My flight was delayed because the weather was bad.
The weather was bad so my flight was delayed
The car is old but it is still reliable
Stuart phoned me to invite me to his birthday party
/ since / as + clause
My flight was delayed because/as/since
the weather was bad
As if often used at the beginning: As the weather was bad, my flight was delayed
Since is more formal
of /due to /owing to + noun
My flight was delayed because of/due
to/owing to the bad weather
Due to and owing to are more formal
The weather was bad so my flight was
/ As a result, /
The weather was bad. Consequently,/As a
result,/Therefore, my flight was delayed
+ adjective/adverb + that
The storm was so terrible that the roofs
were ripped off.
+ (a) + adjective + noun
It was such a boring film that I fell asleep
They were such working people that
they soon got promoted
He was ill but he went to work
He was ill, yet he went to work
Yet is more formal/literary
He was ill. However,/Nevertheless, he
went to work.
Nevertheless is more formal
Although he was ill, he went to work
Even though (more formal) & Though (more informal) are other options for although
/ In spite of + ing
Despite being ill, he went to work
Despite his illness, he went to work
+ the fact that + clause
Despite the fact that he was ill, he went to work
/ in order (not) to / so as (not) to +
He went to London to/in order to/so as to learn
He came in the room very quietly so as not to/in
order not to wake me up.
(that) + clause
He came in the room very quietly so (that) he
didn’t wake me up.
A particular slide catching your eye?
Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.