The American Education System

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Presentation about the US education system by language assistant Olivia StandingBear at the EOI Fuengirola.

Presentation about the US education system by language assistant Olivia StandingBear at the EOI Fuengirola.

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  • 1. The AmericanEducation SystemFrom preschool to pre-med
  • 2. Preschool/Pre-K• Ages 0-4• Not obligatory• Tuition-based• Some get state and federal funding• The more you pay, the better the quality.
  • 3. Kindergarten• Age 5-6• First year of school that is obligatory for all children living in the U.S.
  • 4. Elementary/Primary School• 1st year of primary school is technically 2nd year of education but we call it 1st grade• Grade = 1) year of education in primary or secondary school, 2) score on an exam, a paper, homework, etc.• Grades 1-5 = elementary school
  • 5. Secondary: Junior High and High School• 7 years – Grades 6-12• Junior high = grades 6-8• High School = grades 9-12 freshman – 9th grade sophomore – 10th grade junior – 11th grade senior – 12th grade
  • 6. BUT…not all schools are set up like that• In Pawhuska, Oklahoma: - Kindergarten -Elementary (grades 1-4) -Indian Camp (grades 5-6) -Junior High (grades 7-8) -High School (grades 9-12)
  • 7. Boarding Schools• For education and manners• You eat, sleep, and study there• Tuition-based• Very expensive• Scholarships available
  • 8. Private Schools• Tuition-based and fairly expensive• You do not sleep there• High level of education and manners -usually only for the rich -smaller classes, can be religious -students go on to best universities
  • 9. Applying to College (university)• A student must pass a college entry exam: the SAT or ACT• A student must meet a determined G.P.A. (grade point average)• A student can apply before receiving the high school diploma (and will be accepted after the university receives the diploma)
  • 10. Applying for Financial Aid• Scholarships, grants and loans• You can fill out a FAFSA form to see what the government can give you• university scholarships• Private scholarships - a family - an association
  • 11. Scholarships• You must maintain a certain G.P.A., etc.• You must apply yearly or per semester• Some are for the entire college career and some are just a one-time thing
  • 12. Grants• Free money• Usually given by the government• Income requirement
  • 13. Loans• You have to pay it back• Universities• Government• Banks
  • 14. College/University/ Undergraduate school• 2-year degree = associate´s degree -one can further their education at a 4-year university• 4-year degree = bachelor´s degree -major = specific course of study -you don´t have to choose a major until your second year
  • 15. Pre-something• Some majors require 2 years of general university studies before entering the specified school where they will study 2 additional years, e.g. pre-law, pre-med, pre-nursing, etc.• Students must obtain their bachelor´s degree in Pre-something before they can be qualified and practicing
  • 16. Study Abroad• To study in another country, anywhere in the world (similar to Erasmus)• Terms can be for a summer, a full semester, or a year.• Students have to find their own funding• Students apply at their university
  • 17. Graduate School• 2 years• Students must have a bachelor´s degree and will receive a master´s in a specified field• MBA = master´s in business administration• Student teachers
  • 18. PhD = Doctorate Degree• 3-6 years• Depends on individual´s ability and thesis selected• Thesis = VERY INTENSIVE research paper