The Scientific Revolution
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

The Scientific Revolution

on

  • 12,300 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
12,300
Views on SlideShare
10,776
Embed Views
1,524

Actions

Likes
3
Downloads
454
Comments
2

8 Embeds 1,524

http://apeuroscott.blogspot.com 1304
http://www.apeuroscott.blogspot.com 97
http://elearning.sandi.net 74
http://www.slideshare.net 29
http://cbdsmarshascott.blogspot.com 16
http://www.cbdsmarshascott.blogspot.com 2
https://blendedschools.blackboard.com 1
http://physicsfreaks.com 1
More...

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel

12 of 2

  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
  • thank you so much, for this brilliant and deep work. Please dont let to visit the next web site: www.slideshare.net/Euler/slideshows

    Dr. Ruiz
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
  • VERY NICE TKS
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

    The Scientific Revolution The Scientific Revolution Presentation Transcript

    • THE SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTION Toward the modern worldview
      • How did the Scientific Revolution reflect the values and ideals of the Renaissance?
      • In what ways did the Scientific Revolution impact worldview?
      • What was the Copernican Revolution?
      • What was the Newtonian synthesis?
    • MAJOR FACTORS LEADING TO THE SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTION
      • -rise of universities in the High Middle Ages
      • -broadening of the curriculum to include the study of mathematics and the sciences
      • -growing community of intellectuals
      • pursuing knowledge
      • Renaissance interest in the idea of
      • human potential and progress
      • the recovery of ancient classical texts (math, science, and philosophy)
      • Renaissance system of patronage allowed individuals to pursue scientific investigation
        • Galileo was supported by the Medici family
    • The Medieval Worldview Geocentrism
    • Aristotle’s View of the Universe
    • Ptolemy’s Universe
    • THE COPERNICAN REVOLUTION A SHIFT TO HELIOCENTRISM
    • NICOLAUS COPERNICUS
      • (1473-1543)
      • -Polish astronomer
      • challenged the Roman astronomer, Ptolemy’s, complicated explanation of planetary movements
      • proposed a sun centered solar system (heliocentric)
        • planets and stars revolved around a fixed sun
      • On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres
        • published in 1543
    •  
    •  
    • TYCHO BRAHE 1546-1601
      • DANISH ASTRONOMER
      • MADE DETAILED OBSERVATIONS OF THE STARS AND PLANETS
      • USED THE VIEWS OF ARISTOTLE AND COPERNICUS
        • PLANETS REVOLVED AROUND THE SUN
        • SUN AND PLANETS REVOLVED AROUND THE EARTH AND MOON
    •  
    •  
    •  
    • JOHANNAS KEPLER (1571-1630)
      • -German astronomer- worked with Brahe
      • -formulated the three laws of planetary motion
      • - orbits of the planets are elliptical
          • not circular
      • -velocity of a planet’s orbit is not
      • uniform
      • -the time it takes a planet to orbit the sun is
      • related to its distance from the sun
      • -Kepler provided mathematical proofs
      • for Copernicus’ heliocentric theory
    • JOHANNAS KEPLER THE THREE LAWS OF PLANETARY MOTION
    •  
    • Galileo Galilei (1564-1642)
      • - Italian philosopher and astronomer
        • Medici family was a patron of his work
      • -viewed the physical universe as a “Book of Nature…written in mathematical characters.”
      • Improved on the telescope (new invention)
        • this allowed him to observe the motion of the planets and the surface of the sun and moon
      • Galileo came to accept Copernicus’ idea of a heliocentric universe
        • based on his observations of Jupiter and its moons
      • Dialogue- Galileo’s discussion of his ideas regarding helio-centrism
        • It was not well received by the Church
      • -Galileo’s views were challenged by
      • the Church
        • Church feared that helio-centrism would undermine its authority and theology with humans being at the center of God’s universe
          • This theology was based on the geo-centrism of Aristotle and Ptolemy
      • Galileo was brought before the Inquisition
