The evolution of action film genrePresentation Transcript
The evolution ofACTION GENRE Martelle Kumar
Over the years these high energy films have made some changes.
EARLY ACTION 1920’s- 1930’s1920s to the 1930s the predominant films were classic swashbuckling movies where heroes would battle villains with the swords. Heros like Douglas Fairbanks as a "Swashbuckler“ Swashbuckler films are an action-adventure subgenre often characterised by swordfighting and adventurous heroic characters.Mainly set in Western Europe in the period between the late Renaissance and the age of reason with appropriately lavish costumes. 1940’s-1950’s In the 40s and 50s War Movies, Cowboy Movies, and Spy Adventure Films took the stage as the top action films of the time.
Early action WHYThe leap from sword fighting to spy movies/western styled films in early action may be because of the change in culture. Spy and western were more realistic than sword fighting. The costumes became more normal and associated to the theme, it therefore became more realistic to the audience
EARLY ACTION 1960’sDuring the 60s it was Ian Flemings larger than life creation, James Bond.Inspired by american thrillers and British-American action-adventure. JamesBond dominated the 60s.Its larger than life characters and ‘one man army’ appealed to every man. Aswell as the car chases, weapons, futuristic gadgets and fist fights.Woman were brought in for narrative and popular attractive male’s.
EARLY ACTION 1970’sThe 70’s introduced a gritty dectective and urban crime dramas which shaped the a new ‘action style’Movies like Dirty Harry (1971) featured the convention of intense car chase inspired by the popularstunt work in previous the Bond films.Action dismissed western themes and offered just as much glamour, excitement, and potential forviolence.These films brought an end of the prolific "cowboys and Indians" era of film westerns.Along with this change came the major introduction to Martial Arts Action. Movies like You Only LiveTwice, enter the Dragon became popular
DEVELOPING ACTION 1970’SA gate way to a new culture was exposed as audiences were fascinated by martial art films in 1970’sThe cross-pollenization of genres (such as spy-films and war movies, or westerns and detectivedramas) would become the norm in the 1980s. It should also be noted however, that the 1970s sawthe introduction of martial-arts film to western audiences.
DEVELOPING ACTION COW BOY TO COPS Again the genre made changes to cater to the far from niche audience. The gritty cop feel became popular because it was within belief. The bond era created a new field to see authority and underground villains.martial art films in 1970’s brought in a new audience as crowds were wow’d by something new
EARLY ACTION 1980’sThe 1980s would see the action film take over Hollywood to become a dominant form of summerblockbuster. The "the action era" popularized by strong male.Rising comedian like Eddie Murphy smashed box office records with the action-comedy in 48hrs.Movies like lethal weapons proved that low-budget plots could attract millions. The one man army stillmaintained to attracted loads but the add of a ‘side kick’ who added humour made the genre moreappealing to more.
Shaping ACTION More family friendly?The comedy elements in action has increased to attractmore audience. Action with comedy makes an action moviemore accessible for more females and a younger audienceas its takes less stress from the fast paced actionthroughout the film.More ethnic groups were introduced to action movies toattract more the one man army theme also attracted moreand more as well known Hollywood stars began appearingin films.
ACTION 1990’sThe 90’s became and era of sequels to the successful action movies from the 80’s.Hybrid action was also created; western films were joined by spy movies and urbanaction parody movies.The revolution in CGI (computer generated imagery) changed the “real-world" settingsbecome new futuristic environments.The success of the many Dirty Harry and James Bond sequels had proven that a singlesuccessful action film could lead to a continuing action franchise.The80s and 90s saw a rise in both budgets and the number of sequels a film couldgenerally have. Where in earlier decades, sequels were frowned upon by most thesetimes had successful outcomes.The success of Batman (1989) led to a string of financially successful sequels, and withina single decade, had proven the viability of a new sub-genre of action film; the comic-book movie.
ACTION 2000’s-present Females In the 2000’s we saw woman starring in more action movies, these movies became major blockbusters as they appealed to a greater audience. Earlier films in the 90’s had a few hits with female leads in the 2000s females watched because the protagonist were woman added a common sense of equality to films that are typically male dominated. Movies like Charlie angels (2000) starring Cameron Diaz, Drew Barrymore and Lucy Liu and the hit in Lara Croft :The Tomb Raider starring Angelina Jolie (2001) Now its not shocking to see a female lead but most still have a starring dominant male lead. 2000’s-present VillainsOld action movies saw American gangsters or Russian villains because they were seen as the threat. In2000’s after the 9/11 tragic terrorist attacks middle eastern characters joined the list to villains as were anew threat. 2000’s-Present gadgets and stuntsGadgets are becoming more futuristic, the gadgets have become symbolic. Stunts have become moreexaggerated and with bigger budgets and new technology they have become bigger. With new technologythe impossible became possible. Some action movies still use classic weapons and classic stunts to adddifferent touch. More action movies include