The Middle Ages- Feudalism
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The Middle Ages- Feudalism

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The Middle Ages- Feudalism The Middle Ages- Feudalism Presentation Transcript

  • The Middle Ages Feudalism
  • Feudalism   System of social order and government that developed during the Early Middle Ages Emerges after the division of Charlemagne’s kingdom  Treaty of Verdun Feudalism broght about some degree of order and justice to Europe
  • Feudalism  Agrarian (farming) system Based on land (the manor) -fief
  • The Fief (Manor or Castle- surrounding lands)
  • Medieval Castle (Fief)
  • Windsor Castle in England
  • The Manor
  • Feudal Society- social classes      Feudal King Nobles or Lords Knights Peasants Serfs
  • Social Structure
  • The game of chess reflects the various aspects of medieval feudalism
  • Medieval kings and lords were at the top of the social and political hierarchy
  • Richard the Lionhearted (England)_
  • Medieval knights served the king and lords
  • Knights      Warrior class Served to protect the king and lord Did not do manual labor- farming Found glory in combat and warfare Rewarded for their loyal service    Given land Given noble titles (Sir, Lord, etc.) Gained prestige
  • Peasants   Peasants were free workers. They worked the land and provided for the manor or fief. Majority of people during the Middle Ages were peasants
  • Serfs      Workers who were NOT free to leave the land (fief) This was essentially a form of enslavement Serfs were NOT free to move about from place to place They were not bought and sold, however. Life was extremely harsh and difficult
  • Vassalage the system that held feudalism together    A vassal was the loyal subject of the king or lord A vassal pledged loyalty and service In return for this service, a vassal was often given land or a noble title  Land = wealth and power
  • Vassals submitted to the lord
  • Chivalry   Code of conduct that guided the lords and knights (vassals) Chivalry stressed:      Bravery Loyalty Respect Religious devotion Courtesy (especially toward noblewomen)
  • Chivalry
  • Noblewomen     Arranged marriages were common Noblewomen did have some control and power within their own homes Noblewomen could often read and write Women were subject to male authority
  • The Medieval View of Women Two opposing views   Women were often seen as agents of the Devil Like Eve, women were more prone to temptation and deception
  • Some women were accused of witchcraft
  • Joan of Arc was accused of witchcraft and burned at the stake by the English
  • Another View of Women  During the Middle Ages women were also seen as pure and saintly (like the Virgin Mary)Mother of Christ
  • Feudalism   Feudalism would remain the dominant social and political model until the later part of the Middle Ages. Feudalism declined as the new middle class began to grow and as nation-states began to emerge