Index to Tables in SI Units

TABLE A-1
TABLE A-2
TABLE A-3
TABLE A-4
TABLE A-5
TABLE A-6
TABLE A-7
TABLE A-8
TABLE A-9
TAB...
Atomic or Molecular Weights and Critical Properties of Selected
Elements and Compounds
TABLE A-1

Substance

Chemical
Form...
720

Tables in SI Units

TABLE A-2

Properties of Saturated Water (Liquid–Vapor): Temperature Table

H2O

Specific Volume
...
Tables in SI Units

(Continued)
Specific Volume
m3/kg

Internal Energy
kJ/kg

Enthalpy
kJ/kg

Entropy
kJ/kg # K

Press.
ba...
722

Tables in SI Units

TABLE A-3

Properties of Saturated Water (Liquid–Vapor): Pressure Table

H2O

Specific Volume
m3/...
Tables in SI Units

(Continued)
Specific Volume
m3/kg

Internal Energy
kJ/kg

Enthalpy
kJ/kg

Entropy
kJ/kg # K

Press.
ba...
724

Tables in SI Units

Properties of Superheated Water Vapor

TABLE A-4

T
ЊC

v
m3/kg

u
kJ/kg

h
kJ/kg

s
kJ/kg # K

H...
Tables in SI Units

(Continued)
u
kJ/kg

v
m3/kg

h
kJ/kg

s
kJ/kg # K

v
m3/kg

p ϭ 5.0 bar ϭ 0.50 MPa
(Tsat ϭ 151.86ЊC)
...
726

Tables in SI Units

(Continued)

TABLE A-4

T
ЊC

v
m3/kg

u
kJ/kg

h
kJ/kg

s
kJ/kg # K

u
kJ/kg

v
m3/kg

H2O

p ϭ ...
Tables in SI Units

(Continued)

v
m3/kg

u
kJ/kg

h
kJ/kg

s
kJ/kg # K

p ϭ 160 bar ϭ 16.0 MPa
(Tsat ϭ 347.44ЊC)

u
kJ/kg...
728

Tables in SI Units

Properties of Compressed Liquid Water

TABLE A-5

T
ЊC

v ϫ 10
m3/kg

3

u
kJ/kg

h
kJ/kg

s
kJ/k...
729

1.0901
1.0898
1.0894
1.0891
1.0888
1.0884
1.0881
1.0878
1.0874
1.0871
1.0868
1.0864
1.0861
1.0858
1.0854
1.0851
1.084...
730

Tables in SI Units

TABLE A-7

Properties of Saturated Refrigerant 22 (Liquid–Vapor): Temperature Table
Specific Volu...
Tables in SI Units
TABLE A-8

731

Properties of Saturated Refrigerant 22 (Liquid–Vapor): Pressure Table
Specific Volume
m...
732

Tables in SI Units
TABLE A-9

T
ЊC

Properties of Superheated Refrigerant 22 Vapor
u
kJ/kg

v
m3/kg

h
kJ/kg

s
kJ/kg...
Tables in SI Units
TABLE A-9

T
ЊC

733

(Continued)
u
kJ/kg

v
m3/kg

h
kJ/kg

s
kJ/kg # K

v
m3/kg

p ϭ 2.5 bar ϭ 0.25 M...
734

Tables in SI Units
TABLE A-9

T
ЊC

(Continued)
u
kJ/kg

v
m3/kg

h
kJ/kg

s
kJ/kg # K

u
kJ/kg

v
m3/kg

p ϭ 5.5 bar...
(Continued)

T
ЊC

v
m3/kg

u
kJ/kg

h
kJ/kg

s
kJ/kg # K

p ϭ 12.0 bar ϭ 1.20 MPa
(Tsat ϭ 30.25ЊC)
Sat.
40
50
60
70
80
90...
736

Tables in SI Units

TABLE A-10

Properties of Saturated Refrigerant 134a (Liquid–Vapor): Temperature Table
Specific V...
Tables in SI Units
TABLE A-11

737

Properties of Saturated Refrigerant 134a (Liquid–Vapor): Pressure Table
Specific Volum...
738

Tables in SI Units
TABLE A-12

T
ЊC

v
m3/kg

Properties of Superheated Refrigerant 134a Vapor
u
kJ/kg

h
kJ/kg

s
kJ...
(Continued)

T
ЊC

v
m3/kg

u
kJ/kg

h
kJ/kg

s
kJ/kg # K

p ϭ 2.8 bar ϭ 0.28 MPa
(Tsat ϭ Ϫ1.23ЊC)
Sat.
0
10
20
30
40
50
6...
TABLE A-12

T
ЊC

v
m3/kg

(Continued)
u
kJ/kg

h
kJ/kg

s
kJ/kg # K

p ϭ 8.0 bar ϭ 0.80 MPa
(Tsat ϭ 31.33ЊC)

R-134a

Sat...
Tables in SI Units
TABLE A-13

741

Properties of Saturated Ammonia (Liquid–Vapor): Temperature Table
Specific Volume
m3/k...
742

Tables in SI Units

TABLE A-14

Properties of Saturated Ammonia (Liquid–Vapor): Pressure Table
Specific Volume
m3/kg
...
Tables in SI Units
TABLE A-15

T
ЊC

v
m3/kg

743

Properties of Superheated Ammonia Vapor
u
kJ/kg

h
kJ/kg

s
kJ/kg # K

...
744

Tables in SI Units
TABLE A-15

T
ЊC

v
m3/kg

(Continued)
u
kJ/kg

h
kJ/kg

s
kJ/kg # K

v
m3/kg

p ϭ 2.5 bar ϭ 0.25 ...
Tables in SI Units
TABLE A-15

T
ЊC

v
m3/kg

745

(Continued)
u
kJ/kg

h
kJ/kg

s
kJ/kg # K

v
m3/kg

p ϭ 5.5 bar ϭ 0.55 ...
746

Tables in SI Units

(Continued)

TABLE A-15

T
ЊC

u
kJ/kg

v
m3/kg

h
kJ/kg

s
kJ/kg # K

v
m3/kg

p ϭ 12.0 bar ϭ 1....
Tables in SI Units
TABLE A-16

747

Properties of Saturated Propane (Liquid–Vapor): Temperature Table
Specific Volume
m3/k...
748

Tables in SI Units

TABLE A-17

Properties of Saturated Propane (Liquid–Vapor): Pressure Table
Specific Volume
m3/kg
...
Tables in SI Units

Properties of Superheated Propane

TABLE A-18

T
ЊC

749

u
kJ/kg

v
m3/kg

h
kJ/kg

s
kJ/kg # K

v
m3...
750

Tables in SI Units

(Continued)

TABLE A-18

T
ЊC

u
kJ/kg

v
m3/kg

h
kJ/kg

s
kJ/kg # K

u
kJ/kg

v
m3/kg

p ϭ 4.0 ...
Tables in SI Units

(Continued)

TABLE A-18

T
ЊC

751

v
m3/kg

u
kJ/kg

h
kJ/kg

s
kJ/kg # K

p ϭ 10.0 bar ϭ 1.0 MPa
(Ts...
752

Tables in SI Units

(Continued)

TABLE A-18

T
ЊC

v
m3/kg

u
kJ/kg

h
kJ/kg

s
kJ/kg # K

p ϭ 22.0 bar ϭ 2.2 MPa
(Ts...
Tables in SI Units
TABLE A-19

753

Properties of Selected Solids and Liquids: cp, ␳, and ␬

Substance

Specific
Heat, cp
...
Tabelas termodin micas (shapiro)
Tabelas termodin micas (shapiro)
Tabelas termodin micas (shapiro)
Tabelas termodin micas (shapiro)
Tabelas termodin micas (shapiro)
Tabelas termodin micas (shapiro)
Tabelas termodin micas (shapiro)
Tabelas termodin micas (shapiro)
Tabelas termodin micas (shapiro)
Tabelas termodin micas (shapiro)
Tabelas termodin micas (shapiro)
Tabelas termodin micas (shapiro)
Tabelas termodin micas (shapiro)
Tabelas termodin micas (shapiro)
Tabelas termodin micas (shapiro)
Tabelas termodin micas (shapiro)
Tabelas termodin micas (shapiro)
Tabelas termodin micas (shapiro)
Tabelas termodin micas (shapiro)
Tabelas termodin micas (shapiro)
Tabelas termodin micas (shapiro)
Tabelas termodin micas (shapiro)
Tabelas termodin micas (shapiro)
Tabelas termodin micas (shapiro)
Tabelas termodin micas (shapiro)
Tabelas termodin micas (shapiro)
Tabelas termodin micas (shapiro)
Tabelas termodin micas (shapiro)
Tabelas termodin micas (shapiro)
Tabelas termodin micas (shapiro)
Tabelas termodin micas (shapiro)
Tabelas termodin micas (shapiro)
Tabelas termodin micas (shapiro)
Tabelas termodin micas (shapiro)
Tabelas termodin micas (shapiro)
Tabelas termodin micas (shapiro)
Tabelas termodin micas (shapiro)
Tabelas termodin micas (shapiro)
Tabelas termodin micas (shapiro)
Tabelas termodin micas (shapiro)
Tabelas termodin micas (shapiro)
Tabelas termodin micas (shapiro)
Tabelas termodin micas (shapiro)
Tabelas termodin micas (shapiro)
Tabelas termodin micas (shapiro)
Tabelas termodin micas (shapiro)
Tabelas termodin micas (shapiro)
Tabelas termodin micas (shapiro)
Tabelas termodin micas (shapiro)
Tabelas termodin micas (shapiro)
Tabelas termodin micas (shapiro)
Tabelas termodin micas (shapiro)
Tabelas termodin micas (shapiro)
Tabelas termodin micas (shapiro)
Tabelas termodin micas (shapiro)
Tabelas termodin micas (shapiro)
Tabelas termodin micas (shapiro)
Tabelas termodin micas (shapiro)
Tabelas termodin micas (shapiro)
Tabelas termodin micas (shapiro)
Tabelas termodin micas (shapiro)
Tabelas termodin micas (shapiro)
Tabelas termodin micas (shapiro)
Tabelas termodin micas (shapiro)
Tabelas termodin micas (shapiro)
Tabelas termodin micas (shapiro)
Tabelas termodin micas (shapiro)
Tabelas termodin micas (shapiro)
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Tabelas termodin micas (shapiro)

1,508

Published on

Published in: Technology, Business
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
1,508
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
42
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Transcript of "Tabelas termodin micas (shapiro)"

