Worldview Introduction - Overview

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  • 1. Introduction to Worldviews An Overview The Universe Next Door By James Sire
  • 2. WHAT IS WORLDVIEW?  SET OF ASSUMPTIONS ABOUT THE NATURE OF REALITY  THESE ASSUMPTIONS CAN EITHER BE TRUE OR FALSE  THESE ASSUMPTIONS DETERMINE HOW WE ATTEMPT TO ANSWER LIFE’S BIG QUESTIONS
  • 3. WHY IS WORLDVIEW IMPORTANT?   OUR WORLDVIEW AFFECTS HOW WE LIVE OUR LIVES IT DETERMINES OUR VALUES  DECISIONS  ACTIONS 
  • 4. ACTIONS VALUES WORLDVIEW
  • 5. WORLDVIEW QUESTIONS  WHAT IS PRIME REALITY  WHAT IS THE NATURE OF EXTERNAL REALITY?       THE ULTIMATE REALITY? (IS THERE A GOD?) NATURAL WORLD, THE UNIVERSE, PHYSICAL REALITY WHAT IS A HUMAN BEING? WHAT HAPPENS WHEN WE DIE? HOW DO WE KNOW WHAT WE KNOW? HOW DO WE DETERMINE WHAT IS RIGHT AND WRONG? WHAT IS THE MEANING OF HUMAN HISTORY?  (DOES MY LIFE HAVE ANY REAL MEANING AND PURPOSE?)
  • 6. WORLDVIEWS TO BE STUDIED HISTORICAL PERSEPECTIVE
  • 7. Basic Theism Defined The belief in some supreme being (god or gods) -Idea of a metaphysical reality- something beyond physical reality -Some notion of life after death -Idea that there is some authority determining right and wrong, good and evil, etc. - Three major monotheistic religions Judaism, Christianity, and Islam 
  • 8. Christian Theism
  • 9. Basic Beliefs of Christian Theism    There is a universal, absolute reality that can be known God is the ultimate (prime) reality The natural world (universe) is God’s creation   – general revelation The Biblical narrative is the universal story of God’s truth revealed to humanity (meta-narrative)   Special revelation Jesus Christ is the ultimate revelation of God to humanity
  • 10.  Life has meaning and purpose    History is purposeful and moving toward the fulfillment of God’s ultimate plan God is the standard for all morality   - death is not the end – universal standard Human beings are created in the ‘image” (likeness) of God – spiritual beings who can know and relate to God
  • 11. The Sistine Chapel The Last Judgment
  • 12. Deism -18 Century th  Associated with the 18th century Enlightenment      God was seen as impersonal and removed from human affairs (NOT relational) Focused on the power of the rational human mindhuman reason was the only source of truth Moved away from any emphasis on metaphysics or the supernaturalNO special revelation   Age of Reason No miracles, virgin birth, Jesus as the incarnation of God Universe came to be seen as a kind of mechanism governed by rational natural laws  “closed” - determined system
  • 13. The universe was compared to a great “clock” and God was the “clockmaker”
  • 14. Voltaire 18th French Philosopher
  • 15. Thomas Jefferson
  • 16. Mark Twain
  • 17. Naturalism- 19 Century th  Matter is the ONLY reality - NO God     matter is prime reality Rejects any metaphysical or supernatural reality Focus is on empirical science and human rationality Developed as a result of the Scientific Revolution- 17th century  Enlightenment- 18th century  Industrial Revolution- 18th century 
  • 18. Science and Reason
  • 19. Charles Darwin and the Theory of Evolution
  • 20. NIHILISM late 19th century early 20th century    Denies the meaning of everything Existence has no meaning or purpose Life is nothing but despair and loneliness        No God No hope No knowledge No philosophy No beauty No right and wrong Friedrich Nietzsche - German philosopher -Saw Christianity as producing a “weak, slave” mentality
  • 21. Friedrich Nietzsche “God is dead. We have killed him.”
  • 22. “The Scream” by Edvard Munch
  • 23. Meaning found in destruction and the “will to power”.
  • 24. ATHEISTIC EXISTENTIALISM Mid 20th Century (a response to nihilism)      If life has no meaning, man must create meaning for himself. People must make themselves who they want to be Man CREATES his ESSENCE OR BEING through ACTIONS (existence) There is no God There is no single objective truth or reality
  • 25. “…life is like a box of chocolates…”
  • 26. New Age Movement      Blend of Eastern mysticism and other religious beliefs and practices Emphasizes the oneness of all things Belief in reincarnation Dualist view of good and evil. Karma- we receive back what we give out Good for good  Evil for evil   Emphasis on nature  – nature embodies the divine- pantheism
  • 27. POSTMODERNISM  Rejection of any universal truth   Rejection of any universal story   There is not meta-narrative- “BIG” story Reality is subjective  relativism- all views are valid dependent on one’s perception Reaction against Enlightenment rationality and Christian theism The human mind (reason) cannot be trusted  Focus on the subjective over the objective 
  • 28. A story that runs backwards. What is time? Can we really know anything for sure?
  • 29. We can create our own reality in death. Heaven is what we want it to be.
  • 30. Lady Gaga
  • 31. WORLDVIEWS TIMELINE MIDDLE AGES CHRISTIAN THEISM RENAISSANCE NATURALISM 19TH CENTURY DEISM 18H CENTURY EXISTENTIALISM 20TH CENTURY POSTMODERNISM NIHILISM 19TH CENTURY NEW AGE 1960’S---