SALMERO, Maria Alena Rose S. SANOY, Kathleen Ann T.
DEFINITION of TERMS Iron Deficiency – decreased total iron body content Iron Deficiency Anemia – occurs when iron deficiency is severe enough to deminish Erythropoesis and cause the development of Anemia. Erythropoesis – process of making RBC
Anemia –medical condition caused by not having enough red blood cells in the blood Iron-is an essential mineral that is needed to form Hemoglobin Hemoglobin-an oxygen carrying protein inside the Red Blood Cells
Things to know about iron deficiencyanemia It’s characterized by deficient hemoglobin synthesis. It’s the most common anemiaduring pregnancy It affects 25% of all pregnancies It can cause low fetal birth weight and preterm birth.
Causes of Iron DeficiencyAnemiaHemorrhageHemoglobinuriaPregnancyMalabsorption of Iron
Test findings in Iron DeficiencyAnemiaLow hemoglobin levelLow hematocritLow serum iron levelLow serum ferritin level
Key Interventions in IronDeficiency Anemia Encourage the use of prenatal vitamins Monitor complete blood count and ferritin levels Assess the family’s dietary habits Assess FHR Encourage frequent rest periods Administer iron supplement as ordered by the physician