  1. 1. Index to Tables in SI Units TABLE A-1 TABLE A-2 TABLE A-3 TABLE A-4 TABLE A-5 TABLE A-6 TABLE A-7 TABLE A-8 TABLE A-9 TABLE A-10 TABLE A-11 TABLE A-12 TABLE A-13 TABLE A-14 TABLE A-15 TABLE A-16 TABLE A-17 TABLE A-18 TABLE A-19 TABLE A-20 TABLE A-21 TABLE A-22 TABLE A-23 TABLE A-24 TABLE A-25 TABLE A-26 TABLE A-27 718 Atomic or Molecular Weights and Critical Properties of Selected Elements and Compounds Properties of Saturated Water (Liquid–Vapor): Temperature Table Properties of Saturated Water (Liquid–Vapor): Pressure Table Properties of Superheated Water Vapor Properties of Compressed Liquid Water Properties of Saturated Water (Solid–Vapor): Temperature Table Properties of Saturated Refrigerant 22 (Liquid–Vapor): Temperature Table Properties of Saturated Refrigerant 22 (Liquid–Vapor): Pressure Table Properties of Superheated Refrigerant 22 Vapor Properties of Saturated Refrigerant 134a (Liquid–Vapor): Temperature Table Properties of Saturated Refrigerant 134a (Liquid–Vapor): Pressure Table Properties of Superheated Refrigerant 134a Vapor Properties of Saturated Ammonia (Liquid–Vapor): Temperature Table Properties of Saturated Ammonia (Liquid–Vapor): Pressure Table Properties of Superheated Ammonia Vapor Properties of Saturated Propane (Liquid–Vapor): Temperature Table Properties of Saturated Propane (Liquid–Vapor): Pressure Table Properties of Superheated Propane Vapor Properties of Selected Solids and Liquids: cp, ␳, and ␬. Ideal Gas Specific Heats of Some Common Gases Variation of cp with Temperature for Selected Ideal Gases Ideal Gas Properties of Air Ideal Gas Properties of Selected Gases Constants for the van der Waals, Redlich–Kwong, and Benedict–Webb–Rubin Equations of State Thermochemical Properties of Selected Substances at 298 K and 1 atm Standard Molar Chemical Exergy, e ch (kJ/kmol), of Selected Substances at 298 K and p0 Logarithms to the Base 10 of the Equilibrium Constant K 719 720 722 724 728 729 730 731 732 736 737 738 741 742 743 747 748 749 753 754 755 756 758 762 763 764 765
  2. 2. Atomic or Molecular Weights and Critical Properties of Selected Elements and Compounds TABLE A-1 Substance Chemical Formula Acetylene Air (equivalent) Ammonia C2H2 — NH3 26.04 28.97 17.03 309 133 406 62.8 37.7 112.8 0.274 0.284 0.242 Argon Benzene Butane Ar C6H6 C4H10 39.94 78.11 58.12 151 563 425 48.6 49.3 38.0 0.290 0.274 0.274 Carbon Carbon dioxide Carbon monoxide C CO2 CO 12.01 44.01 28.01 — 304 133 — 73.9 35.0 — 0.276 0.294 Copper Ethane Ethyl alcohol Cu C2H6 C2H5OH 63.54 30.07 46.07 — 305 516 — 48.8 63.8 — 0.285 0.249 Ethylene Helium Hydrogen C2H4 He H2 28.05 4.003 2.016 283 5.2 33.2 51.2 2.3 13.0 0.270 0.300 0.304 Methane Methyl alcohol Nitrogen CH4 CH3OH N2 16.04 32.04 28.01 191 513 126 46.4 79.5 33.9 0.290 0.220 0.291 Octane Oxygen Propane C8H18 O2 C3H8 114.22 32.00 44.09 569 154 370 24.9 50.5 42.7 0.258 0.290 0.276 Propylene Refrigerant 12 Refrigerant 22 C3H6 CCl2F2 CHClF2 42.08 120.92 86.48 365 385 369 46.2 41.2 49.8 0.276 0.278 0.267 Refrigerant 134a Sulfur dioxide Water CF3CH2F SO2 H2O 102.03 64.06 18.02 374 431 647.3 40.7 78.7 220.9 0.260 0.268 0.233 M (kg/kmol) Tc (K) pc (bar) Zc ϭ pcvc RTc Sources: Adapted from International Critical Tables and L. C. Nelson and E. F. Obert, Generalized Compressibility Charts, Chem. Eng., 61: 203 (1954). 719 Table A-1 Tables in SI Units
  3. 3. 720 Tables in SI Units TABLE A-2 Properties of Saturated Water (Liquid–Vapor): Temperature Table H2O Specific Volume m3/kg Internal Energy kJ/kg Enthalpy kJ/kg Entropy kJ/kg # K Press. bar Sat. Liquid vf ϫ 103 Sat. Vapor vg Sat. Liquid uf Sat. Vapor ug Sat. Liquid hf Evap. hfg Sat. Vapor hg Sat. Liquid sf Sat. Vapor sg Temp. ЊC .01 4 5 6 8 0.00611 0.00813 0.00872 0.00935 0.01072 1.0002 1.0001 1.0001 1.0001 1.0002 206.136 157.232 147.120 137.734 120.917 0.00 16.77 20.97 25.19 33.59 2375.3 2380.9 2382.3 2383.6 2386.4 0.01 16.78 20.98 25.20 33.60 2501.3 2491.9 2489.6 2487.2 2482.5 2501.4 2508.7 2510.6 2512.4 2516.1 0.0000 0.0610 0.0761 0.0912 0.1212 9.1562 9.0514 9.0257 9.0003 8.9501 .01 4 5 6 8 10 11 12 13 14 0.01228 0.01312 0.01402 0.01497 0.01598 1.0004 1.0004 1.0005 1.0007 1.0008 106.379 99.857 93.784 88.124 82.848 42.00 46.20 50.41 54.60 58.79 2389.2 2390.5 2391.9 2393.3 2394.7 42.01 46.20 50.41 54.60 58.80 2477.7 2475.4 2473.0 2470.7 2468.3 2519.8 2521.6 2523.4 2525.3 2527.1 0.1510 0.1658 0.1806 0.1953 0.2099 8.9008 8.8765 8.8524 8.8285 8.8048 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 0.01705 0.01818 0.01938 0.02064 0.02198 1.0009 1.0011 1.0012 1.0014 1.0016 77.926 73.333 69.044 65.038 61.293 62.99 67.18 71.38 75.57 79.76 2396.1 2397.4 2398.8 2400.2 2401.6 62.99 67.19 71.38 75.58 79.77 2465.9 2463.6 2461.2 2458.8 2456.5 2528.9 2530.8 2532.6 2534.4 2536.2 0.2245 0.2390 0.2535 0.2679 0.2823 8.7814 8.7582 8.7351 8.7123 8.6897 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 0.02339 0.02487 0.02645 0.02810 0.02985 1.0018 1.0020 1.0022 1.0024 1.0027 57.791 54.514 51.447 48.574 45.883 83.95 88.14 92.32 96.51 100.70 2402.9 2404.3 2405.7 2407.0 2408.4 83.96 88.14 92.33 96.52 100.70 2454.1 2451.8 2449.4 2447.0 2444.7 2538.1 2539.9 2541.7 2543.5 2545.4 0.2966 0.3109 0.3251 0.3393 0.3534 8.6672 8.6450 8.6229 8.6011 8.5794 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 0.03169 0.03363 0.03567 0.03782 0.04008 1.0029 1.0032 1.0035 1.0037 1.0040 43.360 40.994 38.774 36.690 34.733 104.88 109.06 113.25 117.42 121.60 2409.8 2411.1 2412.5 2413.9 2415.2 104.89 109.07 113.25 117.43 121.61 2442.3 2439.9 2437.6 2435.2 2432.8 2547.2 2549.0 2550.8 2552.6 2554.5 0.3674 0.3814 0.3954 0.4093 0.4231 8.5580 8.5367 8.5156 8.4946 8.4739 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 0.04246 0.04496 0.04759 0.05034 0.05324 1.0043 1.0046 1.0050 1.0053 1.0056 32.894 31.165 29.540 28.011 26.571 125.78 129.96 134.14 138.32 142.50 2416.6 2418.0 2419.3 2420.7 2422.0 125.79 129.97 134.15 138.33 142.50 2430.5 2428.1 2425.7 2423.4 2421.0 2556.3 2558.1 2559.9 2561.7 2563.5 0.4369 0.4507 0.4644 0.4781 0.4917 8.4533 8.4329 8.4127 8.3927 8.3728 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 38 40 45 0.05628 0.05947 0.06632 0.07384 0.09593 1.0060 1.0063 1.0071 1.0078 1.0099 25.216 23.940 21.602 19.523 15.258 146.67 150.85 159.20 167.56 188.44 2423.4 2424.7 2427.4 2430.1 2436.8 146.68 150.86 159.21 167.57 188.45 2418.6 2416.2 2411.5 2406.7 2394.8 2565.3 2567.1 2570.7 2574.3 2583.2 0.5053 0.5188 0.5458 0.5725 0.6387 8.3531 8.3336 8.2950 8.2570 8.1648 35 36 38 40 45 Temp. ЊC
  4. 4. Tables in SI Units (Continued) Specific Volume m3/kg Internal Energy kJ/kg Enthalpy kJ/kg Entropy kJ/kg # K Press. bar Sat. Liquid vf ϫ 103 Sat. Vapor vg Sat. Liquid uf Sat. Vapor ug Sat. Liquid hf Evap. hfg Sat. Vapor hg Sat. Liquid sf Sat. Vapor sg 50 55 60 65 70 .1235 .1576 .1994 .2503 .3119 1.0121 1.0146 1.0172 1.0199 1.0228 12.032 9.568 7.671 6.197 5.042 209.32 230.21 251.11 272.02 292.95 2443.5 2450.1 2456.6 2463.1 2469.6 209.33 230.23 251.13 272.06 292.98 2382.7 2370.7 2358.5 2346.2 2333.8 2592.1 2600.9 2609.6 2618.3 2626.8 .7038 .7679 .8312 .8935 .9549 8.0763 7.9913 7.9096 7.8310 7.7553 50 55 60 65 70 75 80 85 90 95 .3858 .4739 .5783 .7014 .8455 1.0259 1.0291 1.0325 1.0360 1.0397 4.131 3.407 2.828 2.361 1.982 313.90 334.86 355.84 376.85 397.88 2475.9 2482.2 2488.4 2494.5 2500.6 313.93 334.91 355.90 376.92 397.96 2321.4 2308.8 2296.0 2283.2 2270.2 2635.3 2643.7 2651.9 2660.1 2668.1 1.0155 1.0753 1.1343 1.1925 1.2500 7.6824 7.6122 7.5445 7.4791 7.4159 75 80 85 90 95 Temp. ЊC Temp. ЊC 100 110 120 130 140 1.014 1.433 1.985 2.701 3.613 1.0435 1.0516 1.0603 1.0697 1.0797 1.673 1.210 0.8919 0.6685 0.5089 418.94 461.14 503.50 546.02 588.74 2506.5 2518.1 2529.3 2539.9 2550.0 419.04 461.30 503.71 546.31 589.13 2257.0 2230.2 2202.6 2174.2 2144.7 2676.1 2691.5 2706.3 2720.5 2733.9 1.3069 1.4185 1.5276 1.6344 1.7391 7.3549 7.2387 7.1296 7.0269 6.9299 100 110 120 130 140 150 160 170 180 190 4.758 6.178 7.917 10.02 12.54 1.0905 1.1020 1.1143 1.1274 1.1414 0.3928 0.3071 0.2428 0.1941 0.1565 631.68 674.86 718.33 762.09 806.19 2559.5 2568.4 2576.5 2583.7 2590.0 632.20 675.55 719.21 763.22 807.62 2114.3 2082.6 2049.5 2015.0 1978.8 2746.5 2758.1 2768.7 2778.2 2786.4 1.8418 1.9427 2.0419 2.1396 2.2359 6.8379 6.7502 6.6663 6.5857 6.5079 150 160 170 180 190 200 210 220 230 240 15.54 19.06 23.18 27.95 33.44 1.1565 1.1726 1.1900 1.2088 1.2291 0.1274 0.1044 0.08619 0.07158 0.05976 850.65 895.53 940.87 986.74 1033.2 2595.3 2599.5 2602.4 2603.9 2604.0 852.45 897.76 943.62 990.12 1037.3 1940.7 1900.7 1858.5 1813.8 1766.5 2793.2 2798.5 2802.1 2804.0 2803.8 2.3309 2.4248 2.5178 2.6099 2.7015 6.4323 6.3585 6.2861 6.2146 6.1437 200 210 220 230 240 250 260 270 280 290 39.73 46.88 54.99 64.12 74.36 1.2512 1.2755 1.3023 1.3321 1.3656 0.05013 0.04221 0.03564 0.03017 0.02557 1080.4 1128.4 1177.4 1227.5 1278.9 2602.4 2599.0 2593.7 2586.1 2576.0 1085.4 1134.4 1184.5 1236.0 1289.1 1716.2 1662.5 1605.2 1543.6 1477.1 2801.5 2796.6 2789.7 2779.6 2766.2 2.7927 2.8838 2.9751 3.0668 3.1594 6.0730 6.0019 5.9301 5.8571 5.7821 250 260 270 280 290 85.81 112.7 145.9 186.5 220.9 1.4036 1.4988 1.6379 1.8925 3.155 0.02167 0.01549 0.01080 0.006945 0.003155 1332.0 1444.6 1570.3 1725.2 2029.6 2563.0 2525.5 2464.6 2351.5 2029.6 1344.0 1461.5 1594.2 1760.5 2099.3 1404.9 1238.6 1027.9 720.5 0 2749.0 2700.1 2622.0 2481.0 2099.3 3.2534 3.4480 3.6594 3.9147 4.4298 5.7045 5.5362 5.3357 5.0526 4.4298 300 320 340 360 374.14 300 320 340 360 374.14 Source: Tables A-2 through A-5 are extracted from J. H. Keenan, F. G. Keyes, P. G. Hill, and J. G. Moore, Steam Tables, Wiley, New York, 1969. H2O TABLE A-2 721
  5. 5. 722 Tables in SI Units TABLE A-3 Properties of Saturated Water (Liquid–Vapor): Pressure Table H2O Specific Volume m3/kg Press. bar Temp. ЊC Sat. Liquid vf ϫ 103 0.04 0.06 0.08 0.10 0.20 28.96 36.16 41.51 45.81 60.06 1.0040 1.0064 1.0084 1.0102 1.0172 0.30 0.40 0.50 0.60 0.70 69.10 75.87 81.33 85.94 89.95 0.80 0.90 1.00 1.50 2.00 Sat. Vapor vg Internal Energy kJ/kg Enthalpy kJ/kg Entropy kJ/kg # K Sat. Liquid uf Sat. Vapor ug Sat. Liquid hf Evap. hfg Sat. Vapor hg Sat. Liquid sf Sat. Vapor sg Press. bar 34.800 23.739 18.103 14.674 7.649 121.45 151.53 173.87 191.82 251.38 2415.2 2425.0 2432.2 2437.9 2456.7 121.46 151.53 173.88 191.83 251.40 2432.9 2415.9 2403.1 2392.8 2358.3 2554.4 2567.4 2577.0 2584.7 2609.7 0.4226 0.5210 0.5926 0.6493 0.8320 8.4746 8.3304 8.2287 8.1502 7.9085 0.04 0.06 0.08 0.10 0.20 1.0223 1.0265 1.0300 1.0331 1.0360 5.229 3.993 3.240 2.732 2.365 289.20 317.53 340.44 359.79 376.63 2468.4 2477.0 2483.9 2489.6 2494.5 289.23 317.58 340.49 359.86 376.70 2336.1 2319.2 2305.4 2293.6 2283.3 2625.3 2636.8 2645.9 2653.5 2660.0 0.9439 1.0259 1.0910 1.1453 1.1919 7.7686 7.6700 7.5939 7.5320 7.4797 0.30 0.40 0.50 0.60 0.70 93.50 96.71 99.63 111.4 120.2 1.0380 1.0410 1.0432 1.0528 1.0605 2.087 1.869 1.694 1.159 0.8857 391.58 405.06 417.36 466.94 504.49 2498.8 2502.6 2506.1 2519.7 2529.5 391.66 405.15 417.46 467.11 504.70 2274.1 2265.7 2258.0 2226.5 2201.9 2665.8 2670.9 2675.5 2693.6 2706.7 1.2329 1.2695 1.3026 1.4336 1.5301 7.4346 7.3949 7.3594 7.2233 7.1271 0.80 0.90 1.00 1.50 2.00 2.50 3.00 3.50 4.00 4.50 127.4 133.6 138.9 143.6 147.9 1.0672 1.0732 1.0786 1.0836 1.0882 0.7187 0.6058 0.5243 0.4625 0.4140 535.10 561.15 583.95 604.31 622.25 2537.2 2543.6 2546.9 2553.6 2557.6 535.37 561.47 584.33 604.74 623.25 2181.5 2163.8 2148.1 2133.8 2120.7 2716.9 2725.3 2732.4 2738.6 2743.9 1.6072 1.6718 1.7275 1.7766 1.8207 7.0527 6.9919 6.9405 6.8959 6.8565 2.50 3.00 3.50 4.00 4.50 5.00 6.00 7.00 8.00 9.00 151.9 158.9 165.0 170.4 175.4 1.0926 1.1006 1.1080 1.1148 1.1212 0.3749 0.3157 0.2729 0.2404 0.2150 639.68 669.90 696.44 720.22 741.83 2561.2 2567.4 2572.5 2576.8 2580.5 640.23 670.56 697.22 721.11 742.83 2108.5 2086.3 2066.3 2048.0 2031.1 2748.7 2756.8 2763.5 2769.1 2773.9 1.8607 1.9312 1.9922 2.0462 2.0946 6.8212 6.7600 6.7080 6.6628 6.6226 5.00 6.00 7.00 8.00 9.00 10.0 15.0 20.0 25.0 30.0 179.9 198.3 212.4 224.0 233.9 1.1273 1.1539 1.1767 1.1973 1.2165 0.1944 0.1318 0.09963 0.07998 0.06668 761.68 843.16 906.44 959.11 1004.8 2583.6 2594.5 2600.3 2603.1 2604.1 762.81 844.84 908.79 962.11 1008.4 2015.3 1947.3 1890.7 1841.0 1795.7 2778.1 2792.2 2799.5 2803.1 2804.2 2.1387 2.3150 2.4474 2.5547 2.6457 6.5863 6.4448 6.3409 6.2575 6.1869 10.0 15.0 20.0 25.0 30.0 35.0 40.0 45.0 50.0 60.0 242.6 250.4 257.5 264.0 275.6 1.2347 1.2522 1.2692 1.2859 1.3187 0.05707 0.04978 0.04406 0.03944 0.03244 1045.4 1082.3 1116.2 1147.8 1205.4 2603.7 2602.3 2600.1 2597.1 2589.7 1049.8 1087.3 1121.9 1154.2 1213.4 1753.7 1714.1 1676.4 1640.1 1571.0 2803.4 2801.4 2798.3 2794.3 2784.3 2.7253 2.7964 2.8610 2.9202 3.0267 6.1253 6.0701 6.0199 5.9734 5.8892 35.0 40.0 45.0 50.0 60.0 70.0 80.0 90.0 100. 110. 285.9 295.1 303.4 311.1 318.2 1.3513 1.3842 1.4178 1.4524 1.4886 0.02737 0.02352 0.02048 0.01803 0.01599 1257.6 1305.6 1350.5 1393.0 1433.7 2580.5 2569.8 2557.8 2544.4 2529.8 1267.0 1316.6 1363.3 1407.6 1450.1 1505.1 1441.3 1378.9 1317.1 1255.5 2772.1 2758.0 2742.1 2724.7 2705.6 3.1211 3.2068 3.2858 3.3596 3.4295 5.8133 5.7432 5.6772 5.6141 5.5527 70.0 80.0 90.0 100. 110.
  6. 6. Tables in SI Units (Continued) Specific Volume m3/kg Internal Energy kJ/kg Enthalpy kJ/kg Entropy kJ/kg # K Press. bar Temp. ЊC Sat. Liquid vf ϫ 103 Sat. Vapor vg Sat. Liquid uf Sat. Vapor ug Sat. Liquid hf Evap. hfg Sat. Vapor hg Sat. Liquid sf Sat. Vapor sg Press. bar 120. 130. 140. 150. 160. 324.8 330.9 336.8 342.2 347.4 1.5267 1.5671 1.6107 1.6581 1.7107 0.01426 0.01278 0.01149 0.01034 0.009306 1473.0 1511.1 1548.6 1585.6 1622.7 2513.7 2496.1 2476.8 2455.5 2431.7 1491.3 1531.5 1571.1 1610.5 1650.1 1193.6 1130.7 1066.5 1000.0 930.6 2684.9 2662.2 2637.6 2610.5 2580.6 3.4962 3.5606 3.6232 3.6848 3.7461 5.4924 5.4323 5.3717 5.3098 5.2455 120. 130. 140. 150. 160. 170. 180. 190. 200. 220.9 352.4 357.1 361.5 365.8 374.1 1.7702 1.8397 1.9243 2.036 3.155 0.008364 0.007489 0.006657 0.005834 0.003155 1660.2 1698.9 1739.9 1785.6 2029.6 2405.0 2374.3 2338.1 2293.0 2029.6 1690.3 1732.0 1776.5 1826.3 2099.3 856.9 777.1 688.0 583.4 0 2547.2 2509.1 2464.5 2409.7 2099.3 3.8079 3.8715 3.9388 4.0139 4.4298 5.1777 5.1044 5.0228 4.9269 4.4298 170. 180. 190. 200. 220.9 H2O TABLE A-3 723
