CONNECTORS
REASON, RESULT,
CONTRAST, PURPOSE


REASON:
My flight was delayed because the weather was bad.



RESULT:
The weather was bad so my flight was delayed


...
REASON
 because

/ since / as + clause

My flight was delayed because/as/since
the weather was bad
As if often used at th...
RESULT
 so

The weather was bad so my flight was
delayed
 Consequently,

/ As a result, /

Therefore,
The weather was ba...
RESULT
 so

+ adjective/adverb + that

The storm was so terrible that the roofs
were ripped off.
 such

+ (a) + adjectiv...
CONTRAST
 but

He was ill but he went to work
 Yet

He was ill, yet he went to work
Yet is more formal/literary

 Howev...
CONTRAST
 Although

+ clause

Although he was ill, he went to work
Even though (more formal) & Though (more informal) are...
PURPOSE
 to

/ in order (not) to / so as (not) to +
infinitive
He went to London to/in order to/so as to learn
English.
H...
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Connectors

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A presentation about the main connectors of reason, result, contrast and purpose.

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Connectors

  1. 1. CONNECTORS REASON, RESULT, CONTRAST, PURPOSE
  2. 2.  REASON: My flight was delayed because the weather was bad.  RESULT: The weather was bad so my flight was delayed  CONTRAST: The car is old but it is still reliable  PURPOSE: Stuart phoned me to invite me to his birthday party
  3. 3. REASON  because / since / as + clause My flight was delayed because/as/since the weather was bad As if often used at the beginning: As the weather was bad, my flight was delayed Since is more formal  because of /due to /owing to + noun My flight was delayed because of/due to/owing to the bad weather Due to and owing to are more formal
  4. 4. RESULT  so The weather was bad so my flight was delayed  Consequently, / As a result, / Therefore, The weather was bad. Consequently,/As a result,/Therefore, my flight was delayed
  5. 5. RESULT  so + adjective/adverb + that The storm was so terrible that the roofs were ripped off.  such + (a) + adjective + noun It was such a boring film that I fell asleep They were such working people that they soon got promoted
  6. 6. CONTRAST  but He was ill but he went to work  Yet He was ill, yet he went to work Yet is more formal/literary  However, / Nevertheless, He was ill. However,/Nevertheless, he went to work. Nevertheless is more formal
  7. 7. CONTRAST  Although + clause Although he was ill, he went to work Even though (more formal) & Though (more informal) are other options for although  Despite / In spite of + ing Despite being ill, he went to work + noun Despite his illness, he went to work + the fact that + clause Despite the fact that he was ill, he went to work
  8. 8. PURPOSE  to / in order (not) to / so as (not) to + infinitive He went to London to/in order to/so as to learn English. He came in the room very quietly so as not to/in order not to wake me up.  so (that) + clause He came in the room very quietly so (that) he didn’t wake me up.
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