Napoleon - Overview
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    Napoleon - Overview Napoleon - Overview Presentation Transcript

    • NAPOLEON BONAPARTE 1769-1821
    • BACKGROUND • Napoleon was from the island of Corsica • Joined the French army in 1785 • His father was a government bureaucrat – middle class family • Napoleon gained a reputation as a strong and successful military leader in the late 1700’s. • After the French Revolution the Directory failed to rule successfully • Napoleon gained control of the government and was named First Consul of the French Republic 1799 • He crowned himself emperor of France in 1804
    • NAPOLEON’S GRAND EMPIRE • Napoleon moved to create a French Empire in Europe • Direct control of regions and countries • France made alliances with other nations • Napoeon created satellites under his control • – often placed family members as rulers in these regions • French expansion prompted nationalistic movements across Europe to address French aggression • Napoleon never gained control of England or Russia
    • . Napoleon ordered the construction of this bronze fountain, representing ‘an elephant carrying a tower in the style of the ancients. Only a full-scale plaster model was built, which was demolished in 1846.
    • POLICIES UNDER NAPOLEON • Napoleon created a since of national unity built on French nationalism • Established order and law • Civil Code of 1804 • equality before the law • insured security of personal wealth and property • Established a national bank and new currency • Established a large bureaucratic system of government – centralized state
    • • Established Catholicism as the dominant national religion- Concordant of 1801 • allowed the Church greater control over its affairs in France • Worked to improve the city of Paris• cleaned out slums • built wide boulevards and parks
    • • Women’s rights diminished – • husbands had absolute power over their wives and children • Napoleon limited free speech and the press • A spy network kept people in check • There were very harsh penalties for challenging the government and its authority and policies • By 1814 there were thousands of political prisoners in France
    • THE ARCH D’ TRIUMPHE IN PARIS
    • THE GRAND BOULEVARDS
    • AFTER RETURNING FROM HIS FAILED ATTEMPT TO TAKE CONTROL OF RUSSIA, NAPOLEON WAS DETHRONED AND SENT TO THE ISLAND OF ELBA WHERE HE RULED THE SMALL ISLAND KINGDOM
    • NAPOLEON WAS EXILED TO THE ISLAND OF ST. HELENA AFTER HIS DEFEAT AT WATERLOO
    • NAPOLEON’S HOME ON ST. HELENA
    • AFTER HIS DEATH, NAPOLEON’S BODY WAS RETURNED TO FRANCE
    • NAPOLEON’S TOMB IN PARIS
    • NAPOLEON’S DEATH MASK