  7. 7. 724 Tables in SI Units Properties of Superheated Water Vapor TABLE A-4 T ЊC v m3/kg u kJ/kg h kJ/kg s kJ/kg # K H2O p ϭ 0.06 bar ϭ 0.006 MPa (Tsat ϭ 36.16ЊC) v m3/kg u kJ/kg h kJ/kg s kJ/kg # K p ϭ 0.35 bar ϭ 0.035 MPa (Tsat ϭ 72.69ЊC) Sat. 80 120 23.739 27.132 30.219 2425.0 2487.3 2544.7 2567.4 2650.1 2726.0 8.3304 8.5804 8.7840 4.526 4.625 5.163 2473.0 2483.7 2542.4 2631.4 2645.6 2723.1 7.7158 7.7564 7.9644 160 200 240 33.302 36.383 39.462 2602.7 2661.4 2721.0 2802.5 2879.7 2957.8 8.9693 9.1398 9.2982 5.696 6.228 6.758 2601.2 2660.4 2720.3 2800.6 2878.4 2956.8 8.1519 8.3237 8.4828 280 320 360 42.540 45.618 48.696 2781.5 2843.0 2905.5 3036.8 3116.7 3197.7 9.4464 9.5859 9.7180 7.287 7.815 8.344 2780.9 2842.5 2905.1 3036.0 3116.1 3197.1 8.6314 8.7712 8.9034 400 440 500 51.774 54.851 59.467 2969.0 3033.5 3132.3 3279.6 3362.6 3489.1 9.8435 9.9633 10.1336 8.872 9.400 10.192 2968.6 3033.2 3132.1 3279.2 3362.2 3488.8 9.0291 9.1490 9.3194 p ϭ 0.70 bar ϭ 0.07 MPa (Tsat ϭ 89.95ЊC) p ϭ 1.0 bar ϭ 0.10 MPa (Tsat ϭ 99.63ЊC) Sat. 100 120 2.365 2.434 2.571 2494.5 2509.7 2539.7 2660.0 2680.0 2719.6 7.4797 7.5341 7.6375 1.694 1.696 1.793 2506.1 2506.7 2537.3 2675.5 2676.2 2716.6 7.3594 7.3614 7.4668 160 200 240 2.841 3.108 3.374 2599.4 2659.1 2719.3 2798.2 2876.7 2955.5 7.8279 8.0012 8.1611 1.984 2.172 2.359 2597.8 2658.1 2718.5 2796.2 2875.3 2954.5 7.6597 7.8343 7.9949 280 320 360 3.640 3.905 4.170 2780.2 2842.0 2904.6 3035.0 3115.3 3196.5 8.3162 8.4504 8.5828 2.546 2.732 2.917 2779.6 2841.5 2904.2 3034.2 3114.6 3195.9 8.1445 8.2849 8.4175 400 440 500 4.434 4.698 5.095 2968.2 3032.9 3131.8 3278.6 3361.8 3488.5 8.7086 8.8286 8.9991 3.103 3.288 3.565 2967.9 3032.6 3131.6 3278.2 3361.4 3488.1 8.5435 8.6636 8.8342 p ϭ 1.5 bar ϭ 0.15 MPa (Tsat ϭ 111.37ЊC) p ϭ 3.0 bar ϭ 0.30 MPa (Tsat ϭ 133.55ЊC) Sat. 120 160 1.159 1.188 1.317 2519.7 2533.3 2595.2 2693.6 2711.4 2792.8 7.2233 7.2693 7.4665 0.606 2543.6 2725.3 6.9919 0.651 2587.1 2782.3 7.1276 200 240 280 1.444 1.570 1.695 2656.2 2717.2 2778.6 2872.9 2952.7 3032.8 7.6433 7.8052 7.9555 0.716 0.781 0.844 2650.7 2713.1 2775.4 2865.5 2947.3 3028.6 7.3115 7.4774 7.6299 320 360 400 1.819 1.943 2.067 2840.6 2903.5 2967.3 3113.5 3195.0 3277.4 8.0964 8.2293 8.3555 0.907 0.969 1.032 2838.1 2901.4 2965.6 3110.1 3192.2 3275.0 7.7722 7.9061 8.0330 440 500 600 2.191 2.376 2.685 3032.1 3131.2 3301.7 3360.7 3487.6 3704.3 8.4757 8.6466 8.9101 1.094 1.187 1.341 3030.6 3130.0 3300.8 3358.7 3486.0 3703.2 8.1538 8.3251 8.5892
  8. 8. Tables in SI Units (Continued) u kJ/kg v m3/kg h kJ/kg s kJ/kg # K v m3/kg p ϭ 5.0 bar ϭ 0.50 MPa (Tsat ϭ 151.86ЊC) u kJ/kg h kJ/kg s kJ/kg # K p ϭ 7.0 bar ϭ 0.70 MPa (Tsat ϭ 164.97ЊC) Sat. 180 200 0.3749 0.4045 0.4249 2561.2 2609.7 2642.9 2748.7 2812.0 2855.4 6.8213 6.9656 7.0592 0.2729 0.2847 0.2999 2572.5 2599.8 2634.8 2763.5 2799.1 2844.8 6.7080 6.7880 6.8865 240 280 320 0.4646 0.5034 0.5416 2707.6 2771.2 2834.7 2939.9 3022.9 3105.6 7.2307 7.3865 7.5308 0.3292 0.3574 0.3852 2701.8 2766.9 2831.3 2932.2 3017.1 3100.9 7.0641 7.2233 7.3697 360 400 440 0.5796 0.6173 0.6548 2898.7 2963.2 3028.6 3188.4 3271.9 3356.0 7.6660 7.7938 7.9152 0.4126 0.4397 0.4667 2895.8 2960.9 3026.6 3184.7 3268.7 3353.3 7.5063 7.6350 7.7571 500 600 700 0.7109 0.8041 0.8969 3128.4 3299.6 3477.5 3483.9 3701.7 3925.9 8.0873 8.3522 8.5952 0.5070 0.5738 0.6403 3126.8 3298.5 3476.6 3481.7 3700.2 3924.8 7.9299 8.1956 8.4391 p ϭ 10.0 bar ϭ 1.0 MPa (Tsat ϭ 179.91ЊC) p ϭ 15.0 bar ϭ 1.5 MPa (Tsat ϭ 198.32ЊC) Sat. 200 240 0.1944 0.2060 0.2275 2583.6 2621.9 2692.9 2778.1 2827.9 2920.4 6.5865 6.6940 6.8817 0.1318 0.1325 0.1483 2594.5 2598.1 2676.9 2792.2 2796.8 2899.3 6.4448 6.4546 6.6628 280 320 360 0.2480 0.2678 0.2873 2760.2 2826.1 2891.6 3008.2 3093.9 3178.9 7.0465 7.1962 7.3349 0.1627 0.1765 0.1899 2748.6 2817.1 2884.4 2992.7 3081.9 3169.2 6.8381 6.9938 7.1363 400 440 500 0.3066 0.3257 0.3541 2957.3 3023.6 3124.4 3263.9 3349.3 3478.5 7.4651 7.5883 7.7622 0.2030 0.2160 0.2352 2951.3 3018.5 3120.3 3255.8 3342.5 3473.1 7.2690 7.3940 7.5698 540 600 640 0.3729 0.4011 0.4198 3192.6 3296.8 3367.4 3565.6 3697.9 3787.2 7.8720 8.0290 8.1290 0.2478 0.2668 0.2793 3189.1 3293.9 3364.8 3560.9 3694.0 3783.8 7.6805 7.8385 7.9391 p ϭ 20.0 bar ϭ 2.0 MPa (Tsat ϭ 212.42ЊC) p ϭ 30.0 bar ϭ 3.0 MPa (Tsat ϭ 233.90ЊC) Sat. 240 280 0.0996 0.1085 0.1200 2600.3 2659.6 2736.4 2799.5 2876.5 2976.4 6.3409 6.4952 6.6828 0.0667 0.0682 0.0771 2604.1 2619.7 2709.9 2804.2 2824.3 2941.3 6.1869 6.2265 6.4462 320 360 400 0.1308 0.1411 0.1512 2807.9 2877.0 2945.2 3069.5 3159.3 3247.6 6.8452 6.9917 7.1271 0.0850 0.0923 0.0994 2788.4 2861.7 2932.8 3043.4 3138.7 3230.9 6.6245 6.7801 6.9212 440 500 540 0.1611 0.1757 0.1853 3013.4 3116.2 3185.6 3335.5 3467.6 3556.1 7.2540 7.4317 7.5434 0.1062 0.1162 0.1227 3002.9 3108.0 3178.4 3321.5 3456.5 3546.6 7.0520 7.2338 7.3474 600 640 700 0.1996 0.2091 0.2232 3290.9 3362.2 3470.9 3690.1 3780.4 3917.4 7.7024 7.8035 7.9487 0.1324 0.1388 0.1484 3285.0 3357.0 3466.5 3682.3 3773.5 3911.7 7.5085 7.6106 7.7571 H2O TABLE A-4 T ЊC 725
  9. 9. 726 Tables in SI Units (Continued) TABLE A-4 T ЊC v m3/kg u kJ/kg h kJ/kg s kJ/kg # K u kJ/kg v m3/kg H2O p ϭ 40 bar ϭ 4.0 MPa (Tsat ϭ 250.4ЊC) h kJ/kg s kJ/kg # K p ϭ 60 bar ϭ 6.0 MPa (Tsat ϭ 275.64ЊC) Sat. 280 320 0.04978 0.05546 0.06199 2602.3 2680.0 2767.4 2801.4 2901.8 3015.4 6.0701 6.2568 6.4553 0.03244 0.03317 0.03876 2589.7 2605.2 2720.0 2784.3 2804.2 2952.6 5.8892 5.9252 6.1846 360 400 440 0.06788 0.07341 0.07872 2845.7 2919.9 2992.2 3117.2 3213.6 3307.1 6.6215 6.7690 6.9041 0.04331 0.04739 0.05122 2811.2 2892.9 2970.0 3071.1 3177.2 3277.3 6.3782 6.5408 6.6853 500 540 600 0.08643 0.09145 0.09885 3099.5 3171.1 3279.1 3445.3 3536.9 3674.4 7.0901 7.2056 7.3688 0.05665 0.06015 0.06525 3082.2 3156.1 3266.9 3422.2 3517.0 3658.4 6.8803 6.9999 7.1677 640 700 740 0.1037 0.1110 0.1157 3351.8 3462.1 3536.6 3766.6 3905.9 3999.6 7.4720 7.6198 7.7141 0.06859 0.07352 0.07677 3341.0 3453.1 3528.3 3752.6 3894.1 3989.2 7.2731 7.4234 7.5190 p ϭ 80 bar ϭ 8.0 MPa (Tsat ϭ 295.06ЊC) p ϭ 100 bar ϭ 10.0 MPa (Tsat ϭ 311.06ЊC) Sat. 320 360 0.02352 0.02682 0.03089 2569.8 2662.7 2772.7 2758.0 2877.2 3019.8 5.7432 5.9489 6.1819 0.01803 0.01925 0.02331 2544.4 2588.8 2729.1 2724.7 2781.3 2962.1 5.6141 5.7103 6.0060 400 440 480 0.03432 0.03742 0.04034 2863.8 2946.7 3025.7 3138.3 3246.1 3348.4 6.3634 6.5190 6.6586 0.02641 0.02911 0.03160 2832.4 2922.1 3005.4 3096.5 3213.2 3321.4 6.2120 6.3805 6.5282 520 560 600 0.04313 0.04582 0.04845 3102.7 3178.7 3254.4 3447.7 3545.3 3642.0 6.7871 6.9072 7.0206 0.03394 0.03619 0.03837 3085.6 3164.1 3241.7 3425.1 3526.0 3625.3 6.6622 6.7864 6.9029 640 700 740 0.05102 0.05481 0.05729 3330.1 3443.9 3520.4 3738.3 3882.4 3978.7 7.1283 7.2812 7.3782 0.04048 0.04358 0.04560 3318.9 3434.7 3512.1 3723.7 3870.5 3968.1 7.0131 7.1687 7.2670 p ϭ 120 bar ϭ 12.0 MPa (Tsat ϭ 324.75ЊC) p ϭ 140 bar ϭ 14.0 MPa (Tsat ϭ 336.75ЊC) Sat. 360 400 0.01426 0.01811 0.02108 2513.7 2678.4 2798.3 2684.9 2895.7 3051.3 5.4924 5.8361 6.0747 0.01149 0.01422 0.01722 2476.8 2617.4 2760.9 2637.6 2816.5 3001.9 5.3717 5.6602 5.9448 440 480 520 0.02355 0.02576 0.02781 2896.1 2984.4 3068.0 3178.7 3293.5 3401.8 6.2586 6.4154 6.5555 0.01954 0.02157 0.02343 2868.6 2962.5 3049.8 3142.2 3264.5 3377.8 6.1474 6.3143 6.4610 560 600 640 0.02977 0.03164 0.03345 3149.0 3228.7 3307.5 3506.2 3608.3 3709.0 6.6840 6.8037 6.9164 0.02517 0.02683 0.02843 3133.6 3215.4 3296.0 3486.0 3591.1 3694.1 6.5941 6.7172 6.8326 700 740 0.03610 0.03781 3425.2 3503.7 3858.4 3957.4 7.0749 7.1746 0.03075 0.03225 3415.7 3495.2 3846.2 3946.7 6.9939 7.0952
  10. 10. Tables in SI Units (Continued) v m3/kg u kJ/kg h kJ/kg s kJ/kg # K p ϭ 160 bar ϭ 16.0 MPa (Tsat ϭ 347.44ЊC) u kJ/kg v m3/kg h kJ/kg s kJ/kg # K p ϭ 180 bar ϭ 18.0 MPa (Tsat ϭ 357.06ЊC) Sat. 360 400 0.00931 0.01105 0.01426 2431.7 2539.0 2719.4 2580.6 2715.8 2947.6 5.2455 5.4614 5.8175 0.00749 0.00809 0.01190 2374.3 2418.9 2672.8 2509.1 2564.5 2887.0 5.1044 5.1922 5.6887 440 480 520 0.01652 0.01842 0.02013 2839.4 2939.7 3031.1 3103.7 3234.4 3353.3 6.0429 6.2215 6.3752 0.01414 0.01596 0.01757 2808.2 2915.9 3011.8 3062.8 3203.2 3378.0 5.9428 6.1345 6.2960 560 600 640 0.02172 0.02323 0.02467 3117.8 3201.8 3284.2 3465.4 3573.5 3678.9 6.5132 6.6399 6.7580 0.01904 0.02042 0.02174 3101.7 3188.0 3272.3 3444.4 3555.6 3663.6 6.4392 6.5696 6.6905 700 740 0.02674 0.02808 3406.0 3486.7 3833.9 3935.9 6.9224 7.0251 0.02362 0.02483 3396.3 3478.0 3821.5 3925.0 6.8580 6.9623 p ϭ 200 bar ϭ 20.0 MPa (Tsat ϭ 365.81ЊC) p ϭ 240 bar ϭ 24.0 MPa Sat. 400 440 0.00583 0.00994 0.01222 2293.0 2619.3 2774.9 2409.7 2818.1 3019.4 4.9269 5.5540 5.8450 0.00673 0.00929 2477.8 2700.6 2639.4 2923.4 5.2393 5.6506 480 520 560 0.01399 0.01551 0.01689 2891.2 2992.0 3085.2 3170.8 3302.2 3423.0 6.0518 6.2218 6.3705 0.01100 0.01241 0.01366 2838.3 2950.5 3051.1 3102.3 3248.5 3379.0 5.8950 6.0842 6.2448 600 640 700 0.01818 0.01940 0.02113 3174.0 3260.2 3386.4 3537.6 3648.1 3809.0 6.5048 6.6286 6.7993 0.01481 0.01588 0.01739 3145.2 3235.5 3366.4 3500.7 3616.7 3783.8 6.3875 6.5174 6.6947 740 800 0.02224 0.02385 3469.3 3592.7 3914.1 4069.7 6.9052 7.0544 0.01835 0.01974 3451.7 3578.0 3892.1 4051.6 6.8038 6.9567 p ϭ 280 bar ϭ 28.0 MPa p ϭ 320 bar ϭ 32.0 MPa 400 440 480 0.00383 0.00712 0.00885 2223.5 2613.2 2780.8 2330.7 2812.6 3028.5 4.7494 5.4494 5.7446 0.00236 0.00544 0.00722 1980.4 2509.0 2718.1 2055.9 2683.0 2949.2 4.3239 5.2327 5.5968 520 560 600 0.01020 0.01136 0.01241 2906.8 3015.7 3115.6 3192.3 3333.7 3463.0 5.9566 6.1307 6.2823 0.00853 0.00963 0.01061 2860.7 2979.0 3085.3 3133.7 3287.2 3424.6 5.8357 6.0246 6.1858 640 700 740 0.01338 0.01473 0.01558 3210.3 3346.1 3433.9 3584.8 3758.4 3870.0 6.4187 6.6029 6.7153 0.01150 0.01273 0.01350 3184.5 3325.4 3415.9 3552.5 3732.8 3847.8 6.3290 6.5203 6.6361 800 900 0.01680 0.01873 3563.1 3774.3 4033.4 4298.8 6.8720 7.1084 0.01460 0.01633 3548.0 3762.7 4015.1 4285.1 6.7966 7.0372 H2O TABLE A-4 T ЊC 727
  11. 11. 728 Tables in SI Units Properties of Compressed Liquid Water TABLE A-5 T ЊC v ϫ 10 m3/kg 3 u kJ/kg h kJ/kg s kJ/kg # K v ϫ 103 m3/kg H2O p ϭ 25 bar ϭ 2.5 MPa (Tsat ϭ 223.99ЊC) u kJ/kg h kJ/kg s kJ/kg # K p ϭ 50 bar ϭ 5.0 MPa (Tsat ϭ 263.99ЊC) 20 40 80 1.0006 1.0067 1.0280 83.80 167.25 334.29 86.30 169.77 336.86 .2961 .5715 1.0737 .9995 1.0056 1.0268 83.65 166.95 333.72 88.65 171.97 338.85 .2956 .5705 1.0720 100 140 180 1.0423 1.0784 1.1261 418.24 587.82 761.16 420.85 590.52 763.97 1.3050 1.7369 2.1375 1.0410 1.0768 1.1240 417.52 586.76 759.63 422.72 592.15 765.25 1.3030 1.7343 2.1341 200 220 Sat. 1.1555 1.1898 1.1973 849.9 940.7 959.1 852.8 943.7 962.1 2.3294 2.5174 2.5546 1.1530 1.1866 1.2859 p ϭ 75 bar ϭ 7.5 MPa (Tsat ϭ 290.59ЊC) 848.1 938.4 1147.8 853.9 944.4 1154.2 2.3255 2.5128 2.9202 p ϭ 100 bar ϭ 10.0 MPa (Tsat ϭ 311.06ЊC) 20 40 80 .9984 1.0045 1.0256 83.50 166.64 333.15 90.99 174.18 340.84 .2950 .5696 1.0704 .9972 1.0034 1.0245 83.36 166.35 332.59 93.33 176.38 342.83 .2945 .5686 1.0688 100 140 180 1.0397 1.0752 1.1219 416.81 585.72 758.13 424.62 593.78 766.55 1.3011 1.7317 2.1308 1.0385 1.0737 1.1199 416.12 584.68 756.65 426.50 595.42 767.84 1.2992 1.7292 2.1275 220 260 Sat. 1.1835 1.2696 1.3677 2.5083 2.8763 3.1649 1.1805 1.2645 1.4524 936.2 1124.4 1282.0 945.1 1134.0 1292.2 p ϭ 150 bar ϭ 15.0 MPa (Tsat ϭ 342.24ЊC) 934.1 1121.1 1393.0 945.9 1133.7 1407.6 2.5039 2.8699 3.3596 p ϭ 200 bar ϭ 20.0 MPa (Tsat ϭ 365.81ЊC) 20 40 80 .9950 1.0013 1.0222 83.06 165.76 331.48 97.99 180.78 346.81 .2934 .5666 1.0656 .9928 .9992 1.0199 82.77 165.17 330.40 102.62 185.16 350.80 .2923 .5646 1.0624 100 140 180 1.0361 1.0707 1.1159 414.74 582.66 753.76 430.28 598.72 770.50 1.2955 1.7242 2.1210 1.0337 1.0678 1.1120 413.39 580.69 750.95 434.06 602.04 773.20 1.2917 1.7193 2.1147 220 260 300 Sat. 1.1748 1.2550 1.3770 1.6581 2.4953 2.8576 3.2260 3.6848 1.1693 1.2462 1.3596 2.036 929.9 1114.6 1316.6 1585.6 947.5 1133.4 1337.3 1610.5 p ϭ 250 bar ϭ 25 MPa 20 40 100 .9907 .9971 1.0313 200 300 1.1344 1.3442 82.47 164.60 412.08 834.5 1296.6 107.24 189.52 437.85 862.8 1330.2 925.9 1108.6 1306.1 1785.6 949.3 1133.5 1333.3 1826.3 2.4870 2.8459 3.2071 4.0139 p ϭ 300 bar ϭ 30.0 MPa .2911 .5626 1.2881 .9886 .9951 1.0290 2.2961 3.1900 1.1302 1.3304 82.17 164.04 410.78 831.4 1287.9 111.84 193.89 441.66 865.3 1327.8 .2899 .5607 1.2844 2.2893 3.1741
