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Catalonian folklore

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Catalonian folklore  Catalonian folklore Presentation Transcript

  • CATALAN FOLKLORE: MUSIC AND DANCE By: Neila, Estel and Maria IES Jaume Callís, Spain
  • CONTENTS
    • Introduction
    • Traditional music
      • Typical instruments
      • National anthem: “Els segadors”
    • Traditional dance
      • “ Sardanes”
      • “ Ball de bastons”
    • “ Castellers” (human towers)
    • Adopted folklore
    • Exported culture
  • INTRODUCTION In Catalonia, we have very owned culture. A very important spect is the typical music and instruments. Catalonia is not Spain, we don't dance “sevillanas”, we don't sing “flamenco”. So let's see how is our culture! :)
  • TRADITIONAL MUSIC
  • Typical instruments
    • They are: flabiol, tamborí, tible, fiscorn, tenora, trompeta, trombó i contrabaix, and they all are the “cobla”.
    • They're used in folklore celebrations and in typical dances like “sardanes”.
    • The “gralla” is used for encouraging “castellers”.
  • National anthem: “Els Segadors”
    • In 11 th Sempember 1714, Catalonia lost its identities in a battle with Spain. A lot of reapers from Catalonia went to Barcelona and made a revolution. “Els Segadors” (“The Reapers”) is the song they were singing, and it remembers that date.
  • TRADITIONAL DANCE
  • “ SARDANES”
    • The sardana is the national dance of Catalonia.
    • There are 8 types.
    • Is danced in circle and taken of the hands.
    • In the traditional celebrations sometimes they wear the typical clothes.
    • It goes accompanied by the “cobla”.
  • “ BALL DE BASTONS”
    • They use 2 sticks and is danced in couple.
    • It is the most antique dance that is danced in Catalonia.
    • They wear a white shirt, a pair of “espadenyes” (traditional shoes) and complements of the colour from the zone.
    • The ball de bastons is starting to be very famous in other european countries.
  • CASTELLERS (human towers)
    • The “castells” are human towers of four to more levels.
    • They are formed by: the “pinya” at the bottom, the “tronc” (the column) and the “pom de dalt” at the top.
    • When the “anxeneta” arrives to the top, she rises up her hand (l’aleta) and only then the castell is finished.
    Pom de dalt Tronc Pinya Anxeneta
  • ADOPTED FOLKLORE (Rumba Catalana)
      • The most important example of adopted folklore is the “Rumba Catalana”, a kind of flamenco but with catalan and gipsy influences.
      • It is played with a spanish guitar and sometimes a box drum.