On October 23rd, 2014, we updated our
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• This biome actually goes by several
names. It is found surrounding large
parts of the Mediterranean Sea and is
thus sometimes called the Mediterranean
Biome, others call it a Woodland Biome,
while others call it a Shrub or Chaparral
Biome. The shrublands are known locally
as maquis or matorral.
• This biome is shaped by a Mediterranean
climate of mild, wet winters and hot dry
• The Mediterranean biome is characterized
by shrubs. Most are evergreen and have
small, leathery leaves with thick cuticles.
Sometimes the leaves are so reduced as
to appear needle-like.
• Many typical members of the shrub flora
are aromatic (for example, sage,
rosemary, thyme, and oregano) and
contain highly flammable oils.