  12. 12. 729 1.0901 1.0898 1.0894 1.0891 1.0888 1.0884 1.0881 1.0878 1.0874 1.0871 1.0868 1.0864 1.0861 1.0858 1.0854 1.0851 1.0848 1.0844 1.0841 .6113 .6108 .5176 .4375 .3689 .3102 .2602 .2176 .1815 .1510 .1252 .1035 .0853 .0701 .0574 .0469 .0381 .0309 .0250 .0201 .0161 .0129 .01 0 Ϫ2 Ϫ4 Ϫ6 Ϫ8 Ϫ10 Ϫ12 Ϫ14 Ϫ16 Ϫ18 Ϫ20 Ϫ22 Ϫ24 Ϫ26 Ϫ28 Ϫ30 Ϫ32 Ϫ34 Ϫ36 Ϫ38 Ϫ40 4419 5444 6731 8354 2413.7 2943 3600 1358.4 1640.1 1986.4 786.0 940.5 1128.6 466.7 553.7 658.8 283.8 334.2 394.4 206.1 206.3 241.7 Sat. Vapor vg Ϫ400.71 Ϫ404.40 Ϫ408.06 Ϫ411.70 Ϫ389.45 Ϫ393.23 Ϫ396.98 Ϫ377.93 Ϫ381.80 Ϫ385.64 Ϫ366.14 Ϫ370.10 Ϫ374.03 Ϫ354.09 Ϫ358.14 Ϫ362.15 Ϫ341.78 Ϫ345.91 Ϫ350.02 Ϫ333.40 Ϫ333.43 Ϫ337.62 Sat. Solid ui 2728.7 2729.6 2730.5 2731.3 2725.8 2726.8 2727.8 2722.7 2723.7 2724.8 2719.2 2720.4 2721.6 2715.5 2716.8 2718.0 2711.6 2712.9 2714.2 2708.7 2708.8 2710.2 Subl. uig Internal Energy kJ/kg 2328.0 2325.2 2322.4 2319.6 2336.4 2333.6 2330.8 2344.7 2342.0 2339.2 2353.1 2350.3 2347.5 2361.4 2358.7 2355.9 2369.8 2367.0 2364.2 2375.3 2375.3 2372.6 Sat. Vapor ug Source: J. H. Keenan, F. G. Keyes, P. G. Hill, and J. G. Moore, Steam Tables, Wiley, New York, 1978. 1.0908 1.0908 1.0904 Pressure kPa Sat. Solid vi ϫ 103 Specific Volume m3/kg Properties of Saturated Water (Solid–Vapor): Temperature Table Temp. ЊC TABLE A-6 Ϫ400.71 Ϫ404.40 Ϫ408.06 Ϫ411.70 Ϫ389.45 Ϫ393.23 Ϫ396.98 Ϫ377.93 Ϫ381.80 Ϫ385.64 Ϫ366.14 Ϫ370.10 Ϫ374.03 Ϫ354.09 Ϫ358.14 Ϫ362.15 Ϫ341.78 Ϫ345.91 Ϫ350.02 Ϫ333.40 Ϫ333.43 Ϫ337.62 Sat. Solid hi 2839.1 2839.1 2839.0 2838.9 2839.0 2839.0 2839.1 2838.6 2838.7 2838.9 2837.9 2838.2 2838.4 2837.0 2837.3 2837.6 2835.7 2836.2 2836.6 2834.8 2834.8 2835.3 Subl. hig Enthalpy kJ/kg 2438.4 2434.7 2430.9 2427.2 2449.5 2445.8 2442.1 2460.6 2456.9 2453.2 2471.8 2468.1 2464.3 2482.9 2479.2 2475.5 2494.0 2490.3 2486.6 2501.4 2501.3 2497.7 Sat. Vapor hg H2O Ϫ1.486 Ϫ1.501 Ϫ1.517 Ϫ1.532 Ϫ1.439 Ϫ1.455 Ϫ1.471 Ϫ1.393 Ϫ1.408 Ϫ1.424 Ϫ1.346 Ϫ1.362 Ϫ1.377 Ϫ1.299 Ϫ1.315 Ϫ1.331 Ϫ1.253 Ϫ1.268 Ϫ1.284 Ϫ1.221 Ϫ1.221 Ϫ1.237 Sat. Solid si 11.872 11.972 12.073 12.176 11.580 11.676 11.773 11.302 11.394 11.486 11.036 11.123 11.212 10.781 10.865 10.950 10.536 10.616 10.698 10.378 10.378 10.456 Subl. sig Entropy kJ/kg # K 10.386 10.470 10.556 10.644 10.141 10.221 10.303 9.909 9.985 10.062 9.690 9.762 9.835 9.481 9.550 9.619 9.283 9.348 9.414 9.156 9.157 9.219 Sat. Vapor sg
  13. 13. 730 Tables in SI Units TABLE A-7 Properties of Saturated Refrigerant 22 (Liquid–Vapor): Temperature Table Specific Volume m3/kg Internal Energy kJ/kg Enthalpy kJ/kg Entropy kJ/kg # K R-22 Temp. ЊC Press. bar Sat. Liquid vf ϫ 103 Sat. Vapor vg Sat. Liquid uf Sat. Vapor ug Sat. Liquid hf Evap. hfg Sat. Vapor hg Sat. Liquid sf Sat. Vapor sg Temp. ЊC Ϫ60 Ϫ50 Ϫ45 Ϫ40 Ϫ36 Ϫ32 0.3749 0.6451 0.8290 1.0522 1.2627 1.5049 0.6833 0.6966 0.7037 0.7109 0.7169 0.7231 0.5370 0.3239 0.2564 0.2052 0.1730 0.1468 Ϫ21.57 Ϫ10.89 Ϫ5.50 Ϫ0.07 4.29 8.68 203.67 207.70 209.70 211.68 213.25 214.80 Ϫ21.55 Ϫ10.85 Ϫ5.44 0.00 4.38 8.79 245.35 239.44 236.39 233.27 230.71 228.10 223.81 228.60 230.95 233.27 235.09 236.89 Ϫ0.0964 Ϫ0.0474 Ϫ0.0235 0.0000 0.0186 0.0369 1.0547 1.0256 1.0126 1.0005 0.9914 0.9828 Ϫ60 Ϫ50 Ϫ45 Ϫ40 Ϫ36 Ϫ32 Ϫ30 Ϫ28 Ϫ26 Ϫ22 Ϫ20 1.6389 1.7819 1.9345 2.2698 2.4534 0.7262 0.7294 0.7327 0.7393 0.7427 0.1355 0.1252 0.1159 0.0997 0.0926 10.88 13.09 15.31 19.76 21.99 215.58 216.34 217.11 218.62 219.37 11.00 13.22 15.45 19.92 22.17 226.77 225.43 224.08 221.32 219.91 237.78 238.66 239.53 241.24 242.09 0.0460 0.0551 0.0641 0.0819 0.0908 0.9787 0.9746 0.9707 0.9631 0.9595 Ϫ30 Ϫ28 Ϫ26 Ϫ22 Ϫ20 Ϫ18 Ϫ16 Ϫ14 Ϫ12 Ϫ10 2.6482 2.8547 3.0733 3.3044 3.5485 0.7462 0.7497 0.7533 0.7569 0.7606 0.0861 0.0802 0.0748 0.0698 0.0652 24.23 26.48 28.73 31.00 33.27 220.11 220.85 221.58 222.30 223.02 24.43 26.69 28.97 31.25 33.54 218.49 217.05 215.59 214.11 212.62 242.92 243.74 244.56 245.36 246.15 0.0996 0.1084 0.1171 0.1258 0.1345 0.9559 0.9525 0.9490 0.9457 0.9424 Ϫ18 Ϫ16 Ϫ14 Ϫ12 Ϫ10 Ϫ8 Ϫ6 Ϫ4 Ϫ2 0 3.8062 4.0777 4.3638 4.6647 4.9811 0.7644 0.7683 0.7722 0.7762 0.7803 0.0610 0.0571 0.0535 0.0501 0.0470 35.54 37.83 40.12 42.42 44.73 223.73 224.43 225.13 225.82 226.50 35.83 38.14 40.46 42.78 45.12 211.10 209.56 208.00 206.41 204.81 246.93 247.70 248.45 249.20 249.92 0.1431 0.1517 0.1602 0.1688 0.1773 0.9392 0.9361 0.9330 0.9300 0.9271 Ϫ8 Ϫ6 Ϫ4 Ϫ2 0 2 4 6 8 10 5.3133 5.6619 6.0275 6.4105 6.8113 0.7844 0.7887 0.7930 0.7974 0.8020 0.0442 0.0415 0.0391 0.0368 0.0346 47.04 49.37 51.71 54.05 56.40 227.17 227.83 228.48 229.13 229.76 47.46 49.82 52.18 54.56 56.95 203.18 201.52 199.84 198.14 196.40 250.64 251.34 252.03 252.70 253.35 0.1857 0.1941 0.2025 0.2109 0.2193 0.9241 0.9213 0.9184 0.9157 0.9129 2 4 6 8 10 12 16 20 24 28 7.2307 8.1268 9.1030 10.164 11.313 0.8066 0.8162 0.8263 0.8369 0.8480 0.0326 0.0291 0.0259 0.0232 0.0208 58.77 63.53 68.33 73.19 78.09 230.38 231.59 232.76 233.87 234.92 59.35 64.19 69.09 74.04 79.05 194.64 191.02 187.28 183.40 179.37 253.99 255.21 256.37 257.44 258.43 0.2276 0.2442 0.2607 0.2772 0.2936 0.9102 0.9048 0.8996 0.8944 0.8893 12 16 20 24 28 32 36 40 45 50 60 12.556 13.897 15.341 17.298 19.433 24.281 0.8599 0.8724 0.8858 0.9039 0.9238 0.9705 0.0186 0.0168 0.0151 0.0132 0.0116 0.0089 83.06 88.08 93.18 99.65 106.26 120.00 235.91 236.83 237.66 238.59 239.34 240.24 84.14 89.29 94.53 101.21 108.06 122.35 175.18 170.82 166.25 160.24 153.84 139.61 259.32 260.11 260.79 261.46 261.90 261.96 0.3101 0.3265 0.3429 0.3635 0.3842 0.4264 0.8842 0.8790 0.8738 0.8672 0.8603 0.8455 32 36 40 45 50 60 Source: Tables A-7 through A-9 are calculated based on equations from A. Kamei and S. W. Beyerlein, “A Fundamental Equation for Chlorodifluoromethane (R-22),” Fluid Phase Equilibria, Vol. 80, No. 11, 1992, pp. 71–86.
  14. 14. Tables in SI Units TABLE A-8 731 Properties of Saturated Refrigerant 22 (Liquid–Vapor): Pressure Table Specific Volume m3/kg Internal Energy kJ/kg Enthalpy kJ/kg Entropy kJ/kg # K Temp. ЊC Sat. Liquid vf ϫ 103 Sat. Vapor vg Sat. Liquid uf Sat. Vapor ug Sat. Liquid hf Evap. hfg Sat. Vapor hg Sat. Liquid sf Sat. Vapor sg Press. bar 0.40 0.50 0.60 0.70 0.80 0.90 Ϫ58.86 Ϫ54.83 Ϫ51.40 Ϫ48.40 Ϫ45.73 Ϫ43.30 0.6847 0.6901 0.6947 0.6989 0.7026 0.7061 0.5056 0.4107 0.3466 0.3002 0.2650 0.2374 Ϫ20.36 Ϫ16.07 Ϫ12.39 Ϫ9.17 Ϫ6.28 Ϫ3.66 204.13 205.76 207.14 208.34 209.41 210.37 Ϫ20.34 Ϫ16.03 Ϫ12.35 Ϫ9.12 Ϫ6.23 Ϫ3.60 244.69 242.33 240.28 238.47 236.84 235.34 224.36 226.30 227.93 229.35 230.61 231.74 Ϫ0.0907 Ϫ0.0709 Ϫ0.0542 Ϫ0.0397 Ϫ0.0270 Ϫ0.0155 1.0512 1.0391 1.0294 1.0213 1.0144 1.0084 0.40 0.50 0.60 0.70 0.80 0.90 1.00 1.25 1.50 1.75 2.00 Ϫ41.09 Ϫ36.23 Ϫ32.08 Ϫ28.44 Ϫ25.18 0.7093 0.7166 0.7230 0.7287 0.7340 0.2152 0.1746 0.1472 0.1274 0.1123 Ϫ1.26 4.04 8.60 12.61 16.22 211.25 213.16 214.77 216.18 217.42 Ϫ1.19 4.13 8.70 12.74 16.37 233.95 230.86 228.15 225.73 223.52 232.77 234.99 236.86 238.47 239.88 Ϫ0.0051 0.0175 0.0366 0.0531 0.0678 1.0031 0.9919 0.9830 0.9755 0.9691 1.00 1.25 1.50 1.75 2.00 2.25 2.50 2.75 3.00 3.25 Ϫ22.22 Ϫ19.51 Ϫ17.00 Ϫ14.66 Ϫ12.46 0.7389 0.7436 0.7479 0.7521 0.7561 0.1005 0.0910 0.0831 0.0765 0.0709 19.51 22.54 25.36 27.99 30.47 218.53 219.55 220.48 221.34 222.13 19.67 22.72 25.56 28.22 30.72 221.47 219.57 217.77 216.07 214.46 241.15 242.29 243.33 244.29 245.18 0.0809 0.0930 0.1040 0.1143 0.1238 0.9636 0.9586 0.9542 0.9502 0.9465 2.25 2.50 2.75 3.00 3.25 3.50 3.75 4.00 4.25 4.50 Ϫ10.39 Ϫ8.43 Ϫ6.56 Ϫ4.78 Ϫ3.08 0.7599 0.7636 0.7672 0.7706 0.7740 0.0661 0.0618 0.0581 0.0548 0.0519 32.82 35.06 37.18 39.22 41.17 222.88 223.58 224.24 224.86 225.45 33.09 35.34 37.49 39.55 41.52 212.91 211.42 209.99 208.61 207.27 246.00 246.77 247.48 248.16 248.80 0.1328 0.1413 0.1493 0.1569 0.1642 0.9431 0.9399 0.9370 0.9342 0.9316 3.50 3.75 4.00 4.25 4.50 4.75 5.00 5.25 5.50 5.75 Ϫ1.45 0.12 1.63 3.08 4.49 0.7773 0.7805 0.7836 0.7867 0.7897 0.0492 0.0469 0.0447 0.0427 0.0409 43.05 44.86 46.61 48.30 49.94 226.00 226.54 227.04 227.53 227.99 43.42 45.25 47.02 48.74 50.40 205.98 204.71 203.48 202.28 201.11 249.40 249.97 250.51 251.02 251.51 0.1711 0.1777 0.1841 0.1903 0.1962 0.9292 0.9269 0.9247 0.9226 0.9206 4.75 5.00 5.25 5.50 5.75 6.00 7.00 8.00 9.00 10.00 5.85 10.91 15.45 19.59 23.40 0.7927 0.8041 0.8149 0.8252 0.8352 0.0392 0.0337 0.0295 0.0262 0.0236 51.53 57.48 62.88 67.84 72.46 228.44 230.04 231.43 232.64 233.71 52.01 58.04 63.53 68.59 73.30 199.97 195.60 191.52 187.67 183.99 251.98 253.64 255.05 256.25 257.28 0.2019 0.2231 0.2419 0.2591 0.2748 0.9186 0.9117 0.9056 0.9001 0.8952 6.00 7.00 8.00 9.00 10.00 12.00 14.00 16.00 18.00 20.00 24.00 30.25 36.29 41.73 46.69 51.26 59.46 0.8546 0.8734 0.8919 0.9104 0.9291 0.9677 0.0195 0.0166 0.0144 0.0127 0.0112 0.0091 80.87 88.45 95.41 101.87 107.95 119.24 235.48 236.89 238.00 238.86 239.51 240.22 81.90 89.68 96.83 103.51 109.81 121.56 177.04 170.49 164.21 158.13 152.17 140.43 258.94 260.16 261.04 261.64 261.98 261.99 0.3029 0.3277 0.3500 0.3705 0.3895 0.4241 0.8864 0.8786 0.8715 0.8649 0.8586 0.8463 12.00 14.00 16.00 18.00 20.00 24.00 R-22 Press. bar
  15. 15. 732 Tables in SI Units TABLE A-9 T ЊC Properties of Superheated Refrigerant 22 Vapor u kJ/kg v m3/kg h kJ/kg s kJ/kg # K p ϭ 0.4 bar ϭ 0.04 MPa (Tsat ϭ Ϫ58.86ЊC) u kJ/kg v m3/kg h kJ/kg s kJ/kg # K p ϭ 0.6 bar ϭ 0.06 MPa (Tsat ϭ Ϫ51.40ЊC) 0.50559 0.51532 0.52787 204.13 205.92 208.26 224.36 226.53 229.38 1.0512 1.0612 1.0741 0.34656 207.14 227.93 1.0294 0.34895 207.80 228.74 1.0330 Ϫ45 Ϫ40 Ϫ35 R-22 Sat. Ϫ55 Ϫ50 0.54037 0.55284 0.56526 210.63 213.02 215.43 232.24 235.13 238.05 1.0868 1.0993 1.1117 0.35747 0.36594 0.37437 210.20 212.62 215.06 231.65 234.58 237.52 1.0459 1.0586 1.0711 Ϫ30 Ϫ25 Ϫ20 0.57766 0.59002 0.60236 217.88 220.35 222.85 240.99 243.95 246.95 1.1239 1.1360 1.1479 0.38277 0.39114 0.39948 217.53 220.02 222.54 240.49 243.49 246.51 1.0835 1.0956 1.1077 Ϫ15 Ϫ10 Ϫ5 0 0.61468 0.62697 0.63925 0.65151 225.38 227.93 230.52 233.13 249.97 253.01 256.09 259.19 1.1597 1.1714 1.1830 1.1944 0.40779 0.41608 0.42436 0.43261 225.08 227.65 230.25 232.88 249.55 252.62 255.71 258.83 1.1196 1.1314 1.1430 1.1545 p ϭ 0.8 bar ϭ 0.08 MPa (Tsat ϭ Ϫ45.73ЊC) p ϭ 1.0 bar ϭ 0.10 MPa (Tsat ϭ Ϫ41.09ЊC) Sat. Ϫ45 Ϫ40 0.26503 0.26597 0.27245 209.41 209.76 212.21 230.61 231.04 234.01 1.0144 1.0163 1.0292 0.21518 211.25 232.77 1.0031 0.21633 211.79 233.42 1.0059 Ϫ35 Ϫ30 Ϫ25 0.27890 0.28530 0.29167 214.68 217.17 219.68 236.99 239.99 243.02 1.0418 1.0543 1.0666 0.22158 0.22679 0.23197 214.29 216.80 219.34 236.44 239.48 242.54 1.0187 1.0313 1.0438 Ϫ20 Ϫ15 Ϫ10 0.29801 0.30433 0.31062 222.22 224.78 227.37 246.06 249.13 252.22 1.0788 1.0908 1.1026 0.23712 0.24224 0.24734 221.90 224.48 227.08 245.61 248.70 251.82 1.0560 1.0681 1.0801 Ϫ5 0 5 10 0.31690 0.32315 0.32939 0.33561 229.98 232.62 235.29 237.98 255.34 258.47 261.64 264.83 1.1143 1.1259 1.1374 1.1488 0.25241 0.25747 0.26251 0.26753 229.71 232.36 235.04 237.74 254.95 258.11 261.29 264.50 1.0919 1.1035 1.1151 1.1265 p ϭ 1.5 bar ϭ 0.15 MPa (Tsat ϭ Ϫ32.08ЊC) p ϭ 2.0 bar ϭ 0.20 MPa (Tsat ϭ Ϫ25.18ЊC) Sat. Ϫ30 Ϫ25 0.14721 0.14872 0.15232 214.77 215.85 218.45 236.86 238.16 241.30 0.9830 0.9883 1.0011 0.11232 217.42 239.88 0.9691 0.11242 217.51 240.00 0.9696 Ϫ20 Ϫ15 Ϫ10 0.15588 0.15941 0.16292 221.07 223.70 226.35 244.45 247.61 250.78 1.0137 1.0260 1.0382 0.11520 0.11795 0.12067 220.19 222.88 225.58 243.23 246.47 249.72 0.9825 0.9952 1.0076 Ϫ5 0 5 0.16640 0.16987 0.17331 229.02 231.70 234.42 253.98 257.18 260.41 1.0502 1.0621 1.0738 0.12336 0.12603 0.12868 228.30 231.03 233.78 252.97 256.23 259.51 1.0199 1.0310 1.0438 10 15 20 25 0.17674 0.18015 0.18355 0.18693 237.15 239.91 242.69 245.49 263.66 266.93 270.22 273.53 1.0854 1.0968 1.1081 1.1193 0.13132 0.13393 0.13653 0.13912 236.54 239.33 242.14 244.97 262.81 266.12 269.44 272.79 1.0555 1.0671 1.0786 1.0899
  16. 16. Tables in SI Units TABLE A-9 T ЊC 733 (Continued) u kJ/kg v m3/kg h kJ/kg s kJ/kg # K v m3/kg p ϭ 2.5 bar ϭ 0.25 MPa (Tsat ϭ Ϫ19.51ЊC) u kJ/kg h kJ/kg s kJ/kg # K p ϭ 3.0 bar ϭ 0.30 MPa (Tsat ϭ Ϫ14.66ЊC) 0.09097 0.09303 0.09528 219.55 222.03 224.79 242.29 245.29 248.61 0.9586 0.9703 0.9831 0.07651 221.34 244.29 0.9502 0.07833 223.96 247.46 0.9623 Ϫ5 0 5 0.09751 0.09971 0.10189 227.55 230.33 233.12 251.93 255.26 258.59 0.9956 1.0078 1.0199 0.08025 0.08214 0.08400 226.78 229.61 232.44 250.86 254.25 257.64 0.9751 0.9876 0.9999 10 15 20 0.10405 0.10619 0.10831 235.92 238.74 241.58 261.93 265.29 268.66 1.0318 1.0436 1.0552 0.08585 0.08767 0.08949 235.28 238.14 241.01 261.04 264.44 267.85 1.0120 1.0239 1.0357 25 30 35 40 0.11043 0.11253 0.11461 0.11669 244.44 247.31 250.21 253.13 272.04 275.44 278.86 282.30 1.0666 1.0779 1.0891 1.1002 0.09128 0.09307 0.09484 0.09660 243.89 246.80 249.72 252.66 271.28 274.72 278.17 281.64 1.0472 1.0587 1.0700 1.0811 p ϭ 3.5 bar ϭ 0.35 MPa (Tsat ϭ Ϫ10.39ЊC) p ϭ 4.0 bar ϭ 0.40 MPa (Tsat ϭ Ϫ6.56ЊC) Sat. Ϫ10 Ϫ5 0.06605 0.06619 0.06789 222.88 223.10 225.99 246.00 246.27 249.75 0.9431 0.9441 0.9572 0.05812 224.24 247.48 0.9370 0.05860 225.16 248.60 0.9411 0 5 10 0.06956 0.07121 0.07284 228.86 231.74 234.63 253.21 256.67 260.12 0.9700 0.9825 0.9948 0.06011 0.06160 0.06306 228.09 231.02 233.95 252.14 225.66 259.18 0.9542 0.9670 0.9795 15 20 25 0.07444 0.07603 0.07760 237.52 240.42 243.34 263.57 267.03 270.50 1.0069 1.0188 1.0305 0.06450 0.06592 0.06733 236.89 239.83 242.77 262.69 266.19 269.71 0.9918 1.0039 1.0158 30 35 40 45 0.07916 0.08070 0.08224 0.08376 246.27 249.22 252.18 255.17 273.97 227.46 280.97 284.48 1.0421 1.0535 1.0648 1.0759 0.06872 0.07010 0.07146 0.07282 245.73 248.71 251.70 254.70 273.22 276.75 280.28 283.83 1.0274 1.0390 1.0504 1.0616 p ϭ 4.5 bar ϭ 0.45 MPa (Tsat ϭ Ϫ3.08ЊC) p ϭ 5.0 bar ϭ 0.50 MPa (Tsat ϭ 0.12ЊC) Sat. 0 5 0.05189 0.05275 0.05411 225.45 227.29 230.28 248.80 251.03 254.63 0.9316 0.9399 0.9529 0.04686 226.54 249.97 0.9269 0.04810 229.52 253.57 0.9399 10 15 20 0.05545 0.05676 0.05805 233.26 236.24 239.22 258.21 261.78 265.34 0.9657 0.9782 0.9904 0.04934 0.05056 0.05175 232.55 235.57 238.59 257.22 260.85 264.47 0.9530 0.9657 0.9781 25 30 35 0.05933 0.06059 0.06184 242.20 245.19 248.19 268.90 272.46 276.02 1.0025 1.0143 1.0259 0.05293 0.05409 0.05523 241.61 244.63 247.66 268.07 271.68 275.28 0.9903 1.0023 1.0141 40 45 50 55 0.06308 0.06430 0.06552 0.06672 251.20 254.23 257.28 260.34 279.59 283.17 286.76 290.36 1.0374 1.0488 1.0600 1.0710 0.05636 0.05748 0.05859 0.05969 250.70 253.76 256.82 259.90 278.89 282.50 286.12 289.75 1.0257 1.0371 1.0484 1.0595 R-22 Sat. Ϫ15 Ϫ10