      • -His works were banned and teachings were condemned
        • placed on the Index of Prohibited Books
      • -he was threatened with torture and excommunication and placed under house arrest
      • -Galileo recanted his views shortly before his death in 1642
        • (the year Sir Isaac Newton was born)
    • GALILEO EVIDENCE FOR HELIOCENTRICISM ( OBSERVATIONS OF THE MOONS OF JUPITER)
    • GALILEO OBSERVED JUPITER AND THE ROTATION OF ITS MOONS
    • THE DIALOGUE
    • Galileo before the Inquisition
    • The Newtonian Synthesis
    • SIR ISAAC NEWTON
    • Isaac Newton (1642-1723)
      • -English mathematician – Cambridge University
      • - built on the work of Copernicus, Brahe, Kepler, and Galileo (Newtonian synthesis)
      • -1686 formulated the mathematics for the
      • universal law of gravitation
        • (every physical body (object) in the universe exerts a force on every other body)
      • -provided evidence that the universe was governed by precise mathematical relationships
      • -Newton was deeply Christian (theistic) in his thinking
      • the physical order “can be the effect of nothing else than the wisdom and skill of a powerful ever-living agent.”
      • -the science of Newton would lay the foundation for much of the science of the western world (Einstein’s theories would later challenge some of Newton’s notions of a mechanical universe)
    • UNIVERSAL LAW OF GRAVITATION NEWTONIAN SYNTHESIS-RATIONAL PROOF FOR THE HELIOCENTRIC MODEL
    • NEWTON’S LAW OF GRAVITY
    •  
    •  
    • Newton also came to better understand the properties of light
    • SIR FRANCIS BACON EMPIRICISM (SCIENTIFIC METHOD)
    • Sir Francis Bacon (1561-1626)
      • - English politician and writer
        • ( not a trained scientist)
      • Believed that knowledge comes through observation and experimentation ( SCIENTIFIC METHOD)
      • We must allow the “facts” to speak for themselves and draw conclusions based on those facts
      • ( inductive reasoning-EMPIRICISM )
      • Bacon proposed that an increase in knowledge would lead to powerful nations and an increase in personal wealth
    • EMPIRICAL MODEL
      • ALL KNOWLEDGE HAD TO BE EMPIRICALLY (SCIENTIFICALLY) VERIFIED TO BE VALID
        • Science
        • Data
        • “ proof”
      • TRUTH CLAIMS NEEDED EMPIRICAL VERIFICATION
    • INDUCTIVE MODEL
    • RENE’ DESCARTES “I think, therefore, I am.”
    • Rene’ Descartes 1596-1650
      • French mathematician
      • Invented analytical geometry
      • Developed a scientific method based on rational deduction rather than empirical induction
        • Stressed rational speculation and reflection
      • Descartes believed that he could rationally prove the existence of God
        • Begins by “doubting” everything
        • Does not begin with faith
    • DEDUCTIVE MODEL
    • DESCARTES’ IDEAS IMPACTED THE WAY THE MODERN WORLD WOULD COME TO LOOK AT KNOWLEDGE AND TRUTH (CREATED A KIND OF DUALISM)
      • OBJECTIVE
      • PHYSICAL (MATTER)
      • SCIENTIFIC
      • MATHEMATICAL
      • RATIONAL
      • EMPIRICAL
      • SUBJECTIVE
      • MIND
      • INTUITION
      • NOT OPEN TO EMPIRICAL OR MATHEMATICAL VERIFICATION
    • BLAISE PASCAL 1623-1662
      • FRENCH MATHEMATICIAN AND PHILOSOPHER
      • FIRST TO USE PROBABILITY THEORY
      • DEVELOPED THE FUNDAMENTALS OF CALCULUS
      • CHALLENGED WHETHER HUMAN REASON COULD REALLY ADDRESS LIFE’S GREATEST QUESTIONS.
      • DEEPLY CHRISTIAN THINKER
    • PENSEES
      • COMPILATION OF PASCAL’S REFLECTIONS ON CHRISTIAN TRUTH
      • COMPILED AFTER HIS DEATH
      • MOST WELL KNOWN LITERARY WORK
    • PASCAL’S WAGER
      • PASCAL USED A MATHEMATICAL ANALOGY TO EXPLAIN HIS FAITH IN GOD
      • BELIEVED THAT ONE HAD TO TAKE A “LEAP OF FAITH” TOWARD GOD
      • WE HAVE TO “WAGER” THAT GOD’S REVELATION IS TRUE AND REAL
      • IF ONE WINS THE WAGER –WE GAIN EVERYTHING
      • LOSE THE WAGER- WE LOSE NOTHING
    • PASCAL
      • PASCAL BELIEVED THAT LOGIC AND REASON COULD NOT BRING ONE TO ULTIMATE CERTAINTY
      • CHALLENGED DESCARTES’ CONFIDENCE IN REASON AS THE PATH TO TRUTH (GOD)
      • STRESSED THE “REASON OF THE HEART ” OVER PURE REASON AND LOGIC
    • PASCAL’S CALCULATING MACHINE
    • THE SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTION WOULD IMPACT THE DEVELOPMENT OF TWO 18 TH CENTURY MOVEMENTS THE ENLIGHTENMENT AND THE INDUSTIRAL REVOLUTION