalmsSprings TramwayInstructor: Martha VasquezSupervisor: “What Kids Need to Bring to Camp” Water, comfortable shoes (closed-toe shoes),jeans, sun hat, sunscreen and snack bar. Medications - Parental note for medicationsStandards: 4LS3.c. Students know many plants depend on animals for pollination and seed dispersal, andanimals depend on plants for food and shelter.4LS3.a. Students know ecosystems can be characterized by their living and nonlivingcomponents. 4LS3.b. Students know that in any particular environment, some kinds of plants andanimals survive well, some survive less well, and some cannot survive at all.The National Geography Standards: How to use mental maps to organize information aboutpeople, places, and environments.Physical Systems: The characteristics and spatial distribution ofecosystems on Earths surface.The Uses of Geography: How to apply geography to interpret the past.To apply geography to interpret the present and plan for the future.List Materials Used: Paper construction paper Pencils colors/markers1. Introduction & Inclusion Activity: I will start by asking the students some questions like this: What is a basic need? What are some basic needs that you have that you can think of? Do you think humans and animals have the same basic needs? What do you think are the four most important basic needs that we as humans have? Are there the same for animals (including pets, farm animals and wild animals)?2. Content Objective:Students will: 1) identify their own basic needs for food, water, shelter and space in a suitablearrangement; and 2) generalize that wildlife and other animals have similar basic needs. Inaddition they are going to learn; How to apply geography to interpret the past by observing theview and finally how to apply geography to interpret the present and plan for the future. 1. 3. Identify the Strategies/Procedures used in the lesson:
Vasquez 2 a) We will talk about the definition of the four most important basic needs (water, food, shelter and space). b) Once they understand the definition of each basic need; we need to make sure they differentiate between shelter and space. c) Give the students drawing paper and crayons. Ask the students to draw a picture of where they live, including pictures of where they find food, water, shelter and space. Ask the students to label the parts of their drawings where they find their food, water, shelter, and space. d) For example: Habitat components can be shown in a number of ways. A grocery store down the street may be included for food. Space can be shown as the area outside and inside the house or apartment. Space can also include the neighborhood. (Space actually includes all the areas used for survival.) e) 3. Once the drawings are complete, tell the students that when food, water, shelter, and space go together in a special way so that animals, including people, can live, we call that place a habitat. The food, water, shelter, and space are in an arrangement that makes it possible for animals to live. f) Ask the students if they could live in a home where the bathroom was four miles north, the kitchen was 12 miles west, and the bedroom was nine miles east! Some animals, however, do travel great distances in their habitat. What might some of these animals be? g) Ask the students to write the word habitat in big letters at the top of their drawing, talking with them about the meaning of habitat.Play the game “oo-Roo!”In a safe area. Procedure in the attached page..4. Collaboration Skills: (Only Check 1 or 2)x Participating fully □ Valuing diversity of culture ideas □ Solving problems creatively □ Sharing □ Group management skills □ Listening attentively □ Thinking constructivelyx Working on tasks together □ Listening □ Discipline □ Expressing appreciation□ Making responsible decisions □ Assessing improvement □ respecting □ Empathizing□ Reflecting on experience □ Resolving conflict □ Celebrating achievement □ No put downs5. Reflection questions to be asked: (Write at least One Question Per Each Level)□ Content: what do you think are really important basic needs, such as water?□ Social Skills: In playing the game: “oo-Roo” what were some things you notice?□ Personal: During the game activity, what would you choose to do different if you were to playit again?6. Provide Opportunity for appreciation: (Examples) Thank you for listening attentively. I liked the way you passed out the materials. Thank you all for working together. Thank you for participating.7. Comments/Evaluation: What things you notice while playing the activity? Do you think you can always meet all your needs? What happened at the end? Were there more kangaroos or goods.
Vasquez 3Oo-Roo!Have you ever seen kangaroos in the bush? They spend their time searchingfor the food, water, shelter and space they need to survive. When thesethings are plentiful, most of the animals stay healthy and give birth to theiryoung. Most of them can avoid being killed by predators. In a year with lotsof food, water, shelter and space, the number of kangaroos usually increases.In some years, however, there is less food, water,shelter or space. A drought may dry up the watersupplies, or a bushfire may burn all the plants thekangaroos use for food. Without water or food theanimals often become stressed. Stressed animals, aswell as very old or young animals, are more likely todie from a disease or be killed by a predator, such as adingo or kangaroo shooter. Then there would befewer kangaroos. Their numbers would decrease.The game of ‘Oo-Roo’Your class will play a game to find out how the number of kangaroos changeseach year. Some students will pretend to be the food, water, shelter or spacethat the kangaroos need for survival. Other students will pretend to bekangaroos. A few students will also pretend to be a disease or a predatorthat can kill kangaroos. Each round of the game will represent one year.Each year, the kangaroos will search for the food, water, shelter and spacethey need for survival. Those kangaroos that find what they need and avoiddisease and predators will live and produce joeys that survive. Any that donot find what they need will die. A few might also die each year because ofdiseases or predators.During the next round of the game, the unsuccessful kangaroos will becomefood, water, shelter or space for the remaining kangaroos in the mob. At theend of each round (or year), your class will count how many kangaroossurvived and reproduced successfully.As you play this game, watch how the number of kangaroos changes year byyear as the amount of available food, water, shelter or space changes.Getting ready to play the gameYour teacher will tell you whether you will begin the game as a kangarooor as an available resource. Kangaroos will stand along one line and theresources will stand along the other line. All players will stand with theirbacks to the opposite line.What the kangaroos doBefore each round of the game, each kangaroo will decide whether tolook for food, water, shelter or space and will make the sign of that need.Once the sign is made, a kangaroo cannot change what it will look for.What the resources doBefore each round of the game, each student who represents a resourcewill choose to be food, water, shelter or space and will make the sign ofthat resource. Once the signs are made, students cannot change whatthey represent. Your teacher will secretly assign one student to
Vasquez 4represent a disease and another student to represent a „roo shooter inaddition to representing a resource.SignsFood Water Shelter SpacePlaying the gameWhen your teacher says „go‟, both lines will turn and face each other.Still making the sign of what they need, kangaroos will run across theplaying area and try to collect those resources from the opposite line.When a kangaroo finds a matching sign for food, water, shelter or space,it will take its match back to the kangaroo side of the playing area. Thiswill show that the kangaroo met its need and successfully reproducedthat year.Any kangaroo that doesn‟t find a matching sign for food, water, shelteror space will die and become part of the resources in the next round. Ifa kangaroo finds a matching resource that also represents a disease or a„roo shooter, that kangaroo will die and become part of the resources inthe next round.Those students who represent the resources will stay in line until akangaroo needs them. If no kangaroo needs a particular resource duringany round, those students will continue to be resources in the next round.After each round, your teacher will count and record how manykangaroos are left. Then everyone chooses a different sign, and yourteacher assigns different students to be a disease and a „roo shooter.Let’s talk about it1 In your game, what happened to the number ofkangaroos when there was plenty of food, water, shelterand space?2 What happened to the number of kangaroos when therewas a shortage of food, water, shelter or space?3 In the bush, what would kangaroos use for food, waterand shelter?4 What might cause the availability of food, water andshelter to change from year to year?5 Which kangaroos would be the most likely to be killedby diseases or by predators?6 Do you think that the number of kangaroos wouldchange or remain steady each year?7 Could the number of kangaroos change for reasonsother than births or deaths?http://www.science.org.au/pi/book7/s7l8.pdf