  17. 17. 734 Tables in SI Units TABLE A-9 T ЊC (Continued) u kJ/kg v m3/kg h kJ/kg s kJ/kg # K u kJ/kg v m3/kg p ϭ 5.5 bar ϭ 0.55 MPa (Tsat ϭ 3.08ЊC) h kJ/kg s kJ/kg # K p ϭ 6.0 bar ϭ 0.60 MPa (Tsat ϭ 5.85ЊC) R-22 Sat. 5 10 15 0.04271 0.04317 0.04433 0.04547 227.53 228.72 231.81 234.89 251.02 252.46 256.20 259.90 0.9226 0.9278 0.9411 0.9540 0.03923 228.44 251.98 0.9186 0.04015 0.04122 231.05 234.18 255.14 258.91 0.9299 0.9431 20 25 30 0.04658 0.04768 0.04875 237.95 241.01 244.07 263.57 267.23 270.88 0.9667 0.9790 0.9912 0.04227 0.04330 0.04431 237.29 240.39 243.49 262.65 266.37 270.07 0.9560 0.9685 0.9808 35 40 45 50 55 60 0.04982 0.05086 0.05190 0.05293 0.05394 0.05495 247.13 250.20 253.27 256.36 259.46 262.58 274.53 278.17 281.82 285.47 289.13 292.80 1.0031 1.0148 1.0264 1.0378 1.0490 1.0601 0.04530 0.04628 0.04724 0.04820 0.04914 0.05008 246.58 249.68 252.78 255.90 259.02 262.15 273.76 277.45 281.13 284.82 288.51 292.20 0.9929 1.0048 1.0164 1.0279 1.0393 1.0504 p ϭ 7.0 bar ϭ 0.70 MPa (Tsat ϭ 10.91ЊC) p ϭ 8.0 bar ϭ 0.80 MPa (Tsat ϭ 15.45ЊC) Sat. 15 20 0.03371 0.03451 0.03547 230.04 232.70 235.92 253.64 256.86 260.75 0.9117 0.9229 0.9363 0.02953 231.43 255.05 0.9056 0.03033 234.47 258.74 0.9182 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 0.03639 0.03730 0.03819 0.03906 0.03992 0.04076 0.04160 0.04242 0.04324 0.04405 239.12 242.29 245.46 248.62 251.78 254.94 258.11 261.29 264.48 267.68 264.59 268.40 272.19 275.96 279.72 283.48 287.23 290.99 294.75 298.51 0.9493 0.9619 0.9743 0.9865 0.9984 1.0101 1.0216 1.0330 1.0442 1.0552 0.03118 0.03202 0.03283 0.03363 0.03440 0.03517 0.03592 0.03667 0.03741 0.03814 237.76 241.04 244.28 247.52 250.74 253.96 257.18 260.40 263.64 266.87 262.70 266.66 270.54 274.42 278.26 282.10 285.92 289.74 293.56 297.38 0.9315 0.9448 0.9574 0.9700 0.9821 0.9941 1.0058 1.0174 1.0287 1.0400 p ϭ 9.0 bar ϭ 0.90 MPa (Tsat ϭ 19.59ЊC) Sat. 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 140 150 0.02623 0.02630 0.02789 0.02939 0.03082 0.03219 0.03353 0.03483 0.03611 0.03736 0.03860 0.03982 0.04103 0.04223 0.04342 232.64 232.92 239.73 246.37 252.95 259.49 266.04 272.62 279.23 285.90 292.63 299.42 306.28 313.21 320.21 256.25 256.59 264.83 272.82 280.68 288.46 296.21 303.96 311.73 319.53 327.37 335.26 343.21 351.22 359.29 p ϭ 10.0 bar ϭ 1.00 MPa (Tsat ϭ 23.40ЊC) 0.9001 0.9013 0.9289 0.9549 0.9795 1.0033 1.0262 1.0484 1.0701 1.0913 1.1120 1.1323 1.1523 1.1719 1.1912 0.02358 233.71 257.28 0.8952 0.02457 0.02598 0.02732 0.02860 0.02984 0.03104 0.03221 0.03337 0.03450 0.03562 0.03672 0.03781 0.03889 238.34 245.18 251.90 258.56 265.19 271.84 278.52 285.24 292.02 298.85 305.74 312.70 319.74 262.91 271.17 279.22 287.15 295.03 302.88 310.74 318.61 326.52 334.46 342.46 350.51 358.63 0.9139 0.9407 0.9660 0.9902 1.0135 1.0361 1.0580 1.0794 1.1003 1.1207 1.1408 1.1605 1.1790
  18. 18. (Continued) T ЊC v m3/kg u kJ/kg h kJ/kg s kJ/kg # K p ϭ 12.0 bar ϭ 1.20 MPa (Tsat ϭ 30.25ЊC) Sat. 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 140 150 160 170 0.01955 0.02083 0.02204 0.02319 0.02428 0.02534 0.02636 0.02736 0.02834 0.02930 0.03024 0.03118 0.03210 0.03301 0.03392 235.48 242.63 249.69 256.60 263.44 270.25 277.07 283.90 290.77 297.69 304.65 311.68 318.77 325.92 333.14 258.94 267.62 276.14 284.43 292.58 300.66 308.70 316.73 324.78 332.85 340.95 349.09 357.29 365.54 373.84 0.8864 0.9146 0.9413 0.9666 0.9907 1.0139 1.0363 1.0582 1.0794 1.1002 1.1205 1.1405 1.1601 1.1793 1.1983 p ϭ 16.0 bar ϭ 1.60 MPa (Tsat ϭ 41.73ЊC) Sat. 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 140 150 160 170 0.01440 0.01533 0.01634 0.01728 0.01817 0.01901 0.01983 0.02062 0.02139 0.02214 0.02288 0.02361 0.02432 0.02503 238.00 244.66 252.29 259.65 266.86 274.00 281.09 288.18 295.28 302.41 309.58 316.79 324.05 331.37 261.04 269.18 278.43 287.30 295.93 304.42 312.82 321.17 329.51 337.84 346.19 354.56 362.97 371.42 0.8715 0.8971 0.9252 0.9515 0.9762 0.9999 1.0228 1.0448 1.0663 1.0872 1.1077 1.1277 1.1473 1.1666 u kJ/kg v m3/kg 0.01124 0.01212 0.01300 0.01381 0.01457 0.01528 0.01596 0.01663 0.01727 0.01789 0.01850 0.01910 0.01969 0.02027 239.51 247.20 255.35 263.12 270.67 278.09 285.44 292.76 300.08 307.40 314.75 322.14 329.56 337.03 261.98 271.43 281.36 290.74 299.80 308.65 317.37 326.01 334.61 343.19 351.76 360.34 368.95 377.58 0.8586 0.8873 0.9167 0.9436 0.9689 0.9929 1.0160 1.0383 1.0598 1.0808 1.1013 1.1214 1.1410 1.1603 s kJ/kg # K p ϭ 14.0 bar ϭ 1.40 MPa (Tsat ϭ 36.29ЊC) 0.01662 0.01708 0.01823 0.01929 0.02029 0.02125 0.02217 0.02306 0.02393 0.02478 0.02562 0.02644 0.02725 0.02805 0.02884 236.89 239.78 247.29 254.52 261.60 268.60 275.56 282.52 289.49 296.50 303.55 310.64 317.79 324.99 332.26 260.16 263.70 272.81 281.53 290.01 298.34 306.60 314.80 323.00 331.19 339.41 347.65 355.94 364.26 372.64 0.8786 0.8900 0.9186 0.9452 0.9703 0.9942 1.0172 1.0395 1.0612 1.0823 1.1029 1.1231 1.1429 1.1624 1.1815 p ϭ 18.0 bar ϭ 1.80 MPa (Tsat ϭ 46.69ЊC) 0.01265 0.01301 0.01401 0.01492 0.01576 0.01655 0.01731 0.01804 0.01874 0.01943 0.02011 0.02077 0.02142 0.02207 p ϭ 20.0 bar ϭ 2.00 MPa (Tsat ϭ 51.26ЊC) Sat. 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 140 150 160 170 180 h kJ/kg R-22 TABLE A-9 238.86 241.72 249.86 257.57 265.04 272.37 279.62 286.83 294.04 301.26 308.50 315.78 323.10 330.47 261.64 265.14 275.09 284.43 293.40 302.16 310.77 319.30 327.78 336.24 344.70 353.17 361.66 370.19 0.8649 0.8758 0.9061 0.9337 0.9595 0.9839 1.0073 1.0299 1.0517 1.0730 1.0937 1.1139 1.1338 1.1532 p ϭ 24.0 bar ϭ 2.4 MPa (Tsat ϭ 59.46ЊC) 0.00907 0.00913 0.01006 0.01085 0.01156 0.01222 0.01284 0.01343 0.01400 0.01456 0.01509 0.01562 0.01613 0.01663 240.22 240.78 250.30 258.89 267.01 274.85 282.53 290.11 297.64 305.14 312.64 320.16 327.70 335.27 261.99 262.68 274.43 284.93 294.75 304.18 313.35 322.35 331.25 340.08 348.87 357.64 366.41 375.20 0.8463 0.8484 0.8831 0.9133 0.9407 0.9663 0.9906 1.0137 1.0361 1.0577 1.0787 1.0992 1.1192 1.1388 735
  19. 19. 736 Tables in SI Units TABLE A-10 Properties of Saturated Refrigerant 134a (Liquid–Vapor): Temperature Table Specific Volume m3/kg Internal Energy kJ/kg Enthalpy kJ/kg Entropy kJ/kg # K Press. bar Sat. Liquid vf ϫ 103 Sat. Vapor vg Sat. Liquid uf Sat. Vapor ug Sat. Liquid hf Evap. hfg Sat. Vapor hg Sat. Liquid sf Sat. Vapor sg Temp. ЊC Ϫ40 Ϫ36 Ϫ32 Ϫ28 Ϫ26 0.5164 0.6332 0.7704 0.9305 1.0199 0.7055 0.7113 0.7172 0.7233 0.7265 0.3569 0.2947 0.2451 0.2052 0.1882 Ϫ0.04 4.68 9.47 14.31 16.75 204.45 206.73 209.01 211.29 212.43 0.00 4.73 9.52 14.37 16.82 222.88 220.67 218.37 216.01 214.80 222.88 225.40 227.90 230.38 231.62 0.0000 0.0201 0.0401 0.0600 0.0699 0.9560 0.9506 0.9456 0.9411 0.9390 Ϫ40 Ϫ36 Ϫ32 Ϫ28 Ϫ26 Ϫ24 Ϫ22 Ϫ20 Ϫ18 Ϫ16 R-134a Temp. ЊC 1.1160 1.2192 1.3299 1.4483 1.5748 0.7296 0.7328 0.7361 0.7395 0.7428 0.1728 0.1590 0.1464 0.1350 0.1247 19.21 21.68 24.17 26.67 29.18 213.57 214.70 215.84 216.97 218.10 19.29 21.77 24.26 26.77 29.30 213.57 212.32 211.05 209.76 208.45 232.85 234.08 235.31 236.53 237.74 0.0798 0.0897 0.0996 0.1094 0.1192 0.9370 0.9351 0.9332 0.9315 0.9298 Ϫ24 Ϫ22 Ϫ20 Ϫ18 Ϫ16 Ϫ12 Ϫ8 Ϫ4 0 4 1.8540 2.1704 2.5274 2.9282 3.3765 0.7498 0.7569 0.7644 0.7721 0.7801 0.1068 0.0919 0.0794 0.0689 0.0600 34.25 39.38 44.56 49.79 55.08 220.36 222.60 224.84 227.06 229.27 34.39 39.54 44.75 50.02 55.35 205.77 203.00 200.15 197.21 194.19 240.15 242.54 244.90 247.23 249.53 0.1388 0.1583 0.1777 0.1970 0.2162 0.9267 0.9239 0.9213 0.9190 0.9169 Ϫ12 Ϫ8 Ϫ4 0 4 8 12 16 20 24 3.8756 4.4294 5.0416 5.7160 6.4566 0.7884 0.7971 0.8062 0.8157 0.8257 0.0525 0.0460 0.0405 0.0358 0.0317 60.43 65.83 71.29 76.80 82.37 231.46 233.63 235.78 237.91 240.01 60.73 66.18 71.69 77.26 82.90 191.07 187.85 184.52 181.09 177.55 251.80 254.03 256.22 258.36 260.45 0.2354 0.2545 0.2735 0.2924 0.3113 0.9150 0.9132 0.9116 0.9102 0.9089 8 12 16 20 24 26 28 30 32 34 6.8530 7.2675 7.7006 8.1528 8.6247 0.8309 0.8362 0.8417 0.8473 0.8530 0.0298 0.0281 0.0265 0.0250 0.0236 85.18 88.00 90.84 93.70 96.58 241.05 242.08 243.10 244.12 245.12 85.75 88.61 91.49 94.39 97.31 175.73 173.89 172.00 170.09 168.14 261.48 262.50 263.50 264.48 265.45 0.3208 0.3302 0.3396 0.3490 0.3584 0.9082 0.9076 0.9070 0.9064 0.9058 26 28 30 32 34 36 38 40 42 44 9.1168 9.6298 10.164 10.720 11.299 0.8590 0.8651 0.8714 0.8780 0.8847 0.0223 0.0210 0.0199 0.0188 0.0177 99.47 102.38 105.30 108.25 111.22 246.11 247.09 248.06 249.02 249.96 100.25 103.21 106.19 109.19 112.22 166.15 164.12 162.05 159.94 157.79 266.40 267.33 268.24 269.14 270.01 0.3678 0.3772 0.3866 0.3960 0.4054 0.9053 0.9047 0.9041 0.9035 0.9030 36 38 40 42 44 48 52 56 60 12.526 13.851 15.278 16.813 0.8989 0.9142 0.9308 0.9488 0.0159 0.0142 0.0127 0.0114 117.22 123.31 129.51 135.82 251.79 253.55 255.23 256.81 118.35 124.58 130.93 137.42 153.33 148.66 143.75 138.57 271.68 273.24 274.68 275.99 0.4243 0.4432 0.4622 0.4814 0.9017 0.9004 0.8990 0.8973 48 52 56 60 70 80 90 100 21.162 26.324 32.435 39.742 1.0027 1.0766 1.1949 1.5443 0.0086 0.0064 0.0046 0.0027 152.22 169.88 189.82 218.60 260.15 262.14 261.34 248.49 154.34 172.71 193.69 224.74 124.08 106.41 82.63 34.40 278.43 279.12 276.32 259.13 0.5302 0.5814 0.6380 0.7196 0.8918 0.8827 0.8655 0.8117 70 80 90 100 Source: Tables A-10 through A-12 are calculated based on equations from D. P. Wilson and R. S. Basu, “Thermodynamic Properties of a New Stratospherically Safe Working Fluid—Refrigerant 134a,” ASHRAE Trans., Vol. 94, Pt. 2, 1988, pp. 2095–2118.
  20. 20. Tables in SI Units TABLE A-11 737 Properties of Saturated Refrigerant 134a (Liquid–Vapor): Pressure Table Specific Volume m3/kg Internal Energy kJ/kg Enthalpy kJ/kg Entropy kJ/kg # K Temp. ЊC Sat. Liquid vf ϫ 103 Sat. Vapor vg Sat. Liquid uf Sat. Vapor ug Sat. Liquid hf Evap. hfg Sat. Vapor hg Sat. Liquid sf Sat. Vapor sg Press. bar 0.6 0.8 1.0 1.2 1.4 Ϫ37.07 Ϫ31.21 Ϫ26.43 Ϫ22.36 Ϫ18.80 0.7097 0.7184 0.7258 0.7323 0.7381 0.3100 0.2366 0.1917 0.1614 0.1395 3.41 10.41 16.22 21.23 25.66 206.12 209.46 212.18 214.50 216.52 3.46 10.47 16.29 21.32 25.77 221.27 217.92 215.06 212.54 210.27 224.72 228.39 231.35 233.86 236.04 0.0147 0.0440 0.0678 0.0879 0.1055 0.9520 0.9447 0.9395 0.9354 0.9322 0.6 0.8 1.0 1.2 1.4 1.6 1.8 2.0 2.4 2.8 Ϫ15.62 Ϫ12.73 Ϫ10.09 Ϫ5.37 Ϫ1.23 0.7435 0.7485 0.7532 0.7618 0.7697 0.1229 0.1098 0.0993 0.0834 0.0719 29.66 33.31 36.69 42.77 48.18 218.32 219.94 221.43 224.07 226.38 29.78 33.45 36.84 42.95 48.39 208.19 206.26 204.46 201.14 198.13 237.97 239.71 241.30 244.09 246.52 0.1211 0.1352 0.1481 0.1710 0.1911 0.9295 0.9273 0.9253 0.9222 0.9197 1.6 1.8 2.0 2.4 2.8 3.2 3.6 4.0 5.0 6.0 2.48 5.84 8.93 15.74 21.58 0.7770 0.7839 0.7904 0.8056 0.8196 0.0632 0.0564 0.0509 0.0409 0.0341 53.06 57.54 61.69 70.93 78.99 228.43 230.28 231.97 235.64 238.74 53.31 57.82 62.00 71.33 79.48 195.35 192.76 190.32 184.74 179.71 248.66 250.58 252.32 256.07 259.19 0.2089 0.2251 0.2399 0.2723 0.2999 0.9177 0.9160 0.9145 0.9117 0.9097 3.2 3.6 4.0 5.0 6.0 7.0 8.0 9.0 10.0 12.0 26.72 31.33 35.53 39.39 46.32 0.8328 0.8454 0.8576 0.8695 0.8928 0.0292 0.0255 0.0226 0.0202 0.0166 86.19 92.75 98.79 104.42 114.69 241.42 243.78 245.88 247.77 251.03 86.78 93.42 99.56 105.29 115.76 175.07 170.73 166.62 162.68 155.23 261.85 264.15 266.18 267.97 270.99 0.3242 0.3459 0.3656 0.3838 0.4164 0.9080 0.9066 0.9054 0.9043 0.9023 7.0 8.0 9.0 10.0 12.0 14.0 16.0 18.0 20.0 25.0 30.0 52.43 57.92 62.91 67.49 77.59 86.22 0.9159 0.9392 0.9631 0.9878 1.0562 1.1416 0.0140 0.0121 0.0105 0.0093 0.0069 0.0053 123.98 132.52 140.49 148.02 165.48 181.88 253.74 256.00 257.88 259.41 261.84 262.16 125.26 134.02 142.22 149.99 168.12 185.30 148.14 141.31 134.60 127.95 111.06 92.71 273.40 275.33 276.83 277.94 279.17 278.01 0.4453 0.4714 0.4954 0.5178 0.5687 0.6156 0.9003 0.8982 0.8959 0.8934 0.8854 0.8735 14.0 16.0 18.0 20.0 25.0 30.0 R-134a Press. bar
  21. 21. 738 Tables in SI Units TABLE A-12 T ЊC v m3/kg Properties of Superheated Refrigerant 134a Vapor u kJ/kg h kJ/kg s kJ/kg # K p ϭ 0.6 bar ϭ 0.06 MPa (Tsat ϭ Ϫ37.07ЊC) v m3/kg u kJ/kg h kJ/kg s kJ/kg # K p ϭ 1.0 bar ϭ 0.10 MPa (Tsat ϭ Ϫ26.43ЊC) 0.31003 0.33536 0.34992 206.12 217.86 224.97 224.72 237.98 245.96 0.9520 1.0062 1.0371 0.19170 0.19770 0.20686 212.18 216.77 224.01 231.35 236.54 244.70 0.9395 0.9602 0.9918 0 10 20 0.36433 0.37861 0.39279 232.24 239.69 247.32 254.10 262.41 270.89 1.0675 1.0973 1.1267 0.21587 0.22473 0.23349 231.41 238.96 246.67 252.99 261.43 270.02 1.0227 1.0531 1.0829 30 40 50 R-134a Sat. Ϫ20 Ϫ10 0.40688 0.42091 0.43487 255.12 263.10 271.25 279.53 288.35 297.34 1.1557 1.1844 1.2126 0.24216 0.25076 0.25930 254.54 262.58 270.79 278.76 287.66 296.72 1.1122 1.1411 1.1696 60 70 80 90 0.44879 0.46266 0.47650 0.49031 279.58 288.08 296.75 305.58 306.51 315.84 325.34 335.00 1.2405 1.2681 1.2954 1.3224 0.26779 0.27623 0.28464 0.29302 279.16 287.70 296.40 305.27 305.94 315.32 324.87 334.57 1.1977 1.2254 1.2528 1.2799 p ϭ 1.4 bar ϭ 0.14 MPa (Tsat ϭ Ϫ18.80ЊC) p ϭ 1.8 bar ϭ 0.18 MPa (Tsat ϭ Ϫ12.73ЊC) Sat. Ϫ10 0 0.13945 0.14549 0.15219 216.52 223.03 230.55 236.04 243.40 251.86 0.9322 0.9606 0.9922 0.10983 0.11135 0.11678 219.94 222.02 229.67 239.71 242.06 250.69 0.9273 0.9362 0.9684 10 20 30 0.15875 0.16520 0.17155 238.21 246.01 253.96 260.43 269.13 277.97 1.0230 1.0532 1.0828 0.12207 0.12723 0.13230 237.44 245.33 253.36 259.41 268.23 277.17 0.9998 1.0304 1.0604 40 50 60 0.17783 0.18404 0.19020 262.06 270.32 278.74 286.96 296.09 305.37 1.1120 1.1407 1.1690 0.13730 0.14222 0.14710 261.53 269.85 278.31 286.24 295.45 304.79 1.0898 1.1187 1.1472 70 80 90 100 0.19633 0.20241 0.20846 0.21449 287.32 296.06 304.95 314.01 314.80 324.39 334.14 344.04 1.1969 1.2244 1.2516 1.2785 0.15193 0.15672 0.16148 0.16622 286.93 295.71 304.63 313.72 314.28 323.92 333.70 343.63 1.1753 1.2030 1.2303 1.2573 p ϭ 2.0 bar ϭ 0.20 MPa (Tsat ϭ Ϫ10.09ЊC) p ϭ 2.4 bar ϭ 0.24 MPa (Tsat ϭ Ϫ5.37ЊC) Sat. Ϫ10 0 0.09933 0.09938 0.10438 221.43 221.50 229.23 241.30 241.38 250.10 0.9253 0.9256 0.9582 0.08343 224.07 244.09 0.9222 0.08574 228.31 248.89 0.9399 10 20 30 0.10922 0.11394 0.11856 237.05 244.99 253.06 258.89 267.78 276.77 0.9898 1.0206 1.0508 0.08993 0.09399 0.09794 236.26 244.30 252.45 257.84 266.85 275.95 0.9721 1.0034 1.0339 40 50 60 0.12311 0.12758 0.13201 261.26 269.61 278.10 285.88 295.12 304.50 1.0804 1.1094 1.1380 0.10181 0.10562 0.10937 260.72 269.12 277.67 285.16 294.47 303.91 1.0637 1.0930 1.1218 70 80 90 100 0.13639 0.14073 0.14504 0.14932 286.74 295.53 304.47 313.57 314.02 323.68 333.48 343.43 1.1661 1.1939 1.2212 1.2483 0.11307 0.11674 0.12037 0.12398 286.35 295.18 304.15 313.27 313.49 323.19 333.04 343.03 1.1501 1.1780 1.2055 1.2326
