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Post Modernism Post Modernism Presentation Transcript

  • POSTMODERNISM AN OVERVIEW
  • POSTMODERN WAS FIRST USED TO DESCRIBE A PARTICULAR STYLE OF ARCHITECTURE
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  • ART AND SCULPTURE
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  • Oklahoma City Bombing Memorial
  • POSTMODERN HAS COME TO BE A GENERAL TERM TO DESCRIBE CERTAIN PHILOSOPHICAL INTELLECTURAL AND CULTURAL PERSEPCTIVES
  • POSTMODERNISM IS A REACTION AGAINST THE RATIONALITY OF THE ENLIGHTENMENT (Modern) IT IS HIGHLY SKEPTICAL OF REASON LOGIC EMPIRICISM REASON IS A “MYTH”
  • “ EXISTENTIALISM IS THE PHILOSOPHICAL BASE OF POSTMODERNISM.” James Sire Anti-rational Challenge to traditional ways of knowing Relativistic Focus on the SUBJECTIVE
  • BASIC ASSUMPTIONS OF POSTMODERNISM
    • THERE IS NO UNDERLYING OBJECTIVE REALITY
    • EVERYTHING IS SUBJECTIVE
    • THERE IS NO ABSOLUTE REFERENCE POINT TO JUDGE BETWEEN
      • TRUE AND FALSE
      • RIGHT AND WRONG
      • REAL AND UNREAL
      • GOOD AND EVIL
      • BEAUTIFUL AND BASE
    • EVERYTHING IS RELATIVE TO INDIVIDUAL VIEWS, PERCEPTIONS, AND VALUES
  • POSTMODERNISM PROPOSES THAT THERE IS NO ULTIMATE ORDER TO THE UNIVERSE Reality and time are not fixed Natural laws are not fixed Universe is an OPEN system
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  • The Matrix
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  • KEY VOCABULARY ASSOCIATED WITH POSTMODERNISM
    • META-NARRATIVE
      • A SINGLE STORY THAT HOLDS HUMAN CULTURE TOGETHER
      • UNIVERSAL STORY THAT IS TRUE FOR ALL PEOPLE, CULTURES, AND TIME PERIODS
    • POSTMODERNISM REJECTS THE NOTION OF A META-NARRATIVE
    • IN POSTMODERNISM THERE IS NO UNIVERSAL STORY
      • SUCH AS THE BIBLE OR THE IDEAS AND CONCEPTS EXPRESSED IN THE SCRIPTURES
    • EACH GROUP OR CULTURE HAS ITS OWN UNIQUE STORY
      • ALL STORIES ARE VALID AND TRUE
  • RELATIVISM
    • THERE IS NO SINGLE
      • TRUTH
      • KNOWLEDGE
      • MORALITY
      • VALUES
      • EHTICS
      • REALITY
      • BELIEF
      • ALL ARE RELATIVE TO THE INDIVIDUAL OR GROUP
      • FOCUS IN ON THE SUBJECTIVE OVER THE OBJECTIVE
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  • DECONSTRUCTION
    • RELATES TO THE REINTERPRETATION OF LITERATURE AND ART
    • THE AUTHOR’S OR ARTIST’S INTENDED MEANING AND PURPOSE ARE IRRELEVANT
    • EACH INDIVIDUAL BRINGS HIS/HER OWN MEANING TO THE TEXT – STORY
    • SUBJECTIVE OVER OBJECTIVE
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  • REVISIONIST
    • RELATES TO THE RE-EVALUATION AND REWRITING OF HISTORY
    • HISTORY IS SEEN AS THE HISTORY OF ONE GROUP OPPRESSING ANOTHER
    • HISTORY IS ABOUT OPPRESSION AND THE QUEST FOR POWER
    • EACH GROUP HAS A UNIQUE STORY AND MUST TELL ITS OWN STORY
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  • POSTMODERNISM’S VIEW OF KNOWLEDGE EPISTEMOLOGY HOW DO WE KNOW WHAT WE KNOW?
  • KNOWLEDGE AND LANGUAGE
    • HUMAN BEINGS CONSTRUCT MEANING THROUGH LANGUAGE
    • THERE IS NO KNOWLEDGE APART FROM LANGUAGE
    • HUMAN BEINGS MUST CONSTRUCT THEMSELVES THROUGH LANGUAGE (STORIES)
    • “ WE ARE ONLY WHAT WE DESCRIBE OURSELVES TO BE.”
  • MORAL ETHICS Right and Wrong
    • MORALITY IS BASED IN WHATEVER A GROUP OR SOCIETY AGREES UPON
    • CULTURALLY RELATIVE
    • NO ABSOLUTE OR UNIVERSAL MORALITY OR MEASURE OR RIGHT AND WRONG
    • IT IS A HUMAN CONSTRUCT BASED ON NEEDS AND DESIRED OUTCOMES
  • CHARACTERISTICS OF POSTMODERNISM IN CULTURE
    • image has become more important than the written word
    • - loss of universal stories that relate
    • universal themes and truths
    • emphasis on the present not the past
      • ( history is not important )
    • - disembodied communication
      • internet (cyberspace)
      • Texting
      • Instant messaging
      • “ Twitter”
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    • - uncertainty about the individual person
      • ( what is a human being?)
      • Is an embryo a human being?
      • Is cloning right?
      • What is it that makes us human?
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    • everything is open to interpretation
      • each person brings his/her own meaning to something
      • Truth is what “I” say it is.
    • glorification of personal rights
  • Time and space are not clearly defined virtual reality
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