MUSIC AND DANCE
By: Neila, Estel and Maria
IES Jaume Callís, Spain
Traditional musicTraditional music
− Typical instrumentsTypical instruments
− National anthem: “Els segadors”National anthem: “Els segadors”
Traditional danceTraditional dance
− ““Ball de bastons”Ball de bastons”
““Castellers” (human towers)Castellers” (human towers)
Adopted folkloreAdopted folklore
Exported cultureExported culture
In Catalonia, we have very owned culture. A
very important spect is the typical music and
instruments. Catalonia is not Spain, we don't
dance “sevillanas”, we don't sing “flamenco”.
So let's see how is our culture! :)
Typical instrumentsTypical instruments
They are: flabiol, tamborí,
tible, fiscorn, tenora,
trompeta, trombó i
contrabaix, and they all
are the “cobla”.
They're used in folklore
celebrations and in
typical dances like
The “gralla” is used for
National anthem: “ElsNational anthem: “Els
Catalonia lost its
identities in a battle with
Spain. A lot of reapers
from Catalonia went to
Barcelona and made a
Reapers”) is the song
they were singing, and it
remembers that date.
The sardana is t heThe sardana is t he
nat ional dance ofnat ional dance of
Cat alonia.Cat alonia.
There are 8 t ypes.There are 8 t ypes.
I s danced in circleI s danced in circle
and t aken of t heand t aken of t he
I n t he t radit ionalI n t he t radit ional
celebrat ionscelebrat ions
somet imes t hey wearsomet imes t hey wear
t he t ypical clot hes.t he t ypical clot hes.
I t goes accompaniedI t goes accompanied
by t he “cobla”.by t he “cobla”.
““BALL DE BASTONS”BALL DE BASTONS”
They use 2 sticks and isThey use 2 sticks and is
danced in couple.danced in couple.
It is the most antiqueIt is the most antique
dance that is danced indance that is danced in
They wear a white shirt, aThey wear a white shirt, a
pair of “espadenyes”pair of “espadenyes”
(traditional shoes) and(traditional shoes) and
complements of the colourcomplements of the colour
from the zone.from the zone.
The ball de bastons isThe ball de bastons is
starting to be very famousstarting to be very famous
in other europeanin other european
(human towers)(human towers)
• The “castells” are human
towers of four to more levels.
• They are formed by: the
“pinya” at the bottom, the
“tronc” (the column) and the
“pom de dalt” at the top.
• When the “anxeneta” arrives
to the top, she rises up her
hand (l’aleta) and only then
the castell is finished.
Pom de dalt
ADOPTED FOLKLOREADOPTED FOLKLORE
(Rumba Catalana)(Rumba Catalana)
– The most important
example of adopted
folklore is the “Rumba
Catalana”, a kind of
flamenco but with catalan
and gipsy influences.
– It is played with a spanish
guitar and sometimes a