  22. 22. (Continued) T ЊC v m3/kg u kJ/kg h kJ/kg s kJ/kg # K p ϭ 2.8 bar ϭ 0.28 MPa (Tsat ϭ Ϫ1.23ЊC) Sat. 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 0.07193 0.07240 0.07613 0.07972 0.08320 0.08660 0.08992 0.09319 0.09641 0.09960 0.10275 0.10587 0.10897 0.11205 226.38 227.37 235.44 243.59 251.83 260.17 268.64 277.23 285.96 294.82 303.83 312.98 322.27 331.71 246.52 247.64 256.76 265.91 275.12 284.42 293.81 303.32 312.95 322.71 332.60 342.62 352.78 363.08 0.05089 0.05119 0.05397 0.05662 0.05917 0.06164 0.06405 0.06641 0.06873 0.07102 0.07327 0.07550 0.07771 0.07991 0.08208 231.97 232.87 241.37 249.89 258.47 267.13 275.89 284.75 293.73 302.84 312.07 321.44 330.94 340.58 350.35 252.32 253.35 262.96 272.54 282.14 291.79 301.51 311.32 321.23 331.25 341.38 351.64 362.03 372.54 383.18 0.9197 0.9238 0.9566 0.9883 1.0192 1.0494 1.0789 1.1079 1.1364 1.1644 1.1920 1.2193 1.2461 1.2727 0.03408 0.03581 0.03774 0.03958 0.04134 0.04304 0.04469 0.04631 0.04790 0.04946 0.05099 0.05251 0.05402 0.05550 0.05698 238.74 246.41 255.45 264.48 273.54 282.66 291.86 301.14 310.53 320.03 329.64 339.38 349.23 359.21 369.32 259.19 267.89 278.09 288.23 298.35 308.48 318.67 328.93 339.27 349.70 360.24 370.88 381.64 392.52 403.51 h kJ/kg s kJ/kg # K 0.06322 228.43 248.66 0.9177 0.06576 0.06901 0.07214 0.07518 0.07815 0.08106 0.08392 0.08674 0.08953 0.09229 0.09503 0.09774 234.61 242.87 251.19 259.61 268.14 276.79 285.56 294.46 303.50 312.68 322.00 331.45 255.65 264.95 274.28 283.67 293.15 302.72 312.41 322.22 332.15 342.21 352.40 362.73 0.9427 0.9749 1.0062 1.0367 1.0665 1.0957 1.1243 1.1525 1.1802 1.2076 1.2345 1.2611 p ϭ 5.0 bar ϭ 0.50 MPa (Tsat ϭ 15.74ЊC) 0.9145 0.9182 0.9515 0.9837 1.0148 1.0452 1.0748 1.1038 1.1322 1.1602 1.1878 1.2149 1.2417 1.2681 1.2941 p ϭ 6.0 bar ϭ 0.60 MPa (Tsat ϭ 21.58ЊC) Sat. 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 140 150 160 u kJ/kg p ϭ 3.2 bar ϭ 0.32 MPa (Tsat ϭ 2.48ЊC) p ϭ 4.0 bar ϭ 0.40 MPa (Tsat ϭ 8.93ЊC) Sat. 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 140 v m3/kg R-134a TABLE A-12 0.04086 235.64 256.07 0.9117 0.04188 0.04416 0.04633 0.04842 0.05043 0.05240 0.05432 0.05620 0.05805 0.05988 0.06168 0.06347 0.06524 239.40 248.20 256.99 265.83 274.73 283.72 292.80 302.00 311.31 320.74 330.30 339.98 349.79 260.34 270.28 280.16 290.04 299.95 309.92 319.96 330.10 340.33 350.68 361.14 371.72 382.42 0.9264 0.9597 0.9918 1.0229 1.0531 1.0825 1.1114 1.1397 1.1675 1.1949 1.2218 1.2484 1.2746 p ϭ 7.0 bar ϭ 0.70 MPa (Tsat ϭ 26.72ЊC) 0.9097 0.9388 0.9719 1.0037 1.0346 1.0645 1.0938 1.1225 1.1505 1.1781 1.2053 1.2320 1.2584 1.2844 1.3100 0.02918 0.02979 0.03157 0.03324 0.03482 0.03634 0.03781 0.03924 0.04064 0.04201 0.04335 0.04468 0.04599 0.04729 0.04857 241.42 244.51 253.83 263.08 272.31 281.57 290.88 300.27 309.74 319.31 328.98 338.76 348.66 358.68 368.82 261.85 265.37 275.93 286.35 296.69 307.01 317.35 327.74 338.19 348.71 359.33 370.04 380.86 391.79 402.82 0.9080 0.9197 0.9539 0.9867 1.0182 1.0487 1.0784 1.1074 1.1358 1.1637 1.1910 1.2179 1.2444 1.2706 1.2963 739
  23. 23. TABLE A-12 T ЊC v m3/kg (Continued) u kJ/kg h kJ/kg s kJ/kg # K p ϭ 8.0 bar ϭ 0.80 MPa (Tsat ϭ 31.33ЊC) R-134a Sat. 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 140 150 160 170 180 0.02547 0.02691 0.02846 0.02992 0.03131 0.03264 0.03393 0.03519 0.03642 0.03762 0.03881 0.03997 0.04113 0.04227 0.04340 0.04452 243.78 252.13 261.62 271.04 280.45 289.89 299.37 308.93 318.57 328.31 338.14 348.09 358.15 368.32 378.61 389.02 264.15 273.66 284.39 294.98 305.50 316.00 326.52 337.08 347.71 358.40 369.19 380.07 391.05 402.14 413.33 424.63 0.02020 0.02029 0.02171 0.02301 0.02423 0.02538 0.02649 0.02755 0.02858 0.02959 0.03058 0.03154 0.03250 0.03344 0.03436 0.03528 247.77 248.39 258.48 268.35 278.11 287.82 297.53 307.27 317.06 326.93 336.88 346.92 357.06 367.31 377.66 388.12 267.97 268.68 280.19 291.36 302.34 313.20 324.01 334.82 345.65 356.52 367.46 378.46 389.56 400.74 412.02 423.40 0.9066 0.9374 0.9711 1.0034 1.0345 1.0647 1.0940 1.1227 1.1508 1.1784 1.2055 1.2321 1.2584 1.2843 1.3098 1.3351 740 0.01405 0.01495 0.01603 0.01701 0.01792 0.01878 0.01960 0.02039 0.02115 0.02189 0.02262 0.02333 0.02403 0.02472 0.02541 0.02608 253.74 262.17 272.87 283.29 293.55 303.73 313.88 324.05 334.25 344.50 354.82 365.22 375.71 386.29 396.96 407.73 273.40 283.10 295.31 307.10 318.63 330.02 341.32 352.59 363.86 375.15 386.49 397.89 409.36 420.90 432.53 444.24 h kJ/kg s kJ/kg # K 0.02255 0.02325 0.02472 0.02609 0.02738 0.02861 0.02980 0.03095 0.03207 0.03316 0.03423 0.03529 0.03633 0.03736 0.03838 0.03939 245.88 250.32 260.09 269.72 279.30 288.87 298.46 308.11 317.82 327.62 337.52 347.51 357.61 367.82 378.14 388.57 266.18 271.25 282.34 293.21 303.94 314.62 325.28 335.96 346.68 357.47 368.33 379.27 390.31 401.44 412.68 424.02 0.9054 0.9217 0.9566 0.9897 1.0214 1.0521 1.0819 1.1109 1.1392 1.1670 1.1943 1.2211 1.2475 1.2735 1.2992 1.3245 p ϭ 12.0 bar ϭ 1.20 MPa (Tsat ϭ 46.32ЊC) 0.9043 0.9066 0.9428 0.9768 1.0093 1.0405 1.0707 1.1000 1.1286 1.1567 1.1841 1.2111 1.2376 1.2638 1.2895 1.3149 p ϭ 14.0 bar ϭ 1.40 MPa (Tsat ϭ 52.43ЊC) Sat. 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 140 150 160 170 180 190 200 u kJ/kg p ϭ 9.0 bar ϭ 0.90 MPa (Tsat ϭ 35.53ЊC) p ϭ 10.0 bar ϭ 1.00 MPa (Tsat ϭ 39.39ЊC) Sat. 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 140 150 160 170 180 v m3/kg 0.01663 251.03 270.99 0.9023 0.01712 0.01835 0.01947 0.02051 0.02150 0.02244 0.02335 0.02423 0.02508 0.02592 0.02674 0.02754 0.02834 0.02912 254.98 265.42 275.59 285.62 295.59 305.54 315.50 325.51 335.58 345.73 355.95 366.27 376.69 387.21 275.52 287.44 298.96 310.24 321.39 332.47 343.52 354.58 365.68 376.83 388.04 399.33 410.70 422.16 0.9164 0.9527 0.9868 1.0192 1.0503 1.0804 1.1096 1.1381 1.1660 1.1933 1.2201 1.2465 1.2724 1.2980 p ϭ 16.0 bar ϭ 1.60 MPa (Tsat ϭ 57.92ЊC) 0.9003 0.9297 0.9658 0.9997 1.0319 1.0628 1.0927 1.1218 1.1501 1.1777 1.2048 1.2315 1.2576 1.2834 1.3088 1.3338 0.01208 0.01233 0.01340 0.01435 0.01521 0.01601 0.01677 0.01750 0.01820 0.01887 0.01953 0.02017 0.02080 0.02142 0.02203 0.02263 256.00 258.48 269.89 280.78 291.39 301.84 312.20 322.53 332.87 343.24 353.66 364.15 374.71 385.35 396.08 406.90 275.33 278.20 291.33 303.74 315.72 327.46 339.04 350.53 361.99 373.44 384.91 396.43 407.99 419.62 431.33 443.11 0.8982 0.9069 0.9457 0.9813 1.0148 1.0467 1.0773 1.1069 1.1357 1.1638 1.1912 1.2181 1.2445 1.2704 1.2960 1.3212
  24. 24. Tables in SI Units TABLE A-13 741 Properties of Saturated Ammonia (Liquid–Vapor): Temperature Table Specific Volume m3/kg Internal Energy kJ/kg Enthalpy kJ/kg Entropy kJ/kg # K Press. bar Sat. Liquid vf ϫ 103 Sat. Vapor vg Sat. Liquid uf Sat. Vapor ug Sat. Liquid hf Evap. hfg Sat. Vapor hg Sat. Liquid sf Sat. Vapor sg Temp. ЊC Ϫ50 Ϫ45 Ϫ40 Ϫ36 Ϫ32 0.4086 0.5453 0.7174 0.8850 1.0832 1.4245 1.4367 1.4493 1.4597 1.4703 2.6265 2.0060 1.5524 1.2757 1.0561 Ϫ43.94 Ϫ22.03 Ϫ0.10 17.47 35.09 1264.99 1271.19 1277.20 1281.87 1286.41 Ϫ43.88 Ϫ21.95 0.00 17.60 35.25 1416.20 1402.52 1388.56 1377.17 1365.55 1372.32 1380.57 1388.56 1394.77 1400.81 Ϫ0.1922 Ϫ0.0951 0.0000 0.0747 0.1484 6.1543 6.0523 5.9557 5.8819 5.8111 Ϫ50 Ϫ45 Ϫ40 Ϫ36 Ϫ32 Ϫ30 Ϫ28 Ϫ26 Ϫ22 Ϫ20 1.1950 1.3159 1.4465 1.7390 1.9019 1.4757 1.4812 1.4867 1.4980 1.5038 0.9634 0.8803 0.8056 0.6780 0.6233 43.93 52.78 61.65 79.46 88.40 1288.63 1290.82 1292.97 1297.18 1299.23 44.10 52.97 61.86 79.72 88.68 1359.65 1353.68 1347.65 1335.36 1329.10 1403.75 1406.66 1409.51 1415.08 1417.79 0.1849 0.2212 0.2572 0.3287 0.3642 5.7767 5.7430 5.7100 5.6457 5.6144 Ϫ30 Ϫ28 Ϫ26 Ϫ22 Ϫ20 Ϫ18 Ϫ16 Ϫ14 Ϫ12 Ϫ10 2.0769 2.2644 2.4652 2.6798 2.9089 1.5096 1.5155 1.5215 1.5276 1.5338 0.5739 0.5291 0.4885 0.4516 0.4180 97.36 106.36 115.37 124.42 133.50 1301.25 1303.23 1305.17 1307.08 1308.95 97.68 106.70 115.75 124.83 133.94 1322.77 1316.35 1309.86 1303.28 1296.61 1420.45 1423.05 1425.61 1428.11 1430.55 0.3994 0.4346 0.4695 0.5043 0.5389 5.5837 5.5536 5.5239 5.4948 5.4662 Ϫ18 Ϫ16 Ϫ14 Ϫ12 Ϫ10 Ϫ8 Ϫ6 Ϫ4 Ϫ2 0 3.1532 3.4134 3.6901 3.9842 4.2962 1.5400 1.5464 1.5528 1.5594 1.5660 0.3874 0.3595 0.3340 0.3106 0.2892 142.60 151.74 160.88 170.07 179.29 1310.78 1312.57 1314.32 1316.04 1317.71 143.09 152.26 161.46 170.69 179.96 1289.86 1283.02 1276.10 1269.08 1261.97 1432.95 1435.28 1437.56 1439.78 1441.94 0.5734 0.6077 0.6418 0.6759 0.7097 5.4380 5.4103 5.3831 5.3562 5.3298 Ϫ8 Ϫ6 Ϫ4 Ϫ2 0 2 4 6 8 10 4.6270 4.9773 5.3479 5.7395 6.1529 1.5727 1.5796 1.5866 1.5936 1.6008 0.2695 0.2514 0.2348 0.2195 0.2054 188.53 197.80 207.10 216.42 225.77 1319.34 1320.92 1322.47 1323.96 1325.42 189.26 198.59 207.95 217.34 226.75 1254.77 1247.48 1240.09 1232.61 1225.03 1444.03 1446.07 1448.04 1449.94 1451.78 0.7435 0.7770 0.8105 0.8438 0.8769 5.3038 5.2781 5.2529 5.2279 5.2033 2 4 6 8 10 12 16 20 24 28 6.5890 7.5324 8.5762 9.7274 10.993 1.6081 1.6231 1.6386 1.6547 1.6714 0.1923 0.1691 0.1492 0.1320 0.1172 235.14 253.95 272.86 291.84 310.92 1326.82 1329.48 1331.94 1334.19 1336.20 236.20 255.18 274.26 293.45 312.75 1217.35 1201.70 1185.64 1169.16 1152.24 1453.55 1456.87 1459.90 1462.61 1465.00 0.9099 0.9755 1.0404 1.1048 1.1686 5.1791 5.1314 5.0849 5.0394 4.9948 12 16 20 24 28 32 36 40 45 50 12.380 13.896 15.549 17.819 20.331 1.6887 1.7068 1.7256 1.7503 1.7765 0.1043 0.0930 0.0831 0.0725 0.0634 330.07 349.32 368.67 393.01 417.56 1337.97 1339.47 1340.70 1341.81 1342.42 332.17 351.69 371.35 396.13 421.17 1134.87 1117.00 1098.62 1074.84 1050.09 1467.03 1468.70 1469.97 1470.96 1471.26 1.2319 1.2946 1.3569 1.4341 1.5109 4.9509 4.9078 4.8652 4.8125 4.7604 32 36 40 45 50 Source: Tables A-13 through A-15 are calculated based on equations from L. Haar and J. S. Gallagher, “Thermodynamic Properties of Ammonia,” J. Phys. Chem. Reference Data, Vol. 7, 1978, pp. 635–792. Ammonia Temp. ЊC
  25. 25. 742 Tables in SI Units TABLE A-14 Properties of Saturated Ammonia (Liquid–Vapor): Pressure Table Specific Volume m3/kg Internal Energy kJ/kg Enthalpy kJ/kg Entropy kJ/kg # K Temp. ЊC Sat. Liquid vf ϫ 103 Sat. Vapor vg Sat. Liquid uf Sat. Vapor ug Sat. Liquid hf Evap. hfg Sat. Vapor hg Sat. Liquid sf Sat. Vapor sg Press. bar 0.40 0.50 0.60 0.70 0.80 0.90 Ϫ50.36 Ϫ46.53 Ϫ43.28 Ϫ40.46 Ϫ37.94 Ϫ35.67 1.4236 1.4330 1.4410 1.4482 1.4546 1.4605 2.6795 2.1752 1.8345 1.5884 1.4020 1.2559 Ϫ45.52 Ϫ28.73 Ϫ14.51 Ϫ2.11 8.93 18.91 1264.54 1269.31 1273.27 1276.66 1279.61 1282.24 Ϫ45.46 Ϫ28.66 Ϫ14.42 Ϫ2.01 9.04 19.04 1417.18 1406.73 1397.76 1389.85 1382.73 1376.23 1371.72 1378.07 1383.34 1387.84 1391.78 1395.27 Ϫ0.1992 Ϫ0.1245 Ϫ0.0622 Ϫ0.0086 0.0386 0.0808 6.1618 6.0829 6.0186 5.9643 5.9174 5.8760 0.40 0.50 0.60 0.70 0.80 0.90 1.00 1.25 1.50 1.75 2.00 Ϫ33.60 Ϫ29.07 Ϫ25.22 Ϫ21.86 Ϫ18.86 1.4660 1.4782 1.4889 1.4984 1.5071 1.1381 0.9237 0.7787 0.6740 0.5946 28.03 48.03 65.10 80.08 93.50 1284.61 1289.65 1293.80 1297.33 1300.39 28.18 48.22 65.32 80.35 93.80 1370.23 1356.89 1345.28 1334.92 1325.51 1398.41 1405.11 1410.61 1415.27 1419.31 0.1191 0.2018 0.2712 0.3312 0.3843 5.8391 5.7610 5.6973 5.6435 5.5969 1.00 1.25 1.50 1.75 2.00 2.25 2.50 2.75 3.00 3.25 Ammonia Press. bar Ϫ16.15 Ϫ13.67 Ϫ11.37 Ϫ9.24 Ϫ7.24 1.5151 1.5225 1.5295 1.5361 1.5424 0.5323 0.4821 0.4408 0.4061 0.3765 105.68 116.88 127.26 136.96 146.06 1303.08 1305.49 1307.67 1309.65 1311.46 106.03 117.26 127.68 137.42 146.57 1316.83 1308.76 1301.20 1294.05 1287.27 1422.86 1426.03 1428.88 1431.47 1433.84 0.4319 0.4753 0.5152 0.5520 0.5864 5.5558 5.5190 5.4858 5.4554 5.4275 2.25 2.50 2.75 3.00 3.25 3.50 3.75 4.00 4.25 4.50 Ϫ5.36 Ϫ3.58 Ϫ1.90 Ϫ0.29 1.25 1.5484 1.5542 1.5597 1.5650 1.5702 0.3511 0.3289 0.3094 0.2921 0.2767 154.66 162.80 170.55 177.96 185.04 1313.14 1314.68 1316.12 1317.47 1318.73 155.20 163.38 171.18 178.62 185.75 1280.81 1274.64 1268.71 1263.01 1257.50 1436.01 1438.03 1439.89 1441.63 1443.25 0.6186 0.6489 0.6776 0.7048 0.7308 5.4016 5.3774 5.3548 5.3336 5.3135 3.50 3.75 4.00 4.25 4.50 4.75 5.00 5.25 5.50 5.75 2.72 4.13 5.48 6.79 8.05 1.5752 1.5800 1.5847 1.5893 1.5938 0.2629 0.2503 0.2390 0.2286 0.2191 191.84 198.39 204.69 210.78 216.66 1319.91 1321.02 1322.07 1323.06 1324.00 192.59 199.18 205.52 211.65 217.58 1252.18 1247.02 1242.01 1237.15 1232.41 1444.77 1446.19 1447.53 1448.80 1449.99 0.7555 0.7791 0.8018 0.8236 0.8446 5.2946 5.2765 5.2594 5.2430 5.2273 4.75 5.00 5.25 5.50 5.75 6.00 7.00 8.00 9.00 10.00 9.27 13.79 17.84 21.52 24.89 1.5982 1.6148 1.6302 1.6446 1.6584 0.2104 0.1815 0.1596 0.1424 0.1285 222.37 243.56 262.64 280.05 296.10 1324.89 1328.04 1330.64 1332.82 1334.66 223.32 244.69 263.95 281.53 297.76 1227.79 1210.38 1194.36 1179.44 1165.42 1451.12 1455.07 1458.30 1460.97 1463.18 0.8649 0.9394 1.0054 1.0649 1.1191 5.2122 5.1576 5.1099 5.0675 5.0294 6.00 7.00 8.00 9.00 10.00 12.00 14.00 16.00 18.00 20.00 30.94 36.26 41.03 45.38 49.37 1.6841 1.7080 1.7306 1.7522 1.7731 0.1075 0.0923 0.0808 0.0717 0.0644 324.99 350.58 373.69 394.85 414.44 1337.52 1339.56 1340.97 1341.88 1342.37 327.01 352.97 376.46 398.00 417.99 1139.52 1115.82 1093.77 1073.01 1053.27 1466.53 1468.79 1470.23 1471.01 1471.26 1.2152 1.2987 1.3729 1.4399 1.5012 4.9625 4.9050 4.8542 4.8086 4.7670 12.00 14.00 16.00 18.00 20.00
