Parts of a Sentence


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Parts of a Sentence

  1. 1. Parts of a Sentence
  2. 2. • A sentence is a word or word group that contains a subject and a verb and that expresses a complete thought. • Ex. The students are studying
  3. 3. • A sentence is comprised of a complete subject and a complete predicate. The simple subject is always found in the complete subject. The verb is always found in the complete predicate. The simple subject may be a noun or a pronoun. The verb may be LV or AV.
  4. 4. • The complete subject is the noun/pronoun and all its modifiers. S • Ex. Middle division exams (at our school) require preparation.
  5. 5. • The complete predicate is the verb, its modifiers and complements, if any. It often begins with the verb. LV • Exams (at our school) are a real experience (for everyone).
  6. 6. • When looking for the parts of a sentence, follow these steps: – Look for and place parentheses around prepositional phrases because neither the simple subject nor simple predicate can be in a prep phrase. – Find the verb—AV or LV. – To find the subject, ask “who/what” and repeat the verb. S LV Middle school exams (at Berkeley) are a real experience (for everyone.)
  7. 7. • The predicate of a sentence may also contain a complement. • There are four kinds of complements: • 1. Direct object - a noun/pronoun that comes after an action verb and answers the questions “whom” or “what” after an action verb. S-AV-DO S S AV DO • Ajay and Mike told a joke (to us).
  8. 8. • 2. Another complement that comes after an action verb is an indirect object. • The indirect object is also a noun/pronoun and must come between an AV and the DO. • It answers the questions “to whom,” “to what,” “for whom,” and “for what.” • S-AV-IO-DO S AV IO IO DO • Taylor brought Amber and Hannah one (of Mr. Johnson’s famous cookies.) • There can only be an IO if there is a DO.
  9. 9. • 3. One complement that must follow a LV is a predicate nominate (PN). • A PN is a noun/pronoun that follows a LV and renames the subject. S-LV-PN S LV PN S • Speros is a football player, and Hannah and S LV PN Andreas are swimmers. • A PN sentence can be turned around without changing the meaning of the sentence. S LV PN • A football player is Speros.
  10. 10. • 4. The fourth complement is a predicate adjective (PA). • It is an adjective in the predicate that follows a LV and modifies the subject noun. • S-LV-PA S LV PA • All students are very talented (in many different ways.)
  11. 11. • All parts of a sentence may be compound: • compound subject • compound verb • compound DO • compound IO • compound PN • compound PA S S AV Alex and Alexis have similar DO DO names and backpacks.
  12. 12. S S S S LV • Amanda, Eddie, Peter, and Michael are PA AV DO always extremely quiet but love English. • The complete subject of both verbs (are and love) is Amanda, Eddie, Peter, and Michael.
  13. 13. • When identifying the verb, you must include the helping verb(s), or your answer will be considered wrong. S HV HV AV Ex.: All students have been studying and AV preparing (for exams).