Iron deficiency anemia

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Iron deficiency anemia

  1. 1. SALMERO, Maria Alena Rose S. SANOY, Kathleen Ann T.
  2. 2. DEFINITION of TERMS Iron Deficiency – decreased total iron body content Iron Deficiency Anemia – occurs when iron deficiency is severe enough to deminish Erythropoesis and cause the development of Anemia. Erythropoesis – process of making RBC
  3. 3.  Anemia –medical condition caused by not having enough red blood cells in the blood Iron-is an essential mineral that is needed to form Hemoglobin Hemoglobin-an oxygen carrying protein inside the Red Blood Cells
  4. 4. Things to know about iron deficiencyanemia  It’s characterized by deficient hemoglobin synthesis.  It’s the most common anemiaduring pregnancy  It affects 25% of all pregnancies  It can cause low fetal birth weight and preterm birth.
  5. 5. Causes of Iron DeficiencyAnemiaHemorrhageHemoglobinuriaPregnancyMalabsorption of Iron
  6. 6. Assessment Findings Pallor Fatigue Pica Exertional dyspnea Listlessness Tachycardia(if severe)
  7. 7. Test findings in Iron DeficiencyAnemiaLow hemoglobin levelLow hematocritLow serum iron levelLow serum ferritin level
  8. 8. Key Interventions in IronDeficiency Anemia Encourage the use of prenatal vitamins Monitor complete blood count and ferritin levels Assess the family’s dietary habits Assess FHR Encourage frequent rest periods Administer iron supplement as ordered by the physician

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