  26. 26. Tables in SI Units TABLE A-15 T ЊC v m3/kg 743 Properties of Superheated Ammonia Vapor u kJ/kg h kJ/kg s kJ/kg # K v m3/kg p ϭ 0.4 bar ϭ 0.04 MPa (Tsat ϭ Ϫ50.36ЊC) u kJ/kg h kJ/kg s kJ/kg # K p ϭ 0.6 bar ϭ 0.06 MPa (Tsat ϭ Ϫ43.28ЊC) Sat. Ϫ50 Ϫ45 2.6795 2.6841 2.7481 1264.54 1265.11 1273.05 1371.72 1372.48 1382.98 6.1618 6.1652 6.2118 1.8345 1273.27 1383.34 6.0186 Ϫ40 Ϫ35 Ϫ30 2.8118 2.8753 2.9385 1281.01 1288.96 1296.93 1393.48 1403.98 1414.47 6.2573 6.3018 6.3455 1.8630 1.9061 1.9491 1278.62 1286.75 1294.88 1390.40 1401.12 1411.83 6.0490 6.0946 6.1390 Ϫ25 Ϫ20 Ϫ15 3.0015 3.0644 3.1271 1304.90 1312.88 1320.87 1424.96 1435.46 1445.95 6.3882 6.4300 6.4711 1.9918 2.0343 2.0766 1303.01 1311.13 1319.25 1422.52 1433.19 1443.85 6.1826 6.2251 6.2668 Ϫ10 Ϫ5 0 5 3.1896 3.2520 3.3142 3.3764 1328.87 1336.88 1344.90 1352.95 1456.45 1466.95 1477.47 1488.00 6.5114 6.5509 6.5898 6.6280 2.1188 2.1609 2.2028 2.2446 1327.37 1335.49 1343.61 1351.75 1454.50 1465.14 1475.78 1486.43 6.3077 6.3478 6.3871 6.4257 p ϭ 1.0 bar ϭ 0.10 MPa (Tsat ϭ Ϫ33.60ЊC) Sat. Ϫ35 Ϫ30 1.4021 1.4215 1.4543 1279.61 1284.51 1292.81 1391.78 1398.23 1409.15 5.9174 5.9446 5.9900 1.1381 1284.61 1398.41 5.8391 1.1573 1290.71 1406.44 5.8723 Ϫ25 Ϫ20 Ϫ15 1.4868 1.5192 1.5514 1301.09 1309.36 1317.61 1420.04 1430.90 1441.72 6.0343 6.0777 6.1200 1.1838 1.2101 1.2362 1299.15 1307.57 1315.96 1417.53 1428.58 1439.58 5.9175 5.9616 6.0046 Ϫ10 Ϫ5 0 1.5834 1.6153 1.6471 1325.85 1334.09 1342.31 1452.53 1463.31 1474.08 6.1615 6.2021 6.2419 1.2621 1.2880 1.3136 1324.33 1332.67 1341.00 1450.54 1461.47 1472.37 6.0467 6.0878 6.1281 5 10 15 20 1.6788 1.7103 1.7418 1.7732 1350.54 1358.77 1367.01 1375.25 1484.84 1495.60 1506.35 1517.10 6.2809 6.3192 6.3568 6.3939 1.3392 1.3647 1.3900 1.4153 1349.33 1357.64 1365.95 1374.27 1483.25 1494.11 1504.96 1515.80 6.1676 6.2063 6.2442 6.2816 p ϭ 1.5 bar ϭ 0.15 MPa (Tsat ϭ Ϫ25.22ЊC) p ϭ 2.0 bar ϭ 0.20 MPa (Tsat ϭ Ϫ18.86ЊC) Sat. Ϫ25 Ϫ20 0.7787 0.7795 0.7978 1293.80 1294.20 1303.00 1410.61 1411.13 1422.67 5.6973 5.6994 5.7454 0.59460 1300.39 1419.31 5.5969 Ϫ15 Ϫ10 Ϫ5 0.8158 0.8336 0.8514 1311.75 1320.44 1329.08 1434.12 1445.49 1456.79 5.7902 5.8338 5.8764 0.60542 0.61926 0.63294 1307.43 1316.46 1325.41 1428.51 1440.31 1452.00 5.6328 5.6781 5.7221 0 5 10 0.8689 0.8864 0.9037 1337.68 1346.25 1354.78 1468.02 1479.20 1490.34 5.9179 5.9585 5.9981 0.64648 0.65989 0.67320 1334.29 1343.11 1351.87 1463.59 1475.09 1486.51 5.7649 5.8066 5.8473 15 20 25 30 0.9210 0.9382 0.9553 0.9723 1363.29 1371.79 1380.28 1388.76 1501.44 1512.51 1523.56 1534.60 6.0370 6.0751 6.1125 6.1492 0.68640 0.69952 0.71256 0.72553 1360.59 1369.28 1377.93 1386.56 1497.87 1509.18 1520.44 1531.67 5.8871 5.9260 5.9641 6.0014 Ammonia p ϭ 0.8 bar ϭ 0.08 MPa (Tsat ϭ Ϫ37.94ЊC)
  27. 27. 744 Tables in SI Units TABLE A-15 T ЊC v m3/kg (Continued) u kJ/kg h kJ/kg s kJ/kg # K v m3/kg p ϭ 2.5 bar ϭ 0.25 MPa (Tsat ϭ Ϫ13.67ЊC) u kJ/kg h kJ/kg s kJ/kg # K p ϭ 3.0 bar ϭ 0.30 MPa (Tsat ϭ Ϫ9.24ЊC) Sat. Ϫ10 Ϫ5 0.48213 0.49051 0.50180 1305.49 1312.37 1321.65 1426.03 1435.00 1447.10 5.5190 5.5534 5.5989 0.40607 1309.65 1431.47 5.4554 0.41428 1317.80 1442.08 5.4953 0 5 10 0.51293 0.52393 0.53482 1330.83 1339.91 1348.91 1459.06 1470.89 1482.61 5.6431 5.6860 5.7278 0.42382 0.43323 0.44251 1327.28 1336.64 1345.89 1454.43 1466.61 1478.65 5.5409 5.5851 5.6280 15 20 25 0.54560 0.55630 0.56691 1357.84 1366.72 1375.55 1494.25 1505.80 1517.28 5.7685 5.8083 5.8471 0.45169 0.46078 0.46978 1355.05 1364.13 1373.14 1490.56 1502.36 1514.07 5.6697 5.7103 5.7499 30 35 40 45 0.57745 0.58793 0.59835 0.60872 1384.34 1393.10 1401.84 1410.56 1528.70 1540.08 1551.42 1562.74 5.8851 5.9223 5.9589 5.9947 0.47870 0.48756 0.49637 0.50512 1382.09 1391.00 1399.86 1408.70 1525.70 1537.26 1548.77 1560.24 5.7886 5.8264 5.8635 5.8998 Ammonia p ϭ 3.5 bar ϭ 0.35 MPa (Tsat ϭ Ϫ5.36ЊC) p ϭ 4.0 bar ϭ 0.40 MPa (Tsat ϭ Ϫ1.90ЊC) Sat. 0 10 0.35108 0.36011 0.37654 1313.14 1323.66 1342.82 1436.01 1449.70 1474.61 5.4016 5.4522 5.5417 0.30942 0.31227 0.32701 1316.12 1319.95 1339.68 1439.89 1444.86 1470.49 5.3548 5.3731 5.4652 20 30 40 0.39251 0.40814 0.42350 1361.49 1379.81 1397.87 1498.87 1522.66 1546.09 5.6259 5.7057 5.7818 0.34129 0.35520 0.36884 1358.81 1377.49 1395.85 1495.33 1519.57 1543.38 5.5515 5.6328 5.7101 60 80 100 0.45363 0.48320 0.51240 1433.55 1469.06 1504.73 1592.32 1638.18 1684.07 5.9249 6.0586 6.1850 0.39550 0.42160 0.44733 1431.97 1467.77 1503.64 1590.17 1636.41 1682.58 5.8549 5.9897 6.1169 120 140 160 0.54136 0.57013 0.59876 1540.79 1577.38 1614.60 1730.26 1776.92 1824.16 6.3056 6.4213 6.5330 0.47280 0.49808 0.52323 1539.85 1576.55 1613.86 1728.97 1775.79 1823.16 6.2380 6.3541 6.4661 180 200 0.62728 0.65572 1652.51 1691.15 1872.06 1920.65 6.6411 6.7460 0.54827 0.57322 1651.85 1690.56 1871.16 1919.85 6.5744 6.6796 p ϭ 4.5 bar ϭ 0.45 MPa (Tsat ϭ 1.25ЊC) p ϭ 5.0 bar ϭ 0.50 MPa (Tsat ϭ 4.13ЊC) Sat. 10 20 0.27671 0.28846 0.30142 1318.73 1336.48 1356.09 1443.25 1466.29 1491.72 5.3135 5.3962 5.4845 0.25034 0.25757 0.26949 1321.02 1333.22 1353.32 1446.19 1462.00 1488.06 5.2765 5.3330 5.4234 30 40 60 0.31401 0.32631 0.35029 1375.15 1393.80 1430.37 1516.45 1540.64 1588.00 5.5674 5.6460 5.7926 0.28103 0.29227 0.31410 1372.76 1391.74 1428.76 1513.28 1537.87 1585.81 5.5080 5.5878 5.7362 80 100 120 0.37369 0.39671 0.41947 1466.47 1502.55 1538.91 1634.63 1681.07 1727.67 5.9285 6.0564 6.1781 0.33535 0.35621 0.37681 1465.16 1501.46 1537.97 1632.84 1679.56 1726.37 5.8733 6.0020 6.1242 140 160 180 200 0.44205 0.46448 0.48681 0.50905 1575.73 1613.13 1651.20 1689.97 1774.65 1822.15 1870.26 1919.04 6.2946 6.4069 6.5155 6.6208 0.39722 0.41749 0.43765 0.45771 1574.90 1612.40 1650.54 1689.38 1773.51 1821.14 1869.36 1918.24 6.2412 6.3537 6.4626 6.5681
  28. 28. Tables in SI Units TABLE A-15 T ЊC v m3/kg 745 (Continued) u kJ/kg h kJ/kg s kJ/kg # K v m3/kg p ϭ 5.5 bar ϭ 0.55 MPa (Tsat ϭ 6.79ЊC) u kJ/kg h kJ/kg s kJ/kg # K p ϭ 6.0 bar ϭ 0.60 MPa (Tsat ϭ 9.27ЊC) 0.22861 0.23227 0.24335 1323.06 1329.88 1350.50 1448.80 1457.63 1484.34 5.2430 5.2743 5.3671 0.21038 0.21115 0.22155 1324.89 1326.47 1347.62 1451.12 1453.16 1480.55 5.2122 5.2195 5.3145 30 40 50 0.25403 0.26441 0.27454 1370.35 1389.64 1408.53 1510.07 1535.07 1559.53 5.4534 5.5345 5.6114 0.23152 0.24118 0.25059 1367.90 1387.52 1406.67 1506.81 1532.23 1557.03 5.4026 5.4851 5.5631 60 80 100 0.28449 0.30398 0.32307 1427.13 1463.85 1500.36 1583.60 1631.04 1678.05 5.6848 5.8230 5.9525 0.25981 0.27783 0.29546 1425.49 1462.52 1499.25 1581.38 1629.22 1676.52 5.6373 5.7768 5.9071 120 140 160 0.34190 0.36054 0.37903 1537.02 1574.07 1611.66 1725.07 1772.37 1820.13 6.0753 6.1926 6.3055 0.31281 0.32997 0.34699 1536.07 1573.24 1610.92 1723.76 1771.22 1819.12 6.0304 6.1481 6.2613 180 200 0.39742 0.41571 1649.88 1688.79 1868.46 1917.43 6.4146 6.5203 0.36390 0.38071 1649.22 1688.20 1867.56 1916.63 6.3707 6.4766 p ϭ 7.0 bar ϭ 0.70 MPa (Tsat ϭ 13.79ЊC) p ϭ 8.0 bar ϭ 0.80 MPa (Tsat ϭ 17.84ЊC) Sat. 20 30 0.18148 0.18721 0.19610 1328.04 1341.72 1362.88 1455.07 1472.77 1500.15 5.1576 5.2186 5.3104 0.15958 0.16138 0.16948 1330.64 1335.59 1357.71 1458.30 1464.70 1493.29 5.1099 5.1318 5.2277 40 50 60 0.20464 0.21293 0.22101 1383.20 1402.90 1422.16 1526.45 1551.95 1576.87 5.3958 5.4760 5.5519 0.17720 0.18465 0.19189 1378.77 1399.05 1418.77 1520.53 1546.77 1572.28 5.3161 5.3986 5.4763 80 100 120 0.23674 0.25205 0.26709 1459.85 1497.02 1534.16 1625.56 1673.46 1721.12 5.6939 5.8258 5.9502 0.20590 0.21949 0.23280 1457.14 1494.77 1532.24 1621.86 1670.37 1718.48 5.6209 5.7545 5.8801 140 160 180 200 0.28193 0.29663 0.31121 0.32571 1571.57 1609.44 1647.90 1687.02 1768.92 1817.08 1865.75 1915.01 6.0688 6.1826 6.2925 6.3988 0.24590 0.25886 0.27170 0.28445 1569.89 1607.96 1646.57 1685.83 1766.61 1815.04 1863.94 1913.39 5.9995 6.1140 6.2243 6.3311 p ϭ 9.0 bar ϭ 0.90 MPa (Tsat ϭ 21.52ЊC) p ϭ 10.0 bar ϭ 1.00 MPa (Tsat ϭ 24.89ЊC) Sat. 30 40 0.14239 0.14872 0.15582 1332.82 1352.36 1374.21 1460.97 1486.20 1514.45 5.0675 5.1520 5.2436 0.12852 0.13206 0.13868 1334.66 1346.82 1369.52 1463.18 1478.88 1508.20 5.0294 5.0816 5.1768 50 60 80 0.16263 0.16922 0.18191 1395.11 1415.32 1454.39 1541.47 1567.61 1618.11 5.3286 5.4083 5.5555 0.14499 0.15106 0.16270 1391.07 1411.79 1451.60 1536.06 1562.86 1614.31 5.2644 5.3460 5.4960 100 120 140 0.19416 0.20612 0.21788 1492.50 1530.30 1568.20 1667.24 1715.81 1764.29 5.6908 5.8176 5.9379 0.17389 0.18478 0.19545 1490.20 1528.35 1566.51 1664.10 1713.13 1761.96 5.6332 5.7612 5.8823 160 180 200 0.22948 0.24097 0.25237 1606.46 1645.24 1684.64 1813.00 1862.12 1911.77 6.0530 6.1639 6.2711 0.20598 0.21638 0.22670 1604.97 1643.91 1683.44 1810.94 1860.29 1910.14 5.9981 6.1095 6.2171 Ammonia Sat. 10 20
  29. 29. 746 Tables in SI Units (Continued) TABLE A-15 T ЊC u kJ/kg v m3/kg h kJ/kg s kJ/kg # K v m3/kg p ϭ 12.0 bar ϭ 1.20 MPa (Tsat ϭ 30.94ЊC) u kJ/kg h kJ/kg s kJ/kg # K p ϭ 14.0 bar ϭ 1.40 MPa (Tsat ϭ 36.26ЊC) Sat. 40 60 0.10751 0.11287 0.12378 1337.52 1359.73 1404.54 1466.53 1495.18 1553.07 4.9625 5.0553 5.2347 0.09231 0.09432 0.10423 1339.56 1349.29 1396.97 1468.79 1481.33 1542.89 4.9050 4.9453 5.1360 80 100 120 0.13387 0.14347 0.15275 1445.91 1485.55 1524.41 1606.56 1657.71 1707.71 5.3906 5.5315 5.6620 0.11324 0.12172 0.12986 1440.06 1480.79 1520.41 1598.59 1651.20 1702.21 5.2984 5.4433 5.5765 140 160 180 0.16181 0.17072 0.17950 1563.09 1601.95 1641.23 1757.26 1806.81 1856.63 5.7850 5.9021 6.0145 0.13777 0.14552 0.15315 1559.63 1598.92 1638.53 1752.52 1802.65 1852.94 5.7013 5.8198 5.9333 200 220 240 0.18819 0.19680 0.20534 1681.05 1721.50 1762.63 1906.87 1957.66 2009.04 6.1230 6.2282 6.3303 0.16068 0.16813 0.17551 1678.64 1719.35 1760.72 1903.59 1954.73 2006.43 6.0427 6.1485 6.2513 260 280 0.21382 0.22225 1804.48 1847.04 2061.06 2113.74 6.4297 6.5267 0.18283 0.19010 1802.78 1845.55 2058.75 2111.69 6.3513 6.4488 Ammonia p ϭ 16.0 bar ϭ 1.60 MPa (Tsat ϭ 41.03ЊC) p ϭ 18.0 bar ϭ 1.80 MPa (Tsat ϭ 45.38ЊC) Sat. 60 80 0.08079 0.08951 0.09774 1340.97 1389.06 1434.02 1470.23 1532.28 1590.40 4.8542 5.0461 5.2156 0.07174 0.07801 0.08565 1341.88 1380.77 1427.79 1471.01 1521.19 1581.97 4.8086 4.9627 5.1399 100 120 140 0.10539 0.11268 0.11974 1475.93 1516.34 1556.14 1644.56 1696.64 1747.72 5.3648 5.5008 5.6276 0.09267 0.09931 0.10570 1470.97 1512.22 1552.61 1637.78 1690.98 1742.88 5.2937 5.4326 5.5614 160 180 200 0.12663 0.13339 0.14005 1595.85 1635.81 1676.21 1798.45 1849.23 1900.29 5.7475 5.8621 5.9723 0.11192 0.11801 0.12400 1592.76 1633.08 1673.78 1794.23 1845.50 1896.98 5.6828 5.7985 5.9096 220 240 260 280 0.14663 0.15314 0.15959 0.16599 1717.18 1758.79 1801.07 1844.05 1951.79 2003.81 2056.42 2109.64 6.0789 6.1823 6.2829 6.3809 0.12991 0.13574 0.14152 0.14724 1715.00 1756.85 1799.35 1842.55 1948.83 2001.18 2054.08 2107.58 6.0170 6.1210 6.2222 6.3207 p ϭ 20.0 bar ϭ 2.00 MPa (Tsat ϭ 49.37ЊC) Sat. 60 80 0.06445 0.06875 0.07596 1342.37 1372.05 1421.36 1471.26 1509.54 1573.27 4.7670 4.8838 5.0696 100 120 140 0.08248 0.08861 0.09447 1465.89 1508.03 1549.03 1630.86 1685.24 1737.98 5.2283 5.3703 5.5012 160 180 200 0.10016 0.10571 0.11116 1589.65 1630.32 1671.33 1789.97 1841.74 1893.64 5.6241 5.7409 5.8530 220 240 260 280 0.11652 0.12182 0.12706 0.13224 1712.82 1754.90 1797.63 1841.03 1945.87 1998.54 2051.74 2105.50 5.9611 6.0658 6.1675 6.2665
  30. 30. Tables in SI Units TABLE A-16 747 Properties of Saturated Propane (Liquid–Vapor): Temperature Table Specific Volume m3/kg Press. bar Sat. Liquid vf ϫ 103 Ϫ100 Ϫ90 Ϫ80 Ϫ70 Ϫ60 0.02888 0.06426 0.1301 0.2434 0.4261 Ϫ50 Ϫ40 Ϫ30 Ϫ20 Ϫ10 Enthalpy kJ/kg Entropy kJ/kg # K Sat. Vapor vg Sat. Liquid uf Sat. Vapor ug Sat. Liquid hf Evap. hfg Sat. Vapor hg Sat. Liquid sf Sat. Vapor sg Temp. ЊC 1.553 1.578 1.605 1.633 1.663 11.27 5.345 2.774 1.551 0.9234 Ϫ128.4 Ϫ107.8 Ϫ87.0 Ϫ65.8 Ϫ44.4 319.5 329.3 339.3 349.5 359.9 Ϫ128.4 Ϫ107.8 Ϫ87.0 Ϫ65.8 Ϫ44.3 480.4 471.4 462.4 453.1 443.5 352.0 363.6 375.4 387.3 399.2 Ϫ0.634 Ϫ0.519 Ϫ0.408 Ϫ0.301 Ϫ0.198 2.140 2.055 1.986 1.929 1.883 Ϫ100 Ϫ90 Ϫ80 Ϫ70 Ϫ60 0.7046 1.110 1.677 2.444 3.451 1.694 1.728 1.763 1.802 1.844 0.5793 0.3798 0.2585 0.1815 0.1309 Ϫ22.5 Ϫ0.2 22.6 45.9 69.8 370.4 381.0 391.6 402.4 413.2 Ϫ22.4 0.0 22.9 46.3 70.4 433.6 423.2 412.1 400.5 388.0 411.2 423.2 435.0 446.8 458.4 Ϫ0.098 0.000 0.096 0.190 0.282 1.845 1.815 1.791 1.772 1.757 Ϫ50 Ϫ40 Ϫ30 Ϫ20 Ϫ10 0 4 8 12 16 4.743 5.349 6.011 6.732 7.515 1.890 1.910 1.931 1.952 1.975 0.09653 0.08591 0.07666 0.06858 0.06149 94.2 104.2 114.3 124.6 135.0 423.8 428.1 432.3 436.5 440.7 95.1 105.3 115.5 125.9 136.4 374.5 368.8 362.9 356.8 350.5 469.6 474.1 478.4 482.7 486.9 0.374 0.410 0.446 0.482 0.519 1.745 1.741 1.737 1.734 1.731 0 4 8 12 16 20 24 28 32 36 8.362 9.278 10.27 11.33 12.47 1.999 2.024 2.050 2.078 2.108 0.05525 0.04973 0.04483 0.04048 0.03659 145.4 156.1 166.9 177.8 188.9 444.8 448.9 452.9 456.7 460.6 147.1 158.0 169.0 180.2 191.6 343.9 337.0 329.9 322.4 314.6 491.0 495.0 498.9 502.6 506.2 0.555 0.591 0.627 0.663 0.699 1.728 1.725 1.722 1.720 1.717 20 24 28 32 36 40 44 48 52 56 13.69 15.00 16.40 17.89 19.47 2.140 2.174 2.211 2.250 2.293 0.03310 0.02997 0.02714 0.02459 0.02227 200.2 211.7 223.4 235.3 247.4 464.3 467.9 471.4 474.6 477.7 203.1 214.9 227.0 239.3 251.9 306.5 298.0 288.9 279.3 269.2 509.6 512.9 515.9 518.6 521.1 0.736 0.772 0.809 0.846 0.884 1.715 1.712 1.709 1.705 1.701 40 44 48 52 56 60 65 70 75 80 21.16 23.42 25.86 28.49 31.31 2.340 2.406 2.483 2.573 2.683 0.02015 0.01776 0.01560 0.01363 0.01182 259.8 275.7 292.3 309.5 327.6 480.6 483.6 486.1 487.8 488.2 264.8 281.4 298.7 316.8 336.0 258.4 243.8 227.7 209.8 189.2 523.2 525.2 526.4 526.6 525.2 0.921 0.969 1.018 1.069 1.122 1.697 1.690 1.682 1.671 1.657 60 65 70 75 80 85 90 95 96.7 34.36 37.64 41.19 42.48 2.827 3.038 3.488 4.535 0.01011 0.008415 0.006395 0.004535 347.2 369.4 399.8 434.9 486.9 482.2 467.4 434.9 356.9 380.8 414.2 454.2 164.7 133.1 79.5 0.0 521.6 513.9 493.7 457.2 1.178 1.242 1.330 1.437 1.638 1.608 1.546 1.437 85 90 95 96.7 Source: Tables A-16 through A-18 are calculated based on B. A. Younglove and J. F. Ely, “Thermophysical Properties of Fluids. II. Methane, Ethane, Propane, Isobutane and Normal Butane,” J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, Vol. 16, No. 4, 1987, pp. 577–598. Propane Temp. ЊC Internal Energy kJ/kg
