CATALAN FOLKLORE: MUSIC AND DANCE By: Neila, Estel and Maria IES Jaume Callís, Spain
National anthem: “Els segadors”
“ Ball de bastons”
“ Castellers” (human towers)
INTRODUCTION In Catalonia, we have very owned culture. A very important spect is the typical music and instruments. Catalonia is not Spain, we don't dance “sevillanas”, we don't sing “flamenco”. So let's see how is our culture! :)
They are: flabiol, tamborí, tible, fiscorn, tenora, trompeta, trombó i contrabaix, and they all are the “cobla”.
They're used in folklore celebrations and in typical dances like “sardanes”.
The “gralla” is used for encouraging “castellers”.
National anthem: “Els Segadors”
In 11 th Sempember 1714, Catalonia lost its identities in a battle with Spain. A lot of reapers from Catalonia went to Barcelona and made a revolution. “Els Segadors” (“The Reapers”) is the song they were singing, and it remembers that date.
The sardana is the national dance of Catalonia.
There are 8 types.
Is danced in circle and taken of the hands.
In the traditional celebrations sometimes they wear the typical clothes.
It goes accompanied by the “cobla”.
“ BALL DE BASTONS”
They use 2 sticks and is danced in couple.
It is the most antique dance that is danced in Catalonia.
They wear a white shirt, a pair of “espadenyes” (traditional shoes) and complements of the colour from the zone.
The ball de bastons is starting to be very famous in other european countries.
CASTELLERS (human towers)
The “castells” are human towers of four to more levels.
They are formed by: the “pinya” at the bottom, the “tronc” (the column) and the “pom de dalt” at the top.
When the “anxeneta” arrives to the top, she rises up her hand (l’aleta) and only then the castell is finished.
Pom de dalt Tronc Pinya Anxeneta
ADOPTED FOLKLORE (Rumba Catalana)
The most important example of adopted folklore is the “Rumba Catalana”, a kind of flamenco but with catalan and gipsy influences.
It is played with a spanish guitar and sometimes a box drum.