What is an adjective? The simplest definition of an adjective is … An adjective is a wordused to describe a noun IT GIVES THE READER EXTRA INFORMATION ABOUT IT
Activity 1. Match adjectives with nouns
What is an adjective?When you write the noun "dog"you give the reader basic information.When you add an adjective,you give the reader information that they can useto create a more detailed picture of the dog.In this way, adjectives transform the general idea of a doginto the more specific idea of a "muddy old sheep dog".Adjectives transform the man into the ”elderly man”or the ”fragile elderly man” And the cake into the ”ornate wedding cake”
Find the adjectives
Activity 2. Can you recognize an adjective when you see one? Underline the adjectives in the following sentences. 1. He is an honest man. 2. The wretched girl sat in the back row. 1. The racing boat zoomed over the calm surface of the lake. 2. Our adventurous tour guide led us up he rocky, mountainous path.3. The tall, creamy, delicious milkshake melted on the counter while the inattentive waiter flirted with the pretty cashier.4. Jeannes two fat Siamese cats hog the electric blanket on cold winter evenings.
How many adjectives before a noun?Sometimes we use more than one adjective in front of a noun.• We often have 2 adjectives in front of a noun: It’s a nice comfortable car.• We sometimes have 3 adjectives in front of a noun, but this is unusual. It’s a nice comfortable convertible car• It is very unusual to have more than 3 adjectives.
Order of Adjectives Adjectives cannot be written in any order. There are rules. When you list several adjectives in a row, you have to put them in the right order,Some adjectives give a general opinion. Some adjectives give a specific opinion. BIG COMFORTABLE Place general opinion adjectives Use a comma before when writing similar adjectives. specific opinion adjectives “It was a dark, gloomy night”. However, A big comfortable car if the adjectives have different meanings, skip the comma. “It was a dark sad night”
Types of adjectivesNUMBER A number adjective gives information about how many of the noun. Five, severalOPINION An opinion adjective explains what you think about something (other people may not agree with you). Silly, beautiful, horrible, difficult, interesting, stupidSIZE A size adjective, of course, tells you how big or small something is. Large, tiny, enormous, little, big, thinAGE An age adjective tells you how young or old something or someone is. Ancient, new, young, old, modernSHAPE A shape adjective describes the shape of something. Square, round, flat, rectangularCOLOUR A colour adjective, of course, describes the colour of something. Blue, pink, reddish, greyORIGIN An origin adjective describes where something comes from. French, lunar, American, eastern, Greek, beachMATERIAL A material adjective describes what something is made from. Wooden, metal, cotton, paper, plasticPURPOSE A purpose adjective describes what something is used for. These adjectives often end with “-ing”. Sleeping (as in “sleeping bag”), roasting (as in “roasting tin”)
Types of adjective ACTIVITY 3. Classify the adjectives according to their type. BEAUTIFUL - BIG - BROWN - INDIAN - NEW - SQUARE - WOODEN opinion size age shape colour origin material It’s a box. ACTIVITY 4. What type of adjectives are these? Can you make a sentence? opinion size age shape colour origin material purposeIt’s a table.
Adjectives describing the noun CAR Its a convertible car Its an expensive car It’s a big car Its a beautiful car. It’s a German carIts a new car Its a black car It’s a sports car It’s an elegant car It’s a comfortable car
Can you describe the car using sentences with more than one adjective?
Continue with these exercisesAdjective Order 1. Choose the correct answer for each sentence.(University of Victoria’s English Language Centre)The order of adjectives. Are these adjectives in the natural order?.(Better English Lessons)Quiz. Order of adjectives. (UsingEnglish.com)