  31. 31. 748 Tables in SI Units TABLE A-17 Properties of Saturated Propane (Liquid–Vapor): Pressure Table Specific Volume m3/kg Temp. ЊC Sat. Liquid vf ϫ 103 0.05 0.10 0.25 0.50 0.75 Ϫ93.28 Ϫ83.87 Ϫ69.55 Ϫ56.93 Ϫ48.68 1.570 1.594 1.634 1.672 1.698 6.752 3.542 1.513 0.7962 0.5467 1.00 2.00 3.00 4.00 5.00 Ϫ42.38 Ϫ25.43 Ϫ14.16 Ϫ5.46 1.74 1.719 1.781 1.826 1.865 1.899 6.00 7.00 8.00 9.00 10.00 7.93 13.41 18.33 22.82 26.95 11.00 12.00 13.00 14.00 15.00 Propane Press. bar Sat. Vapor vg Internal Energy kJ/kg Enthalpy kJ/kg Entropy kJ/kg # K Sat. Liquid uf Sat. Vapor ug Sat. Liquid hf Evap. hfg Sat. Vapor hg Sat. Liquid sf Sat. Vapor sg Press. bar Ϫ114.6 Ϫ95.1 Ϫ64.9 Ϫ37.7 Ϫ19.6 326.0 335.4 350.0 363.1 371.8 Ϫ114.6 Ϫ95.1 Ϫ64.9 Ϫ37.6 Ϫ19.5 474.4 465.9 452.7 440.5 432.3 359.8 370.8 387.8 402.9 412.8 Ϫ0.556 Ϫ0.450 Ϫ0.297 Ϫ0.167 Ϫ0.085 2.081 2.011 1.927 1.871 1.841 0.05 0.10 0.25 0.50 0.75 0.4185 0.2192 0.1496 0.1137 0.09172 Ϫ5.6 33.1 59.8 80.8 98.6 378.5 396.6 408.7 418.0 425.7 Ϫ5.4 33.5 60.3 81.5 99.5 425.7 406.9 393.3 382.0 372.1 420.3 440.4 453.6 463.5 471.6 Ϫ0.023 0.139 0.244 0.324 0.389 1.822 1.782 1.762 1.751 1.743 1.00 2.00 3.00 4.00 5.00 1.931 1.960 1.989 2.016 2.043 0.07680 0.06598 0.05776 0.05129 0.04606 114.2 128.2 141.0 152.9 164.0 432.2 438.0 443.1 447.6 451.8 115.3 129.6 142.6 154.7 166.1 363.0 354.6 346.7 339.1 331.8 478.3 484.2 489.3 493.8 497.9 0.446 0.495 0.540 0.580 0.618 1.737 1.733 1.729 1.726 1.723 6.00 7.00 8.00 9.00 10.00 30.80 34.39 37.77 40.97 44.01 2.070 2.096 2.122 2.148 2.174 0.04174 0.03810 0.03499 0.03231 0.02997 174.5 184.4 193.9 203.0 211.7 455.6 459.1 462.2 465.2 467.9 176.8 187.0 196.7 206.0 215.0 324.7 317.8 311.0 304.4 297.9 501.5 504.8 507.7 510.4 512.9 0.652 0.685 0.716 0.745 0.772 1.721 1.718 1.716 1.714 1.712 11.00 12.00 13.00 14.00 15.00 16.00 17.00 18.00 19.00 20.00 46.89 49.65 52.30 54.83 57.27 2.200 2.227 2.253 2.280 2.308 0.02790 0.02606 0.02441 0.02292 0.02157 220.1 228.3 236.2 243.8 251.3 470.4 472.7 474.9 476.9 478.7 223.6 232.0 240.2 248.2 255.9 291.4 285.0 278.6 272.2 265.9 515.0 517.0 518.8 520.4 521.8 0.799 0.824 0.849 0.873 0.896 1.710 1.707 1.705 1.703 1.700 16.00 17.00 18.00 19.00 20.00 22.00 24.00 26.00 28.00 30.00 61.90 66.21 70.27 74.10 77.72 2.364 2.424 2.487 2.555 2.630 0.01921 0.01721 0.01549 0.01398 0.01263 265.8 279.7 293.1 306.2 319.2 481.7 484.3 486.2 487.5 488.1 271.0 285.5 299.6 313.4 327.1 253.0 240.1 226.9 213.2 198.9 524.0 525.6 526.5 526.6 526.0 0.939 0.981 1.021 1.060 1.097 1.695 1.688 1.681 1.673 1.664 22.00 24.00 26.00 28.00 30.00 35.00 40.00 42.48 86.01 93.38 96.70 2.862 3.279 4.535 0.009771 0.007151 0.004535 351.4 387.9 434.9 486.3 474.7 434.9 361.4 401.0 454.2 159.1 102.3 0.0 520.5 503.3 454.2 1.190 1.295 1.437 1.633 1.574 1.437 35.00 40.00 42.48
  32. 32. Tables in SI Units Properties of Superheated Propane TABLE A-18 T ЊC 749 u kJ/kg v m3/kg h kJ/kg s kJ/kg # K v m3/kg p ϭ 0.05 bar ϭ 0.005 MPa (Tsat ϭ Ϫ93.28ЊC) u kJ/kg h kJ/kg s kJ/kg # K p ϭ 0.1 bar ϭ 0.01 MPa (Tsat ϭ Ϫ83.87ЊC) Sat. Ϫ90 Ϫ80 6.752 6.877 7.258 326.0 329.4 339.8 359.8 363.8 376.1 2.081 2.103 2.169 3.542 367.3 370.8 2.011 3.617 339.5 375.7 2.037 Ϫ70 Ϫ60 Ϫ50 7.639 8.018 8.397 350.6 361.8 373.3 388.8 401.9 415.3 2.233 2.296 2.357 3.808 3.999 4.190 350.3 361.5 373.1 388.4 401.5 415.0 2.101 2.164 2.226 Ϫ40 Ϫ30 Ϫ20 8.776 9.155 9.533 385.1 397.4 410.1 429.0 443.2 457.8 2.418 2.477 2.536 4.380 4.570 4.760 385.0 397.3 410.0 428.8 443.0 457.6 2.286 2.346 2.405 Ϫ10 0 10 20 9.911 10.29 10.67 11.05 423.2 436.8 450.8 270.6 472.8 488.2 504.1 520.4 2.594 2.652 2.709 2.765 4.950 5.139 5.329 5.518 423.1 436.7 450.6 465.1 472.6 488.1 503.9 520.3 2.463 2.520 2.578 2.634 p ϭ 0.5 bar ϭ 0.05 MPa (Tsat ϭ Ϫ56.93ЊC) p ϭ 1.0 bar ϭ 0.1 MPa (Tsat ϭ Ϫ42.38ЊC) 0.796 0.824 0.863 363.1 371.3 383.4 402.9 412.5 426.6 1.871 1.914 1.976 0.4185 378.5 420.3 1.822 0.4234 381.5 423.8 1.837 Ϫ30 Ϫ20 Ϫ10 0.903 0.942 0.981 396.0 408.8 422.1 441.1 455.9 471.1 2.037 2.096 2.155 0.4439 0.4641 0.4842 394.2 407.3 420.7 438.6 453.7 469.1 1.899 1.960 2.019 0 10 20 1.019 1.058 1.096 435.8 449.8 464.3 486.7 502.7 519.1 2.213 2.271 2.328 0.5040 0.5238 0.5434 434.4 448.6 463.3 484.8 501.0 517.6 2.078 2.136 2.194 30 40 50 60 1.135 1.173 1.211 1.249 479.2 494.6 510.4 526.7 535.9 553.2 570.9 589.1 2.384 2.440 2.496 2.551 0.5629 0.5824 0.6018 0.6211 478.2 493.7 509.5 525.8 534.5 551.9 569.7 587.9 2.251 2.307 2.363 2.419 p ϭ 2.0 bar ϭ 0.2 MPa (Tsat ϭ Ϫ25.43ЊC) p ϭ 3.0 bar ϭ 0.3 MPa (Tsat ϭ Ϫ14.16ЊC) Sat. Ϫ20 Ϫ10 0.2192 0.2251 0.2358 396.6 404.0 417.7 440.4 449.0 464.9 1.782 1.816 1.877 0.1496 408.7 453.6 1.762 0.1527 414.7 460.5 1.789 0 10 20 0.2463 0.2566 0.2669 431.8 446.3 461.1 481.1 497.6 514.5 1.938 1.997 2.056 0.1602 0.1674 0.1746 429.0 443.8 458.8 477.1 494.0 511.2 1.851 1.912 1.971 30 40 50 0.2770 0.2871 0.2970 476.3 491.9 507.9 531.7 549.3 567.3 2.113 2.170 2.227 0.1816 0.1885 0.1954 474.2 490.1 506.2 528.7 546.6 564.8 2.030 2.088 2.145 60 70 80 90 0.3070 0.3169 0.3267 0.3365 524.3 541.1 558.4 576.1 585.7 604.5 623.7 643.4 2.283 2.339 2.394 2.449 0.2022 0.2090 0.2157 0.2223 522.7 539.6 557.0 574.8 583.4 602.3 621.7 641.5 2.202 2.258 2.314 2.369 Propane Sat. Ϫ50 Ϫ40
  33. 33. 750 Tables in SI Units (Continued) TABLE A-18 T ЊC u kJ/kg v m3/kg h kJ/kg s kJ/kg # K u kJ/kg v m3/kg p ϭ 4.0 bar ϭ 0.4 MPa (Tsat ϭ Ϫ5.46ЊC) h kJ/kg s kJ/kg # K p ϭ 5.0 bar ϭ 0.5 MPa (Tsat ϭ 1.74ЊC) Sat. 0 10 0.1137 0.1169 0.1227 418.0 426.1 441.2 463.5 472.9 490.3 1.751 1.786 1.848 0.09172 425.7 471.6 1.743 0.09577 438.4 486.3 1.796 20 30 40 0.1283 0.1338 0.1392 456.6 472.2 488.1 507.9 525.7 543.8 1.909 1.969 2.027 0.1005 0.1051 0.1096 454.1 470.0 486.1 504.3 522.5 540.9 1.858 1.919 1.979 50 60 70 0.1445 0.1498 0.1550 504.4 521.1 538.1 562.2 581.0 600.1 2.085 2.143 2.199 0.1140 0.1183 0.1226 502.5 519.4 536.6 559.5 578.5 597.9 2.038 2.095 2.153 80 90 100 110 0.1601 0.1652 0.1703 0.1754 555.7 573.5 591.8 610.4 619.7 639.6 659.9 680.6 2.255 2.311 2.366 2.421 0.1268 0.1310 0.1351 0.1392 554.1 572.1 590.5 609.3 617.5 637.6 658.0 678.9 2.209 2.265 2.321 2.376 p ϭ 6.0 bar ϭ 0.6 MPa (Tsat ϭ 7.93ЊC) p ϭ 7.0 bar ϭ 0.7 MPa (Tsat ϭ 13.41ЊC) 0.07680 0.07769 0.08187 432.2 435.6 451.5 478.3 482.2 500.6 1.737 1.751 1.815 0.06598 438.0 484.2 1.733 0.06847 448.8 496.7 1.776 30 40 50 Propane Sat. 10 20 0.08588 0.08978 0.09357 467.7 484.0 500.7 519.2 537.9 556.8 1.877 1.938 1.997 0.07210 0.07558 0.07896 465.2 481.9 498.7 515.7 534.8 554.0 1.840 1.901 1.962 60 70 80 0.09729 0.1009 0.1045 517.6 535.0 552.7 576.0 595.5 615.4 2.056 2.113 2.170 0.08225 0.08547 0.08863 515.9 533.4 551.2 573.5 593.2 613.2 2.021 2.079 2.137 90 100 110 120 0.1081 0.1116 0.1151 0.1185 570.7 589.2 608.0 627.3 635.6 656.2 677.1 698.4 2.227 2.283 2.338 2.393 0.09175 0.09482 0.09786 0.1009 569.4 587.9 606.8 626.2 633.6 654.3 675.3 696.8 2.194 2.250 2.306 2.361 p ϭ 8.0 bar ϭ 0.8 MPa (Tsat ϭ 18.33ЊC) p ϭ 9.0 bar ϭ 0.9 MPa (Tsat ϭ 22.82ЊC) Sat. 20 30 0.05776 0.05834 0.06170 443.1 445.9 462.7 489.3 492.6 512.1 1.729 1.740 1.806 0.05129 447.2 493.8 1.726 0.05355 460.0 508.2 1.774 40 50 60 0.06489 0.06796 0.07094 479.6 496.7 514.0 531.5 551.1 570.8 1.869 1.930 1.990 0.05653 0.05938 0.06213 477.2 494.7 512.2 528.1 548.1 568.1 1.839 1.901 1.962 70 80 90 0.07385 0.07669 0.07948 531.6 549.6 567.9 590.7 611.0 631.5 2.049 2.107 2.165 0.06479 0.06738 0.06992 530.0 548.1 566.5 588.3 608.7 629.4 2.022 2.081 2.138 100 110 120 0.08222 0.08493 0.08761 586.5 605.6 625.0 652.3 673.5 695.1 2.221 2.277 2.333 0.07241 0.07487 0.07729 585.2 604.3 623.7 650.4 671.7 693.3 2.195 2.252 2.307 130 140 0.09026 0.09289 644.8 665.0 717.0 739.3 2.388 2.442 0.07969 0.08206 643.6 663.8 715.3 737.7 2.363 2.418
  34. 34. Tables in SI Units (Continued) TABLE A-18 T ЊC 751 v m3/kg u kJ/kg h kJ/kg s kJ/kg # K p ϭ 10.0 bar ϭ 1.0 MPa (Tsat ϭ 26.95ЊC) v m3/kg u kJ/kg h kJ/kg s kJ/kg # K p ϭ 12.0 bar ϭ 1.2 MPa (Tsat ϭ 34.39ЊC) Sat. 30 40 0.04606 0.04696 0.04980 451.8 457.1 474.8 497.9 504.1 524.6 1.723 1.744 1.810 0.03810 459.1 504.8 1.718 0.03957 469.4 516.9 1.757 50 60 70 0.05248 0.05505 0.05752 492.4 510.2 528.2 544.9 565.2 585.7 1.874 1.936 1.997 0.04204 0.04436 0.04657 487.8 506.1 524.4 538.2 559.3 580.3 1.824 1.889 1.951 80 90 100 0.05992 0.06226 0.06456 546.4 564.9 583.7 606.3 627.2 648.3 2.056 2.114 2.172 0.04869 0.05075 0.05275 543.1 561.8 580.9 601.5 622.7 644.2 2.012 2.071 2.129 110 120 130 140 0.06681 0.06903 0.07122 0.07338 603.0 622.6 642.5 662.8 669.8 691.6 713.7 736.2 2.228 2.284 2.340 2.395 0.05470 0.05662 0.05851 0.06037 600.4 620.1 640.1 660.6 666.0 688.0 710.3 733.0 2.187 2.244 2.300 2.355 p ϭ 14.0 bar ϭ 1.4 MPa (Tsat ϭ 40.97ЊC) p ϭ 16.0 bar ϭ 1.6 MPa (Tsat ϭ 46.89ЊC) 0.03231 0.03446 0.03664 465.2 482.6 501.6 510.4 530.8 552.9 1.714 1.778 1.845 0.02790 0.02861 0.03075 470.4 476.7 496.6 515.0 522.5 545.8 1.710 1.733 1.804 70 80 90 0.03869 0.04063 0.04249 520.4 539.4 558.6 574.6 596.3 618.1 1.909 1.972 2.033 0.03270 0.03453 0.03626 516.2 535.7 555.2 568.5 590.9 613.2 1.871 1.935 1.997 100 110 120 0.04429 0.04604 0.04774 577.9 597.5 617.5 639.9 662.0 684.3 2.092 2.150 2.208 0.03792 0.03952 0.04107 574.8 594.7 614.8 635.5 657.9 680.5 2.058 2.117 2.176 130 140 150 160 0.04942 0.05106 0.05268 0.05428 637.7 658.3 679.2 700.5 706.9 729.8 753.0 776.5 2.265 2.321 2.376 2.431 0.04259 0.04407 0.04553 0.04696 635.3 656.0 677.1 698.5 703.4 726.5 749.9 773.6 2.233 2.290 2.346 2.401 p ϭ 18.0 bar ϭ 1.8 MPa (Tsat ϭ 52.30ЊC) p ϭ 20.0 bar ϭ 2.0 MPa (Tsat ϭ 57.27ЊC) Sat. 60 70 0.02441 0.02606 0.02798 474.9 491.1 511.4 518.8 538.0 561.8 1.705 1.763 1.834 0.02157 0.02216 0.02412 478.7 484.8 506.3 521.8 529.1 554.5 1.700 1.722 1.797 80 90 100 0.02974 0.03138 0.03293 531.6 551.5 571.5 585.1 608.0 630.8 1.901 1.965 2.027 0.02585 0.02744 0.02892 527.1 547.6 568.1 578.8 602.5 625.9 1.867 1.933 1.997 110 120 130 0.03443 0.03586 0.03726 591.7 612.1 632.7 653.7 676.6 699.8 2.087 2.146 2.204 0.03033 0.03169 0.03299 588.5 609.2 630.0 649.2 672.6 696.0 2.059 2.119 2.178 140 150 160 0.03863 0.03996 0.04127 653.6 674.8 696.3 723.1 746.7 770.6 2.262 2.318 2.374 0.03426 0.03550 0.03671 651.2 672.5 694.2 719.7 743.5 767.6 2.236 2.293 2.349 170 180 0.04256 0.04383 718.2 740.4 794.8 819.3 2.429 2.484 0.03790 0.03907 716.2 738.5 792.0 816.6 2.404 2.459 Propane Sat. 50 60
  35. 35. 752 Tables in SI Units (Continued) TABLE A-18 T ЊC v m3/kg u kJ/kg h kJ/kg s kJ/kg # K p ϭ 22.0 bar ϭ 2.2 MPa (Tsat ϭ 61.90ЊC) v m3/kg u kJ/kg h kJ/kg s kJ/kg # K p ϭ 24.0 bar ϭ 2.4 MPa (Tsat ϭ 66.21ЊC) Sat. 70 80 0.01921 0.02086 0.02261 481.8 500.5 522.4 524.0 546.4 572.1 1.695 1.761 1.834 0.01721 0.01802 0.01984 484.3 493.7 517.0 525.6 536.9 564.6 1.688 1.722 1.801 90 100 110 0.02417 0.02561 0.02697 543.5 564.5 585.3 596.7 620.8 644.6 1.903 1.969 2.032 0.02141 0.02283 0.02414 539.0 560.6 581.9 590.4 615.4 639.8 1.873 1.941 2.006 120 130 140 0.02826 0.02949 0.03069 606.2 627.3 648.6 668.4 692.2 716.1 2.093 2.153 2.211 0.02538 0.02656 0.02770 603.2 624.6 646.0 664.1 688.3 712.5 2.068 2.129 2.188 150 160 170 180 0.03185 0.03298 0.03409 0.03517 670.1 691.9 714.1 736.5 740.2 764.5 789.1 813.9 2.269 2.326 2.382 2.437 0.02880 0.02986 0.03091 0.03193 667.8 689.7 711.9 734.5 736.9 761.4 786.1 811.1 2.247 2.304 2.360 2.416 p ϭ 26.0 bar ϭ 2.6 MPa (Tsat ϭ 70.27ЊC) p ϭ 30.0 bar ϭ 3.0 MPa (Tsat ϭ 77.72ЊC) 0.01549 0.01742 0.01903 486.2 511.0 534.2 526.5 556.3 583.7 1.681 1.767 1.844 0.01263 0.01318 0.01506 488.2 495.4 522.8 526.0 534.9 568.0 1.664 1.689 1.782 100 110 120 Propane Sat. 80 90 0.02045 0.02174 0.02294 556.4 578.3 600.0 609.6 634.8 659.6 1.914 1.981 2.045 0.01654 0.01783 0.01899 547.2 570.4 593.0 596.8 623.9 650.0 1.860 1.932 1.999 130 140 150 0.02408 0.02516 0.02621 621.6 643.4 665.3 684.2 708.8 733.4 2.106 2.167 2.226 0.02007 0.02109 0.02206 615.4 637.7 660.1 675.6 701.0 726.3 2.063 2.126 2.186 160 170 180 190 0.02723 0.02821 0.02918 0.03012 687.4 709.9 732.5 755.5 758.2 783.2 808.4 833.8 2.283 2.340 2.397 2.452 0.02300 0.02390 0.02478 0.02563 682.6 705.4 728.3 751.5 751.6 777.1 802.6 828.4 2.245 2.303 2.360 2.417 p ϭ 35.0 bar ϭ 3.5 MPa (Tsat ϭ 86.01ЊC) p ϭ 40.0 bar ϭ 4.0 MPa (Tsat ϭ 93.38ЊC) Sat. 90 100 0.00977 0.01086 0.01270 486.3 502.4 532.9 520.5 540.5 577.3 1.633 1.688 1.788 0.00715 474.7 503.3 1.574 0.00940 512.1 549.7 1.700 110 120 130 0.01408 0.01526 0.01631 558.9 583.4 607.0 608.2 636.8 664.1 1.870 1.944 2.012 0.01110 0.01237 0.01344 544.7 572.1 597.4 589.1 621.6 651.2 1.804 1.887 1.962 140 150 160 0.01728 0.01819 0.01906 630.2 653.3 676.4 690.7 717.0 743.1 2.077 2.140 2.201 0.01439 0.01527 0.01609 621.9 645.9 669.7 679.5 707.0 734.1 2.031 2.097 2.160 170 180 190 200 0.01989 0.02068 0.02146 0.02221 699.6 722.9 746.5 770.3 769.2 795.3 821.6 848.0 2.261 2.319 2.376 2.433 0.01687 0.01761 0.01833 0.01902 693.4 717.3 741.2 765.3 760.9 787.7 814.5 841.4 2.222 2.281 2.340 2.397
  36. 36. Tables in SI Units TABLE A-19 753 Properties of Selected Solids and Liquids: cp, ␳, and ␬ Substance Specific Heat, cp (kJ/kg # K) Density, ␳ (kg/m3) Thermal Conductivity, ␬ (W/m # K) 0.903 1.260 0.385 0.775 0.447 0.129 0.800 0.235 1.840 0.480 0.227 2700 1350 8930 2630 7870 11300 1520 10500 2050 8060 7310 237 0.26 401 2.79 80.2 35.3 0.27 429 0.52 15.1 66.6 Building Materials, 300K Brick, common Concrete (stone mix) Glass, plate Hardboard, siding Limestone Plywood Softwoods (fir, pine) 0.835 0.880 0.750 1.170 0.810 1.220 1.380 1920 2300 2500 640 2320 545 510 0.72 1.4 1.4 0.094 2.15 0.12 0.12 Insulating Materials, 300K Blanket (glass fiber) Cork Duct liner (glass fiber, coated) Polystyrene (extruded) Vermiculite fill (flakes) — 1.800 0.835 1.210 0.835 16 120 32 55 80 0.046 0.039 0.038 0.027 0.068 Saturated Liquids Ammonia, 300K Mercury, 300K Refrigerant 22, 300K Refrigerant 134a, 300K Unused Engine Oil, 300K Water, 275K 300K 325K 350K 375K 400K 4.818 0.139 1.267 1.434 1.909 4.211 4.179 4.182 4.195 4.220 4.256 599.8 13529 1183.1 1199.7 884.1 999.9 996.5 987.1 973.5 956.8 937.4 0.465 8.540 0.085 0.081 0.145 0.574 0.613 0.645 0.668 0.681 0.688 Source: Drawn from several sources, these data are only representative. Values can vary depending on temperature, purity, moisture content, and other factors. Table A-19 Selected Solids, 300K Aluminium Coal, anthracite Copper Granite Iron Lead Sand Silver Soil Steel (AISI 302) Tin

×