Changing performance incentives for local governments in Nepal
Click to edit Master title styleMinistry of Federal Affairs and Local Development Nepal Changing Performance Incentives for Local Government Chakra Pani Sharma Under Secretary/Environment Management Section Chief Ministry of Federal Affairs and Local Development
Performance Incentives for Local Government : the Click to edit Master title styleMinistry of Federal Affairs and Local Development Case of Nepal in areas of Environment • Government of Nepal introduced the system of allocating minimum and additional grants to Local Bodies (LBs) to carry out assigned duties as per the Local Self Governance Act (LSGA), 1999. • Government through Local Governance and Community Development Programme (LGCDP) implemented performance based grant system to provide additional grant to LBs since 2008 • The performance based grant allocation system was introduced to improve LBs performance and meet the compliance with rules/regulations, to improve service delivery and to improve accountability, transparency, good governance, etc. • The performances of LBs are assessed annually on the basis of indicators of Minimum Conditions (MCs) and Performance Measures (PMs). • Environmental consideration introduced in Performance Measures in 2011 (latest version MCPM)
Incentive Based Management at Local Level Click to edit Master title styleMinistry of Federal Affairs and Local Development Enabling Environment • Local Self Governance Act authorize local bodies for managing natural resources • Minimum Condition and Performance Measures Manual (MCPM) of local bodies includes pro-poor, climate and environmental sensitive indicators as a performance measure and condition for accessing future grants • MCPM Focuses on Enhancing Planning and Programme Management capacity of local bodies in: – Fund Management – Resource Mobilization – Investing for safeguarding sources of revenue generation and environment services – Allocating budgets to ensure sustainability of infrastructure
Environmental Consideration in MCPM-Manual Click to edit Master title styleMinistry of Federal Affairs and Local Development MCPM tries to integrate social inclusion, gender equality, children, poverty, environment conservation and climate change into development planning. •Two main criteria and performance indicators in the MCPM include: 1. Energy and environment management condition • Prepare environment managements plans for infrastructure projects • Develop and implement projects for enhancing access to renewable energy services • Plan and implement local adaptation programme to minimize climate change impact • Develop and implement a policy for use of heavy equipment in road construction
Environmental Consideration in MCPM continue….. Click to edit Master title styleMinistry of Federal Affairs and Local Development 2. Cross sectoral subjects like climate change, environment protection, disaster management, child friendly governance, open defecation free area are to be addressed from planning to approval process by District Development Council • District Development Committees mandated for approving projects of cross sectoral nature ( climate change, environment protection, disaster management, child friendly governance, open defecation free area) • DDC includes activities in line with the aforementioned policies • DDC allocates budget to implement activities from the DDC fund.
Future Course of Action/Way Forward Click to edit Master title styleMinistry of Federal Affairs and Local Development Incentivize climate change adaptation and environment work •Local Bodies adopt incentive measures for climate change adaptation work •Institutionalize performance based incentive mechanism in management of natural resources by the community groups •Provision of incentives for environment friendly climate proof infrastructure development Ensure efficient and effective management of climate funds at local level •Capacity of local bodies enhanced to: – Expand the mandates and strengthen capacity of District Energy and Environment Units to work on climate change adaptation – Ensure planning and budgeting process is responsive to climate, environment and poverty issues reflected in annual plans – Improve reporting, monitoring and evaluation
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